Narrative
Theory
 Vladimir Propp studied of folktales
and found they contained eight
character types and thirty one that
move the story al...
• Propp’s theory fits in with our genre idea for the opening sequence in that
it:
 -Contains a few of the character types...
• Levi-Strauss suggested that binary oppositions are key to the meaning making in narrative – he argued
the constant creat...
• Levi-Strauss’s theory fits in with our genre idea
for the opening sequence in that it:
 -Judges one half of a binary co...
• Barthes’ enigma code was a theory putting forward the notion that media (whether
it be film, television or texts) are to...
of 6

Narrative Theory (AS Media Studies)

AS Media- Narrative Theory
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Environment      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Narrative Theory (AS Media Studies)

  • 1. Narrative Theory
  • 2.  Vladimir Propp studied of folktales and found they contained eight character types and thirty one that move the story along …. • The hero is prohibited from doing something • The villain learns something about the victim • The villain is punished etc. • Although not applying to all Teen Horror Films, it does apply in some ways to the film ‘Halloween’ (1978) by having 3 of the 8 character types.  - Villain: Michael Myers  - Hero: Laurie Strode  -Helper: Samuel Loomis Propp’s Theory
  • 3. • Propp’s theory fits in with our genre idea for the opening sequence in that it:  -Contains a few of the character types and  -Follows some of the events • Our characters consist of the Villain (Murderer), Hero (person who gets killed last), Princess (Victim of the murderer), False Hero (friend of Hero), Dispatcher (Police), Helper (Friends) • Through the theme of Propp’s events:  -Hero prohibited – Person stopped from Vigilantism  -Villain Learns - Finds out something about the princess which makes them angry and murderous • Our idea fits in with a typical Teen horror movie and Propp’s Narrative theory through the types of character used and the events that happen throughout. Propp’s Narrative Theory
  • 4. • Levi-Strauss suggested that binary oppositions are key to the meaning making in narrative – he argued the constant creation of conflict and opposition propels narrative, and that narrative can only end on a resolution of conflict • Examples of binary oppositions:  -Good/Evil  -Men/Women  -Truth/Lies  -Normal/Abnormal  -Strong/Weak  -Natural/Artificial  -Young/Old  -Light/Dark • It is important to note that we judge one half of each binary opposition in a more negative way; therefore the meanings of the binaries are ideological as they are culturally constructed • This applies to many films within the genre of Teen horror. The types of binary oppositions we see with the films are, Good/Evil, Men/Women, Truth/ Lies, Strong/Weak, Young/Old and Light/Dark. Levi-Strauss’s Narrative Theory
  • 5. • Levi-Strauss’s theory fits in with our genre idea for the opening sequence in that it:  -Judges one half of a binary composition in a negative way and  -Contains more than one binary opposition.  One of the main binary compositions in our opening sequence is Good/Evil. This fits in with our characters of the Hero (person who gets killed last), and the Villain (Murderer). A majority of viewers will be biased positively towards the Hero Levi-Strauss’s Narrative Theory
  • 6. • Barthes’ enigma code was a theory putting forward the notion that media (whether it be film, television or texts) are to entice people and draw them in through a sense of mystery. The main aim of this is to get the audience asking questions. If, at the start of a film, for example, there is lots of out of focus images with a shallow depth of field. A murder mystery for example will usually have the murder happen at the start but the murderer will not be revealed until the end of the film. This allows us to ask the question ‘who is the murderer?’ We can also come up with our own theories on who it is, this makes the film experience more exciting, engaging and audience orientated. • The different codes are:  -The Hermeneutic Code (HER)  -The Proairetic Code (ACT)  -The Semantic Code (SEM)  -The Symbolic Code (SYM)  -The Cultural Code (REF) Roland Barthes

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