TCP/SNO/3401TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic Resources for Food andOptimizing the Use of Plant Genetic Res...
1.State of PGRFA in “Egypt”.
2.Establishment and Implementing of the
National PGRFA Strategy.
State of PGRFA in “ EgyptState of PGRFA in “ Egypt””
 Egypt signed the Convention on Biological DiversityEgypt signed the Convention on Biological Diversity
(CBD) on June 199...
In SituIn Situ Conservation ManagementConservation Management
Under the law No. 102, 1983 for protectedUnder the law No. ...
The number of plant species and the nature of the protected areas of Egypt
Recent Assessment of Plant Biodiversity of the ...
Ex SituEx Situ Conservation ManagementConservation Management
(1)(1) National Gene Bank was inaugurated in 2004National Ge...
Number of Genera and Species in the NGB
CropCrop GenraGenra SpeciesSpecies
Field CropsField Crops 5858 115115
Vegetable Cr...
The Planned Cold Storage Capacity
Storage TypeStorage Type
True seedsTrue seeds
accessionsaccessions
TissueTissue
CultureC...
List of Botanical Gardens in Egypt
No.
Name of
Botanical Garden
Present
Area
(Feddan)*
Date
of Estab.
No.
of F.
No.
of G.
...
EstablishmentEstablishment
and Implementation of theand Implementation of the
National PGRFA StrategyNational PGRFA Strate...
Vision:
To contribute to the overall development of agriculture
and food security with the aim of improving the
livelihood...
Goal:Goal:
The major goal of the strategy is the conservationThe major goal of the strategy is the conservation
and susta...
Main ObjectiveMain Objective::
The main objective of the Strategy is to promote theThe main objective of the Strategy is t...
Specific Objectives:Specific Objectives:
More specifically the strategy aims at :More specifically the strategy aims at :
...
4. Strengthen information management and sharing
including the development of a regional genetic
resources information man...
Output:
The main proposed outputs of the Strategy are:
1. Effective conservation, sustainable use and
encouragement of agr...
Actions to Strengthen the National Program:
a. Egypt should formulate a national strategy and action
plan on PGRFA, partic...
c. Establishing a National Plant Genetic Resources (PGR)
Committee, or similar coordinating mechanisms
involving all conce...
e.e. PGR units or facilities should be improved wherePGR units or facilities should be improved where
required to meet nat...
g. Strengthening human resources development tog. Strengthening human resources development to
improve availability of qua...
Coordination at the National Level:
Efficient germplasm maintenance and use require
active interaction among a multidiscip...
Capacity – building and Upgrading Requirements:Capacity – building and Upgrading Requirements:
 Egypt national capacities...
Areas for overall capacity building and upgrading:Areas for overall capacity building and upgrading:
a.a. Germplasm manage...
Areas for training and education:
a. Strengthening in-country/on the job
courses/training;
b. Short, medium, long-term pla...
Areas for upgrading management systemsAreas for upgrading management systems::
a.a. Development of common information plat...
Areas for upgrading infrastructure and facilities:Areas for upgrading infrastructure and facilities:
a. Support to field g...
Coordination between Egypt and other WANA
countries
In 1989 west Asia and North Africa Network
(WANANET) was established t...
Cont.
- The inability of the network to be self-sustained
and failure to implement its recommendations
are among the reaso...
Areas of Possible Regional CollaborationAreas of Possible Regional Collaboration
between Egypt and other WANA Countriesbet...
Cont.
- Some countries are more advanced in one or
more of these areas and could lead efforts to
share their experience.
-...
The following are the areas of possible regionalThe following are the areas of possible regional
collaborationcollaboratio...
Collaboration with Regional/InternationalCollaboration with Regional/International
OrganizationOrganization
1. Egypt and o...
3.3. NENA-PGRN should join efforts with national, regionalNENA-PGRN should join efforts with national, regional
and intern...
 It is important for NENA-PGRN to attract the support ofIt is important for NENA-PGRN to attract the support of
the previ...
