© 2014 IBM Corporation
Federated Mission Networking
V4; 20 Mar 14
Learning & Applying the Lessons
John Palfreyman, IBM
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Agenda
2
Future Mission
Networking - Context
Effective Coalitions
through OPEN Integration
Save mon...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Context
FEDERATED
§  services for exchanging and sharing information
§  provisions for bilateral ...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Future Mission Network Principles
4
Name Description
Cost Effectiveness The total cost of ownership...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Agenda
5
Future Mission
Networking - Context
Effective Coalitions
through OPEN Integration
Save mon...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Effective coalitions through Open Standards-based Integration
§  All Missions will be coalition ba...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
. . . but OPEN is Confusing (and Confused!)
Open STANDARDS
§  promote interoperability and informa...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
How? Lessons from MAJIIC
IBM’s Role
§ Facilitated usage of Service Oriented Architecture
§ Applie...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
How? Lessons from MAJEX
IBM’s Role
§ Service Oriented / Event Driven Architecture Software Provisi...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Agenda
10
Future Mission
Networking - Context
Effective Coalitions
through OPEN Integration
Save mo...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Cash Starved, Commercial Technology Rich Procurement
1.  Appetite for mega defence project spend ki...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
UK Air Defence System
Why?
§  Monitor UK Airspace for terrorist or enemy
incursions & initiative i...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
International Technology Alliance – Technical Areas, 2011 to 2015
Distributed Coalition Information...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
IBM Research – Long Range Signalling & Control
Why?
§  Connection of small, low power devices into...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Agenda
15
Future Mission
Networking - Context
Effective Coalitions
through OPEN Integration
Save mo...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Preparing for an Uncertain Future . .
“The Future Mission Network provides the agility, flexibility...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Smarter Application Development Method
17
1
7
Why?
§  Time to Value = key metric
§  Distributed d...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Lessons from MAJIIC / MAJEX
18
1.  Service & information Modelling can be used to define
operationa...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Modular Mission Development
§  Use Software Tooling + Social Business Technologies
–  Controlled, ...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Future Mission Networking - Summary
1.  Effective Networking (=Coalitions) through Open Standards-
...
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Thanks!
John Palfreyman
2dsegma@uk.ibm.com
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NATO Federated Mission Networking

This is a synopsis of my presentation to the NATO C4ISR Conference in Bucharest on 26th March 2014. NATO is keen to learn the lessons from networked operations in the Afghan theater, and build these into their mission networking plans. This presentation draws on IBM’s experience in defence projects, NATO concept developments and recent exercises, and puts forward our key learning points & recommendations.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Technology      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - NATO Federated Mission Networking

  • 1. © 2014 IBM Corporation Federated Mission Networking V4; 20 Mar 14 Learning & Applying the Lessons John Palfreyman, IBM
  • 2. © 2014 IBM Corporation Agenda 2 Future Mission Networking - Context Effective Coalitions through OPEN Integration Save money through Commercial Technology Future Proof, Modular Missions
  • 3. © 2014 IBM Corporation Context FEDERATED §  services for exchanging and sharing information §  provisions for bilateral agreements MISSION §  execution environment, enabling information sharing –  trusted, –  secured and –  assured §  . . . between mission participants. NETWORKING §  Guides the establishment of all Mission Networks s for use in NATO operations §  (should be) Mandatory for NATO Response Force (NRF) operations. 3 External Information Exchange Entity External Information Exchange Entity Mission Network Extensions must be connected to a hosting Mission Network Element for using services and sharing of information. Secure Information Exchange Services. NATO Nations and 7NNNs only e.g. reach-back to static NS-WAN Mission Network Elements and mission-essential services must be federated for enabling the barrier-free sharing of information and services. Mission Network Extensions (MNX) NFIP High Level Architecture Vers 2.1 dated 03 Nov 2013 Mission Network Elements (MNE) MNE “NATO” Nation ”X” Network MNE “Y” MNE “Z” MNE “X” NATO static Network Network Extension Service Provider Hosted Users
