Presents:
Cell: The Unit Of Life
What is cell??????????
Cell is a structural
and functional unit
of life.
Cells In General:
Animal Cell
Stem Cells
Cells are the
basic unit of
life.
Plant Cell
White Blood Cells
Red Blood Cel...
How do we view cells
MICROSCOPE
Parts of a microscope
Diaphrag
m
Eyepiece
s
Arm
Coarse
focus
knob
Objective
lens
Fine
focus
knob
Clips
Base
Stage
M...
Parts of the Microscope
Eyepieces
Objective lens
Arm
Clips
Diaphragm
Stage
Coarse focus knob
Light/ mirror
Fine focus...
Photo by
theshortdude.glogster.com
Photo by
animalport.com
Type of
cells
1) Animal cell
(Sel haiwan)
2) Plant cell
(Sel
tumbuhan)
Plant Cell and Animal Cell
Plant and animal cells are composed of the same fundamental
constituents—nucleic acids, protei...
Animal Cell
Animal cells are typical of the
eukaryotic cell, enclosed by a
plasma membrane and containing
a membrane-boun...
Animal cell
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cheek cell
(sel pipi)
Animal Cell
Plant Cell
The basic unit of structure and
function in nearly all plants.
Although plant cells are variously
modified in ...
.. Plant cell contains:
 Cell membrane: CONTROL
 Cytoplasm: CHIMICAL REACTION
 Nucleus: GENETIC INFORMATION
 Chlorop...
Plant Cell
Plant cell (Sel tumbuhan)
Nucleus
Cell
membrane
Cell wall
Vacuole
Cytoplasm
Onion cell
Chloroplast
Similarities and
Differences
Similarities
 Differences
 Nucleus
 Centriole
 Nucleolus
 Cell Wall
 Cytoplasm
...
Similarities
 Nucleus- ―Brain of the cell.‖ It controls the activities
within the cell.
Nucleolus
Nucleolus
Nucleus
Nu...
Similarities
 Cytoplasm- the gel-like liquid located within the entire cell.
Cytoplasm
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus
Golg...
Similarities
 Lysosome- ―digestive system‖ of the cell.
Cell Membrane
Cell Membrane
Lysosome
Lysosome
 Cell Membrane...
Similarities
 Mitochondrion- ―Powerhouse‖ of cell
Mitochondrion
Mitochondrion
Vacuole
Vacuole
 Vacuole- storage are...
Similarities
 Cytoskeleton- helps maintain the shape of cell.
 Ribosomes- site of protein synthesis
Cytoskeleton
Cytosk...
Similarities
 Endoplasmic Reticulum:
 Smooth ER- detoxifies molecules
 Rough ER- modifies proteins that will be shippe...
Similarities
 Plasma Membrane- serves as the ―skin‖ of the cell.
Differences
 Centriole- found only in ANIMAL cells. Main function is to
generate the cells cytoskeleton.
Centrioles
Differences
 Cell Wall- found in PLANTS only. It serves as a protective barrier,
maintaining the shape and structure of t...
Differences
 Chloroplasts- only found in PLANTS. It provides food for the
plant.
Chloroplasts
Differences
 Chlorophyll- only found in PLANTS. Green pigment in plants that
absorbs energy for the process of photosynth...
REVIEW…
Only in Plants:
 Chloroplast
Only in Animals:
 None
 Chlorophyll
 Cell Wall
 Centriole
Both: Nucleus, Nucl...
Organelles inside a cell
Plants and animals have
many
different organelles in their
cells
lets take a look at a few
Inside the Nucleus
Nucleolus
Chromatin
Nuclear
Envelope
Ribosomes
 Ribosomes – made of RNA and protein. Make Proteins!
Ribosomes
Ribosome
Endoplasmic Reticulum
(ER)
 Endoplasmic reticulum – internal
membrane system of the cell.
 Lipids, proteins, and other ...
Endoplasmic Reticulum
(ER)
Rough ER
Smooth
ER
Golgi Apparatus
 Golgi Apparatus – modifies, sorts, and packages proteins.
Golgi Apparatus
Golgi Apparatus
Lysosomes
 Lysosomes – small organelles filled with enzymes.
