Factors Encouraging Growth And Debt
Firstly a step back <ul><li>Can you name all nine types of aid? </li></ul><ul><li>What is invisible trade? </li></ul><ul><...
Nine types of AID <ul><li>Bilateral </li></ul><ul><li>Multilateral </li></ul><ul><li>Food Aid </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster R...
Invisible Trade <ul><li>Import and export of services including such items as banking, insurance and tourism </li></ul>
cumulative causation <ul><li>A model that explains why wealth becomes concentrated in certain places and not in others </l...
two NIC’s and 2 RIC’s <ul><li>NIC </li></ul><ul><li>South Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil </li></u...
3 Trade Blocs <ul><li>OPEC – Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries </li></ul><ul><li>EU – European Union </li></ul...
Debt <ul><li>LEDC’s often get into enormous debt </li></ul><ul><li>Owe money to World Bank and the IMF investments have fa...
 
LDCs most dependent on foreign aid (As a percentage of GDP, 2006)
Factors Encouraging Aid
Globalisation is a complex process <ul><li>Organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul>...
1700 – 2 yrs to navigate the globe in 3 mast ships 1930’s - 8 days to navigate the globe, propeller aircraft 1990’s – 31 h...
<ul><li>200 AD first sailing ship </li></ul><ul><li>1500 – 1700 Industrial canals and stagecoach routes </li></ul><ul><li>...
Globalisation is a complex process <ul><li>Organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul>...
<ul><li>The growth in telecommunications has aided businesses with instantaneous communication </li></ul><ul><li>Broad...
 
<ul><li>Cluster – Geographical concentrations of similar businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Cumulative Causation – Wealth beco...
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Population Factors Encouraging Growth

AS Geography
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      Business      Economy & Finance      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Population Factors Encouraging Growth

  • 1. Factors Encouraging Growth And Debt
  • 2. Firstly a step back <ul><li>Can you name all nine types of aid? </li></ul><ul><li>What is invisible trade? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you understand the term cumulative causation? </li></ul><ul><li>Name two NIC’s and 2 RIC’s? and tell what the difference is? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you name 3 trade blocs? </li></ul>
  • 3. Nine types of AID <ul><li>Bilateral </li></ul><ul><li>Multilateral </li></ul><ul><li>Food Aid </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Relief </li></ul><ul><li>Aid and trade provision </li></ul><ul><li>Debt relief </li></ul><ul><li>Programme aid </li></ul><ul><li>Project aid </li></ul><ul><li>Tied aid </li></ul>
  • 4. Invisible Trade <ul><li>Import and export of services including such items as banking, insurance and tourism </li></ul>
  • 5. cumulative causation <ul><li>A model that explains why wealth becomes concentrated in certain places and not in others </li></ul>
  • 6. two NIC’s and 2 RIC’s <ul><li>NIC </li></ul><ul><li>South Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>RIC </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand </li></ul><ul><li>Chile </li></ul><ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul>
  • 7. 3 Trade Blocs <ul><li>OPEC – Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries </li></ul><ul><li>EU – European Union </li></ul><ul><li>NAFTA – N. American Free Trade Agreement </li></ul><ul><li>APEC – Asian Pacific Economic Co-operation </li></ul>
  • 8. Debt <ul><li>LEDC’s often get into enormous debt </li></ul><ul><li>Owe money to World Bank and the IMF investments have failed and left them with huge sums to repay </li></ul><ul><li>1997 total debt owed by South to North = £1.5 trillion </li></ul><ul><li>Each day £475 million is repaid just to service the debt </li></ul><ul><li>Every new born child owes £300 </li></ul><ul><li>Aid given is often dwarfed by debt owed </li></ul>
  • 10. LDCs most dependent on foreign aid (As a percentage of GDP, 2006)
  • 11. Factors Encouraging Aid
  • 12. Globalisation is a complex process <ul><li>Organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul>
  • 13. 1700 – 2 yrs to navigate the globe in 3 mast ships 1930’s - 8 days to navigate the globe, propeller aircraft 1990’s – 31 hrs in Concorde
  • 14. <ul><li>200 AD first sailing ship </li></ul><ul><li>1500 – 1700 Industrial canals and stagecoach routes </li></ul><ul><li>1800 – first steam ship (Crosses Atlantic in 29 days) </li></ul><ul><li>1866 – Telegraph wires laid across the Atlantic </li></ul><ul><li>1900’s – early Ford Motor car company 1903 / first TV 1926 / first commercial flight 1928 </li></ul><ul><li>Late 1900’s – first mobile phones – 1980’s / Internet 1989 onwards. </li></ul>
  • 15. Globalisation is a complex process <ul><li>Organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul>
  • 16. <ul><li>The growth in telecommunications has aided businesses with instantaneous communication </li></ul><ul><li>Broadband has allowed the quick movements of data around the world in seconds </li></ul><ul><li>Air Travel pioneer cheap travel for all and movement of large amounts of people quickly </li></ul><ul><li>GIS and GPS help to transmit data around the world on locations and pinpoint cargo’s </li></ul>
  • 18. <ul><li>Cluster – Geographical concentrations of similar businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Cumulative Causation – Wealth becoming concentrated in one area. Globalisation increases this as local people can find markets for their products </li></ul><ul><li>Global Hub – A settlement that has a global influence e.g. Megacities. </li></ul><ul><li>Multiplier Effect – Positive spin offs from an initial investment </li></ul><ul><li>Technopole – Cluster of technology lead businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Trickle Down – Positive impacts on the peripheral regions e.g. improved infrastructure. </li></ul><ul><li>Export Processing Zone – Small industrial area usually on the coast that attracts TNC’s due to tax exemptions or over incentives </li></ul>