By AbdulAzim Olatinwo
02/03/2014 10:09:17 PM
Political Philosophy Response
During the presentation that we got from Mr....
By AbdulAzim Olatinwo
02/03/2014 10:09:17 PM
WISDOM. The first of the 5 ends/means that Philosophers believe society sho...
By AbdulAzim Olatinwo
02/03/2014 10:09:17 PM
give people what they want, the basics, and they shall love you. An example...
By AbdulAzim Olatinwo
02/03/2014 10:09:17 PM
of 4

Political philosophy response

Philosophy
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Law      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Political philosophy response

  • 1. By AbdulAzim Olatinwo 02/03/2014 10:09:17 PM Political Philosophy Response During the presentation that we got from Mr. Bercuson, I learnt a lot of things. The presentation had two main points for me. One was the difference between Philosophy and Political Philosophy and the other main point was what different people conceive to be the point of life/the most important virtue of life. PHILOSOPHY VS. POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY. The first main point: what I learnt from Mr. Bercuson was that there is a clear difference between Philosophy and Political Philosophy. An easy way to explain it is that Philosophy is I, singular, while Political Philosophy is WE, plural. To explain it in the thorough and complex way that Mr. Bercuson explained it, Philosophy is a deep study of life. The study of what life is, the purpose of life and finding the true meaning of “being”. Philosophy is thinking, what do I need to survive, where should I live, when should I do this, when should I do that. The key word is I. Political Philosophy on the other hand is, what should WE do, what do WE need to do to survive, where should WE live. Philosophy is making choices and decisions as an individual and Political Philosophy doing the opposite, making choices as a whole, making it for more than one person, and your decisions affecting a group of people. Political philosophy is the study of topics like as politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law, freedom etc. Political Philosophy is the analyzation what they are, why they are needed, what makes a stable society. According to Mr. Bercuson, many philosophers believe that the best Philosopher is a Political Philosopher and the best Political Philosopher is a Philosopher. ENDS AND MEANS. The second main point from Mr. Bercusons presentation was the Ends and Means. Ends, are “the goals we ought to pursuit” and Means “the ways in which we pursuit those goals”. In my words, Means are what we do or how we act to accomplish the Ends. The Ends are what we are hoping to accomplish, what we are hoping to succeed in doing. Dr. Bercuson mentioned the top 5 Ends that philosophers believe society should be trying and hoping to succeed.
  • 2. By AbdulAzim Olatinwo 02/03/2014 10:09:17 PM WISDOM. The first of the 5 ends/means that Philosophers believe society should be achieving for is: Wisdom. Using the example Dr. Bercuson used, Plato was a Philosopher who believed that the goal of life, the main point of living, is Wisdom. Plato believes that society does not succeed until it is dedicated to wisdom. He states that there would be no peace until those in the state of political power embrace philosophy and accept it as the only way to successfully rule a country. Plato states,”“I am the wisest man alive, for I know one thing, and that is that I know nothing.” He states here, in The Republic ( I actually read Part I), that he is wise because he admits that he knows nothing. In the following and previous paragraphs, Plato implies that he is the wisest due to the fact that he admits he knows nothing yet he is not because he knows nothing. He contradicts himself in a philosophical way. In basic, Plato says, no man is wise until he admits to knowing nothing. And no man has fulfilled life until he has known something. VIRTUE. The second of the 5 ends/means is Virtue. Virtue, meaning good. Some Philosophers e.g. Thomas Aquinas believe that Laws are there for the good of people and force people to do good because he states “Since some are found to be depraved, and prone to vice, and not easily amenable to words, it was necessary for such to be restrained from evil by force and fear, in order that, at least, they might desist from evil-doing, and leave others in peace, and that they themselves, by being habituated in this way, might be brought to do willingly what hitherto they did from fear, and thus become virtuous. Now this kind of training, which compels through fear of punishment, is the discipline of laws. Therefore in order that man might have peace and virtue, it was necessary for laws to be framed” -- Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica – A shorter way of saying that is, people are influenced to do bad and Laws are the only thing restraining them from that. For mankind to succeed, Laws are a must to keep our goodness in check. SAFETY, SECURITY AND PROSPERITY. The third of the 5 ends philosophers believe society should try for is Safety, Security and Prosperity. The basic principle of this goal is,
  • 3. By AbdulAzim Olatinwo 02/03/2014 10:09:17 PM give people what they want, the basics, and they shall love you. An example of a Philosopher who believes in this principle is Nicolo Machiavelli. Men should be either treated generously or destroyed, because they take revenge for slight injuries - for heavy ones they cannot. --Nicolo Machiavelli-- A way to explain this quote is that, people should be given what they want – prosperity, security and safety- or they shall easily rise against you. The best ruler is he who has the people eating out of his hand. A king/monarch/souvenir/head of state should please the people and give them their want if he wants to have a peaceful society, a society that would move forward and not go into war. EQUALITY. The fourth out of 5th philosophical solution to a perfect society is Equality. Equality is different from all of the other ends/goals. It has been separated into two different groups by Philosophers: Rights and Freedom. Equality of Right and Equality of Freedom, two similar but VERY different things. Equality of Right: it means that each and every individual should have the same capability, should be allowed to have the same right as their fellow peer/ any other human being. Equality of Property on the other hand is that everything belongs to everyone. The best way to describe this is with the natives; they believed that no one owns anything but rather EVERYONE owns EVERYTHING. The philosophers, who believe in this, believe that the best community is A COMMUNITY. Not a group of many people but, one person. Everything belong to him, him = everyone in the community. FREEDOM. The last but not least philosophical idea for an ideal society, Freedom.
  • 4. By AbdulAzim Olatinwo 02/03/2014 10:09:17 PM

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