Measuring IPv6 Deployment Nathalie Trenaman Trainer
RIPE and RIPE NCC
About RIPE NCC• One of the five Regional Internet Registries (RIR)• RIPE NCC service region covers Europe, the Middl...
The Five RIRsNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 4
RIPE NCC Activities• Distribution and registration of Internet number Resources: IPv4, IPv6 and AS numbers• Trainin...
The RIPE Community• The RIPE Community acts as the policy making body in the RIPE NCC service region• RIPE has a ch...
IPv4?
IANA IPv4 Pool 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 201...
Our Slice of the IPv4 Pie Organisations ...
Wait and See? 10
RIPE NCC IPv4 Available PoolNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 11
RIPE NCC’s last /8• We do things differently!• Ensures IPv4 access for all members – 16000+ /22s in a /8 ...
Transfer of IPv4 Allocations• Policy 2007-08: Allocation Transfer Policy – Don’t buy your IPv4 on eBay! ...
IPv6!
IPv6 Ripeness • Rating system: – One star if the LIR has an IPv6 allocation – Additional ...
IPv6 RIPEness: 7836 LIRs 1 star 14% ...
IPv6 RIPEness: Norway (158 LIRs) 18% No IPv6 40% ...
IPv6 Enabled ASes in Global Routing• Any country or region possible, updated daily http://v6asns.ripe.n...
IPv6 in the Routing RegistryRoute6 object: route6: 2001:db8::/32 origin: AS65550Aut-num object: aut-num: AS65550...
Reverse DNS2001:db8:3e:ef11::c100:4d 20
Reverse DNS2001: db8: 3e:ef11: :c100: 4d 21
Reverse DNS2001:0db8:003e:ef11:0000:0000 :c100: 004d 21
Reverse DNS2001:0db8:003e:ef11:0000:0000 :c100: 004d8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpa 21
Reverse DNS2001:0db8:003e:ef11:0000:0000 :c100: 004d8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpad.4.0.0.0.0.1.c.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.1.1.f.e.e. 3....
Reverse DNS2001:0db8:003e:ef11:0000:0000 :c100: 004d8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpad.4.0.0.0.0.1.c.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.1.1.f.e.e. 3....
World IPv6 Day on 8 June 2011• Major organisations offered all content over IPv6 for a day – Google, Facebook, ...
RIPE NCC Measurements - World IPv6 Day• IPv6 Eyechart and 6to4 (not in this talk)• Active measurements – Sources: ...
Norway and World IPv6 Day• Good participation - top 150 Alexa list - www.google.no - ...
Conclusions - What We Learned• IPv6/dual-stack works just fine, but make sure that – It is properly tested and m...
Accessing www.ripe.net over IPv6Nathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 26
Effects of Capacity Building• Take some statistics on IPv6 Deployment: - Number of members that have an IPv6 Allocat...
Bosnia and Herzegovina 28
Norway 29
Georgia 30
Questions?
of 35

Nathalie - Stavanger

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Technology      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Nathalie - Stavanger