  • 4. © 2014 IBM Corporation Future Mission Network Principles 4 Name Description Cost Effectiveness The total cost of ownership and life cycle costs must reflect NATO's and the Nations' resource constraints. Incremental Approach The FMN embraces an incremental approach to adjust to changes in operational requirements and makes optimal use of commonly used technology for MNs. Maximum reuse Maximum use must be made of existing NATO agreed standards, capabilities, Nation’s contributions, collaborative acquisitions, service level agreements and organizational structures. Reflect C3 Taxonomy The FMN services organization will follow the C3 Classification Taxonomy. Reflect NNEC Tenets The FMN will embrace the NNEC tenets and principles. Support an Uncertain Future The FMN provides the agility, flexibility and scalability needed to manage emerging requirements of any mission environment in future NATO operations. Different MNs may be necessary based on operational needs (operations, training & exercises). Support Dynamic Federations Each MN incorporates the necessary security processes, organization, architectures, governance, and Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures (TTPs) to effectively accommodate the dynamic nature of the federation composition between the partners. The Network Standard The FMN Framework guides the establishment of all MNs for use in NATO operations and should be mandatory for NATO Response Force (NRF) operations. Implementation Plan, Annex Q – “Reference Architecture”
  • 5. © 2014 IBM Corporation Agenda 5 Future Mission Networking - Context Effective Coalitions through OPEN Integration Save money through Commercial Technology Future Proof, Modular Missions
  • 6. © 2014 IBM Corporation Effective coalitions through Open Standards-based Integration §  All Missions will be coalition based –  other nations military & security forces, –  Non-government organisations (e.g. aid agency), and / or –  Other government departments (e.g. emergency services) §  Coalition member's systems need to exchange information –  often across different levels of trust. §  Only possible through open standards based integration of coalition member systems §  CENTRAL to coalition efficiency . . . §  . . . and hence Mission SUCCESS! 6
  • 7. © 2014 IBM Corporation . . . but OPEN is Confusing (and Confused!) Open STANDARDS §  promote interoperability and information integration §  by use of open, published specifications interfaces, protocols, data and file formats §  to simplify sharing between different systems Open SOURCE 1.  Licensing approach which prioritizes user rights 2.  A way of developing software 3.  Community with open participation Open ARCHITECTURES §  built of loosely coupled, reconfigurable elements §  independence to isolate and distribute §  integrate activities into workflows to increase collaboration7 Open Standards Open Architecture Open Source Open Data Community Innovation
  • 8. © 2014 IBM Corporation How? Lessons from MAJIIC IBM’s Role § Facilitated usage of Service Oriented Architecture § Applied Service Orientation & Event Based Architectures to Mission Need Example Activities § Modelling of missions as business processes using standard tools § Provision of Publish / Subscribe Services based on WS Notification Key Lessons § Process Modelling > Lots of Discussion on how things (should) work § Service Orientation and Legacy Systems can co-exist 8
  • 9. © 2014 IBM Corporation How? Lessons from MAJEX IBM’s Role § Service Oriented / Event Driven Architecture Software Provision: – Concept Development & Test Environment – MAJEX Exercise § Web Service (WS-) Notification for Publish / Subscribe § Novel JISR Status Reporting using Event Monitoring Example Activities § Operation & Support of Publish / Subscribe Services through Exercise § Support to Industry Partners on Interfacing to WS-Notification standard Key Lessons § Architecture can handle the load generated by MAJIIC § Benefits of Services Oriented Architectures clear to partners 9
  • 10. © 2014 IBM Corporation Agenda 10 Future Mission Networking - Context Effective Coalitions through OPEN Integration Save money through Commercial Technology Future Proof, Modular Missions
  • 11. © 2014 IBM Corporation Cash Starved, Commercial Technology Rich Procurement 1.  Appetite for mega defence project spend killed by austerity, will not return 2.  Commercial technology investments continue at a pace 3.  Commercial technologies can address HARD military problems 11
