Grammar 1 Underline the words which are not needed.0 The book which was written in just a few weeks was publ...
3 the / Joni / guitar / whether / I / can / wonder / play ..................................................................
10 Choose the correct answer: a, b or c. 0 I ____ a lot of what was being said, but not everything. a) listened ...
The proposal should have sufficient information to convince your readers that you haveanimportant research idea, that you ...
Literature Review:Sometimes the literature review is incorporated into the introduction section. However,mostprofessors pr...
section for qualitative research is a topic for another paper.)For quantitative studies, themethod section typically consi...
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Pretest b++ 3 p 2012

PREBIMESTRAL WROKSHOP FOR B++ LEARNERS
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Entertainment & Humor      Spiritual      
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Transcripts - Pretest b++ 3 p 2012

  • 1. Grammar 1 Underline the words which are not needed.0 The book which was written in just a few weeks was published to critical acclaim.1 Maria enjoys wearing dresses which are designed by Victoria Beckham.2 The singer played a guitar which was given to him by his father.3 Roger Federer is a man who is well-known for his charity work.4 I went to a charity concert which was attended by lots of celebrities.5 An appeal which was shown on television last week raised millions of dollars. 2 Match the two parts of the questions. A B0 You don’t really want to sell your piano, 0 do you?1 They’d consider playing for free, .... do they?2 They don’t do much for charity, .... isn’t it?3 You’ll make a donation later, .... has he?4 It’s important to help if you can, .... wouldn’t they?5 John hasn’t got much time to help, .... won’t you? 3 Underline the correct words.0 Could you find / take out when the lesson starts?1 If I were you, I’d bring / go for a monolingual dictionary. They’re far more reliable.2 How do you think you’ll come / get away with your plan?3 It’s so easy to look / get up information on the internet.4 I wonder why Esperanto never took / went off as an international language.5 I’d like you to take / come up with some ideas for an English project. 4 Put the words in the correct order.0 in / has / about / Global / sea / rise / warming / brought / a / levels Global warming has brought about a rise in sea levels.1 Ben / get / it / How / always / away / does / with ........................................................................................................................ ?2 dictionary / If / it / understand / look / don’t / you / up / the / in ........................................................................................................................ .3 old / other / across / We / some / day / came / photos / the ........................................................................................................................ .4 spicy / going / I’m / the / pizza / for / go / to ........................................................................................................................ .5 in / across / I / interesting / an / newspaper / came / article / the ........................................................................................................................ . 5 Put the words in the correct order.0 you / competition / I / the / wonder / won / how I wonder how you won the competition.1 music / to / why / easy / so / this / popular / It’s / see / is ........................................................................................................................ .2 Tim / with / know / I / why / won’t / don’t / me / come ........................................................................................................................ .
  • 2. 3 the / Joni / guitar / whether / I / can / wonder / play ........................................................................................................................ .4 sing / know / like / where / I’d / to / learned / he / to ........................................................................................................................ .5 concert / to / easy / where / It’s / find / the / happening / is / out ........................................................................................................................ . 6 Underline the correct words.0 Can you tell me which band you like / do you like best?1 Can I ask you where you went / did yougo after the concert?2 Can I ask you what you thought / did you think of the concert?3 Do you know what is the song about / the song is about?4 Do you know why Robbie left / did Robbie leavethe band?5 Could you tell me when willTake That record / Take That will record another album?Vocabulary 7 Match the two parts of the sentences. A B0 A cover band 0 plays the music of other groups.1 A track .... is a song originally sung by someone else.2 A composer .... has got several pieces of music on it.3 A soundtrack .... is a song or piece of music on an album.4 An album .... writes music.5 A cover version .... is the music that is played during a film. 8 Choose the correct answer: a, b or c. 0 I wish you’d ______ an opinion for once! You must be thinking something. a) express b) consider c) matter 1 It is my _____ opinion that you’d be making a mistake to marry Ben. a) considered b) considerate c) considering 2 The latest opinion ______shows a swing to the left. a) poll b) polling c) questionnaire 3 Don’t just accept what the doctor says. Get a(n) ______ opinion. a) another b) alternative c) second 4 Adam’s quite conceited. He has a really ______ opinion of himself. a) tall b) high c) important 5 As we’ll never agree, let’s just say we have a ______ of opinion. a) differing b) different c) difference 9 Choose the correct answer: a, b or c. 0 I wish you wouldn’t sing _____ to everything! a) on b) with c) along 1 There’s nothing better than ____ music, in my opinion. a)live b) alive c)living 2 I prefer songs to _______ music. a)instrument b) instrumental c) instrumentally 3 What are they singing about? I can’t understand any of the ____. a) lyric b) lyrics c)lyricals 4 How can you dance to music that hasn’t got a good _____? a) beat b) beating c)beats 5 Do you remember that Kylie Minogue song ‘I can’t get you ____ my head’? a)off b) under c) out of
