Naghshe Jahan Square
(Public Square)
Fatemeh Saeidi
Fall 2012
Map of the locations in the world, country and city
Location: Isfahan, Iran
Different names:
• Maidan-i Shah,
• Shah Maidan, Nash-e Jahan,
• Shah Meydan,
• Maidan Shah,
• Mey...
History of Isfahan
• The city of Esfahan (or Isfahan) is known as being one of the
jewels of Iran and is very significant ...
• Naghshe Jahan Square is the central meeting place of Isfahan,
a city of a million people that in the past has served as ...
Important facts about Maidan:
• Naghsh’e Jahan Square is situated at the center of the city of Isfahan. It is
an important...
History of Maidans
• Maidans are the most essential spaces of urban fabric, which with
different scales in the urban area ...
Context
Context, Access, Connection
Site plan of the Maidan and surrounding public buildings, as they
exist today
Mosques
• Mosques are famous for their gracefulness and
interplay of geometric design, and architectural light
and shadow ...
Bazaar
From long ago, the cultural
meaning of space, and
especial climate of Iran,
initiated formation of
special urban sp...
scale
• Survey shows in maidans like Naghshe Jahan which has civic
use, there is no feeling of enclosing because of height...
Square as a sacred space
• Because of religious part of the maidan (mosques), designers
at that time have tried to incorpo...
View northwest to the bazaar entrance portal. Ali Qapu is on the
left, the entrance portal to the Mosque of Shaykh Lufalla...
View west toward the Ali Qapu from the Mosque of the
Naghshe Jahan minaret
Axonometric reconstruction of Maidan-i-Shah and the surrounding buildings
(government and royal district, 1712)
A hypothet...
Aesthetics
• Desirability and Memorability
• Maintenance and Craftsmanship
• Complementarity and Contrast
• Material
• Sound
• Smell
• Water
Current issues of the site
• Picnic area
• Lack of seats and shade
• Vehicles
Issue: Cars and transportation vehicles access
View southeast with the Mosque of Shaykh Lufallah to the left, Ali Qapu to ...
Proximity
to Nature
• Social
– Exchange
– Meeting
– Community
– Diverse social atmosphere
People activities:
• Friday prayer
• Desirable for small businesses
• Picnic area
• Relaxing, walking, seating, people wat...
Public place as a place for protest or
big gatherings
What Makes Naghshe Jahan Square a
Great Place?
• Access and Linkages: It is the central square of Isfahan, a city of a mil...
My findings of success
• All the components of public space in this Maidan work
together as a system and all together make...
Expressions of success
• Hierarchy
• aesthetics
• philosophy
• simplicity
• functionality
• proportion
• connection
• harm...
Discussion:
• What is the difference between this square
and plazas? Is there any difference between
plaza and square?
– N...
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Naghshe jahan. presentation

This presentation is about Neghshe Jahan Square in Esfahan, Iran. I have made this presentation to introduce Nagheshe Jahan Square as one the most famous public squares in the world.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      Spiritual      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Naghshe jahan. presentation

  • 1. Naghshe Jahan Square (Public Square) Fatemeh Saeidi Fall 2012
  • 2. Map of the locations in the world, country and city
  • 3. Location: Isfahan, Iran Different names: • Maidan-i Shah, • Shah Maidan, Nash-e Jahan, • Shah Meydan, • Maidan Shah, • Meydan-i Imam, • Royal Maidan, • Naqsh-i Jahan, • Maidan-i Naqsh-i Jahan, • Maidan-i Imam Architect: • Ali Akbar Esfahani Date: 1590-1602 Shah Abbas I the Great Width: 520 ft (158.5 m) Length: 1675 ft (510.5 m) Width to Length: 1 to 3.28 Height: approx. 45 ft Height to Width: 1 to 11.5 Height to Length: 1 to 37.2
  • 4. History of Isfahan • The city of Esfahan (or Isfahan) is known as being one of the jewels of Iran and is very significant in terms of art and architecture. One of the famous Persian proverbs describes Esfahan as ‘half of the world’, as it once dominated as one of the world’s largest cities famous for its mosques, palaces, bridges and the beautiful Naghshe Jahan Square.
  • 5. • Naghshe Jahan Square is the central meeting place of Isfahan, a city of a million people that in the past has served as the capital of Iran during three different historical periods. Lined with shops and cafés, it is also the site of two magnificent mosques — Naghshe Jahan Mosque and Luftallah Mosque. These stunning buildings are a big reason behind Naghshe Jahan Square’s reputation as one of the world’s most beautiful public spaces. Even though attractions such as the mosques have made Isfahan one of Iran’s main tourist destinations, Naghshe Jahan Square remains first and foremost a place that embodies local civic pride.
