Native Plant Potpourri
John Neorr
Washington Native Plant Steward
Topics
•
•
•
•
Definition
Importance
Classification
Fan Favorites
– Trees
– Shrubs
– Herbs
• Planting
• Resources
• Q&A
What is a Native Plant?
• Not introduced by humans
"A native plant species is one that occurs naturally in a particular
re...
The Pacific Northwest
• All of Washington and Oregon
• Most of Idaho
• Parts of Montana, California, BC, Alaska
“Watersh...
Hardiness Zones
Climate and Soil
• Mediterranean-like Climate
– Warm/Dry summers
– Cool/Wet summers
• Glacial-impacted soil
– Gravel
– Cl...
Rainfall Profile
9
8
7
Inches
6
SeaTac Airport
5
Landsburg
4
Kent
3
Toledo, Ohio
2
1
0
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
J...
Why Native Plants?
• Adapted to the Environment
– Drought tolerant
– Acid-loving
– Require less maintenance
• Support sur...
Types of Native Plants
• Nonvascular plants (Lichens,
Algae)
• Vascular Plants
– Woody Plants
• Trees
• Shrubs
– Herbs (H...
Naming Natives
Vine Maple
Fagaceae
Aceraceae
Family
Quercus
Acer
Genus
Species
Variety
Garry Oak
circinatum
‘Monro...
Fan Favorites
Favorite Trees
- Conifers -
Western red cedar (Thuja plicata)
Subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa)
Mountain hemlock (Tsuga m...
Favorite Trees
- Broad-leaved Deciduous -
Vine Maple (Acer circinatum)
Favorite Trees
- Broad-leaved Deciduous -
Tan Oak (Lithocarpus densiflorus)
Cascara (Rhamnus purshiana)
Blue Elderberry...
Favorite Shrubs
- Evergreen -
Kinnikinnik (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
Evergreen huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum) © Clay Anti...
Favorite Shrubs
- Deciduous -
Twinberry (Lonicera involucrata)
Serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia)
Squashberry (Viburn...
Favorite Shrubs
- Deciduous -
Red-flowering currant (Ribes sanguineum)
Herbaceous Perennials
- Forbs -
False solomon’s seal
(Maianthemum racemosum or Smilacina racemosa)
Hooker’s Fairy Bells (...
Herbaceous Perennials
- Forbs -
Western Trillium (Trillium ovatum)
Oregon Iris (Iris tenax)
Ferns
•
•
•
•
Add accent to landscaping
Prefer moist/shady locations
Provide cover of insects/amphibians
Favorites:
– Dee...
Grasses, Sedges, Rushes
• Hardy accents to your landscape
• Creates natural plant setting
• Provide seed to birds
• Make u...
Planting Opportunities
• Devoted pocket gardens/Areas
–
–
–
–
Alpine
Prairie
Wetland
Woodland
• Accent/Specimen plants
•...
Consider the Environment
• Sun/Shade
• Soil
• Moisture
Native Plant Border
Alder, Thimbleberry, and Salmonberry Border
Same border showing hardscape and other natives
Ouch, sa...
Public Area
City of Maple Valley Walkway
Sticks and Stones
Pruning
Pruning
Planting Tips
Planting Tips
Bare-rooting a Mahonia aquafolium
Planting Tips
Notice curled root in foreground
Ready to plant!
Why It’s All Worth It!
Native Plant Sources
•
Nurseries
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
•
Websites
–
–
–
–
–
–
•
Covington Creek Nursery (Auburn, WA)
Forestfa...
Native Plant Potpourri
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Native Plant Potpourri

A presentation that describes native plants of the Pacific Northwest. It describes the characteristics and benefits of native plants and provides examples of plants worth having in your backyard.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Self Improvement      Business      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Native Plant Potpourri

