Imam-Tamim, Muhammad Kamaldeen,
Najibah Mohd Zin,
Norliah Ibrahim,
Roslina Che Soh @ Yusoff
Presented at the Internati...
President James Madison
Issues
What is Corruption?
What are the approaches to combating Corruption?
What is the effects of Corruption on Nig...
What is corruption?
 Anything that deviates
from the lawful and
morally right system
agreed to by the people
of a pa...
Approaches to combating corruption
Confrontational approach Psychological approach
Approaches to combating
corruption
Collective action approach
Effects of Corruption on Nigerian
Society
• national cake mentality
Perverted social
psyche
• Lack of productivity, i...
Nigerian Legal Approach towards
combating corruption
The Shari’ah approach to preventing
corruption
Legal Frameworks
Shari’ah courts
 To establish justice and
prevent co...
The Shari’ah approach to preventing
corruption
Institutional Frameworks
Hisbah institution
 Focuses on correcting
ci...
The Shari’ah approach to preventing
corruption
Institutional Frameworks
Zakat institution
To combat poverty and
ensu...
The Shari’ah approach to preventing
corruption
Institutional Framework
Waqf institution
 For both social and
economi...
The relevance of the Islamic
approach in Nigeria
Nigerian Legal
Approach
• Confrontational
Approach
Shari’ah
Approa...
The relevance of the Islamic approach
in Nigeria
 Can adopt a
national policy
based on hisbah and
mazaalim
mechanis...
The roles of the Muslim Youths in
preventing corruption in Nigeria
 The best set of
mankind
Mutual cooperation
in e...
Conclusion and Policy Recommendations
 Shift in approach: Confrontational to
Collective action approach
 Institutiona...
Thank you
for listening
of 17

Preventing corruption in Nigeria: The relevance of the Islamic approach and the role of the Muslim youth

The Nigerian Government's current approach to combating corruption is not working. This paper proposes alternative approach from Islamic models of Zakah, Waqf, Hisbah and Mazaalim to proffer a more lasting solution to this problem.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Law      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Preventing corruption in Nigeria: The relevance of the Islamic approach and the role of the Muslim youth

  • 1. Imam-Tamim, Muhammad Kamaldeen, Najibah Mohd Zin, Norliah Ibrahim, Roslina Che Soh @ Yusoff Presented at the International Conference on Law, Order and Criminal Justice organised by Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws held at ISTAC, IIUM on 19 and 20 November 2014
  • 2. President James Madison
  • 3. Issues What is Corruption? What are the approaches to combating Corruption? What is the effects of Corruption on Nigerian Society? What is the Nigerian Legal Approach towards combating corruption? What is the Shari’ah approach to preventing corruption? What is the relevance of the Islamic approach in Nigeria? What are the roles of the Muslim Youths in preventing corruption in Nigeria? Final thoughts and recommendations
  • 4. What is corruption?  Anything that deviates from the lawful and morally right system agreed to by the people of a particular locality.  Corruption allows decisions and actions of a person to be influenced not by rights or wrongs of a cause but by the prospects of monetary gains or other selfish considerations.
  • 5. Approaches to combating corruption Confrontational approach Psychological approach
  • 6. Approaches to combating corruption Collective action approach
  • 7. Effects of Corruption on Nigerian Society • national cake mentality Perverted social psyche • Lack of productivity, initiative and creativity Stunted economic development • Jungle justice • Security challenges (Boko haram, Niger Delta Militants) Abuse of rule of law and Criminal justice system • Inadequate education Loss of Human capital
  • 8. Nigerian Legal Approach towards combating corruption
  • 9. The Shari’ah approach to preventing corruption Legal Frameworks Shari’ah courts  To establish justice and prevent corruption  Focuses on substantive and not technical justice  Processes are simple, expedient and aim at purifying witnesses  No immunity clause Shari’ah as a legal System  No separation between state and religion  Islamic governments cater for both body and soul of citizens  Punishment is the last resort for combatting crimes
  • 10. The Shari’ah approach to preventing corruption Institutional Frameworks Hisbah institution  Focuses on correcting citizens and directing them to righteousness Take away corruption tempting factors from the society  Controls economic activities and prevent cheating in business Institution of Mazaalim A public complaints mechanism: focuses on complaints against public officers  Informally retrieves rights of oppressed and weak regardless of social status, age, etc.  Monitors and prevents public workers from looting
  • 11. The Shari’ah approach to preventing corruption Institutional Frameworks Zakat institution To combat poverty and ensure that every citizen fulfils his basic needs and survive economic pressure  Enables poor and needy to participate in economic activities with full responsibility
  • 12. The Shari’ah approach to preventing corruption Institutional Framework Waqf institution  For both social and economic purposes  For building infrastructures and basic amenities: education, health care services, environmental preservation, cultural preservation, research and design, etc.
  • 13. The relevance of the Islamic approach in Nigeria Nigerian Legal Approach • Confrontational Approach Shari’ah Approach • Collective Action Approach
  • 14. The relevance of the Islamic approach in Nigeria  Can adopt a national policy based on hisbah and mazaalim mechanisms  Can institutionalise zakah and waqf funds management.  Focus on EMPOWERMENT not PUNISHMENT  Fight against corruption should be rooted in the religious and cultural values of the society  Removal of immunity clauses
  • 15. The roles of the Muslim Youths in preventing corruption in Nigeria  The best set of mankind Mutual cooperation in enforcing righteousness and prohibiting evil  Peaceful advocacy for positive change (nasiha)  Resistance of internal corruption.
  • 16. Conclusion and Policy Recommendations  Shift in approach: Confrontational to Collective action approach  Institutionalisation of zakah and waqf and their integration into the economic system  Incorporation of hisbah and mazaalim principles into the existing anti-corruption structures  Review of non-justiciability and immunity provisions in the Constitution.
  • 17. Thank you for listening

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