Thank you
of 36

National PGR Strategy for egypt

National PGR Strategy for Egypt, Dr. Samy Sabry, National Consultant Regional Workshop “Exchange of Information on National PGRFA Strategies and Development of Regional Collaborative Activities” 22-23 September 2014 - Beirut, Lebanon. © FAO: http://www.fao.org
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - National PGR Strategy for egypt

  • 1. TCP/SNO/3401TCP/SNO/3401 Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic Resources for Food andOptimizing the Use of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate ChangeAgriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change NATIONAL STRATEGYNATIONAL STRATEGY FOR PGRFA CONSERVATION AND MANGEMENT INFOR PGRFA CONSERVATION AND MANGEMENT IN “EGYPT“EGYPT”” Regional Workshop “Regional Workshop “Exchange of Information on National PGRFA Strategies and Development ofExchange of Information on National PGRFA Strategies and Development of Regional Collaborative ActivitiesRegional Collaborative Activities”, Beirut, 22-23 September 2014”, Beirut, 22-23 September 2014
  • 2. 1.State of PGRFA in “Egypt”. 2.Establishment and Implementing of the National PGRFA Strategy.
  • 3. State of PGRFA in “ EgyptState of PGRFA in “ Egypt””
  • 4.  Egypt signed the Convention on Biological DiversityEgypt signed the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) on June 1992 and ratified it on June 1994.(CBD) on June 1992 and ratified it on June 1994.  Egypt signed the International Treaty on Plant GeneticEgypt signed the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for food and Agriculture on August 2002 andResources for food and Agriculture on August 2002 and ratified it on 2004.ratified it on 2004.  The treaty sets the guidelines for collection,The treaty sets the guidelines for collection, identification, evaluation, maintenance andidentification, evaluation, maintenance and documentation of plant genetic resources. It also definesdocumentation of plant genetic resources. It also defines national obligations for the sustainable use of thosenational obligations for the sustainable use of those resources by each contracting partyresources by each contracting party..
  • 5. In SituIn Situ Conservation ManagementConservation Management Under the law No. 102, 1983 for protectedUnder the law No. 102, 1983 for protected areas, twenty seven protectorates wereareas, twenty seven protectorates were identified till 2010 representing about 10% ofidentified till 2010 representing about 10% of the total area of Egypt.the total area of Egypt. Protectorates comprised 1368 plant species
  • 6. The number of plant species and the nature of the protected areas of Egypt Recent Assessment of Plant Biodiversity of the Protected Areas of Egypt No. Name of protected area Type of protected area No. of plant species 1 Abu Glum Waterland (Marine, Lakes & Riverine) 25 2 Ras Mohammed Waterland (Marine, Lakes & Riverine) 53 3 Taba Desert (Highlands, Valleys & Plains) 87 4 Nabq Waterland (Marine, Lakes & Riverine) 40 5 Wadi Allaqi Desert (Highlands, Valleys & Plains) 98 6 Siwa Desert (Highlands, Valleys & Plains) 52 7 Elba Desert (Highlands, Valleys & Plains) 381 8 Ahrash Waterland (Marine, Lakes & Riverine) 12 9 Ashtoum El-Gamil Waterland (Marine, Lakes & Riverine) 6 10 Burullus Waterland (Marine, Lakes & Riverine) 192 11 Zaraneek Waterland (Marine, Lakes & Riverine) 152 12 Omayed Desert (Highlands, Valleys & Plains) 150 13 Wadi El-Rayan Waterland (Marine, Lakes & Riverine) 38 14 Wadi El-Gimal Desert (Highlands, Valleys & Plains) 92 Total 1378
  • 7. Ex SituEx Situ Conservation ManagementConservation Management (1)(1) National Gene Bank was inaugurated in 2004National Gene Bank was inaugurated in 2004 There are four major departments related to theThere are four major departments related to the NGB activities.NGB activities.  Field Crops.Field Crops.  Horticultural Crops.Horticultural Crops.  Animal Genetic Resources.Animal Genetic Resources.  Agriculture-related micro-organisms.Agriculture-related micro-organisms.
