Use your knowledge of cathapora, anaphora,
ellipsis; co-text, context; attributive use,
and referential use to analyze the...
PRESUPPOSITION AND ENTAILMENT
Presupposition
Types of presupposition
The projection problem
Ordered entailments
 He has long curly blond hair and is smiling
nicely while giving a light push on his cheek
using his pointing finger.
Presupposition
Something the speaker assumes to be the
case prior to making an utterance
Concept  relationship between tw...
Existential
The king of my
heart
Factive
I didn’t know
that you’re
smart
Lexical
He finally won
the competition
Stru...
In his front yard there are
2 convertibles, a van, and 4
motorbikes.
Entailments
 Something that logically follows from what is
asserted in the utterance.
 It is NOT a pragmatic concept, b...
Rover chased three squirrels
a. Something chased three squirrels
b. Rover did something to the three squirrels
c. Rover ch...
 Rover chased THREE squirrels
 ROVER chased three squirrels
Foreground
entailments
 Rover CHASED three squirrels
Ent...
Presupposition & entailment
of 10

Presupposition & entailment

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Sports      Automotive      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Presupposition & entailment

  • 1. Use your knowledge of cathapora, anaphora, ellipsis; co-text, context; attributive use, and referential use to analyze the following text. Explain your answer.  Two fish and some greens are already cooking in a stew, but they will be for supper. We decide to save some strawberries and bakery bread for this evening’s meal, to make it special Gale and I say. I fed Buttercup with entrails of the fish to stop it hissing and meowing at us. Now, it is sitting next to Gale and licking its body as if it is time to bath.
  • 2. PRESUPPOSITION AND ENTAILMENT Presupposition Types of presupposition The projection problem Ordered entailments
  • 3.  He has long curly blond hair and is smiling nicely while giving a light push on his cheek using his pointing finger.
  • 4. Presupposition Something the speaker assumes to be the case prior to making an utterance Concept  relationship between two proportion Ms. Lia’s boyfriend is handsome Ms. Lia has boyfriend Ms. Lia’s boyfriend is not handsome Ms. Lia has boyfriend Constancy under negation
  • 5. Existential The king of my heart Factive I didn’t know that you’re smart Lexical He finally won the competition Structural Who murdered him? Non-factive He pretended to be happy Counterfactual If we were students of Shakespeare Presupposition
  • 6. In his front yard there are 2 convertibles, a van, and 4 motorbikes.
  • 7. Entailments  Something that logically follows from what is asserted in the utterance.  It is NOT a pragmatic concept, but instead is considered a purely logical concept.
  • 8. Rover chased three squirrels a. Something chased three squirrels b. Rover did something to the three squirrels c. Rover chased three of something d. Something happened Background entailments
  • 9.  Rover chased THREE squirrels  ROVER chased three squirrels Foreground entailments  Rover CHASED three squirrels Entailment for interpreting intended meaning more than any other

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