Positive Psychology #2
Hope, Connection & Mindfulness
Dr Jo Mitchell
Clinical Psychologist & Director, The Mind Room
Wellb...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
To explore
To apply
To explore
To pplay
HopeMindfulness
Growth mindset
Co...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
E.G., Beliefs about your intelligence, talents, personality,
social skills etc
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Mindset Questionnaire
1
Strongly
agree
2
Agree
3
Mostly Agree
4
Mostly
disagr...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Fixed Mindset
Believe that personal qualities are
givens. They have a set amo...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Fixed Mindset Examples
I am always right
I can’t do maths
I am gifted
I am no...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Growth Mindset
• Personal qualities can be developed
through effort and strat...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Growth Mindset Examples
I get things wrong
sometimes but I
learn from it
I wi...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Michael Jordan
“I've missed more than 9000 shots in
my career. I've lost almo...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Can we all be a genius? Probably not. However, a
person’s true potential is u...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
• What areas of your life do you have a
fixed mindset?
• What areas of your l...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Limitations Video
I am fast and efficient!
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
The illusion of multitasking
• Switching happens so fast it appears we are pe...
PRACTICAL MINDFULNESS
Mindfulness is about attention and attitude:
Attention regulation:
• Know where our attention is
• Prioritise where the at...
Have you ever been...?
• Driving and...
• Reading and...
• In a conversation and…
• In a workshop and…
Brain Default-mode
Active tasks
• Tasks associated with paying
attention
• Brain efficient and quiet
Default state (mode)
...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
The Default Brain associated with:
• Criminal recidivism (Aharoni et al., 201...
Have you ever been..?
• Totally in the moment?
• Able to let go of your worries or
the noise in your head (not
judging, an...
Default Mode
• Time travelling mind i.e., Past or
future focus - fantasizing, story
telling
• Analysing, judging, problem
...
WHY
mindfulness?
(Benefits of being more mindful)
• Depression
• Anxiety
• Stress
• Eating Disorders
• Panic disorder
• OCD
Mental Illness
Allen, et al., 2006; Brown & Ryan...
• Immunity
• Health behavior change
• Chronic pain
• Heart disease
Physical Health
Allen, et al., 2006; Brown & Ryan, 2003...
Mind wandering & ageing
Telomere shortening (genetic marker of biological
age)
Epel ES, Puterman E, Lin J, Blackburn E, et...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Mind wandering and happiness
“In conclusion, a human mind is a wandering
mind...
• Positive affect
• Vitality
• Life satisfaction
• Self-esteem
• Optimism
• Quality of life
Wellbeing
• Self-compassion
• ...
• Increased emotional
control
• Improved focused attention
• More task relevant focus
• Better decision making &
problem s...
Brett Kirk
“I was someone who worried a lot
about my footy and what everyone
thought. I would go home and lie
awake at nig...
AC Milan
Cameron McAvoy
Fuzzy Agolley
DrAndrewRocheford
Russell Brand
Cameron McAvoy
Seattle Seahawkes
Myth Busting
Mindfulness in Action (MiA)
1. Pick an everyday activity
E.g. Eating, walking, brushing your teeth,
showering, or commutin...
Mindfulness Challenge
Take 5 minutes per day to be mindful
• Mindfulness meditation
• Daily mindfulness
• Practice tools e...
http://www.aflplayers.com.au/article/mindful-wave-ready-to-hit-afl/
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Challenge #1
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
RES
T
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Challenge #2
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
“Other people matter”
Chris Peterson
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Relationships are an integral component
of most human need theories:
• Self d...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Relationships – Survival
Hedonic adaptation
• Behaviours and feelings that we...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
• Ratio positive to negative interactions (Gottman)
• Stay together 5:1
• Div...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Greatest Risk to Health?
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Social talk & longevity
• Autobiographical writing of 81 well-known psycholog...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
The happiness of a close contact increases
the chance of you being happy by 1...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
“People change and
forget to tell each other.”
Lillian Hellman
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Are you listening?
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
How do you respond when:
• Your partner tells you “I just got promoted”
• You...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Active-constructive
• Do you react with genuine interest? "That’s is great ne...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Capitalising
ACR leads to amplifying the pleasure of the
good situation and c...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
References
Gable, S. L., Gonzaga, G., & Strachman, A. (2006). Will you be the...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
If you want to be happy:
For an hour, take a nap
For a day, go fishing
For a ...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Altruistic Behaviour
“...a strong correlation exists between the well-being, ...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Random Acts of Kindness
5 random acts of kindness per
week, 6 week study
• E....
