NATION BUILDING IN LATIN AMERICA CH.6 SECTION 4
NATIONALIST REVOLTS• Creoles: descendants of Europeans born in Latin America • Denounced the rule of Spanish and Portugue...
HISPANIOLA• Saint Domingue- a French colony on the island of Hispaniola• 1804 over 1000,000 slaves revolted and siezed c...
REVOLT IN MEXICO• Miguel Hidalgo led a mob of Native Americans and mestizos to attack Spaniards- ultimately failed • Mex...
REVOLTS IN SOUTH AMERICA• Jose de San Martin and Simon Bolivar led revolutions throughout the continent • Believed Spani...
CENTRAL AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE• Divided into 5 republics: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua• Con...
MONROE DOCTRINE• President James Monroe didn’t trust British motives• Monroe Doctrine: declared that American continents ...
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Nation building in latin america6.4

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Technology      Business      
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Transcripts - Nation building in latin america6.4

  • 1. NATION BUILDING IN LATIN AMERICA CH.6 SECTION 4
  • 2. NATIONALIST REVOLTS• Creoles: descendants of Europeans born in Latin America • Denounced the rule of Spanish and Portuguese• Napoleon overthrew Spanish and Portuguese monarchies allowing revolutionary movements to succeed • Between 1807-1825 most of Latin America became independent • They were influenced by revolutions in North America
  • 3. HISPANIOLA• Saint Domingue- a French colony on the island of Hispaniola• 1804 over 1000,000 slaves revolted and siezed control over all of Hispaniola• Became the first independent state in Latin America • Now called Haiti
  • 4. REVOLT IN MEXICO• Miguel Hidalgo led a mob of Native Americans and mestizos to attack Spaniards- ultimately failed • Mexico’s independence day• Creoles and officials decided to overthrow Spain to preserve their own power • Army led by Agustin de Iturbide who named himself emperor after Mexico declared its independence in 1822
  • 5. REVOLTS IN SOUTH AMERICA• Jose de San Martin and Simon Bolivar led revolutions throughout the continent • Believed Spaniards must be removed in order for South America to be free• They were able to liberate all of Central America• Martin’s journey to Chile- Led troops over the Andes to attack Spanish • 2/3 of the pack mules and horses died and soldiers suffered from cold and lack of oxygen on mountains
  • 6. CENTRAL AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE• Divided into 5 republics: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua• Concert of Europe wanted to restore Spanish power • Britain did not because of trade with South America • Proposed an alliance with the US to stop COE
  • 7. MONROE DOCTRINE• President James Monroe didn’t trust British motives• Monroe Doctrine: declared that American continents were no longer up for colonization by other countries • US could not necessarily back it up• British Navy also protected South America

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