  • 1. Measuring IPv6 Deployment Nathalie Trenaman Trainer
  • 2. RIPE and RIPE NCC
  • 3. About RIPE NCC• One of the five Regional Internet Registries (RIR)• RIPE NCC service region covers Europe, the Middle East and parts of central Asia• Not-for-profit association, based in Amsterdam• Funded from the membership fee• 7.800 members throughout the region• Neutral, impartial, open and transparentNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 3
  • 4. The Five RIRsNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 4
  • 5. RIPE NCC Activities• Distribution and registration of Internet number Resources: IPv4, IPv6 and AS numbers• Training courses and tutorials• Measurements and statistical analysis• We operate the K-root name servers• Organise RIPE Meetings twice a year• Provide a platform for the industry to exchange experiences and knowledgeNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 5
  • 6. The RIPE Community• The RIPE Community acts as the policy making body in the RIPE NCC service region• RIPE has a chair, but is not a formal body• Community is open to everyone• Discussion via mailing lists and at the meetings• Decisions are made by consensus• All that is required to join, is a working email address to subscribe to the mailing listNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 6
  • 7. IPv4?
  • 8. IANA IPv4 Pool 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 8
  • 9. Our Slice of the IPv4 Pie Organisations Other IANA AfriNIC LACNIC RIPE NCC ARIN APNICNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 9
  • 10. Wait and See? 10
  • 11. RIPE NCC IPv4 Available PoolNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 11
  • 12. RIPE NCC’s last /8• We do things differently!• Ensures IPv4 access for all members – 16000+ /22s in a /8 – members can get one /22 (=1024 addresses) – must already hold IPv6 – must qualify for allocation• /16 set aside for unforeseen situations – if unused, will be distributed• No PINathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 12
  • 13. Transfer of IPv4 Allocations• Policy 2007-08: Allocation Transfer Policy – Don’t buy your IPv4 on eBay! – Transfer unused allocations to another LIR – Minimum allocation size /21 – Evaluated by RIPE NCC – Update in RIPE Database http://www.ripe.net/lir-services/resource-management/listingNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 13
  • 14. IPv6!
  • 15. IPv6 Ripeness • Rating system: – One star if the LIR has an IPv6 allocation – Additional stars if: - IPv6 Prefix is announced on router - A route6 object is in the RIPE Database - Reverse DNS is set up –A list of all 4 star LIRs: http://ripeness.ripe.net/Nathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 15
  • 16. IPv6 RIPEness: 7836 LIRs 1 star 14% 2 stars 5% 3 stars 11% No IPv6 54% 4 stars 17%Nathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 16
  • 17. IPv6 RIPEness: Norway (158 LIRs) 18% No IPv6 40% 5% 15% 22%Nathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 17
  • 18. IPv6 Enabled ASes in Global Routing• Any country or region possible, updated daily http://v6asns.ripe.net 18
  • 19. IPv6 in the Routing RegistryRoute6 object: route6: 2001:db8::/32 origin: AS65550Aut-num object: aut-num: AS65550 mp-import: afi ipv6.unicast from AS64496 accept ANY mp-export: afi ipv6.unicast to AS64496 announce AS65550 19
  • 20. Reverse DNS2001:db8:3e:ef11::c100:4d 20
  • 21. Reverse DNS2001: db8: 3e:ef11: :c100: 4d 21
  • 22. Reverse DNS2001:0db8:003e:ef11:0000:0000 :c100: 004d 21
  • 23. Reverse DNS2001:0db8:003e:ef11:0000:0000 :c100: 004d8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpa 21
  • 24. Reverse DNS2001:0db8:003e:ef11:0000:0000 :c100: 004d8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpad.4.0.0.0.0.1.c.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.1.1.f.e.e. 3.0.0.8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpa PTR yourname.domain.tld 21
  • 25. Reverse DNS2001:0db8:003e:ef11:0000:0000 :c100: 004d8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpad.4.0.0.0.0.1.c.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.1.1.f.e.e. 3.0.0.8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpa PTR yourname.domain.tldd.4.0.0.0.0.1.c.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.1.1.f.e.e.3.0.0.8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpa PTR yourname.domain.tld 21
  • 26. World IPv6 Day on 8 June 2011• Major organisations offered all content over IPv6 for a day – Google, Facebook, Yahoo!, Akamai, Limelight NW, etc• Test drive• IPv4 not “switched off”• More info on: – http://www.worldipv6day.org/ – content providers: dual stack & AAAA records in DNSNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 22
  • 27. RIPE NCC Measurements - World IPv6 Day• IPv6 Eyechart and 6to4 (not in this talk)• Active measurements – Sources: 49 vantage points (RIPE TTM, CAIDA Ark, ...) – Destinations: 53 participant or already dual-stacked sites – From 2011-06-01 to 2011-06-11 we measured – DNS: A and/or AAAA records – ping(6)/traceroute(6) – HTTP over IPv4 and IPv6Nathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 23
  • 28. Norway and World IPv6 Day• Good participation - top 150 Alexa list - www.google.no - online.no - ba.no - disabled after World IPv6 Day• 18 websites have their www still available over IPv6• 43 have working DNS Source: http://www.vyncke.org/ipv6statusNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 24
  • 29. Conclusions - What We Learned• IPv6/dual-stack works just fine, but make sure that – It is properly tested and monitored (like IPv4) – Your network can reach all others (like IPv4)• Dual-stack = Two chances for best performance• Days like this “work” – Raise awareness – Give people a target to work towards – We’re ready for a next IPv6 day/week/month/yearNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 25
  • 30. Accessing www.ripe.net over IPv6Nathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 26
  • 31. Effects of Capacity Building• Take some statistics on IPv6 Deployment: - Number of members that have an IPv6 Allocation - Networks (ASNs) advertising IPv6 address blocks• Split them per country and plot them over time as a percentage• Plot in what we think are significant events: - RIPE NCC IPv6 for LIRs training course - MENOG IPv6 Roadshow - Meetings/Forums/Your event? 27
  • 32. Bosnia and Herzegovina 28
  • 33. Norway 29
  • 34. Georgia 30
  • 35. Questions?

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