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Kindness in Action
• What is the function of kindness?
• How do incorporate k...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
I hope that…
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Hope
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
How do you define Hope?
Desire Expectation Want
Trust Personal agency Creativ...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Hope
Peterson, C., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2004). Character strengths and virtues...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Snyder’s Hope Model
1. Goals: Provide targets for motivation and action.
2. P...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
High Hope Outcomes
MENTAL HEALTH & WELLBEING
• Enhanced life satisfaction.
• ...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
High Hope Outcomes cont...
PHYSICAL HEALTH
• Engagement with good health and ...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
High Hope Outcomes cont..2
ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE:
• Higher scores on achieveme...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Building Hope
Goals
• Skill development in setting quality goals (SMART goals...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Hope References
Ciarrochi, J., Heaven, P.C.L., & Davies, F. (2007). The impac...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
www.band4hope.com
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
“Amongst all unimportant subjects,
football is by far the most important.”
Pope John Paul II
A community that inspires people to explore and
live their best possible life. Based on wellbeing
science, great people an...
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
@drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
Thank You!
“Happiness is always here,
it is always now.” Osho
@moremindroom TheMindRoomthemindroom.com.au
Prez aps study grp pp2 151031
Prez aps study grp pp2 151031
Prez aps study grp pp2 151031
Prez aps study grp pp2 151031
Prez aps study grp pp2 151031
of 89

Prez aps study grp pp2 151031

APS Study Group Pos Psych 2
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Health & Medicine      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Prez aps study grp pp2 151031

  • 1. Positive Psychology #2 Hope, Connection & Mindfulness Dr Jo Mitchell Clinical Psychologist & Director, The Mind Room Wellbeing Manager, AFL Players Association @moremindroom TheMindRoomthemindroom.com.au
  • 2. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au To explore To apply To explore To pplay HopeMindfulness Growth mindset Connections Real world applications Pro-social behaviour
  • 3. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
  • 4. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
  • 5. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
  • 6. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
  • 7. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au E.G., Beliefs about your intelligence, talents, personality, social skills etc
  • 8. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Mindset Questionnaire 1 Strongly agree 2 Agree 3 Mostly Agree 4 Mostly disagree 5 Disagree 6 Strongly Disagree Read each sentence below and then circle the one number that shows how much you agree with it. There are no right or wrong answers. 1.Your intelligence level is set, and you really can't do much to change it. 2.Your personality is something about you that you can't change. 3.You can learn new things, but you can't really change your basic talents.
  • 9. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Fixed Mindset Believe that personal qualities are givens. They have a set amount of brains/talent/ability. If they have a lot, they’re all set, but if they don’t...
  • 10. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Fixed Mindset Examples I am always right I can’t do maths I am gifted I am not creative I am terrible with money I am useless I am naturally smart I am shy It is not my fault
  • 11. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
  • 12. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Growth Mindset • Personal qualities can be developed through effort and strategy. • Belief that people accomplish great things with passion, toil and learning.
  • 13. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Growth Mindset Examples I get things wrong sometimes but I learn from it I will give it a go I am stuck, who can I ask for help? I want to learn to be more creative How can I get better at managing my money? Excellent – a new challenge. The harder I work the luckier I get! We failed – lets review our strategy for next time.
  • 14. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Michael Jordan “I've missed more than 9000 shots in my career. I've lost almost 300 games. 26 times, I've been trusted to take the game winning shot and missed. I've failed over and over and over again in my life. And that is why I succeed.”
  • 15. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
  • 16. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Can we all be a genius? Probably not. However, a person’s true potential is unknown (and unknowable).
  • 17. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au • What areas of your life do you have a fixed mindset? • What areas of your life do you have a growth mindset? • When have you been able to challenge and change a fixed mindset in yourself?
  • 18. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Limitations Video
  • 19. I am fast and efficient! 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
  • 20. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au The illusion of multitasking • Switching happens so fast it appears we are performing multiple tasks simultaneously. • Attentional blink - lag time of 200 to 500 milliseconds; Increased by stress (Slatger, Lutz, et al., 2007) • 64 secs to recover train of thought after checking email • 8.5 hours per week (check every 5 mins)
  • 21. PRACTICAL MINDFULNESS
  • 22. Mindfulness is about attention and attitude: Attention regulation: • Know where our attention is • Prioritise where the attention needs to be • Attention to go there and stay there Mindful attitude: • Openness, curiosity and acceptance
  • 23. Have you ever been...? • Driving and... • Reading and... • In a conversation and… • In a workshop and…
  • 24. Brain Default-mode Active tasks • Tasks associated with paying attention • Brain efficient and quiet Default state (mode) • The default-mode network (DMN) is a major resting-state network that supports most of the baseline brain activity • Mind is inattentive, distracted, idle, recalling past, daydreaming.
