National REDD+ Strategy
and Star Program
República de Moçambique
Ministério da Terra, Ambiente e Desenvolvimento Rural
Context
• General indicators
• GDP(2014): 16.39 USD billion
• Economic Growth rate: 7.4%
• Contribution of Agriculture to ...
Drivers of deforestation and forest
degradation
500,993
4%
7,772,764
65%
992,084
8%
784,794
7%
1,415,809
12%
annual emissi...
Direct Drivers of Deforestation
International markets
Energy resources (coal, gas)
Timber (tropical hardwoods)
Agriculture...
Potential for Emissions Reduction
59%
2%
26%
12%
1% 0%
All Sectors
Agriculture and forests Energy generation Renewable ene...
General Objective of the REDD+
Strategy
Promote multi-sectoral integrated interventions
to reduce carbon emissions associa...
REDD+ Strategy
Sustainable
management of
forests:
Strengthen law
enforcement
Community based natural
resources management
...
REDD+ Strategic Options
8
AddedValue
ForestProducts
Clean
Energy
Sustainable
Agriculture
Conservation
Areas
TreePlanting
R...
9
Zambezia Integrated Landscape Management
Program
Maintenance of high-value
biodiversity within the Gilé
National Reserve...
2. The Star: Integrated Rural
Development Program
Objective:
• Contribute to the
consolidation of
National Unity, Peace,
a...
2.1. More Knowledge
Objective: Increase productivity;
Action: Create mechanisms and structures for capacity
building and s...
2.2 Energy farm
Objective: Create energy autonomy and provide conditi
ons for local industry
Action: Generate energy at lo...
2.3 Living Water
Objective: Invest in quality of life, promotion of the human capit
al, and diversification of economic ac...
Objective: Improve accessibility to rural areas and link local producto
rs to markets;
Action: Build and maintain tertiaty...
Objective: Boost social and economic life in the district;
Action: Establish Bank agencies in districts without finacial s...
2.6. Other Actions
1. Environmental education and natural resources Monitoring
2. Improved Land Administration
3. Rural de...
TOTAL INVESTIMENT (USD) = 2.4 Bn
Resources Need
Conditions for Success
• Bridge the gap between Policies and Practice
• Improve inter-institutional Coordination at nation...
Thank you!
More Information on:
http://www.redd.org.mz/
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National REDD+ strategy and star program

A presentation by Nemane Momed from UT-REDD, at a workshop held in Paris from Thursday, 3 December to Friday, 4 December during the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21). The event organised by the International Institute for Environment and Development aimed to share the findings of its research to inform a wider debate on how REDD+ is contributing to addressing the drivers of land use and land use change. The presentation focused on the national REDD+ strategy of Mozmambique. More details: http://www.iied.org/redd-paris-what-could-be-it-for-people-forests
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Environment      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - National REDD+ strategy and star program