  • 8. Number of Genera and Species in the NGB CropCrop GenraGenra SpeciesSpecies Field CropsField Crops 5858 115115 Vegetable CropsVegetable Crops 5151 7676 FruitsFruits 2020 2525 Medicinal and Aromatic plantsMedicinal and Aromatic plants 183183 252252 Trees & ShrubsTrees & Shrubs 4545 6363 Wild PlantsWild Plants 165165 232232 TotalTotal 522522 763763
  • 9. The Planned Cold Storage Capacity Storage TypeStorage Type True seedsTrue seeds accessionsaccessions TissueTissue CultureCulture Short Period StorageShort Period Storage 3-5 Years3-5 Years 7871078710 12251225 Medium Period StorageMedium Period Storage 5-7 Years5-7 Years 127450127450 24502450 Long Period StorageLong Period Storage 7-10 Years7-10 Years 169680169680 24502450
  • 10. List of Botanical Gardens in Egypt No. Name of Botanical Garden Present Area (Feddan)* Date of Estab. No. of F. No. of G. No. of Species 1 Ain Shams Univ., Fac. of Sci. 3 1953 114 750 1200 2 Alex. Univ. Fac. of Sci. 2 1942 500 3 Cairo Univ., Fac. of Agr. 15 1947 31 64 80 4 Orman B.G., Giza 28 1873 90 520 600 5 Zohryia, Gezera, Giza 8 1868 57 143 442 6 Quba Palace, Cairo 124 1960 72 551 7 Zoo Garden, Giza 80 1890 68 208 342 8 Manial Palace, Giza 61 150 239 9 Agriculture Museum, Dokky, Giza 1937 32 73 94 10 Azbakiyia Garden 10 1867 41 83 800 11 Antoniadis Garden, Alex. 45 1860 62 12 Aswan Garden 17 1928 59 97 371 Total 337 625 2008 5281
  • 11. EstablishmentEstablishment and Implementation of theand Implementation of the National PGRFA StrategyNational PGRFA Strategy
  • 12. Vision: To contribute to the overall development of agriculture and food security with the aim of improving the livelihood of Egypt farmers by promoting policies and viable programs for conservation and enhancement of plant genetic resources. Mission: To conserve and safeguard biodiversity in general and plant genetic resources for food and agriculture in particular with the aim of enhancing their contribution to national agrialtural development, food security and well being of Egypt people.
  • 13. Goal:Goal: The major goal of the strategy is the conservationThe major goal of the strategy is the conservation and sustainable utilization of plant geneticand sustainable utilization of plant genetic diversity in the country through promotingdiversity in the country through promoting concerted coordinated efforts at the national levelconcerted coordinated efforts at the national level for efficient and effectivefor efficient and effective ex situex situ as well asas well as in situin situ conservation for prime importance crops.conservation for prime importance crops. The strategy aims at facilitating partnership andThe strategy aims at facilitating partnership and sharing facilities and responsibilities to establishsharing facilities and responsibilities to establish regional coordination mechanisms for advancingregional coordination mechanisms for advancing the long – term regional strategy.the long – term regional strategy.
  • 14. Main ObjectiveMain Objective:: The main objective of the Strategy is to promote theThe main objective of the Strategy is to promote the development of an effective and efficient system fordevelopment of an effective and efficient system for the conservation of important crop diversity and tothe conservation of important crop diversity and to facilitate its sustainable use. Much of the success infacilitate its sustainable use. Much of the success in achieving the main objective of the Strategy hingesachieving the main objective of the Strategy hinges on having reasonable functional links between theon having reasonable functional links between the relevant national institutions, as well as on forming arelevant national institutions, as well as on forming a suitable mutually accepted arrangement for regionalsuitable mutually accepted arrangement for regional collaboration and exchange of experience andcollaboration and exchange of experience and knowledge among the countries of the region.knowledge among the countries of the region.
  • 15. Specific Objectives:Specific Objectives: More specifically the strategy aims at :More specifically the strategy aims at : 1-1- Building strong well coordinated national program;Building strong well coordinated national program; 2- Enhancing the knowledge base about the genetic2- Enhancing the knowledge base about the genetic diversity of the PGR in the country and the region;diversity of the PGR in the country and the region; 3- Promote individual national efforts to conserve the3- Promote individual national efforts to conserve the genetic diversity of species of national, regional andgenetic diversity of species of national, regional and global importance ;global importance ;
  • 16. 4. Strengthen information management and sharing including the development of a regional genetic resources information management system, 5. Encourage exchange of experience and capacity building through the organization of national and regional courses and workshops; 6. Develop knowledge and expertise to facilitate the development of harmonized PGR strategies policies and legislations; 7. Promote use of existing documentation on indigenous knowledge.