  • 25. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au The Default Brain associated with: • Criminal recidivism (Aharoni et al., 2013) • Reduced performance (Brewer et al., 2011) • Stress (Brewer et al., 2011) • Anxiety (Zhao et al., 2007) • Depression (Greicius et al., 2007) • ADHD (Uddin et al., 2008a) • Schizophrenia (Pomarol-Clotet et al., 2008) • Autism (Kennedy & Courchesne, 2008) • Alzheimer’s disease (Firbank et al., 2007)
  • 26. Have you ever been..? • Totally in the moment? • Able to let go of your worries or the noise in your head (not judging, analysing, thinking)? • Able to just be?
  • 27. Default Mode • Time travelling mind i.e., Past or future focus - fantasizing, story telling • Analysing, judging, problem solving Mindfulness • Stay at home mind i.e., Present moment focus - in the now • Open, curious, accepting
  • 28. WHY mindfulness? (Benefits of being more mindful)
  • 29. • Depression • Anxiety • Stress • Eating Disorders • Panic disorder • OCD Mental Illness Allen, et al., 2006; Brown & Ryan, 2003; Brown, Ryan, & Creswell, 2007; Ivanovski & Malhi, 2007; Ryan & Deci, 2000; Chang, et al., 2004; Shapiro, et al., 2005; 1998.
  • 30. • Immunity • Health behavior change • Chronic pain • Heart disease Physical Health Allen, et al., 2006; Brown & Ryan, 2003; Brown, Ryan, & Creswell, 2007; Ivanovski & Malhi, 2007; Ryan & Deci, 2000; Chang, et al., 2004; Shapiro, et al., 2005; 1998.
  • 31. Mind wandering & ageing Telomere shortening (genetic marker of biological age) Epel ES, Puterman E, Lin J, Blackburn E, et al. (2012) Wandering Minds and Aging Cells. Clin. Psych. Science.
  • 32. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Mind wandering and happiness “In conclusion, a human mind is a wandering mind, and a wandering mind is an unhappy mind. The ability to think about what is not happening is a cognitive achievement that comes at an emotional cost.” Killingsworth & Gilbert (2010) Wandering Mind Is an Unhappy Mind. Science.
  • 33. • Positive affect • Vitality • Life satisfaction • Self-esteem • Optimism • Quality of life Wellbeing • Self-compassion • Emotion regulation • Sleep quality • Pro-social behaviour Allen, et al., 2006; Brown & Ryan, 2003; Brown, Ryan, & Creswell, 2007; Ivanovski & Malhi, 2007; Ryan & Deci, 2000; Chang, et al., 2004; Shapiro, et al., 2005; 1998.
  • 34. • Increased emotional control • Improved focused attention • More task relevant focus • Better decision making & problem solving Performance Allen, et al., 2006; Brown & Ryan, 2003; Brown, Ryan, & Creswell, 2007; Ivanovski & Malhi, 2007; Ryan & Deci, 2000; Chang, et al., 2004; Shapiro, et al., 2005; 1998.
  • 35. Brett Kirk “I was someone who worried a lot about my footy and what everyone thought. I would go home and lie awake at night and having meetings in my head, so now I try to live more day-by-day and be in the present moment.” The Australian, 2007.
