Narrative theories btec
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Narrative theories btec
Some Views onNarrative Structure
Narrative serves a number of purposes:1) It delivers the Story in Visual & Dialogue2) It decides what order information is to be delivered and when3) It places the audience on the side of the protagonist by way of ‘privileging’ their perspective above others4) It establishes the pace of the text5) It delivers implicit messages & values (Ideology) which support the perspectives of the makers.
Story:All the events. Both those that are visually represented and those that are inferred, before and parallel to those onscreen, which we DO NOT see…Plot:The filmic arrangement of the story – which is usually less than the story and may be in a different order (eg. Go or Pulp Fiction)
The world of the Film’s Story Everything that is going on in the fictional reality on screen. This is why the most common use of the term is to describe SOUND as either Diegetic (as in dialogue & naturalistic background noise)or Non-Diegetic (use of ‘mood’ music in a scene)Romantic Violins in a Love Scene…
Continuity Editing:A style of Editing which creates the impression ofseamlessness (invisible editing) which draws the Audience into the world of film – when a character walks through a doorto the left, they enter the next room from the right to createthe impression that the room is ‘real’Montage Editing:A term used in a number of different ways but here, in contrast tothe aforementioned Continuity editing – a style of editing whichemploys effects to create particular moods ormeanings, particularly when shots are crashed together withoutlogical progression or relationships. Eg: The Shower scene in Psychoor Action sequences.
Compression of Time:Most films operate a high degree of Ellipsis or Time manipulation. In order to move the story forward, the audience only ‘sees’ the moments in time which are relevant to the Narrative.Some texts operate time as a more balanced ‘Real time’ construction but Classical/Post Classical Hollywood Narrative maintains strict control over Narrative Time.
Use of Narrative to create Suspense and Audience expectations…Restricted or Unrestricted Narratives determine how much information is released to the Audience at a time… What do they need to know and when?Eg the Mysterious visitor, Gina Hawkes– she is not what she seems. As serial progresses more information is revealed about her.
Todorov ProppStage One: Equilibrium Stage one: PreparationStage Two: Disruption Stage two: ComplicationStage Three: Recognition of Stage Three: transference disruption Stage four: StruggleStage four: Attempt to repair damage Stage five: Return and recognitionStage five: Return to a new Equilibrium
And The Action CodesAction Codes: Images or sequences which work asa form of a Visual Shorthand making complexIdeas immediately apparent and carrying thestory forward.Enigma Codes: Images/sequences which controlhow much we know in the story, engaging andholding audience interest. They present puzzleswhich demand to be solved
And the Binary OppositesSkill & expertise of the hero Vulnerability of those in need of protection Strong Weak Masculine Effeminate/Feminine Civilised set of ethics Uncivilised/No ethics Sense of Justice Ignore Justice______________________ __________________________ On the side of Good On the side of BAD Innocence EVIL / Guilt Honest Dishonest Law abiding Criminality
And the Hero’s Journey…1) Separation:The hero ventures forth from the world of common day to a region of Supernatural wonder.2) Initiation:The hero encounters dangers/threats which he overcomes with guidance from a mentor – rewarded for his heroism with powers or gifts.3) Return:The hero returns from this Adventure with the power to bestow boons upon his fellow man / with the power to free his fellow man.
• Prioritises Narrative over Form.• Highly constructed Reality which masks its own constructions• Continuity editing which ‘stitches’ the audience into the film• Disruption to Equilibrium – Complication – new Equilibrium• Neater, Higher degree of Narrative Closure• Spacial & Temporal Clarity – Audience aware of Time & Space