  • 3. 10 Choose the correct answer: a, b or c. 0 I ____ a lot of what was being said, but not everything. a) listened b) got c) made 1 If you listen carefully, I’m sure you’ll be able to pick ____ a few words. a) off b) out c) over 2 I’m afraid you’ve ____ me. I have no idea what you’re talking about. a) missed b) caught c) lost 3 I couldn’t ____ out what Simon was saying. a) make b) take c) get 4 I didn’t quite ____ what James said. Did you? a) catch b) take c) listen 5 You didn’t understand a ____ of what I just said, did you? a) meaning b) sentence c) word 11 Underline the correct words.0 Wayne Rooney is a household person / name in the world of football.1 David Beckham is famous for / by his private life as well as his football.2 I wonder if you’ll ever do/ makeit big.3 Justin Bieber is a singing sensation / excitementfor teenagers.4 Nina made / dida name for herself by marrying a billionaire.5 Michael Jackson liked / enjoyeda lot of success when he was a child. 12 Put the letters in the correct order and make words.0 There are a lot of really colourful smodii in English. idioms1 nalgS goes out of fashion very quickly. ....................2 ‘Go to work on an egg’ was a well-known advertising angols. ....................3 To be a medical secretary you need to know a lot of inroltomegy. ....................4 This manual is so full of granoj. I don’t understand a word. ....................5 Honestly, everything you say is such a chécli. ....................RESEARCH PROPOSAL MAKINGHow to Write a Research ProposalPaul T. P. Wong, Ph.D., C.Psych.Research Director, Graduate Program inCounselling PsychologyTrinity Western UniversityLangley, BC, CanadaMost students and beginning researchersdo not fully understand what a researchproposal means, nor do they understand itsimportance. To put it bluntly, ones researchisonly as a good as ones proposal. An illconceivedproposal dooms the project evenif itsomehow gets through the ThesisSupervisory Committee. A high qualityproposal, on theother hand, not only promises success for the project, but also impresses yourThesisCommittee about your potential as a researcher.A research proposal is intended to convince others that you have a worthwhile researchprojectand that you have the competence and the work-plan to complete it. Generally,a researchproposal should contain all the key elements involved in the research processand include sufficientinformation for the readers to evaluate the proposed study.Regardless of your research area and the methodology you choose, all researchproposals mustaddress the following questions: What you plan to accomplish, why youwant to do it and how youare going to do it.
  • 4. The proposal should have sufficient information to convince your readers that you haveanimportant research idea, that you have a good grasp of the relevant literature and themajor issues,and that your methodology is sound.The quality of your research proposal depends not only on the quality of your proposedproject, butalso on the quality of your proposal writing. A good research project may runthe risk of rejectionsimply because the proposal is poorly written. Therefore, it pays if yourwriting is coherent, clearand compelling.This paper focuses on proposal writing rather than on the development of research ideas.Title:It should be concise and descriptive. For example, the phrase, "An investigation of . . ."could beomitted. Often titles are stated in terms of a functional relationship, because suchtitles clearlyindicate the independent and dependent variables. However, if possible, thinkof an informative butcatchy title. An effective title not only pricks the readers interest, butalso predisposes him/herfavourably towards the proposal.Abstract:It is a brief summary of approximately 300 words. It should include the research question,therationale for the study, the hypothesis (if any), the method and the main findings.Descriptions ofthe method may include the design, procedures, the sample and anyinstruments that will be used.Introduction:The main purpose of the introduction is to provide the necessary background or contextfor yourresearch problem. How to frame the research problem is perhaps the biggestproblem in proposalwriting.If the research problem is framed in the context of a general, rambling literature review,then theresearch question may appear trivial and uninteresting. However, if the samequestion is placed inthe context of a very focused and current research area, itssignificance will become evident.Unfortunately, there are no hard and fast rules on how to frame your research question justasthere is no prescription on how to write an interesting and informative openingparagraph. A lotdepends on your creativity, your ability to think clearly and the depth ofyour understanding ofproblem areas.However, try to place your research question in the context of either a current "hot" area,or anolder area that remains viable. Secondly, you need to provide a brief butappropriate historicalbackdrop. Thirdly, provide the contemporary context in which yourproposed research questionoccupies the central stage. Finally, identify "key players" andrefer to the most relevant andrepresentative publications. In short, try to paint yourresearch question in broad brushes and atthe same time bring out its significance.The introduction typically begins with a general statement of the problem area, with afocus on aspecific research problem, to be followed by the rational or justification for theproposed study. Theintroduction generally covers the following elements:1. State the research problem, which is often referred to as the purpose of the study.2. Provide the context and set the stage for your research question in such a way as toshowits necessity and importance.3. Present the rationale of your proposed study and clearly indicate why it is worth doing.4. Briefly describe the major issues and sub-problems to be addressed by your research.5. Identify the key independent and dependent variables of your experiment.Alternatively,specify the phenomenon you want to study.6. State your hypothesis or theory, if any. For exploratory or phenomenological research,youmay not have any hypotheses. (Please do not confuse the hypothesis with thestatistical nullhypothesis.)7. Set the delimitation or boundaries of your proposed research in order to provide aclearfocus.8. Provide definitions of key concepts. (This is optional.)