  • 36. AC Milan Cameron McAvoy Fuzzy Agolley DrAndrewRocheford Russell Brand Cameron McAvoy Seattle Seahawkes
  • 37. Myth Busting
  • 38. Mindfulness in Action (MiA) 1. Pick an everyday activity E.g. Eating, walking, brushing your teeth, showering, or commuting. 2. Tune in by using your senses i.e., touch, taste, hear, see or smell. 3. Notice when mind wanders, gently unhook & bring it back 4. Be open, accepting, and curious
  • 39. Mindfulness Challenge Take 5 minutes per day to be mindful • Mindfulness meditation • Daily mindfulness • Practice tools e.g., Mobile apps or websites
  • 40. http://www.aflplayers.com.au/article/mindful-wave-ready-to-hit-afl/
  • 41. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Challenge #1
  • 42. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au RES T
  • 43. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Challenge #2
  • 44. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au “Other people matter” Chris Peterson
  • 45. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
  • 46. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Relationships are an integral component of most human need theories: • Self determination theory: autonomy, competence, relatedness (Ryan & Deci, 1998) • Maslow’s Hiearchy of needs • Ryff’s Psychological Wellbeing (PWB)
  • 47. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Relationships – Survival Hedonic adaptation • Behaviours and feelings that were once valued can become normal or routine. Negativity bias • It is natural to focus on things our friends, families, and colleagues do that are frustrating, disappointing, or hurtful compared with the loving, caring, or supportive things they do for us.
  • 48. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au • Ratio positive to negative interactions (Gottman) • Stay together 5:1 • Divorce/separate 0.8:1 Relationship ratio
  • 49. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Greatest Risk to Health?
  • 50. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
  • 51. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Social talk & longevity • Autobiographical writing of 81 well-known psychologists • Statistically controlling: year of birth, gender, year written. • Those who used “social” words more frequently (top 1/3) lived approximately 6 years longer than those in the bottom third. • Implication: People matter! Look after your interpersonal relationships and groups/communities. Pressman, Kollnesher, Cohen (2006)
  • 52. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au The happiness of a close contact increases the chance of you being happy by 15% The happiness of a 2nd-degree contact (e.g. friend's spouse) increases it by 10% The happiness of a 3rd-degree contact (e.g. friend of a friend of a friend) by 6%
  • 53. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au “People change and forget to tell each other.” Lillian Hellman
  • 54. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Are you listening?
  • 55. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
  • 56. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
  • 57. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au How do you respond when: • Your partner tells you “I just got promoted” • Your child/teen tells you “I passed my English essay” • Your father tells you “I hit a hole-in-one at golf today” • Your best friend tells you “I found the perfect dress for the party next week” Ref: Gable, S. L., Gonzaga, G., & Strachman, A. (2006) Active-Constructive Responding (capitalising)
  • 58. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Active-constructive • Do you react with genuine interest? "That’s is great news. How are you feeling about that?“ Active-destructive • Do you point out the potential problems or down sides of the good event? "Are you sure you can handle the added responsibility?“ Passive-constructive • Do you say little, but convey that you are happy to hear the news? You smile or nod or say "That’s nice.“ Passive-destructive • Do you seem uninterested? Do you switch topics quickly ”Did you pick up the shopping?"
  • 59. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
  • 60. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Capitalising ACR leads to amplifying the pleasure of the good situation and contributing to an upward spiral of positive emotion. Capitalising turns out to be the key to strong relationships.
  • 61. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au References Gable, S. L., Gonzaga, G., & Strachman, A. (2006). Will you be there for me when things go right? Social Support for Positive Events. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91, 904-917. John Gottman http://www.gottman.com/49799/About-Us.html Fowler, James H. and Nicholas A. Christakis. 2008. Dynamic spread of happiness in a large social network: longitudinal analysis over 20 years in the Framingham Heart Study. British Medical Journal 337, no. a2338: 1-9 Pressman, Kollnesher, Cohen (2006). Social Talk and Longevity. Am. Psychosomatic. Soc. Maisel, N.C. & Gable, S.L. (2009) For richer…in good times…and in health: positive processes in relationships. In S.J. Lopez & C.R. Snyder (Eds.) Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology. NY: Oxford University Press. Huppert, F.A. (2008). Psychological wellbeing: Evidence regarding its causes and consequences. State of the Science Review: SR-X2, UK Government Foresight Project, Mental Capital and Wellbeing Buonfino, A.; & Thomson, L. (2007). Belonging in Contemporary Britain. The Commission on Integration and Cohesion, Department of Communities and Local Government, Government of Great Britain Bacon,N., Brophy, M., Mguni, N., Mulgan, G. & Shandro A. (2010) The state of happiness: Can public policy shape people's wellbeing and resilience?. London: Young Foundation. Putnam, R (2000) Bowling alone: The collapse and decline of American community (Simon & Schuster : New York)
  • 62. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
  • 63. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au If you want to be happy: For an hour, take a nap For a day, go fishing For a month, get married For a year, get an inheritance For a lifetime, help someone
  • 64. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Altruistic Behaviour “...a strong correlation exists between the well-being, happiness, health, and longevity of people who are emotionally and behaviorally compassionate, so long as they are not overwhelmed by helping tasks.” Post, S.G. (2005). Altuism, happiness, and health: it's good to be good. Int J Behav Med., 12, 2, pp66-77.
