1
Pork value chain in Vietnam:
now, future and challenges
Presentation at a seminar for veterinary students
School of Anim...
Outline
1.Livestock in Vietnam
2.Challenges
• Health & environment
• Policy
3.One Health and Ecohealth
and reflection
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
To improve food and nutritional security
and to reduce poverty in develo...
• Studies the health and well-being impacts of
development factors using integrative
approaches of Ecohealth/One Health.
•...
Vietnam
- Population: 90 mil (2014 estimate)
- Area: 331.210 km2
- Density: 272/km2
- GDP (nominal): $1.895
Vietnam Livestock Outlook
Per capita consumption of meats
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
Viet Nam China D'ped
kg meat / person
Meat production percapi...
WILDLIFE SPECIES PERMITTED FOR REARING BY HOUSEHOLDS;
SCOPE AND DISTRIBUTION (Source: GOS)
Whole country and
eco-regions
D...
Health issues:
animal, human and environment
Integrated Crop (V) – Fishery (A) – Livestock
(C) (V-A-C) in Vietnam
14
Manure
Xenobiotics
Chemicals
Pathogens
Aesthetic
Milk
Xenobiotics
Chemicals
Pathogens
Allergens
Zoonoses
Bacterial
Vira...
15
Food safety & “from farm to fork”
16
17
18
Raw blood
(Tiet canh)
Fermented pork
(Nem chua)
Culture and food preference
Blue ears or Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory
Syndrome (PRRS) in Vietnam
• First wave: From 12 March to 15 May 2007: 7...
A pork supply chain: an example in Nghe An
Lucy Lapar (2010)
Presence of movement roads. ports. rivers
Presence of local and/or regional
live bird/pig markets
Reflection:
Policy, One Health and Development
Large farm vs. Smallholder ?
• Women
• Equity
• Livelihood
• Poverty alleviation
• Environment…
Economic Impact of EID
Figures are estimates and are presented as relative size.
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 200319...
Human health
Human
health
Cultures
Societies
Economies
Institutions
Agroecosystem health
Wildlife
health
EcoHealth
ONE HEA...
Do you want to work internationally (as Australian)?
 http://www.australianvolunteers.com
Vietnam
- Population: 90 mil (2014 estimate)
- Area: 331.210 km2
- Density: 272/km2
- GDP (nominal): $1.895
Thank you!
Prof. Peter Wynn
Dr Dinh Xuan Tung
ACIAR (John Dillon Award Fellowship 2014)
Pork value chain in Vietnam: Now, future and challenges
Pork value chain in Vietnam: Now, future and challenges
Pork value chain in Vietnam: Now, future and challenges
Pork value chain in Vietnam: Now, future and challenges
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Pork value chain in Vietnam: Now, future and challenges

Presentation by Hung Nguyen-Viet, Lucy Lapar and Delia Grace at a seminar for veterinary students, School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, Australia, 13 March 2014.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Science      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Pork value chain in Vietnam: Now, future and challenges

