What does it take
to run the Council
of the European Union?
of the European Union?
of the European Union?
How does the council
leadership work?
> Presided over by a country, not just one person
> This country’s leadership lasts ...
What does the
Presidency do?
Presidency do?
> At first considered quite powerless
> Now considered the prime decision make...
A brief history of
leadership
> 1958: Belgium, West Germany
> 1959-73: Rotation of France, Italy, Luxembourg,
Netherlands
...
Roles in EU development
> Progressive deepening of European integration
> Profusion of technical/sectoral councils
> Expan...
Responsibilities
> Presenting a presidency program, reporting on the conduct
of the presidency to EU Parliament
> Preparin...
More functions
> Numerous events during six-month presidency
> Five informal council meetings
> Educational function tries...
Dual personalities
> Countries in the Presidency seek both to advance
their own positions and to be impartial arbitrators
...
Countering problems:
Trio system
Trio system
> Because countries only get six months, there is
not a lot of time to implem...
Past and future trios
> Germany, Portugal and Slovenia
> France, Czech Republic and Sweden
> Spain, Belgium and Hungary
> ...
Advantages
> Smaller countries have chance to be heard
> A chance to take the limelight for six months
> Respects equality...
Disadvantages
> Countries have to wait 14 years to regain the
Presidency
> Lithuania 2013... Lithuania 2027
> Highlighting...
One more disadvantage
> Herman Van Rompuy is usually
viewed as the face of the EU no
matter which country is in
charge
> H...
Why two Presidencies?
> Answer: Lisbon Treaty
> Major amendment to the Treaty of Maastricht and
the Treaty of Rome
> Means...
Spanner in the wheel:
Ireland
Ireland
> Original timetable was to
have all states ratify the
Treaty by 2008...
> ...but Ir...
Change of heart
> In 2009, Ireland made
concessions with EU
> The whole of the Lisbon
treaty was altered by
these amendmen...
So...
> Maastricht Treaty, article 15 (amended by Lisbon
Treaty)...
> “The European Council shall elect its President, by
...
Ireland’s presidency
> January - June 2013
> Head of State: Edna Kenny (Taoiseach)
Ireland’s presidency
> To secure economic
stability
> Investing in sustainable
jobs and growth
> To tackle global issues
a...
Success
> Angela Merkel (Germany):
> “I would like to give my
heartfelt thanks for an
unusually successful
presidency in w...
Current Presidency:
Lithuania
> Since July 1, 2013
> Lithuania
> Head of state:
Dalia Grybauskaitė
Lithuania’s policies
> To make a credible Europe
with a stable financial sector
> To grow Europe through
research and deve...
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Presidency of the EU - draft

draftdraftdraft
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Presidency of the EU - draft

  • 1. What does it take to run the Council of the European Union? of the European Union? of the European Union?
  • 2. How does the council leadership work? > Presided over by a country, not just one person > This country’s leadership lasts six months > 28 member states take turns to lead the council > Presidency meets monthly in Strasbourg, France
  • 3. What does the Presidency do? Presidency do? > At first considered quite powerless > Now considered the prime decision maker of the EU > Most important laws debated by members > Make the riskiest decisions
  • 4. A brief history of leadership > 1958: Belgium, West Germany > 1959-73: Rotation of France, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands > from 1973: Denmark > from 1977: United Kingdom > June to December 2013 (now): Lithuania
  • 5. Roles in EU development > Progressive deepening of European integration > Profusion of technical/sectoral councils > Expansion of Coreper influence > Proliferation of Council working groups > Impact of intergovernmental cooperations in foreign/security policy, justice and home affairs
  • 6. Responsibilities > Presenting a presidency program, reporting on the conduct of the presidency to EU Parliament > Preparing and overlooking meetings of the council, subcommittees and working groups > Making deals in the Council to reach agreement on legislative proposals > Launching policy initiatives > Acting as EU spokesperson
  • 7. More functions > Numerous events during six-month presidency > Five informal council meetings > Educational function tries to enlighten public about benefits of EU, especially in Eurosceptic countries > Government in Presidency more likely to make concessions to increase productivity and prestige
  • 8. Dual personalities > Countries in the Presidency seek both to advance their own positions and to be impartial arbitrators > Reconcile national and presidential interests > Small countries must adapt more to deal with the strains of Presidency - usually do better job
  • 9. Countering problems: Trio system Trio system > Because countries only get six months, there is not a lot of time to implement ideas > Idea of “trio” put forward in 2007 > Three presidencies work on common political programs in their tenure
  • 10. Past and future trios > Germany, Portugal and Slovenia > France, Czech Republic and Sweden > Spain, Belgium and Hungary > Poland, Denmark and Cyprus > Ireland, Lithuania and Greece > Italy, Latvia and Luxembourg
  • 11. Advantages > Smaller countries have chance to be heard > A chance to take the limelight for six months > Respects equality among the union 0.4 0.5 0.9 1.3 2.0 2.1 3.0 4.4 (pop. in millions)
  • 12. Disadvantages > Countries have to wait 14 years to regain the Presidency > Lithuania 2013... Lithuania 2027 > Highlighting small countries only once in 14 years
  • 13. One more disadvantage > Herman Van Rompuy is usually viewed as the face of the EU no matter which country is in charge > His role, President of the European Council, can be confused with the country’s role
  • 14. Why two Presidencies? > Answer: Lisbon Treaty > Major amendment to the Treaty of Maastricht and the Treaty of Rome > Means a politician is chosen to be President of the European Council for two and a half years in qualified majority vote... > ...but countries still chair meetings for six months each!
  • 15. Spanner in the wheel: Ireland Ireland > Original timetable was to have all states ratify the Treaty by 2008... > ...but Ireland rejected it in a referendum because it would impact on their constitution > Since all states have veto power, the Treaty was put on hold
  • 16. Change of heart > In 2009, Ireland made concessions with EU > The whole of the Lisbon treaty was altered by these amendments! > Second referendum passed easily... YES NO
  • 17. So... > Maastricht Treaty, article 15 (amended by Lisbon Treaty)... > “The European Council shall elect its President, by a qualified majority, for a term of two and a half years, renewable once. In the event of an impediment or serious misconduct, the European Council can end the President's term of office in accordance with the same procedure.”
  • 18. Ireland’s presidency > January - June 2013 > Head of State: Edna Kenny (Taoiseach)
  • 19. Ireland’s presidency > To secure economic stability > Investing in sustainable jobs and growth > To tackle global issues as united European front
  • 20. Success > Angela Merkel (Germany): > “I would like to give my heartfelt thanks for an unusually successful presidency in which many dossiers were brought to a successful conclusion.”
  • 21. Current Presidency: Lithuania > Since July 1, 2013 > Lithuania > Head of state: Dalia Grybauskaitė
  • 22. Lithuania’s policies > To make a credible Europe with a stable financial sector > To grow Europe through research and development > To open Europe to global challenges and solve them

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