  • 5. Literature Review:Sometimes the literature review is incorporated into the introduction section. However,mostprofessors prefer a separate section, which allows a more thorough review of theliterature.The literature review serves several important functions:1. Ensures that you are not "reinventing the wheel".2. Gives credits to those who have laid the groundwork for your research.3. Demonstrates your knowledge of the research problem.4. Demonstrates your understanding of the theoretical and research issues related toyourresearch question.5. Shows your ability to critically evaluate relevant literature information.6. Indicates your ability to integrate and synthesize the existing literature.7. Provides new theoretical insights or develops a new model as the conceptualframework foryour research.8. Convinces your reader that your proposed research will make a significant andsubstantialcontribution to the literature (i.e., resolving an important theoretical issue orfilling a majorgap in the literature).Most students literature reviews suffer from the following problems:Lacking organization and structureLacking focus, unity and coherenceBeing repetitive and verboseFailing to cite influential papersFailing to keep up with recent developmentsFailing to critically evaluate cited papersCiting irrelevant or trivial referencesDepending too much on secondary sourcesYour scholarship and research competence will be questioned if any of the above appliesto yourproposal.There are different ways to organize your literature review. Make use ofsubheadings to bring orderand coherence to your review. For example, havingestablished the importance of your researcharea and its current state of development,you may devote several subsections on related issuesas: theoretical models, measuringinstruments, cross-cultural and gender differences, etc.It is also helpful to keep in mind that you are telling a story to an audience. Try to tell it inastimulating and engaging manner. Do not bore them, because it may lead to rejectionof yourworthy proposal. (Remember: Professors and scientists are human beings too.)Methods:The Method section is very important because it tells your Research Committee how youplan totackle your research problem. It will provide your work plan and describe theactivities necessaryfor the completion of your project.The guiding principle for writing theMethod section is that it should contain sufficient information for the reader to determinewhether methodology is sound. Some even argue that a good proposalshould containsufficient details for another qualified researcher to implement the study.You need todemonstrate your knowledge of alternative methods and make the case thatyourapproach is the most appropriate and most valid way to address your researchquestion.Please note that your research question may be best answered by qualitative research.However,since most mainstream psychologists are still biased against qualitative research,especially thephenomenological variety, you may need to justify your qualitative method.Furthermore, since there are no well-established and widely accepted canons inqualitativeanalysis, your method section needs to be more elaborate than what isrequired for traditionalquantitative research. More importantly, the data collectionprocess in qualitative research has a fargreater impact on the results as compared toquantitative research. That is another reason forgreater care in describing how you willcollect and analyze your data. (How to write the Method
  • 6. section for qualitative research is a topic for another paper.)For quantitative studies, themethod section typically consists of the following sections:1. Design -Is it a questionnaire study or a laboratory experiment? What kind of design doyouchoose?2. Subjects or participants - Who will take part in your study ? What kind of samplingprocedure do you use?3. Instruments - What kind of measuring instruments or questionnaires do you use? Whydoyou choose them? Are they valid and reliable?4. Procedure - How do you plan to carry out your study? What activities are involved?Howlong does it take?Results:Obviously you do not have results at the proposal stage. However, you need to havesome ideaabout what kind of data you will be collecting, and what statistical procedureswill be used in orderto answer your research question or test you hypothesis.Discussion:It is important to convince your reader of the potential impact of your proposed research.You needto communicate a sense of enthusiasm and confidence without exaggeratingthe merits of yourproposal. That is why you also need to mention the limitations andweaknesses of the proposedresearch, which may be justified by time and financialconstraints as well as by the earlydevelopmental stage of your research area.Common Mistakes in Proposal Writing1. Failure to provide the proper context to frame the research question.2. Failure to delimit the boundary conditions for your research.3. Failure to cite landmark studies.4. Failure to accurately present the theoretical and empirical contributions byotherresearchers.5. Failure to stay focused on the research question.6. Failure to develop a coherent and persuasive argument for the proposed research.7. Too much detail on minor issues, but not enough detail on major issues.8. Too much rambling -- going "all over the map" without a clear sense of direction. (Thebestproposals move forward with ease and grace like a seamless river.)9. Too many citation lapses and incorrect references.10. Too long or too short.11. Failing to follow the APA style.12. Sloppingwriting.Reference :http://www.meaning.ca/archives/archive/art_how_to_write_P_Wong.htm

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