  • 1. 1 Pork value chain in Vietnam: now, future and challenges Presentation at a seminar for veterinary students School of Animal & Veterinary Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, Australia, 13 March 2014 Hung Nguyen-Viet, Lucy Lapar and Delia Grace
  • 2. Outline 1.Livestock in Vietnam 2.Challenges • Health & environment • Policy 3.One Health and Ecohealth and reflection
  • 3. International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) To improve food and nutritional security and to reduce poverty in developing countries through research for efficient. safe and sustainable use of livestock— ensuring better lives through livestock • Develop. test. adapt and promote science- based practices that achieve better lives through livestock. • Provide compelling scientific evidence in ways that persuade decision-makers • Increase capacity amongst ILRI’s key stakeholders and the institute itself. Mali Niger ia Mozamb ique Kenya Ethio pia In di a Chi na La os Vietn am Thail and
  • 4. • Studies the health and well-being impacts of development factors using integrative approaches of Ecohealth/One Health. • Focus on the link between health and agriculture. infectious and zoonotic diseases. chemical pollution. food safety and nutrition. from lab to the field.  Ecosystem Health / One Health  Food Safety  Health Impact Assessment Main research themes
  • 5. Vietnam - Population: 90 mil (2014 estimate) - Area: 331.210 km2 - Density: 272/km2 - GDP (nominal): $1.895
  • 6. Vietnam Livestock Outlook
  • 7. Per capita consumption of meats 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Viet Nam China D'ped kg meat / person Meat production percapitain Vietnam 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 1995-1999 2000-2004 2005-2009 Period Kg/person/year Pig Poultry Buffalo Cattles Source: Otte. et al.2010 Source: Data of GSO kg meat / person/ year
  • 8. WILDLIFE SPECIES PERMITTED FOR REARING BY HOUSEHOLDS; SCOPE AND DISTRIBUTION (Source: GOS) Whole country and eco-regions Deer Porcupine Python Snake Squirrel (1000 head) (1000 head) (1000 head) (1000 head) (1000 head) Whole country 59.6 38.4 173.1 5.476.5 13.6 Red river delta 2.3 6.9 0.3 331.2 5.8 North mountain and Midland 1.0 31.4 0.1 3.874.8 5.4 North central and Central coastal region 51.3 0.0 0.8 169.5 1.5 Central Highland 3.4 0.0 0.2 668.0 0.7 East of the South 1.4 0.0 1.7 0.0 0.0 Mekong river delta 0.1 0.0 170.0 433.0 0.1 Other wildlife: swallows. wild pigs. pheasants. crocodiles. monkeys...are also being kept in a number of localities
  • 9. Health issues: animal, human and environment
  • 10. Integrated Crop (V) – Fishery (A) – Livestock (C) (V-A-C) in Vietnam
  • 11. 14 Manure Xenobiotics Chemicals Pathogens Aesthetic Milk Xenobiotics Chemicals Pathogens Allergens Zoonoses Bacterial Viral Parasitic Prion Social conflict Traffic accidents Injuries Environmental degradation High levels of hazards Zoonoses and FBD widespread Key zoonoses in Vietnam • H5N1(HPAI) • Leptospirosis • Rabies • Anthrax • Streptococcus suis • Salmonellosis • Trichinellosis • Cysticercosis • ……..
  • 12. 15 Food safety & “from farm to fork”
  • 13. 16
  • 14. 17
  • 15. 18
  • 16. Raw blood (Tiet canh) Fermented pork (Nem chua) Culture and food preference
  • 17. Blue ears or Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) in Vietnam • First wave: From 12 March to 15 May 2007: 7 provinces (25 districts). Number of pigs effected 31.740. of which 7.296 were culled. • Second wave: From 25 June to 11 December 2007: 14 provinces (40 districts). 38.827 pigs affected. 13.070 pigs culled. • Third wave: From March –July 2008: • Forth wave 4: 23/7/2008: 10 provinces (271.215 pigs effected). 261.854 culled. Total loss was 500 billions VND. • Fifth wave: 4-5/2010: 13 provinces (50.000 effected and 21.000 culled).
  • 18. A pork supply chain: an example in Nghe An Lucy Lapar (2010)
  • 19. Presence of movement roads. ports. rivers Presence of local and/or regional live bird/pig markets
  • 20. Reflection: Policy, One Health and Development
  • 21. Large farm vs. Smallholder ? • Women • Equity • Livelihood • Poverty alleviation • Environment…
  • 22. Economic Impact of EID Figures are estimates and are presented as relative size. 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 20031994 1995 2004 2005 2006 $50bn $40bn $30bn $20bn $10bn EstimatedCost BSE UK. $10-13bn Foot & Mouth Taiwan. $5-8bn Foot & Mouth UK $25–30bn Avian Flu Asia. $5–10bn BSE U.S.. $3.5bn BSE Canada $1.5bn Avian Flu. NL $500m SARS China. Hong Kong. Singapore. Canada $30-50bn Nipah. Malaysia $350-400m Classical Swine Fever. Netherlands $2.3bn BSE Japan $1.5bn HPAI. Italy $400m AI $$$$$???? FMD & HPAI Japan & Korea Billions $$$$ Rinderpest ????????
  • 23. Human health Human health Cultures Societies Economies Institutions Agroecosystem health Wildlife health EcoHealth ONE HEALTH Adapted from EstherSchelling, SwissTPH Livestock health Working together and integrated approach One Health & Ecohealth
  • 24. Do you want to work internationally (as Australian)?  http://www.australianvolunteers.com
  • 25. Vietnam - Population: 90 mil (2014 estimate) - Area: 331.210 km2 - Density: 272/km2 - GDP (nominal): $1.895
  • 26. Thank you! Prof. Peter Wynn Dr Dinh Xuan Tung ACIAR (John Dillon Award Fellowship 2014)

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