  • 17. Output: The main proposed outputs of the Strategy are: 1. Effective conservation, sustainable use and encouragement of agrobiodiversity; 2. Capacities strengthened and partnerships enhanced; 3.Appropriate policies and regulatory frameworks developed; 4.Awareness raised 5.Appropriate mechanism for regional exchange of PGR information
  • 18. Actions to Strengthen the National Program: a. Egypt should formulate a national strategy and action plan on PGRFA, particularly for the implementation of the GPA according to the national needs and that this plan should be in harmony with national biodiversity strategy and action plans; b. National PGRFA plans and strategies should also be integrated with Egypt national development and agricultural sector plans.
  • 19. c. Establishing a National Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) Committee, or similar coordinating mechanisms involving all concerned parties across the ministries and other governmental authorities. The committee should have a clear mandate, based on well defined terms of reference and should hold regular meetings ; d. There should be a well-defined implementing agency for coordination of national PGRFA conservation and use activities with adequate authority and a sustainable budget provision;
  • 20. e.e. PGR units or facilities should be improved wherePGR units or facilities should be improved where required to meet national needs and internationalrequired to meet national needs and international agreed standards. They should have clearagreed standards. They should have clear responsibilities, and be coordinated with otherresponsibilities, and be coordinated with other parts of the national program, as well asparts of the national program, as well as sustainable budgets that reflect thesesustainable budgets that reflect these responsibilities;responsibilities; f. Developing appropriate national legislation on PGR .f. Developing appropriate national legislation on PGR .
  • 21. g. Strengthening human resources development tog. Strengthening human resources development to improve availability of qualified staff, throughimprove availability of qualified staff, through training programs and use of experts from thetraining programs and use of experts from the region and international organizations working onregion and international organizations working on PGR conservation and use; andPGR conservation and use; and h. Egypt national program requires secure andh. Egypt national program requires secure and sustainable finance, drawing upon national and,sustainable finance, drawing upon national and, where applicable and possible internationalwhere applicable and possible international sources.sources.
  • 22. Coordination at the National Level: Efficient germplasm maintenance and use require active interaction among a multidisciplinary team of scientists, including genebank curators, plant biologists, plant breeders, socio-economists and users as well as among specialized research institutes that deal with different aspects of PGR conservation and utilization.
  • 23. Capacity – building and Upgrading Requirements:Capacity – building and Upgrading Requirements:  Egypt national capacities, infrastructure andEgypt national capacities, infrastructure and facilities require much upgrading and building.facilities require much upgrading and building. Human resources capacities require developmentHuman resources capacities require development by education and training programs in areas relatedby education and training programs in areas related to PGR in general andto PGR in general and ex situex situ activities in particular.activities in particular.
  • 24. Areas for overall capacity building and upgrading:Areas for overall capacity building and upgrading: a.a. Germplasm management/documentationGermplasm management/documentation Systems;Systems; b. Maintaining Infrastructures and Facilities;b. Maintaining Infrastructures and Facilities; c. Maximizing utilization;c. Maximizing utilization; d. Increasing public awareness;d. Increasing public awareness; e. Developing enabling policies and legislations;e. Developing enabling policies and legislations; f. Enhancing technical and research capabilitiesf. Enhancing technical and research capabilities;;
  • 25. Areas for training and education: a. Strengthening in-country/on the job courses/training; b. Short, medium, long-term plans for training; c. Sub-region and regional training organized by the more advanced national systems and outside institutions with relevant expertise; d. Coordinated country needs assessment/inventory, commitment and program approach and maintenance of skills.
  • 26. Areas for upgrading management systemsAreas for upgrading management systems:: a.a. Development of common information platforms forDevelopment of common information platforms for sharing such as common descriptors, data standards,sharing such as common descriptors, data standards, protocols on conservation such as genebankprotocols on conservation such as genebank management systems, performance monitoring, qualitymanagement systems, performance monitoring, quality management and good practices;management and good practices; b. Harmonization of regulations especially on facilitatingb. Harmonization of regulations especially on facilitating PGR exchanges;PGR exchanges; c. Management of germplasm health;c. Management of germplasm health; d. Biotechnology laboratory skills;d. Biotechnology laboratory skills; e. Databases management;e. Databases management; f. Strengthening links with users through increasedf. Strengthening links with users through increased availability and accessibility of information on theavailability and accessibility of information on the collections.collections.
  • 27. Areas for upgrading infrastructure and facilities:Areas for upgrading infrastructure and facilities: a. Support to field genebanks for crops and regionala. Support to field genebanks for crops and regional collaboration for sharing responsibilities,collaboration for sharing responsibilities, b. Arrangements for safety duplication of accessionsb. Arrangements for safety duplication of accessions and information within/or outside the countriesand information within/or outside the countries..