  • 12. © 2014 IBM Corporation UK Air Defence System Why? §  Monitor UK Airspace for terrorist or enemy incursions & initiative intercept What? §  IBM implemented state-of-the-art air surveillance and interceptor command & control system §  Developed software applications, integrating multi-radar tracking and voice systems and refurbishing entire computer facilities at two RAF bases §  Extensive technology refresh through life Benefits? §  Reduced Cost (by using Commercial Software) §  Intuitive Human Computer Interface boosts controller performance & reduces training §  New levels of availability & maintainability 12 Indicative Locations
  • 13. © 2014 IBM Corporation International Technology Alliance – Technical Areas, 2011 to 2015 Distributed Coalition Information Processing for Decision Making (TA6) Exploiting and managing an agile network of information sources for effective understanding & decision making across the coalition for dynamic complex problems n  Shared Understanding and Information Exploitation n  Service management in Distributed Networks n  Exploitation of Distributed, Uncertain, and Obfuscated Information Coalition Interoperable Secure & Hybrid Networks (TA5) n  Hybrid Networks: Performance and Metrics n  Security/Network Management and Control n  Security for Distributed Services Secure hybrid wireless networking that enables adaptable and interoperable communication and information services for military coalition environments
  • 14. © 2014 IBM Corporation IBM Research – Long Range Signalling & Control Why? §  Connection of small, low power devices into communications network §  Designed for Internet of Things, several possible military applications What? §  LoRa, modulation technology for wireless communication over 15 km §  Data rates 300bps to 100kbps, dynamically trading range for data rate §  IBM Mote Runner: platform for resource constrained devices Benefits? §  wireless range for dense urban environments §  cost-effective - initial investment & running costs §  reliable & secure – encryption & spread spectrum §  Fine localization of mobile devices (<2m) 14
  • 15. © 2014 IBM Corporation Agenda 15 Future Mission Networking - Context Effective Coalitions through OPEN Integration Save money through Commercial Technology Future Proof, Modular Missions
  • 16. © 2014 IBM Corporation Preparing for an Uncertain Future . . “The Future Mission Network provides the agility, flexibility and scalability needed to manage emerging requirements of any mission environment in future NATO operations. Different Mission Networks may be necessary based on operational needs (e.g. operations, training and exercises)” “Each Mission Network incorporates the necessary security processes, organization, architectures, governance, and Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures to effectively accommodate the dynamic nature of the federation composition between the partners.” FMN Implementation Plan – Annex Q – General FMN Principles 16
  • 17. © 2014 IBM Corporation Smarter Application Development Method 17 1 7 Why? §  Time to Value = key metric §  Distributed development the norm What? §  Combines tools based methods with . . . §  . .Social Business Platform Benefits? §  Cycle-time reductions §  Asset Re-use §  Defect reductions §  Component cost reductions New collaboration practices aligned to business process Measured and Systematic Reuse Component- based Workflow Management Continuous Improvement (LEAN) Outcome-based service levels Assets Technology Platform Automation Performance Management
  • 18. © 2014 IBM Corporation Lessons from MAJIIC / MAJEX 18 1.  Service & information Modelling can be used to define operational processes and procedures 2.  Business Process Modelling –  Drives CLARITY through DISCUSSION –  Leads to a traceable, reconfigurable model of Mission 3.  Modern, Open Architectures & Legacy System Co-exist
  • 19. © 2014 IBM Corporation Modular Mission Development §  Use Software Tooling + Social Business Technologies –  Controlled, collaborative system specification –  Multi-party system development –  Integration, Test, Lifecycle Management §  Use Business Process Modelling to design & document mission types –  NATO owns & manages mission threads –  Adjust standard mission threads to (specific) mission §  Fast mission build for Future Mission Network instances –  Pre-existing building blocks –  Configurable assembly for each mission –  Federated preparation of the mission 19
  • 20. © 2014 IBM Corporation Future Mission Networking - Summary 1.  Effective Networking (=Coalitions) through Open Standards- based Integration 2.  Future Procurements whilst Cash Poor can be Commercial Technology Rich 3.  Uncertain Future demands Modular Mission Design & Development 20
  • 21. © 2014 IBM Corporation Thanks! John Palfreyman 2dsegma@uk.ibm.com

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