Political Status of Azad Jammu
and Kashmir ; Problems and
Prospects
• Submitted by: Imran Khushal 21017
• Submitted to: Dr...
Statement of the problem
Azad Jammu and Kashmir, has a definite
territory, official flag, the government, a
legislative a...
Cause
“Political status” of Azad Kashmir is
undefined and vague, which makes it
depended and weak, so weak that it
can’t ...
Effect
Political dependence, social distortion
and lack of development are the
indispensable consequences of vague
politi...
OBJECTIVE
To highlight the (some) socio-
economic and political problems of
Azad Jammu and Kashmir, which are
perceived d...
METHODOLOGY
Qualitative in nature.
Secondary data
The data will include the historical evidences from
different
books
...
RESEARCH QUESTIONS
Core Question
How political status of AJK is affecting its political
development?
Secondary Question...
HYPOTHESIS
If Azad Jammu and Kashmir’s
political status would be distinct it
wouldn’t be politically dependent,
socially ...
Political Status of AJK
Autonomy
Political Status
of AJK
Problems
Autonomous
territory
(De-facto State)*
Pak administered
...
Problems
 Political dependence
 Social distortion and
 Lack of development
Political dependence
This state of powerlessness and political dependency could be
traced back in the entire history of A...
Social distortion
The idea of war council and base camp didn’t work because
liberation struggle could not get much suppor...
Lack of development
This is also a hurdle in the way of development and
progress. As land can’t be utilized by any of for...
Prospects
 Socio-political and economic disintegration is inevitable with current political status
 AJK’s future is as f...
That’s all
 Thank You
of 15

Political status of azad jammu and kashmir

The Princely State of Jammu and Kashmir was formed by the Treaty of Amritsar agreement between the British Colonial Government of India and the Sikh governor of Jammu, Maharajah Gulab Singh, through which the British transferred the territories ceded from the Sikh state to the Gulab Singh for Rs. 75 lakhs, on 16 March 1846. The state was ruled by the Dogra Maharajas until 1947, the year when sub-continent was divided into two new states India and Pakistan. The Indian Princely States were not subject to the partition of the British territories in 1947; the accession of each principality was negotiated between the monarch of the State and the leaders of the Indian National Congress and the Pakistan Muslim League, parties established their first governments in both India and Pakistan respectively. When the British Government of India transferred power to the newly independent postcolonial states in 1947, Hari Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of the Princely State of Jammu and Kashmir had decided to maintain his status quo instead of acceding to India or Pakistan unlike other princely states. Political unrest forced maharaja to seek help from India by signing an instrument of accession. Soon, first war between India and Pakistan busted out, which ended in 1949 resulting division of Jammu and Kashmir into two main parts, Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) the Pakistani administered part and Jammu and Kashmir (JK) the Indian administered part. On Pakistani part Provisional Revolutionary Government which was declared a war council on August 1947, later reconstituted by All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference (AJKMC) as “Azad Kashmir Government,” whereas on Indian part in Srinagar, Sheikh Abdullah declared the Jammu Kashmir National Conference (JKNC) to be the state’s “Emergency Interim Government”. The United Nations Commission on India and Pakistan (UNCIP) acknowledged both the Interim Government and the Azad Kashmir Government indirectly, in Security Council resolutions on Kashmir. According to the resolutions the Azad Kashmir Government separate from the Pakistan Government and it also distinguishes the Interim Government from the Government of India, and it also instruct UN to work with local authorities in reestablishing law and order and arranging for a popular referendum to determine the political future of Jammu and Kashmir. The Azad Kashmir Government rejected the Interim Government and the Interim Government did not recognize the authority of the Azad Kashmir Government for the whole Kashmir. The National Conference and Sheikh Abdullah (who represented Jammu and Kashmir at the UN in Geneva), claimed to be the local authority for the whole of the former Princely State. The Muslim Conference presented the Azad Kashmir Government as the government of both Azad Kashmir refers to liberated territories of the Jammu and Kashmir as well as Muqboza Kashmir refers to non-liberated territories of the Jammu and Kashmir.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Political status of azad jammu and kashmir