  • 28. Coordination between Egypt and other WANA countries In 1989 west Asia and North Africa Network (WANANET) was established to promote collaboration among countries of the region including Egypt. Initially, the network played an important role in strengthening the national programs by reinforcing the role the national PGR committees, encouraging coordination between different institutions within each country and among countries.
  • 29. Cont. - The inability of the network to be self-sustained and failure to implement its recommendations are among the reasons for its ineffectiveness and eventual failure. - Egypt should support the active participation of public and national institution in regional, crop and thematic networks. - The funding constraints require sustainable and innovative solutions to establish networks based on common benefits.
  • 30. Areas of Possible Regional CollaborationAreas of Possible Regional Collaboration between Egypt and other WANA Countriesbetween Egypt and other WANA Countries - Based on comparative advantage, willingness toBased on comparative advantage, willingness to collaborate, and commitment to the regionalcollaborate, and commitment to the regional strategy, countries should discuss collaborationstrategy, countries should discuss collaboration on well-identified and focused activities.on well-identified and focused activities. - There are some broad areas for regionalThere are some broad areas for regional collaboration but national responsibilities are incollaboration but national responsibilities are in the first place.the first place.
  • 31. Cont. - Some countries are more advanced in one or more of these areas and could lead efforts to share their experience. - Egypt and other countries of the region have to agree on prioritizing their activities within each area to ensure focus on the most urgent needs.
  • 32. The following are the areas of possible regionalThe following are the areas of possible regional collaborationcollaboration 1. Germplasm Management1. Germplasm Management 2. Germplasm Conservation2. Germplasm Conservation 3. Germplasm Movement3. Germplasm Movement 4. Capacity Building / Knowledge4. Capacity Building / Knowledge 5. Joint Research Projects and Ventures5. Joint Research Projects and Ventures
  • 33. Collaboration with Regional/InternationalCollaboration with Regional/International OrganizationOrganization 1. Egypt and other countries have the primary1. Egypt and other countries have the primary responsibilities to conserve the plant geneticresponsibilities to conserve the plant genetic resources that exist within their boundaries andresources that exist within their boundaries and accordingly invest sufficiently in their conservationaccordingly invest sufficiently in their conservation and utilization.and utilization. 2.2. There is need for external assistance with theseThere is need for external assistance with these responsibilities by regional and internationalresponsibilities by regional and international organizations that have traditionally played thisorganizations that have traditionally played this role in the past.role in the past.
  • 34. 3.3. NENA-PGRN should join efforts with national, regionalNENA-PGRN should join efforts with national, regional and international organizations to contribute to theand international organizations to contribute to the development of the Global System on Geneticdevelopment of the Global System on Genetic Resources led by the FAO-Commission on GeneticResources led by the FAO-Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and AgricultureResources for Food and Agriculture 4. Among the organizations that supported PGR and4. Among the organizations that supported PGR and related activities in the region are the CG centresrelated activities in the region are the CG centres (Bioversity International, ICARDA, CIMMYT, ICRISAT,(Bioversity International, ICARDA, CIMMYT, ICRISAT, CIP, IRRI), GFAR, ACSAD, GEF, UNDP, UNEP, FAO, JAICA,CIP, IRRI), GFAR, ACSAD, GEF, UNDP, UNEP, FAO, JAICA, USAID, IDRC, IFAD, IDB, AFSED, ICUC, CIHEAM, OPEC,USAID, IDRC, IFAD, IDB, AFSED, ICUC, CIHEAM, OPEC, Global Crop Diversity Trust and several others.Global Crop Diversity Trust and several others.
  • 35.  It is important for NENA-PGRN to attract the support ofIt is important for NENA-PGRN to attract the support of the previous organizations and other sponsorsthe previous organizations and other sponsors especially from outside the region.especially from outside the region.  A number of PGR networks are operational in regionsA number of PGR networks are operational in regions neighboring NENA region in Africa, Asia and Europe,neighboring NENA region in Africa, Asia and Europe, where different PGR, interests and concerns are shared.where different PGR, interests and concerns are shared.  Strengthening the inter-regional cooperation with these networks on related aspects of common interest should be one of the concerns of NENA PGRN that can help in attaining its objectives.
  • 36. Thank you