 Digest molecules to be used by the cell.
Vacuoles
 Vacuoles – store materials.
Vacuoles
Vacuoles
Mitochondria
 Mitochondria – organelle that converts chemical
energy stored in food into compounds that are more
conveni...
Mitochondria
Mitochondria
7-2
Chloroplasts
 Chloroplasts – organelles that capture energy from sunlight and convert it
into chemical energy. (Photosyn...
Chloroplasts
Chloroplast
7-2
A few Different types of cell
Epithelial Cells
Epithelia are formed of
cells that line the
cavities in the body and
also cover flat surfaces.
Nerve Cell
A neuron (also known as a neuron or nerve cell)
is an electrically excitable cell that processes and
transmits...
Fat Cell
Adipocytes, also known as lipocytes
and fat cells, are the cells that
primarily compose adipose
tissue, specializ...
Sperm
The term sperm is derived from the
Greek word sperma (meaning "seed")
and refers to the male reproductive
cells.
cell
tissue
organ
system
organism
References
 http://s3.amazonaws.com/ppt-download/presentation1-101009125409phpapp01.pptx?response-contentdisposition=atta...
References
 cells-091111083357-phpapp02.ppt
 http://s3.amazonaws.com/ppt-download/cells-091111083357phpapp02.ppt?respons...
References
 cellulagd-091129141036-phpapp01.ppt
 http://s3.amazonaws.com/ppt-download/cellulagd-091129141036phpapp01.ppt...
References
 cellasthebasicunitoflife-131005234338-phpapp01.ppt
 http://s3.amazonaws.com/ppt-download/cellasthebasicunit...
References

cellstructure-111113162625-phpapp02.ppt

http://s3.amazonaws.com/ppt-download/cellstructure-111113162625-...
Thanks for
watching
Cells the basic Unit of life
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Cells the basic Unit of life

Biology- Cells the basic unit of life
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Cells the basic Unit of life

  • 1. Presents: Cell: The Unit Of Life
  • 2. What is cell?????????? Cell is a structural and functional unit of life.
  • 3. Cells In General: Animal Cell Stem Cells Cells are the basic unit of life. Plant Cell White Blood Cells Red Blood Cells Cancer Cell
  • 4. How do we view cells
  • 5. MICROSCOPE
  • 6. Parts of a microscope Diaphrag m Eyepiece s Arm Coarse focus knob Objective lens Fine focus knob Clips Base Stage Mirror
  • 7. Parts of the Microscope Eyepieces Objective lens Arm Clips Diaphragm Stage Coarse focus knob Light/ mirror Fine focus knob Base
  • 8. Photo by theshortdude.glogster.com Photo by animalport.com
  • 9. Type of cells 1) Animal cell (Sel haiwan) 2) Plant cell (Sel tumbuhan)
  • 10. Plant Cell and Animal Cell Plant and animal cells are composed of the same fundamental constituents—nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and various inorganic substances—and are organized in the same fundamental manner. A characteristic of their organization is the presence of unit membranes composed of phospholipids and associated proteins and in some instances nucleic acids.
  • 11. Animal Cell Animal cells are typical of the eukaryotic cell, enclosed by a plasma membrane and containing a membrane-bound nucleus and organelles. Unlike the eukaryotic cells of plants and fungi, animal cells do not have a cell wall.
  • 12. Animal cell Cell membrane Nucleus Cytoplasm Cheek cell (sel pipi)
  • 13. Animal Cell
  • 14. Plant Cell The basic unit of structure and function in nearly all plants. Although plant cells are variously modified in structure and function, they have many common features. The most distinctive feature of all plant cells is the rigid cell wall, which is absent in animal cells.
