Gyan Ganga Edu. Academy Resource coordinator Nisha Tulsyan Skip
INDEX Traffic sign and symbol Traffic Jigsaw Puzzle Summary Skip
Prevention and management of sports injury Every athlete is prone to injuries irrespective of his fitness level. Nature o...
Prevention and management of sports injury Minor Injuries :- It is minor in nature with localized inflammation, caused due...
Prevention and management of sports injury Injuries Sk i n Muscles Bones
Prevention and management of sports injury Skin Contusion Abrasion Lecration/ wound
Contusion Contusion :- It is injury caused below or impact without breaking the skin. In other words, it is the crushing ...
Contusion <ul><li>Treatment Step:- </li></ul><ul><li>Contusion should be treated </li></ul><ul><li>immediately with the i...
Abrasion Abrasion :- It is a injury, which is caused when skin is scrapped or rubbed by friction. It causes severe pain ...
<ul><li>Treatment Step:- </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid further friction and infection </li></ul><ul><li>Clean the part with anti...
Lecration/ Wound Lecration/ Wound It is the cut over the skin caused due to severe impact of object or the sharp edge.
<ul><li>Treatment Step:- </li></ul><ul><li>Clean the surface of affected part. </li></ul><ul><li>Stop bleeding at the earl...
Soft tissue injuries of Muscles Muscles Strain Sprain
Strain Strain:- It is a injury of muscles which is caused by the stress over the muscles or due to pull . In other words, ...
<ul><li>Treatment Step:- </li></ul><ul><li>Complete rest to the injured muscle and restrict the movement immediately. </l...
Sprain Sprain:- It is a injury of ligament at the joints. It occurs due to the over stretched of ligaments or by the twist...
<ul><li>Treatment Step:- </li></ul><ul><li>Complete rest to the injured joints and restrict the movement immediately. </...
Soft tissue injuries of Bones. Bones Dislocation Fracture
Dislocation Dislocation:- It is a injury of joints in which the adjoining bones are displaced from there original position...
Fracture Fracture:- In this injury bone breaks-up by some external pressure. It may be slight breakage, complete breakage ...
<ul><li>Treatment Step:- </li></ul><ul><li>Do not move the joints/bone and patient should and patients should be kept in a...
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Prevention and management of sports injury

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Prevention and management of sports injury

  • 1. Gyan Ganga Edu. Academy Resource coordinator Nisha Tulsyan Skip
  • 2. INDEX Traffic sign and symbol Traffic Jigsaw Puzzle Summary Skip
  • 3. Prevention and management of sports injury Every athlete is prone to injuries irrespective of his fitness level. Nature of injury depends on nature of activity in which he participates Injuries can be classified into two groups . Injuries Minor Injuries Serious injuries
  • 4. Prevention and management of sports injury Minor Injuries :- It is minor in nature with localized inflammation, caused due to some damage to tissues, muscles or tendons .This is caused by over use of affected part and relieved by sufficient rest and support . Serious injuries :- In this there is a destruction of some tissues such as bursting of muscles , sprain, of ligament, loss of tissue continuity rapture of blood vessel, localized inflammation and acute pain around the affected part of body
  • 5. Prevention and management of sports injury Injuries Sk i n Muscles Bones
  • 6. Prevention and management of sports injury Skin Contusion Abrasion Lecration/ wound
  • 7. Contusion Contusion :- It is injury caused below or impact without breaking the skin. In other words, it is the crushing of soft tissue by violent external force without breaking the continuity of skin. It caused acute pain, loss of function of the injured part, pain and sometimes swelling in that part
  • 8. Contusion <ul><li>Treatment Step:- </li></ul><ul><li>Contusion should be treated </li></ul><ul><li>immediately with the ice application </li></ul><ul><li>2. Apply compression for 12 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>After two days, massage the part to </li></ul><ul><li>reduce swelling. </li></ul>
  • 9. Abrasion Abrasion :- It is a injury, which is caused when skin is scrapped or rubbed by friction. It causes severe pain sometimes bleeding.
  • 10. <ul><li>Treatment Step:- </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid further friction and infection </li></ul><ul><li>Clean the part with antiseptic cream or soap and water. </li></ul><ul><li>Cover the part with cotton or band –aid </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-tetanus injection should be taken. </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat the dressing and cleaning of part every day till it heals. </li></ul>Abrasion
  • 11. Lecration/ Wound Lecration/ Wound It is the cut over the skin caused due to severe impact of object or the sharp edge.
  • 12. <ul><li>Treatment Step:- </li></ul><ul><li>Clean the surface of affected part. </li></ul><ul><li>Stop bleeding at the earliest by pressing or band-aid or cotton etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Apply ice or cold compression </li></ul><ul><li>Elevate the limbs above the level of heart. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid infection by putting medicinal cream over it. </li></ul>Lecration/ Wound
  • 13. Soft tissue injuries of Muscles Muscles Strain Sprain
  • 14. Strain Strain:- It is a injury of muscles which is caused by the stress over the muscles or due to pull . In other words, this is caused a violent stretch of muscles or over stretch of muscles beyond its normal limits . In strain muscles get damaged or rapture causing acute pain, loss of function of injured muscles, local inflammation and swelling.
  • 15. <ul><li>Treatment Step:- </li></ul><ul><li>Complete rest to the injured muscle and restrict the movement immediately. </li></ul><ul><li>Elevate the injured part above the level of heart. </li></ul><ul><li>Apply two days, apply inflammatory cream and give gentle massage to the muscles. </li></ul><ul><li>Apply cold compression or ice to stop internal bleeding. </li></ul>Strain
  • 16. Sprain Sprain:- It is a injury of ligament at the joints. It occurs due to the over stretched of ligaments or by the twisting of joints in this there is a rapture of ligaments and tissue . Sprain is very painful and it restricts the movements of joints. There is a swelling as there is a lot of internal bleeding.
  • 17. <ul><li>Treatment Step:- </li></ul><ul><li>Complete rest to the injured joints and restrict the movement immediately. </li></ul><ul><li>Elevate the injured part above the level of heart. </li></ul><ul><li>Apply two days, apply inflammatory cream and give gentle massage to the muscles. </li></ul><ul><li>Apply cold compression or ice to stop internal bleeding. </li></ul>Sprain
  • 18. Soft tissue injuries of Bones. Bones Dislocation Fracture
  • 19. Dislocation Dislocation:- It is a injury of joints in which the adjoining bones are displaced from there original position. It may be associated with sprain or fracture. Dislocation mainly caused due to direct or indirect impact of joints.
  • 20. Fracture Fracture:- In this injury bone breaks-up by some external pressure. It may be slight breakage, complete breakage or complication fracture which may be very dangerous. This is to be handled by an expert. First aid is to stop bleeding and restrict further movements of that parts.
  • 21. <ul><li>Treatment Step:- </li></ul><ul><li>Do not move the joints/bone and patient should and patients should be kept in a comfortable position. </li></ul><ul><li>Apply cold compression by ice packs to reduce pain. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide support by using string or bleeding. </li></ul><ul><li>The immobility should be of 3 to 6 weeks. </li></ul>Treatment steps of bone injury