  • 1. National REDD+ Strategy and Star Program República de Moçambique Ministério da Terra, Ambiente e Desenvolvimento Rural
  • 2. Context • General indicators • GDP(2014): 16.39 USD billion • Economic Growth rate: 7.4% • Contribution of Agriculture to GDP (24%) • HDI: 178 out of 187 (2014) • Country surface: 80 million hectares • Forest cover: 40 million ha (50% of the country surface) • Mainly Miombo forests (dry forests) • Annual deforestation rate: 0.58% (1990-2005) 2
  • 3. Drivers of deforestation and forest degradation 500,993 4% 7,772,764 65% 992,084 8% 784,794 7% 1,415,809 12% annual emissions (tCO2yr-1) S1. Commercial agriculture S2. Small scale agriculture S3. Wood product S4. Fuelwood/charcoal S5. Urban expansion S6. Mining S7. Cattle raising 12 MtCO2yr-1 72% 9% 7% 7% North 4.1 MtCO2yr-1 7% 60% 9% 7% 11% 4% Center 7.1 MtCO2yr-1 59 % 23 % South 0.8 MtCO2yr-1 3
  • 4. Direct Drivers of Deforestation International markets Energy resources (coal, gas) Timber (tropical hardwoods) Agriculture commodities (Cotton, tobacco, sesame) Domestic needs and consumption Woodfuel Food production Population settlement and growing cities Road infrastructure 4
  • 5. Potential for Emissions Reduction 59% 2% 26% 12% 1% 0% All Sectors Agriculture and forests Energy generation Renewable energy Energy consumption Industrial Processes Transport Agriculture and forests (Avoided deforestation, reforestation/aforestation, restoration) Energy consumption (Improved stoves and biomass energy substitution) 36% 63% 1% REDD Emission Reductions Avoided deforestation Planted forests Restored Areas 42.8 MtCO2 per year 73.0 MtCO2 per year 5
  • 6. General Objective of the REDD+ Strategy Promote multi-sectoral integrated interventions to reduce carbon emissions associated with land use and land cover changes through adherence to the principles of sustainable management of natural and man-made terrestrial ecosystems contributing to global efforts in mitigating and adapting to climate change and sustainable development 6
  • 7. REDD+ Strategy Sustainable management of forests: Strengthen law enforcement Community based natural resources management Long term concessions Forest Plantations Value addition Conservation Areas: Enforcement of protection Income generation Engagement of communities in the management of these areas General: Improve coordination Integrated Planning Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment Improve governance Land use planning Environmental management Plans Energy: Alternative sources including renewables Efficiency in production and consumption of biomass energy Forest Plantations for energy Agriculture – increase soil productivity: Increase coverage of extension services Conservation agriculture Agroforestry systems Use the agro-ecological zoning to guide commercial agriculture Forest Restoration: Rehabilitation and restoration of degraded forests Community and private sector engagement in such endeavor 7
  • 8. REDD+ Strategic Options 8 AddedValue ForestProducts Clean Energy Sustainable Agriculture Conservation Areas TreePlanting Restoration
  • 9. 9 Zambezia Integrated Landscape Management Program Maintenance of high-value biodiversity within the Gilé National Reserve (large patch of undisturbed Miombo), the Primeiras e Segundas Marine Area, including threatened mangroves Climate resilience improved. Mozambique is extremely vulnerable to climate variability and change. Zambézia was affected by deadly floods in January 2015. Increased employment (cashew processing plant) and additional income for producers (fair trade cashew and sesame) Deforestation- free commodities produced Rehabilitation of degraded lands through reforestation
  • 10. 2. The Star: Integrated Rural Development Program Objective: • Contribute to the consolidation of National Unity, Peace, and Sovereingnty through inclusive and sustainable development , that generates income in rural areas Energy Water Kowledge Banking Roads
  • 11. 2.1. More Knowledge Objective: Increase productivity; Action: Create mechanisms and structures for capacity building and support to local production; Goals: • Training 1000 development agents in 10 districts • Training 151 district administrators, • Provision of 2 grants for technology transfer in agribu- siness and renewable resources.
  • 12. 2.2 Energy farm Objective: Create energy autonomy and provide conditi ons for local industry Action: Generate energy at local level with focus on ren ewable energy sources, including biomass energy; Goal: Increase energy generation in 194 MW, to reach 3 5 districts.
  • 13. 2.3 Living Water Objective: Invest in quality of life, promotion of the human capit al, and diversification of economic activities; Action: Water purification systems (small scale, simple technol ogy and easy to fix locally); Goal: Provide potable water to 3.5 million people in 53 districts.
  • 14. Objective: Improve accessibility to rural areas and link local producto rs to markets; Action: Build and maintain tertiaty and local roads in rural areas; Goal: Build 500Km of new roads to link production sites to markets, and maintainance of 1500Km of tertiary and local roads in 96 district s. 2.4 Rural Roads
  • 15. Objective: Boost social and economic life in the district; Action: Establish Bank agencies in districts without finacial servic es coverage; Goal: Establish Bank Agencies in 59 districts and reach 3 million people with financial services. 2.5. A Bank in the District
  • 16. 2.6. Other Actions 1. Environmental education and natural resources Monitoring 2. Improved Land Administration 3. Rural development Clusters 4. Improved Forest Governance 5. Improved Conservation Areas 6. Support to Private Sector
  • 17. TOTAL INVESTIMENT (USD) = 2.4 Bn Resources Need
  • 18. Conditions for Success • Bridge the gap between Policies and Practice • Improve inter-institutional Coordination at national and provincial level • Capacity building and training for Government staff • Secure financing to invest at scale in interventions for reducing emissions, payment for results and for strengthen the government capacity to deliver the strategy • Monitoring, reporting and verification to enable payment to those who contribute to reducing emissions through adoption of sustainable land use practices
  • 19. Thank you! More Information on: http://www.redd.org.mz/ 19

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