The Press: Freedom,
Responsibilities and Limitations
Session 2
Press Freedom – Legal Framework
Section 4, Article III, Bill of Rights, 1987
Philippine Constitution – “No law shall be
pa...
Press Freedom is NOT Absolute
 Watchdog of a democratic society
 Fourth Estate = fiscalizing function for the
three bran...
Examples of Bad Press
 Shooting from the hip – writing without basis or data
verification
 “The Source” Story – no sourc...
Code of Ethics of the Press
(National Press Club)
1. I shall scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not t...
Code of Ethics of the Press
(National Press Club)
8. I shall presume persons accused of crime of being innocent until prov...
Group Dynamics
of 7

Press and its limitations

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: News & Politics      Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Press and its limitations

  • 1. The Press: Freedom, Responsibilities and Limitations Session 2
  • 2. Press Freedom – Legal Framework Section 4, Article III, Bill of Rights, 1987 Philippine Constitution – “No law shall be passed abridging the freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the government for redress of grievances.”
  • 3. Press Freedom is NOT Absolute  Watchdog of a democratic society  Fourth Estate = fiscalizing function for the three branches of government: executive, legislative and judiciary.  Adversarial in nature but not necessarily polarized (“Third Voice”).
  • 4. Examples of Bad Press  Shooting from the hip – writing without basis or data verification  “The Source” Story – no source e.g., an unidentified source admits that …  Poetic License – use of poetic tools in journalistic writing  Manufactured stories – fabricated stories  Conflict of interest – credibility of the reporter  Misquotation – inaccurate reporting  Labeling – prejudicial reporting e.g., Muslims as rebels  Yellow journalism – sensationalism  Envelopmental/Checkbook Journalism – paid stories
  • 5. Code of Ethics of the Press (National Press Club) 1. I shall scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts or to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis. I recognize the duty to air the other side and the duty to correct substantive errors promptly. 2. I shall not violate confidential information or material given me in the exercise of my calling. 3. I shall resort only to fair and honest methods in my effort to obtain news, photographs and/or documents, and shall properly identify myself as a representative of the press when obtaining any personal interview intended for publication. 4. I shall refrain from writing reports which will adversely affect a private reputation unless the public interest justifies it. At the same time, I shall fight vigorously for public access to information. 5. I shall not let personal motives or interests influence me in the performance of my duties; nor shall I accept or offer any present, gift or other consideration of a nature which may cast doubt on my professional integrity. 6. I shall not commit any act of plagiarism. 7. I shall not in any manner ridicule, cast aspersions on, or degrade any person by reason of sex, creed, religious belief, political conviction, cultural and ethnic origin.
  • 6. Code of Ethics of the Press (National Press Club) 8. I shall presume persons accused of crime of being innocent until proven otherwise. I shall exercise caution in publishing names of minors and women involved in criminal cases so that they may not unjustly lose their standing in society. 9. I shall not take unfair advantage of fellow journalists. 10. I shall accept only such tasks as are compatible with the integrity and dignity of my profession, invoking the ‘conscience clause’ when duties imposed on me conflict with the voice of my conscience. 11. I shall comport myself in public or while performing my duties as journalist in such manner as to maintain the dignity of my profession. When in doubt, decency should be my watch word.
  • 7. Group Dynamics