  • 65. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Random Acts of Kindness 5 random acts of kindness per week, 6 week study • E.g. a smile, offer your seat on a bus, thank someone, help a neighbour • Significant increases in well- being at post-assessment Lyubomirsky et al., 2004
  • 66. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Kindness in Action • What is the function of kindness? • How do incorporate kindness in your own life? • What kindness do you see in your community?
  • 67. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
  • 68. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au I hope that…
  • 69. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Hope
  • 70. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au How do you define Hope? Desire Expectation Want Trust Personal agency Creativity Perspective Things will turn out Good things happen Wishful Thinking Hopefulness Optimism
  • 71. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Hope Peterson, C., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2004). Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification. New York: Oxford University Press & Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, p569. Snyder, C.R. (2002). Hope theory: Rainbows in the mind. Psychological Inquiry, 13, 249-275. Hope is… “thinking about the future, expecting that desired events and outcomes will occur, and acting in ways believed to make them more likely”.
  • 72. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Snyder’s Hope Model 1. Goals: Provide targets for motivation and action. 2. Pathways: Strategies to achieve the goals. 3. Agency: Motivation to implement the pathways. Snyder, C.R. (2002). Hope theory: Rainbows in the mind. Psychological Inquiry, 13, 249-275
  • 73. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au High Hope Outcomes MENTAL HEALTH & WELLBEING • Enhanced life satisfaction. • More positive emotions and fewer negative emotions. • Increased feelings of self-worth and self-esteem. • Fewer symptoms of depression and anxiety. • Improved recovery from depression. • More effective coping with stressful and negative life events.
  • 74. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au High Hope Outcomes cont... PHYSICAL HEALTH • Engagement with good health and preventative behaviours (e.g., exercise). • Increased openness to health related information. • Less engagement with high risk activities. • Increased adjustment and coping with physical illness. SOCIAL WELLBEING • More frequent positive social interactions.
  • 75. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au High Hope Outcomes cont..2 ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: • Higher scores on achievement tests. • Overall school grades (high-school and university students). • More successful transition to university. • Lower test taking anxiety. ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE • Persistence and performance in athletics.
  • 76. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Building Hope Goals • Skill development in setting quality goals (SMART goals; approach goals). • Identify values and life priorities to use as a foundation for goals. Pathways • Skill development in generating multiple strategies to achieve goals. • Break large goals into manageable steps. Agency • Use stretch goals (goals that are progressively more challenging). • Work with others. • Build on past successes. • Connect goals to values.
  • 77. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au Hope References Ciarrochi, J., Heaven, P.C.L., & Davies, F. (2007). The impact of hope, self-esteem, and attributional style on adolescents' school grades and emotional well-being: A longitudinal study. Journal of Research in Personality, 41(6), 1161-1178. Feldman, D.B. (2003). Hope theory, measurements, and applications to school psychology. School Psychology Quarterly, 18, 122-139. Marques, S.C., Lopez, S.J., & Pais-Ribeiro, J.L. (2011). “Building Hope for the Future”: A program to foster strengths in middle-school students. Journal of Happiness Studies, 12, 139-152. Snyder, C.R. (2000). Handbook of hope: Theory, measures, and applications. San Diego, California: Academic Press. Snyder, C.R. (2002). Hope theory: Rainbows in the mind. Psychological Inquiry, 13, 249-275. Snyder, C.R., Lopez, S.J., Shorey, H.S., Rand, K.L., & Feldman, D.B. (2003). Hope theory, measurements, and applications to school psychology. School Psychology Quarterly, 18, 122-139. Valle, M.F., Huebner, E.S., & Suldo, S.M. (2006). An analysis of hope as a psychological strength. Journal of School Psychology, 44, 393-406.
  • 78. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au www.band4hope.com
  • 79. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
  • 80. “Amongst all unimportant subjects, football is by far the most important.” Pope John Paul II
  • 81. A community that inspires people to explore and live their best possible life. Based on wellbeing science, great people and creative collaborations.
  • 82. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
  • 83. @drjomitch TheMindRoomwww.themindroom.com.au
  • 84. Thank You! “Happiness is always here, it is always now.” Osho @moremindroom TheMindRoomthemindroom.com.au

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