Independence<br />Transparency<br />Public policy<br />Social Change<br />Critical issues in Ecuador’s forest sector and i...
General Context<br />Population: 14,2 million<br />Area: 256,370 km2<br />Urban population: 66%<br />2009: GDP 57,2 millio...
Context <br />2009 est.: 9,15 million ha of forests<br />Amongst highest rates <br />deforestation in Latin America: 1.7-...
Unsustainable and illegal logging,
Extractive industries (oil and mining) expansion
Roads and infrastructure </li></ul>Source Ecociencia 2010<br />Source: National Development Plan 2007-2010 <br />
Conflicting grounds: Forest and REDD+ policy<br />Private sector<br />65% forest lands ownership and tenure rights (mainly...
SOCIOBOSQUE <br />Forest Governance <br />SFM<br />Incentive System<br />DBL<br />SAF<br />Information System<br />Sustain...
National Forest Administration and Control System <br />Native Forest<br />Forest Plantations<br />Ministry of Environment...
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Ponencia de Grupo FARO en Chatham house

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Devices & Hardware      
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Transcripts - Ponencia de Grupo FARO en Chatham house

  • 1. Independence<br />Transparency<br />Public policy<br />Social Change<br />Critical issues in Ecuador’s forest sector and implications for the National REDD+ strategy<br />Sigrid Vásconez Davidsson<br />London, January, 28th, 2011<br />www.grupofaro.org<br />
  • 2. General Context<br />Population: 14,2 million<br />Area: 256,370 km2<br />Urban population: 66%<br />2009: GDP 57,2 million USD USD 3.970 GNI per capita <br />2009: Poverty: 45,5%<br />Rural Poverty: 74,9% <br />Sources: http://data.worldbank.org/country/ecuador. www.inec.gov.ec . Ministry of Environment 2010<br />
  • 3. Context <br />2009 est.: 9,15 million ha of forests<br />Amongst highest rates <br />deforestation in Latin America: 1.7- 2.4 annual loss <br />Main drivers: <br /><ul><li>Land use change (agriculture)
  • 4. Unsustainable and illegal logging,
  • 5. Extractive industries (oil and mining) expansion
  • 6. Roads and infrastructure </li></ul>Source Ecociencia 2010<br />Source: National Development Plan 2007-2010 <br />
  • 7. Conflicting grounds: Forest and REDD+ policy<br />Private sector<br />65% forest lands ownership and tenure rights (mainly IPs)<br />Non Public<br />Public institutions<br />Public Sphere<br />Public governmental<br />Public non governmental<br />2008 Constitution Art. 74 Env Services as State function <br />Civil Society: indigenous peoples, local communities and individual landowners<br />
  • 8. SOCIOBOSQUE <br />Forest Governance <br />SFM<br />Incentive System<br />DBL<br />SAF<br />Information System<br />Sustainable Management of Forests<br />Control System<br />FEI<br />SFM<br />Forest Statistics<br />Forest Control<br />Reforestation and Afforestation<br />Land titling and forest tenure<br />Legal Framework Reforms<br />Financial Sustainability <br />
  • 9. National Forest Administration and Control System <br />Native Forest<br />Forest Plantations<br />Ministry of Environment (MAE)<br />Forest Management: Plans and programs<br />Forest Statistics (SAF)<br />Forest Logging: Licenses <br />Forest Regents<br />Transportation: Licenses<br />Sources: ECOBONA, 2010. Palacios, 2008<br />
  • 10. Ecuador´s forest sector: critical issues<br />Regulatory framework <br />In the market<br /><ul><li>Ministry of Environment (MAE) designs, implements, evaluates and controls
  • 11. Policy contradictions influence low value of forest
  • 12. No baseline information: No forest inventory, lack of Nat Land Use plan
  • 13. No independent, third party oversight
  • 14. Forest Statistics not related to concrete territories and not publicly available
  • 15. Conflicts: REDD+ mechanisms versus evolving Env Serv policy
  • 16. Lack of comprehensive economic incentives for sustainable forest management (Sociobosque is incipient)
  • 17. Forests value chain extremely inequitable (300% price increase in industrialization phase)
  • 18. Oligopoly composition of the market: 92% commercialization in hands of 5 companies
  • 19. Domestic timber market is distorted: 50-75% of National timber supply is illegal and/or of informal origin</li></li></ul><li>Our contribution<br />Transparency and Public Access of forest information<br />Strengthening CSOs and coalitions<br />Transparency in Ecuador´s Forest Sector<br />Improve forest governance<br />
  • 20. THANKS!<br />Sigrid Vásconez<br />svasconez@grupofaro.org<br />www.grupofaro.org<br />www.foresttransparency.info<br />

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