  • 15. .. Plant cell contains:  Cell membrane: CONTROL  Cytoplasm: CHIMICAL REACTION  Nucleus: GENETIC INFORMATION  Chloroplast: CHLOROPHYLL  Vacuole: CELL SAP  Cell wall: CELLULOSE SUPPORT
  • 16. Plant Cell
  • 17. Plant cell (Sel tumbuhan) Nucleus Cell membrane Cell wall Vacuole Cytoplasm Onion cell Chloroplast
  • 18. Similarities and Differences Similarities  Differences  Nucleus  Centriole  Nucleolus  Cell Wall  Cytoplasm  Golgi  Lysosome  Cell Membrane  Mitochondrion  Vacuole  Smooth/Rough ER  Ribosomes  Cytoskeleton  Plasma Membrane  Chloroplast
  • 19. Similarities  Nucleus- ―Brain of the cell.‖ It controls the activities within the cell. Nucleolus Nucleolus Nucleus Nucleus  Nucleolus- Found within the nucleus and is the site where ribosomes are created.
  • 20. Similarities  Cytoplasm- the gel-like liquid located within the entire cell. Cytoplasm Cytoplasm Golgi Apparatus Golgi Apparatus  Golgi Apparatus- packages molecules for transport around the cell.
  • 21. Similarities  Lysosome- ―digestive system‖ of the cell. Cell Membrane Cell Membrane Lysosome Lysosome  Cell Membrane- Decides what travels in and out of a cell.
  • 22. Similarities  Mitochondrion- ―Powerhouse‖ of cell Mitochondrion Mitochondrion Vacuole Vacuole  Vacuole- storage areas in the cell, digests and gets rid of waste products.
  • 23. Similarities  Cytoskeleton- helps maintain the shape of cell.  Ribosomes- site of protein synthesis Cytoskeleton Cytoskeleton Ribosomes Ribosomes
  • 24. Similarities  Endoplasmic Reticulum:  Smooth ER- detoxifies molecules  Rough ER- modifies proteins that will be shipped in organism Rough ER Rough ER Smooth ER Smooth ER
  • 25. Similarities  Plasma Membrane- serves as the ―skin‖ of the cell.
  • 26. Differences  Centriole- found only in ANIMAL cells. Main function is to generate the cells cytoskeleton. Centrioles
  • 27. Differences  Cell Wall- found in PLANTS only. It serves as a protective barrier, maintaining the shape and structure of the plant. Cell Wall
  • 28. Differences  Chloroplasts- only found in PLANTS. It provides food for the plant. Chloroplasts
  • 29. Differences  Chlorophyll- only found in PLANTS. Green pigment in plants that absorbs energy for the process of photosynthesis. Chlorophyll
  • 30. REVIEW… Only in Plants:  Chloroplast Only in Animals:  None  Chlorophyll  Cell Wall  Centriole Both: Nucleus, Nucleolus, Cytoplasm, Golgi, Lysosome, Cell Membrane, Mitochondrion, Vacuole, Cytoskeleton, Ribosomes, E R’s
  • 31. Organelles inside a cell Plants and animals have many different organelles in their cells lets take a look at a few
  • 32. Inside the Nucleus Nucleolus Chromatin Nuclear Envelope
  • 33. Ribosomes  Ribosomes – made of RNA and protein. Make Proteins!
  • 34. Ribosomes Ribosome
  • 35. Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)  Endoplasmic reticulum – internal membrane system of the cell.  Lipids, proteins, and other products are made here.  Rough ER – has ribosomes  Smooth ER – no ribosomes
  • 36. Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Rough ER Smooth ER
  • 37. Golgi Apparatus  Golgi Apparatus – modifies, sorts, and packages proteins.
  • 38. Golgi Apparatus Golgi Apparatus
  • 39. Lysosomes  Lysosomes – small organelles filled with enzymes.  Digest molecules to be used by the cell.
  • 40. Vacuoles  Vacuoles – store materials.
  • 41. Vacuoles Vacuoles
  • 42. Mitochondria  Mitochondria – organelle that converts chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use.  “Powerhouse of the Cell!”
  • 43. Mitochondria Mitochondria 7-2
  • 44. Chloroplasts  Chloroplasts – organelles that capture energy from sunlight and convert it into chemical energy. (Photosynthesis)  Found only in plants. 7-2
  • 45. Chloroplasts Chloroplast 7-2
  • 46. A few Different types of cell
  • 47. Epithelial Cells Epithelia are formed of cells that line the cavities in the body and also cover flat surfaces.