  • 1. Political Status of Azad Jammu and Kashmir ; Problems and Prospects • Submitted by: Imran Khushal 21017 • Submitted to: Dr. Islam • Course: Advanced Research Methodology • Iqra University Islamabad Campus
  • 2. Statement of the problem Azad Jammu and Kashmir, has a definite territory, official flag, the government, a legislative assembly, a separate system of courts and of course a constitution but government of AJK does not enjoy its constitutional autonomy.
  • 3. Cause “Political status” of Azad Kashmir is undefined and vague, which makes it depended and weak, so weak that it can’t practice its constitutional autonomy and creates hurdles in socio-economic and political development.
  • 4. Effect Political dependence, social distortion and lack of development are the indispensable consequences of vague political status and unreal autonomy.
  • 5. OBJECTIVE To highlight the (some) socio- economic and political problems of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, which are perceived due to its undefined and ambiguous political status
  • 6. METHODOLOGY Qualitative in nature. Secondary data The data will include the historical evidences from different books online sources articles and research papers
  • 7. RESEARCH QUESTIONS Core Question How political status of AJK is affecting its political development? Secondary Question What are the socio-economic consequences of political status of AJK?
  • 8. HYPOTHESIS If Azad Jammu and Kashmir’s political status would be distinct it wouldn’t be politically dependent, socially distorted and economically underdeveloped.
  • 9. Political Status of AJK Autonomy Political Status of AJK Problems Autonomous territory (De-facto State)* Pak administered Kashmir (POK)* State of AJK
  • 10. Problems  Political dependence  Social distortion and  Lack of development
  • 11. Political dependence This state of powerlessness and political dependency could be traced back in the entire history of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. It could be seen that when General Muhammad Ayub Khan took the control in Pakistan he totally banned the political activities in AJK and dismissed the government of Sardar Ibrahim Khan. Z.A. Bhutto arrested Sardar Qayum Khan and sent him in to the jail. Bhutto appointed again Ibrahim Khan as the president of AJK and Zia-ul- Haq sacked Sardar Ibrahim and appointed Brigadier Hayyat Khan as the chief executive of AJK. Benazir Bhutto brought Mumtaz Rathore who was replaced and arrested on Nawaz Sharif’s orders.  Snedden, Christopher. (2010). The Untold Story of the People of Azad Kashmir. Retrieved from http://books.google.com
  • 12. Social distortion The idea of war council and base camp didn’t work because liberation struggle could not get much support and roots among indigenous population. It had literally reduced the intensity of revulsion and aggression against Indian occupation, on both sides of Kashmir. As majority of Kashmiri nationalists believe that the state sponsored freedom struggle will not lead to independent Kashmir, rather it will lead to accession with Pakistan. That is the reason no nationalist party is allowed take part in assembly’s elections. Such measures has reduced the tendency of nationalism.  Robinson, Cabeiri. deBergh. (2013). Body of Victim, Body of Warrior, Refugee Families and the Making of Kashmiri Jihadists. Retrieved from http://www.ucpress.edu
  • 13. Lack of development This is also a hurdle in the way of development and progress. As land can’t be utilized by any of foreigner corporations for the purpose of investment and industrialization because of its disputed status and government has no resources. AJK lacks basic infrastructures such as roads, bridges, hospitals, and educational as well as the technical colleges and universities to fulfill the needs of its subjects.  Khan, Tahir. Hasan. (2014, November 8) Azad Kashmir economy needs more attention. Retrieved from http://www.thenews.com.pk
  • 14. Prospects  Socio-political and economic disintegration is inevitable with current political status  AJK’s future is as foggy today as it was in 1947
  • 15. That’s all  Thank You

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