  • 1. Native Plant Potpourri John Neorr Washington Native Plant Steward
  • 2. Topics • • • • Definition Importance Classification Fan Favorites – Trees – Shrubs – Herbs • Planting • Resources • Q&A
  • 3. What is a Native Plant? • Not introduced by humans "A native plant species is one that occurs naturally in a particular region, state, ecosystem, and habitat without direct or indirect human actions." • Washington Native Plant Society: “Washington native plants are those species that occur or historically occurred within the state boundaries before European contact based upon the best available scientific and historical documentation.” • Natives of Pacific Northwest
  • 4. The Pacific Northwest • All of Washington and Oregon • Most of Idaho • Parts of Montana, California, BC, Alaska “Watersheds of rivers that flow to the Pacific Ocean through North America’s temperate rainforest zone.”
  • 5. Hardiness Zones
  • 6. Climate and Soil • Mediterranean-like Climate – Warm/Dry summers – Cool/Wet summers • Glacial-impacted soil – Gravel – Clay – Rich in Minerals – Acid
  • 7. Rainfall Profile 9 8 7 Inches 6 SeaTac Airport 5 Landsburg 4 Kent 3 Toledo, Ohio 2 1 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Month • Annual rainfall: • Kent ------------38” • Seatac ---------37” • Landsburg ----56” • Toledo, Ohio -33” • 70-75% falls from Oct-Mar (Washington locations)
  • 8. Why Native Plants? • Adapted to the Environment – Drought tolerant – Acid-loving – Require less maintenance • Support surrounding environment – – – – Wildlife Soil Water Plant communities • Part of our cultural heritage • Educational and fun
  • 9. Types of Native Plants • Nonvascular plants (Lichens, Algae) • Vascular Plants – Woody Plants • Trees • Shrubs – Herbs (Herbaceous plants) • Forbs (Broad-leaved) • Graminoids (Grasses, Sedges, Rushes) • Ferns
  • 10. Naming Natives Vine Maple Fagaceae Aceraceae Family Quercus Acer Genus Species Variety Garry Oak circinatum ‘Monroe’ garryana var. breweri
  • 11. Fan Favorites
  • 12. Favorite Trees - Conifers - Western red cedar (Thuja plicata) Subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa) Mountain hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana)
  • 13. Favorite Trees - Broad-leaved Deciduous - Vine Maple (Acer circinatum)
  • 14. Favorite Trees - Broad-leaved Deciduous - Tan Oak (Lithocarpus densiflorus) Cascara (Rhamnus purshiana) Blue Elderberry (Sambucus caerulea) William & Wilma Follette @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS
  • 15. Favorite Shrubs - Evergreen - Kinnikinnik (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi) Evergreen huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum) © Clay Antieau Oregon grape (Mahonia aqualfolium) Sadler Oak (Quercus sadleriana)
  • 16. Favorite Shrubs - Deciduous - Twinberry (Lonicera involucrata) Serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia) Squashberry (Viburnum edule)
  • 17. Favorite Shrubs - Deciduous - Red-flowering currant (Ribes sanguineum)
  • 18. Herbaceous Perennials - Forbs - False solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum or Smilacina racemosa) Hooker’s Fairy Bells (Disporum hookeri)
  • 19. Herbaceous Perennials - Forbs - Western Trillium (Trillium ovatum) Oregon Iris (Iris tenax)
  • 20. Ferns • • • • Add accent to landscaping Prefer moist/shady locations Provide cover of insects/amphibians Favorites: – Deer Fern – Sword Fern
  • 21. Grasses, Sedges, Rushes • Hardy accents to your landscape • Creates natural plant setting • Provide seed to birds • Make use of volunteers Idaho fescue (Festuca idahoensis) Common Rush (Juncus effusus) Carex deweyana
  • 22. Planting Opportunities • Devoted pocket gardens/Areas – – – – Alpine Prairie Wetland Woodland • Accent/Specimen plants • Borders • Public areas – Parks – Walkways – Roadsides • Natural area restoration
  • 23. Consider the Environment • Sun/Shade • Soil • Moisture
  • 24. Native Plant Border Alder, Thimbleberry, and Salmonberry Border Same border showing hardscape and other natives Ouch, same property with “lollipop” border
  • 25. Public Area City of Maple Valley Walkway
  • 26. Sticks and Stones
  • 27. Pruning
  • 28. Pruning
  • 29. Planting Tips
  • 30. Planting Tips Bare-rooting a Mahonia aquafolium
  • 31. Planting Tips Notice curled root in foreground Ready to plant!
  • 32. Why It’s All Worth It!
  • 33. Native Plant Sources • Nurseries – – – – – – – • Websites – – – – – – • Covington Creek Nursery (Auburn, WA) Forestfarm Nursery (Williams, OR) Lake Wilderness Arboretum (Maple Valley, WA) Msk Nursery (Shoreline, WA) Sky Valley Nursery (Monroe, WA) Sound Native Plants (Olympia, WA) Woodbrook Nursery (Gig Harbor) King County Native Plants Nurserytrees.com (Snohomish, WA) Plantnative.com Wallace W Hansen's Northwest Native Plants Washington Native Plant Society WSU Native Plants Books – – “Gardening with Native Plants” by Arthur Kruckeberg “Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast” by Jim Pojar and Andy MacKinnon

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