Another direction in Romantic music
<ul><li>Expression of pride in one’s country </li></ul><ul><li>Any musical expression that is intended to emphasize the un...
<ul><li>Earliest composer to compose “Russian” music was Mikhail Glinka. </li></ul><ul><li>From Glinka, came a generation ...
<ul><li>Founder of the Czech national school: Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884) </li></ul><ul><li>Had a fascination with progres...
<ul><li>Composed in 1874 </li></ul><ul><li>A symphonic poem, 6 sections </li></ul><ul><li>Listening: “The Moldau” </li></u...
<ul><li>Bohemian, born in a small village near Prague </li></ul><ul><li>Composed 9 symphonies </li></ul><ul><li>Music foll...
<ul><li>Listening: Symphony No. 9 “From the New World” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 movement symphony (traditional form) </li><...
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nationilism

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Entertainment & Humor      News & Politics      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - nationilism

  • 1. Another direction in Romantic music
  • 2. <ul><li>Expression of pride in one’s country </li></ul><ul><li>Any musical expression that is intended to emphasize the unique character and interests of a particular nation. </li></ul><ul><li>Self-conscious, aggressive nationalistic feelings in the Romantic era. </li></ul><ul><li>Countries with a strong nationalism tradition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Czechoslovakia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Norway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hungary </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>Earliest composer to compose “Russian” music was Mikhail Glinka. </li></ul><ul><li>From Glinka, came a generation of composers who had a nationalistic spirit, known as The Five, or The Mighty Handful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Balakirev </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Borodin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cui </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mussorgsky </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rimsky-Korsakov </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These composers turned against the traditional style of composing and conservatory training, and used folk rhythms and sounds of daily Russian life as the core of their music. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>None of them were full-time musicians. They had careers as a chemist, naval officer, forest ranger, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>Founder of the Czech national school: Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884) </li></ul><ul><li>Had a fascination with progressive musical ideas, as well as a spirit of nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Spirit of Czech nationalism was wide-spread in Bohemia, which was ruled by Austria. </li></ul><ul><li>Smetana is known for his 10 operas (8 of which are patriotic) and symphonic poems </li></ul><ul><li>Went deaf near the end of his life, like Beethoven </li></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>Composed in 1874 </li></ul><ul><li>A symphonic poem, 6 sections </li></ul><ul><li>Listening: “The Moldau” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CD 2, track 4 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Musically traces the course of the Moldau River from it’s source in central Bohemia to Prague, and on to join another river. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sounds include 2 springs (the sources of the river), the river, a forest hunt, a peasant wedding, dance of the water sprites, etc… </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>Bohemian, born in a small village near Prague </li></ul><ul><li>Composed 9 symphonies </li></ul><ul><li>Music followed traditional classical forms (4 movement symphonies, traditional form), but also had nationalistic qualities </li></ul><ul><li>Career brought him to America where he served as Artistic Director to the National Conservatory of Music in New York </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One of his students was Henry T. Burleigh: African American composer and singer, who introduced Dvorak to spirituals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was also introduced to melodies of American Indians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dvorak loved trains, and occasionally this can be heard in his music also </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Urged his own students to follow in a nationalistic style </li></ul><ul><li>Moved to Spillville, Iowa </li></ul><ul><li>Homesick for his country, Dvorak returned to Bohemia after only 3 years in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed director of the Prague Conservatory in 1901 </li></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>Listening: Symphony No. 9 “From the New World” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 movement symphony (traditional form) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Movement 2 (Largo) has the famous English horn solo, based off of a spiritual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 th movement (Finale) is very energetic </li></ul></ul>

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