  • 48. Nerve Cell A neuron (also known as a neuron or nerve cell) is an electrically excitable cell that processes and transmits information by electrical and chemical signaling.
  • 49. Fat Cell Adipocytes, also known as lipocytes and fat cells, are the cells that primarily compose adipose tissue, specialized in storing energy as fat.
  • 50. Sperm The term sperm is derived from the Greek word sperma (meaning "seed") and refers to the male reproductive cells.
  • 51. cell tissue organ system organism
  • 52. References  http://s3.amazonaws.com/ppt-download/presentation1-101009125409phpapp01.pptx?response-contentdisposition=attachment&Signature=hBi1Z2GO%2FzMg4IseFrTY1V7l%2FZM %3D&Expires=1394196314&AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIW74DRRRQSO4NIKA  cellasthebasicunitoflife-131005234338-phpapp01 (2).ppt  http://s3.amazonaws.com/ppt-download/cellasthebasicunitoflife131005234338-phpapp01.ppt?response-contentdisposition=attachment&Signature=0UZOz3bzokvrZlri6HPecqV2d%2FE%3D& Expires=1394196167&AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIW74DRRRQSO4NIKA
  • 53. References  cells-091111083357-phpapp02.ppt  http://s3.amazonaws.com/ppt-download/cells-091111083357phpapp02.ppt?response-contentdisposition=attachment&Signature=ymUrrYBK6QZh6jc0npV1TxXk05s%3D&E xpires=1394196210&AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIW74DRRRQSO4NIKA  cellasthebasicunitoflife-131005234338-phpapp01 (1).ppt  http://s3.amazonaws.com/ppt-download/cellasthebasicunitoflife131005234338-phpapp01.ppt?response-contentdisposition=attachment&Signature=0UZOz3bzokvrZlri6HPecqV2d%2FE%3D& Expires=1394196167&AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIW74DRRRQSO4NIKA
  • 54. References  cellulagd-091129141036-phpapp01.ppt  http://s3.amazonaws.com/ppt-download/cellulagd-091129141036phpapp01.ppt?response-contentdisposition=attachment&Signature=LZCceSfvGpI%2FJSFkDwoiubZgq7c%3D &Expires=1394196200&AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIW74DRRRQSO4NIKA  cellstructure-120118153539-phpapp01.ppt  http://s3.amazonaws.com/ppt-download/cellstructure-120118153539phpapp01.ppt?response-contentdisposition=attachment&Signature=jAwTSDm5QM4aeTlKvkseIVCRU%2F8%3 D&Expires=1394196184&AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIW74DRRRQSO4NIKA
  • 55. References  cellasthebasicunitoflife-131005234338-phpapp01.ppt  http://s3.amazonaws.com/ppt-download/cellasthebasicunitoflife131005234338-phpapp01.ppt?response-contentdisposition=attachment&Signature=0UZOz3bzokvrZlri6HPecqV2d%2FE%3D& Expires=1394196167&AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIW74DRRRQSO4NIKA
  • 56. References  cellstructure-111113162625-phpapp02.ppt  http://s3.amazonaws.com/ppt-download/cellstructure-111113162625-phpapp02.ppt?responsecontentdisposition=attachment&Signature=%2B7yPUYsX6TyrqW4hPxYY%2Bo11nGY%3D&Expires=139419 7705&AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIW74DRRRQSO4NIKA  chapter-4-1232902759297606-1.ppt  http://s3.amazonaws.com/ppt-download/chapter-4-1232902759297606-1.ppt?response-contentdisposition=attachment&Signature=KOOXIfDYPhVlmufjJ5qaPz3Ev6M%3D&Expires=1394197644&A WSAccessKeyId=AKIAIW74DRRRQSO4NIKA  cellstructureandfunction-1208179806310758-83-110919111140-phpapp02.ppt  http://s3.amazonaws.com/ppt-download/cellstructureandfunction-1208179806310758-83110919111140-phpapp02.ppt?response-contentdisposition=attachment&Signature=NNTrmT2kILOgFsItbff3FuqSrxo%3D&Expires=1394197606&AW SAccessKeyId=AKIAIW74DRRRQSO4NIKA
  • 57. Thanks for watching