New approaches in univesity-industry cooperation and Triple helix approach.
Presentation on motivating innovation and tripe helix approach with several innovations.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - New approaches in univesity-industry cooperation and Triple helix approach.
«Enterprise and industry cooperation using the triple helix approach: new approaches and illustrations.» Conference at the University of Latvia January 27 , 201 2 , Riga, Latvia Gints Turlajs MSc Econ, PhD candidate Accounting & Consulting Institute (www.aci.lv), General Manager Email: [email_address] , Telephone: +371 29409509
«Uzņēmumu un industrijas mijiedarbība, izmantojot trīspusējās sadarbības pieeju jaunas pieejas un grafiskie attēlojumi.» LU konference 27. janvāris , 201 2 , R ī ga, Latvi j a Gints Turlajs MSc Econ, doktora grāda pretendents Accounting & Consulting Institute (www.aci.lv), Vadītājs E pasts : [email_address] , Tele fons : +371 29409509
In short about me <ul><li>Studied economics and business management in 4 universities: Stockholm School of Economics in Riga, University of Southern Denmark, University of Latvia, Riga Technical University. </li></ul><ul><li>Managing director of Accounting & Consulting Institute (www.aci.lv). </li></ul>
In short about me <ul><li>Have worked for European Commission, SEB banka, Latvijas Banka, Ministry of Economics, newspaper Diena, have lead own businesses. </li></ul><ul><li>Board member of Latvian Young Scientist Association ( www.ljza.lv ), chairman of economics workgroup, ex-president. </li></ul><ul><li>President of Riga Ridzene Rotary club. </li></ul>
In short about me <ul><li>Have initiated founding and managed a AEGEE Riga, ESN Riga, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Co-founder of Internation Insitute of Business Analysis Latvia chapter, member of Latvian Economists Association, European Movement, and many other associations. </li></ul><ul><li>Auditor of Alumni Association of Stockholm School of Economics in Riga. </li></ul>
Where lies the weakness of Latvian economy? <ul><li>Why are we the third poorest in the EU, and Romania and Bulgaria have been catching up with us? </li></ul><ul><li>If this continues we might as well soon become the poorest. </li></ul><ul><li>Our spending on higher education and science is record low to EU and world standards. </li></ul><ul><li>Let us take a look at Innovation Union Scoreboard, the innovation measure recognised by the European Union. </li></ul>
EU innovation performance, 2010 Source: Innometrics, 2011
Gap in innovation <ul><li>Latvia has the worst performance in the European Union in innovation. </li></ul><ul><li>Estonia is closing up Western Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Latvian innovation performance is catastrophic, higher education and science financing is record low. </li></ul><ul><li>The performance of Latvia has become worse in the recent years, recently it was second from the end. </li></ul>
What is the situation? <ul><li>Latvia is a very poor country to EU standards with competitiveness problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Our most fundamental weak spot is innovation system and investments in higher education and science. </li></ul><ul><li>New measures of competitveness could be developed, the existing ones are not perfect. </li></ul><ul><li>We need good development and industrial policy. </li></ul>
Where is the solution <ul><li>Latvia needs a god industrial policy and stimulation of high technology exports. </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately higgher educaction and science have been deprived of young people and progressive ideas due to lack of funds. </li></ul><ul><li>The situation has improved with EU funds availability, however, any positive development takes time. </li></ul><ul><li>Education and science is still often deatached from business needs and practice. </li></ul>
University/industry cooperation <ul><li>The high export potential lies in the complex products, which need considerable klowledge to be developed and produced. </li></ul><ul><li>Very close cooperation is needed between business and education/science. </li></ul><ul><li>The free market has shown many flaws and the belief that they could sole everything is largely gone. </li></ul><ul><li>Government is an important cataliser of this process. </li></ul>
University/industry cooperation <ul><li>An innovative economy is an economy based on knowledge, innovation, new ideas, machines, systems and technology, and their applications. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific knowledge is very important. </li></ul><ul><li>Production not based on new knowledge and innovation in the innovation economy is unsustainable (Ismailov and Gamidov, 2003). </li></ul><ul><li>We are not interested to compete in the red ocean of lower and lower wages. </li></ul>
Motivating for innovation – traditions in several countries Country Efforts to encourage Belgium, England, France, Germany Creating bonus funds for development, development and production of new products, the size of which is associated with an increase in sales of such products, their proportion in the total output Japan A total stimulation clearly divided in four main parts: the direct payments (basic and premium), side payments, bonuses, pension payments. Encouragement to innovation is reflected in the implementation of educational and professional development, involvement in production management based on the creation of "quality circles" USA Involvement of advice from labor, which develop specific criteria, formulas payment, remuneration based on an appropriate scale peer reviews of new ideas by the degree of effectiveness, novelty, cost of labor innovators Ukraine Only one in ten companies is directly related to innovation, creativity and inventiveness in producing virtually no encouraged rampant acquired aging of scientific personnel Latvia The high degree of migration of scientific personnel, the lack of a clear system of incentives, which is mainly based on the writing projects that are funded by Euro funds, a mechanism to support innovation within the enterprise is missing.
Innovation process or cycle
Triple Helix approach <ul><li>The triple helix system was introduced by Henry Etzkowitz. </li></ul><ul><li>Its ideas are simple and probably were understood befor, but he formulated them and gave it a name. </li></ul><ul><li>It improves the competitiveness of a university and business environment and allows the creation of entrepreneurial universities. </li></ul>
Triple Helix approach <ul><li>This strategy requires great science and technology policy capacity of the state, industry and universitites, since the judgements of the level and type of intervention in particular areas become more critical (Etzkowitz, 1997). </li></ul><ul><li>It is a synergy in knowledge spillovers among universitites, industry and the government. </li></ul>
Triple Helix approach <ul><li>A graphical representation would be helpful, I had not encountered it before. </li></ul><ul><li>How to depict it graphically? </li></ul>
Triple Helix approach – my original proposal for graphical illustration
<ul><li>God bless Latvia! </li></ul><ul><li>Questions and discussion is welcome! </li></ul><ul><li>I can be contacted on </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>GSM: +371 29409509 </li></ul>