NANOSATELLITE: Opportunity for
Africa
iaerotech.com
Issouf OUATTARA
Junior Aerospace Engineer
Outline
• Introduction
• Contexts
• Barriers/limitations
• Solution
Why should we invest in space technology
when there are starving people all over
the world who could use that money?
Intro...
Introduction
Three Challenging areas in Africa where Space Technology can have
important impacts:
• Education
• Urban Plan...
Context (1): Education
Case of Higher Education
• Low professor to student ratio
• Not enough teaching infrastructure
• Fe...
Context (1): Education
Satellite based education
• Centralized based education
• Same quality of education for all
• Same ...
Context (2): Urban planning
Planners need accurate and timely information to:
• Estimate Population Distribution and Growt...
Context (2): Urban planning
Exemple of the NUSP programme south Africa (use SPOT 5 sat data)(find
more data
Context (2): Urban planning
Example of the NUSP program south Africa (use SPOT 5 sat data)(find more
data Increased need o...
Context (2): Agriculture/Food Security
Some objectives of agricultural sector:
• Mechanization and modernization
• Diversi...
Context (2): Agriculture/Food Security
Improve natural resources management & Food Security
by:
• Locating and monitoring ...
Context (2): Agriculture/Food Security
• Increase in the size of the city
to the northeast, south, and
southeast of the la...
Context (2): Agriculture/Food Security
• One of the largest lake in
Africa
• Deforestation around the lake
• Deforestation...
Context (2): Agriculture/Food Security
• Acquire data about the crop field: measure
• Data processing: get useful informat...
Why African countries are not taking advantage
of Space Technology?
Barriers
Why African’s Countries do not have their own satellites ?
Expensive
To develop
To launch
To Operate
To Buy
Big
S...
Barriers
Why African’s Countries do not have their own satellites ?
Space Technology
needs
Expertise
Infrastructure/equipm...
How can we make it ?
Nanosatellite is a good starting point
Nanosatellite
Reducing Size while improving performance
Nanosatellite
Satellite Class Mass Range
Small Satellite 100 − 500 𝑘𝑔
Microsatellite 10 − 100 𝑘𝑔
Nanosatellite 𝟏 − 𝟏𝟎 𝐤𝐠
P...
Motivation: Low Cost
5,240,000– 7,570,000 $ (2009) 52,000 $ (2009)
100 to 140 CubeSat
Development + Launch
Airplane used b...
Motivation: Design Aspects
• Need relatively Small Design Team
• Short Development Time
• Modular Systems
• Standard Compo...
Motivation: advantages
Nanosatellites can be used to:
• Train expert locally and gain national expertise (Begin as a unive...
We don’t go to space because it is easy or
funny. We go to space because it matters.
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nanosatellite opportunity for africa

There is great potential for aerospace engineering to help solve many problems in developing countries.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Engineering      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - nanosatellite opportunity for africa

  • 1. NANOSATELLITE: Opportunity for Africa iaerotech.com Issouf OUATTARA Junior Aerospace Engineer
  • 2. Outline • Introduction • Contexts • Barriers/limitations • Solution
  • 3. Why should we invest in space technology when there are starving people all over the world who could use that money? Introduction
  • 4. Introduction Three Challenging areas in Africa where Space Technology can have important impacts: • Education • Urban Planning • Agriculture/ food security
  • 5. Context (1): Education Case of Higher Education • Low professor to student ratio • Not enough teaching infrastructure • Few public universities with poor distribution over the country • Poor access to resources (Books, journal papers, educational video content) • Lack of experimental resources (laboratory resources)
  • 6. Context (1): Education Satellite based education • Centralized based education • Same quality of education for all • Same quality of content for all • Availability of resources • Students can follow courses from famous universities
  • 7. Context (2): Urban planning Planners need accurate and timely information to: • Estimate Population Distribution and Growth • Determine the need in infrastructure facilities water or sewage systems Hospital… • Evaluate Environmental Problems • Design alternative housing to replace informal settlements • Plan land distribution for agriculture
  • 8. Context (2): Urban planning Exemple of the NUSP programme south Africa (use SPOT 5 sat data)(find more data
  • 9. Context (2): Urban planning Example of the NUSP program south Africa (use SPOT 5 sat data)(find more data Increased need of • Water resources • Sanitation infrastructure • Education infrastructure • Other Services
  • 10. Context (2): Agriculture/Food Security Some objectives of agricultural sector: • Mechanization and modernization • Diversification of Production • Improve food security • Improve natural resources management (water, and soil)
  • 11. Context (2): Agriculture/Food Security Improve natural resources management & Food Security by: • Locating and monitoring fertile land • Locating and monitoring water resources • Evaluating and understanding crops health • Detecting the risk or presence of pests and diseases • Optimizing production
  • 12. Context (2): Agriculture/Food Security • Increase in the size of the city to the northeast, south, and southeast of the lake. • Deforestation around the lake => flooding • Poor farming methods • Depth of lake is reducing Lake Naivasha (3400 𝑘𝑚2), Kenya January 28, 1986 January 27, 2000 Source image: NASA
  • 13. Context (2): Agriculture/Food Security • One of the largest lake in Africa • Deforestation around the lake • Deforestation around the river feeding the lake
  • 14. Context (2): Agriculture/Food Security • Acquire data about the crop field: measure • Data processing: get useful information • Information analysis for decision making • Implementation: the right dosage of agricultural inputs, at the right time, and the right place. Optimizing production by responding to inter and intra-field variability in crops
  • 15. Why African countries are not taking advantage of Space Technology?
  • 16. Barriers Why African’s Countries do not have their own satellites ? Expensive To develop To launch To Operate To Buy Big Satellite
  • 17. Barriers Why African’s Countries do not have their own satellites ? Space Technology needs Expertise Infrastructure/equipment Education Adequate financial resources Space science/tech is hard
  • 18. How can we make it ?
  • 19. Nanosatellite is a good starting point
  • 20. Nanosatellite Reducing Size while improving performance
  • 21. Nanosatellite Satellite Class Mass Range Small Satellite 100 − 500 𝑘𝑔 Microsatellite 10 − 100 𝑘𝑔 Nanosatellite 𝟏 − 𝟏𝟎 𝐤𝐠 Picosatellite < 1 𝑘𝑔 Femtosatellite 10 − 100 𝑔  Cubesat is the most used standard of Nanosat 10 cm  The market of nanosatellite is increasing  More applications are being developed
  • 22. Motivation: Low Cost 5,240,000– 7,570,000 $ (2009) 52,000 $ (2009) 100 to 140 CubeSat Development + Launch Airplane used by "Institut Géographique du Burkina (IGB)” For aerial photography and mapping
  • 23. Motivation: Design Aspects • Need relatively Small Design Team • Short Development Time • Modular Systems • Standard Components (avionics and interfaces) • Small development environment/facilities University of Khartoum cubesat design team Source: Facebook page: KN-Sat1 Source image: http://www.clyde-space.com
  • 24. Motivation: advantages Nanosatellites can be used to: • Train expert locally and gain national expertise (Begin as a university research program and upgrade little by little to a National Space program) • Prepare big projects in the future. • Reduce brain drain (human capital flight) • Create Jobs • Provide our countries with all the advantages of Space Technology  in agriculture  in Urban Planning  Telecommunication (education, health care,…)
  • 25. We don’t go to space because it is easy or funny. We go to space because it matters.

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