  • 6. Important facts about Maidan: • Naghsh’e Jahan Square is situated at the center of the city of Isfahan. It is an important historical site and one of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. The square is surrounded by buildings from the Safavid era. The entrance to the Grand Bazaar and the Naghshe Jahan Mosque are opposite one another on the short ends while the Ali Qapu Palace and the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque face one another on the longer sides. • This square, in urban design of the city was considered as the main factor of growing of the city. • Except for architecture, The role of this great square is not limited to its architecture and physical condition. It includes political, religious, economical, tourism, recreation, cultural and social values. • What makes this square distinguish is a group of components which they came together and work together to make a gorgeous friendly space.
  • 7. History of Maidans • Maidans are the most essential spaces of urban fabric, which with different scales in the urban area have different practices and traditions. • The main maidan is the one that Main Mosque is located there, and in Esfahan, in addition to the main mosque, government building and core part of Bazaar are part of this maidan. • Studying the surrounding buildings of the maidan shows that in the past it has been the core center of government, and it has been the connection space between people and government. • This maidan is an important civic space and center of commerce and trade in the past • This meidan had pre planned plan with a regular geometry shape. In general maidans because of their location and role have rectangular or square shape. Cicvic squares like Naghshe Jahan have rectangular shape which the proportion of the sides is 1 to 3. • Some of the squares which are going to be used just for a specific neighborhood have square shape because of making inclosing feeling.
  • 8. Context
  • 9. Context, Access, Connection
  • 10. Site plan of the Maidan and surrounding public buildings, as they exist today
  • 11. Mosques • Mosques are famous for their gracefulness and interplay of geometric design, and architectural light and shadow in this sun-strong climate.
  • 12. Bazaar From long ago, the cultural meaning of space, and especial climate of Iran, initiated formation of special urban space which called Bazaar and it has entered in other languages too.
  • 13. scale • Survey shows in maidans like Naghshe Jahan which has civic use, there is no feeling of enclosing because of height of the maidan to its width (1 to 10), and the space of the maidan is an open and vast suite for the activities that happens in the maidan. But at the same time maidan has human size scale which does not give people feeling of being small compared to the space.
  • 14. Square as a sacred space • Because of religious part of the maidan (mosques), designers at that time have tried to incorporate sort of sacredness within design of the maidans. • This maidan is supposed to be the apron of Lofullah mosque, because it does not have any apron. • The existence of water and vegetation emphasis on this fact. With another vision the space in this maidan is the distance between mosque and palace and mosque and Bazaar; means distance between sacred world and secular world.
  • 15. View northwest to the bazaar entrance portal. Ali Qapu is on the left, the entrance portal to the Mosque of Shaykh Lufallah is on the right
  • 16. View west toward the Ali Qapu from the Mosque of the Naghshe Jahan minaret
  • 17. Axonometric reconstruction of Maidan-i-Shah and the surrounding buildings (government and royal district, 1712) A hypothetical reconstruction of Maidan and surrounding public buildings
  • 18. Aesthetics • Desirability and Memorability • Maintenance and Craftsmanship • Complementarity and Contrast
  • 19. • Material • Sound • Smell • Water
  • 20. Current issues of the site • Picnic area • Lack of seats and shade • Vehicles
  • 21. Issue: Cars and transportation vehicles access View southeast with the Mosque of Shaykh Lufallah to the left, Ali Qapu to the right, and the Mosque of the Shah ahead
  • 22. Proximity to Nature
  • 23. • Social – Exchange – Meeting – Community – Diverse social atmosphere
  • 24. People activities: • Friday prayer • Desirable for small businesses • Picnic area • Relaxing, walking, seating, people watching • socializing • Public events, public festivals • Shopping • Dining
  • 25. Public place as a place for protest or big gatherings
  • 26. What Makes Naghshe Jahan Square a Great Place? • Access and Linkages: It is the central square of Isfahan, a city of a million people. There are merchants, cafes and shops. • Comfort and Image: It is clean. Men and women both use the square in equal measure. You can find a place to sit. The first impression is of awe and wonderment. • Uses and Activities: All age groups use the square. All activities take place, and it is enjoyable to see the children playing. • Sociability: The mood of the people is welcoming and friendly. The square is used both by groups and by individuals. Yes, there is local pride by the people. It is seen as the meeting place of the city. Mostly locals go there, as tourists are rarely in the area. http://www.pps.org/great_public_spaces
  • 27. My findings of success • All the components of public space in this Maidan work together as a system and all together make Nagheshe Jahan Maidan a successful public space. • And it responds to people needs; In terms of religious needs, economic, recreation, cultural. • Its success can also be measured by other indicators, such as public displays of affection, comfort and safety, stewardship, and the way people share the space to engage in different activities packed tightly together.
  • 28. Expressions of success • Hierarchy • aesthetics • philosophy • simplicity • functionality • proportion • connection • harmony
  • 29. Discussion: • What is the difference between this square and plazas? Is there any difference between plaza and square? – Nagshe jahan is enclosed and has access points, but for example rittenhouse in Philiadelphia has no wall around it and accessible from all around the site.