Narmada river valley project final
It is a case study on the Narmada River Valley Project, it includes impact of dams on environment, other examples, critical acclaim and facts and figures related to the NRVP, and also many more details.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Narmada river valley project final
Nature Sake Development :
Case Study on
Development is the main motive of science. But at the cost of nature, it loses
Dams have been one of the major contributors for disturbing nature’s balance
and have been targets of protest across the globe.
Dams are a symbol of human ingenuity and engineering.
On the other hand, block natural river flow, block paths of many migratory
fish species, disrupt transport of sediment along the river, which affects
morphology of the riverbed, intoxicates the water.
Why We Have Chosen This Project?
It draws our interest because we can see how a variety of people
from adivasis...to social activists...to actors and celebrities come
forward and together for a common interest.
The Government has used this project more for politics and lesser
for benefits. On the other hand...if established...this NRVP would
be a very esteemed and resourceful project.
But it lacks planning...decision making...and so the youth has to
know about this topic and step up
Because we are the face of tomorrow and if we dont have the
subject knowledge...we wont be able to make the right decision
India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, once called dams
the ‘‘temples of modern India.’’
Though he later retracted his statement and called large dams
‘‘a disease of gigantism’’ that India must abandon.
More than 1,000 dams across U.S. Have been removed to date.
Biggest Dam removal Project: The 108 feet high and 210 feet deep
'Elwha Dam' on the Elwha River, located on the Olympic
Peninsula in Washington State .
Goal of removal : restoring flows for fish and wildlife, reinstating
the natural sediment and nutrient flow, eliminating safety risks,
restoring opportunities for recreation, and saving taxpayer money
One of the most controversial and protested government schemes .
Approved by “Narmada Water Disputes Tribunal” in 1978 which
included 30 large dams, 135 medium dams, and 3,000 small dams.
Initially, started at small level but later in 1985 the World Bank
agreed to finance.
Estimated that project will irrigate more than 18,000 km2, most of
it in drought prone areas of Kutch and Saurashtra
Main attraction: Sardar Sarovar Dam, near Navagam, Gujarat.
Proposed height of Sardar Sarovar Dam: 163metres .
Dam's main power plant houses six 200 MW Francis pump-
turbines to generate electricity and total installed capacity of the
power facilities- 1,450 MW.
Feed 20 million people, provide domestic and industrial water for
about 30 million, employ about 1 million, and valuable electricity.
Irrigate land spread over 12 districts, 62 talukas and 3393
villages(75% of which is drought prone areas) in 'Gujarat' and
730km2 in the arid areas of 'Barmer' and 'Jalore' districts of
Set against the futures of about 70,000 project affected people.
The ratio of beneficiaries to affected persons 100:1.
In 1987 after construction of dams the injustices of the
government's relocation program were exposed.
Consequences: Laid the foundation of “Narmada Bachao
Andolan”(NBA) or “Save Narmada Movement”
Objectives and essence of NBA : After World Bank
agreed to finance the Sardar Sarovar dam without
consulting the indigenous communities that were to
be displaced displaced. In 1987,construction began
on the Sardar Sarovar dam, and the injustices of the
government's relocation program were exposed.
These NGOs allied in 1989 to form the Narmada Bachao
Andolan (NBA), or the 'Save Narmada Movement', led by
NBA's fight for gaining justice to the innocents.
Supreme Court judgement:
“The displacement of the tribals and other persons
would not per se(in itself) result in the violation of
their fundamental or other rights.”
-Justice B N Kripal
Story of Burgi(1st dam of Narmada) .
Five-day sit-in at Prime Minister V. P. Singh's residence
in New Delhi.
The Narmada Jan Vikas Sangharsh Yatra marching over
Today the dam irrigates only 5% of what was planned. It
actually submerges more land than it irrigates
Founder Convener, National Alliance of People's
Narmada Bachao Andolan -
“Dr. Murlidhar Devidas Amte ”
Indian social worker,Social activist.
Activist known particularly for his work for the
rehabilitation and empowerment of poor people suffering
Aamir Khan and Arundhati Roy supported Narmada
Anand patwardhan made an award-winning
documentary: A Narmada Diary.
Alok agarwal current member of the AAM ADMI
PARTY is an active figure in the movement.
Data presented by –
'The National Register of Large Dams'–
“Central Water Commission 1994”, New Delhi
Indian food production rose from 50 to 200 million tones 1950-1997; two-
thirds of increase from irrigation, but the data does not make clear what
proportion of the increase was contributed by large dams: estimated 10%;
Government claims 30%.
40% of those displaced are adivasis (tribal people). Less than 50% of people
displaced by large projects are rehabilitated.
Construction occurs under the “Official Secrets Act”; access is denied,
information is withheld, ‘participation’ is non-existent.
The costs of dams are systematically underestimated and their benefits are
9000 Crore Rupees have been spent by the government till today on this
Facts From The Heart of Narmada
The SSP was never meant to provide drinking water to the thirsty villages of
Gujarat. This "benefit" was added as a cynical political ploy when the project
ran into trouble
The feasibility studies for drinking water supply were only initiated in 1998.
Not a single rupee has been allocated from the SSP budget for drinking water
While the Government of Gujarat spends 85% of its annual irrigation budget
on the SSP, its canal system, even according to the Project Authorities' own
plans, is designed to irrigate less than 2% of the cultivable land in Kachchh,
9% in Saurashtra, and 20% in North Gujarat.
There is 15-17% less water in the Narmada today than was
assumed when the SSP was designed. This means that there will be
less water in the canals than the planners projected.
The SSP arbitrarily assumes an irrigation efficiency of 60%, when
the highest efficiency achieved in India is around 40%. So about
half of the projected area will never be irrigated.
Since construction began in 1987, MP has not provided a single
hectare of agricultural land for its oustees. In the Supreme Court
the MP Government has declared on oath that it has no land to re-
settle the project affected people.
According to a detailed study of 54 Large Dams done by the
'Indian Institute of Public Administration', the average number
of people displaced by a Large Dam is 44,182. Admittedly, 54
dams out of 3,300 Large Dams in India is not a big enough
sample. But since it's all we have, let's try and do some rough
arithmetic. Let's err on the side of abundant caution and take an
average of just 10,000 people per Large Dam. It's an improbably
low figure, but after this on the calculator, we find -
3,300 x 10,000 = 33 million
That's what it works out to. THIRTY-THREE MILLION
people. Displaced by big dams alone in the last fifty years.
(1) Ethics in life.
(A) What is Ethics ??
(B) Criteria for ethics
(2) Utilitarianism concept of ethics
(A) Meaning of Utilitarianism.
(B) Displacement of People.
(3) Contradiction by Bhagwad Geeta
- this defines ethics by the meaning of achieving our
(4) Development at the cost of nature.
(5) Ethics is not definable, is not implementable, because it
is not conscious; it involves not only our thinking, but also
By - Valdemar W. Setzer
The protection of Nature is, among other things, an ethical
Ethics plays an at least equal role as the other components –
technology, economics, politics, sociology, psychology. people - were
living below the poverty line. That's more than the country's
population in 1947.
Development is not what it is defined when it builds on the
foundation of destruction and displacement.
What kind of country is this? Who owns it? Who
runs it? What's going on.
A model in which nature has no value apart from
human preferences will imply different conduct from
one where nature projects fundamental values, some
objective and others that further require human
subjectivity superposed on objective nature