Kingdome Plantae
Presented By:
Miss Sayali Diwan
Class 11
G.V. Khade Vidyalaya
Shahapur.
Presented to:
Mr. Kailash ...
Green Algae's are the plant without body
differentiation.
They are mostly unicellular , conical, filamentous
structur...
Reproduction in Algae
Reproduction
Vegetative Asexual Sexual
Fragmentation
(in filamentous
form) and
cell division
...
 Volvax is a genus of chlorophytes, a type of green algae.
 It forms spherical colonies of up to 50.000 cells.
 They ...
Volvax
volvax
 Clamydomonas are the single celled alga.
 It mostly grows in ponds, ditches and wet soil.
Reproduction:-
 Reproduce...
LIFECYCLE(Asexual)
The zoospores grow into mature
haploid cells, completing
the asexual life cycle.
These daughter cel...
LIFECYCLE(SEXUAL
When the zygote breaks) dormancy,
Meiosis produces four haploid
Individuals (two of each mating type) ...
 Both reproduce sexually and asexually
 Fast growth rates
 High metabolic rates
 Fast nutrient uptake
 Occupy new...
 Spirogyra is a filamentous ribbon like
structure.
 It is mainly found in fresh water.
 It can be long up to 2 cm.
...
Spirogyra
Ulva has marine habitat
 The leaves of ulva is like algae.
 It is a sea lettuce.
 Ulva has no. Of leaves on one bran...
 Asexual reproduction: Bi-flagellate zoospores
 Sexual reproduction:
 Gametophytes (1n) form biflagellate isogametes;...
Life cycle of Ulva
 In bryophytes body differentiation starts to
exhibits.
 It is also called as plant amphibian.
 Steam and leaf like ...
STRUCTURE:-
 They have erect portion.
 The rhizoid may be unicellular or multicellular.
 Rhizoid are hair like struc...
Bryophyta
mosses
Bryophytes
Mosses
Bryophytes
Bryophytes
Moss and Liverworts
Funaria
Funaria
Funaria
Life cycle of Funaria
 Mosses possess radial symmetry, through it may be erect,
hanging or creeping.
 The plants are usually foliose.
 Bra...
 Liverworts has leafy thallus.
 A filamentous stage is absent. Plant is directly formed from
the spores.
 Rhizoids a...
Pteridophyta
Fern
Pteridophyta Fern
Fern
Fern
Life Cycle of Fern
 Phanerogame have distinct organs like root, steam,
leaves.
 Roots are present due to presences of special vascular
t...
Gymnosperm
CHARETERSTIC
 Gymnosperms are soft wood plant.
 Their plants are perennial, evergreen and
woody.
 The l...
 Roots are of two types in gymnosperm- (a)Tap root
(b)Coralloid
REPRODUCTION
 Reproduction is by Hetrospores.
 Spor...
Male cone-
Microsporangia
Strobili (with microspores)
microspore
Male gamete
Female cone-
Megasporophyll
Megaspore ...
i. All these megaspores does not produce female
gametophyte only one of them produce female
gametophyte.
ii. Male & fem...
Cycus is called living fossil as it posses many character of
extinct Pteriodophyte.
 It is an evergreen small palm-lik...
CHARETERSTICS
 Angiosperm are hard wood plants
 The seeds of angiosperms are covered by fruits.
 All the flowering p...
HABITAT
 Angiosperm are found anywhere in extreme condition also.
SINGIFICANES & ECONOMICAL USE
 These are the primar...
Based on number of cotyledon present on it.
COTYLEDON:-
1)It is a structure or predesigned plant inside the enclosed
s...
Monocots are the plants which bear one cotyledon.
 There are one leaves at the nodes.
 The vascular bundle in scatter...
 Dicot plant bears two cotyledon in the seed.
 There is two leaves at the node.
Vascular bundle in Dicot is ring like...
Pollination and Fertilization
Angiosperms:-
Lifecycle of Moss
Plasmogamy
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur
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Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur

classification of plants. plant life cycle, reproduction in plants, description of each class in kingdom plantae.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Science      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Kingdom plantae by Sayali Diwan presented to Mr. Kailash Vilegave ( Navdhare academy) Shahapur

  • 1. Kingdome Plantae Presented By: Miss Sayali Diwan Class 11 G.V. Khade Vidyalaya Shahapur. Presented to: Mr. Kailash Vilegave
  • 2. Green Algae's are the plant without body differentiation. They are mostly unicellular , conical, filamentous structure. They are Autotrophic because they contain chlorophyll. Green Algae's are found mostly in fresh water , marine water.  So they are mostly aquatic. The algae cell wall consist of two layers i.e. cellulosic and other pectin compounds.
  • 3. Reproduction in Algae Reproduction Vegetative Asexual Sexual Fragmentation (in filamentous form) and cell division (in unicellular form) By the formation of various types of Motile or Non-Motile spores. The most common being the Zoospores. They are Flagellated(Motile) and on germination give rise to new plants. Formation and fusion of Gametes. Isogamy:- Fusing gametes are same Anisogamy:- Fusing gametes are different Oogamy:- Fusing gametes are totally different
  • 4.  Volvax is a genus of chlorophytes, a type of green algae.  It forms spherical colonies of up to 50.000 cells.  They live in variety of fresh water habitat.  Volvax developed its colonial lifestyle 200 million ago. Reproduction:- Asexual:-  An asexual colonies includes both somatic(vegetative cell) which do not reproduce , and gonidia which produce new colonies through repeated division.  The daughter colonies have their flagella initially directed inwards. Sexual:-  In sexual reproduction two types of Gametes are produced.  Male cone release numerous microgametes,while in female colonies single cell enlarge to become oogamets,or egg.
  • 5. Volvax
  • 6. volvax
  • 7.  Clamydomonas are the single celled alga.  It mostly grows in ponds, ditches and wet soil. Reproduction:-  Reproduce sexually by producing Zygote.  Reproduce Asexually by producing Zoospores.
  • 8. LIFECYCLE(Asexual) The zoospores grow into mature haploid cells, completing the asexual life cycle. These daughter cells develop flagella and cell walls and then emerge as swimming zoospores from the wall of the parent cell that had enclosed them. It reabsorbs its flagella and then divides twice by mitosis, forming four cells (more in some species) A mature cell of Clamydomonas is a haploid Asexual Reproduction
  • 9. LIFECYCLE(SEXUAL When the zygote breaks) dormancy, Meiosis produces four haploid Individuals (two of each mating type) That emerges from the coat. MEIOSIS This diploid zygote secretes a durable coat that protects the cell against harsh conditions They eventually grow into mature cells. A mature cell of Clamydomonas is a Haploid cell. MITOSIS Within the wall of the parent cell, mitosis produces many haploid Gametes. Fusion of the isogametes occurs slowly, forming a diploid zygote. After their release, gametes from opposite mating types (designated + and - ) pair off and cling together.
  • 10.  Both reproduce sexually and asexually  Fast growth rates  High metabolic rates  Fast nutrient uptake  Occupy new spaces after disturbances
  • 11.  Spirogyra is a filamentous ribbon like structure.  It is mainly found in fresh water.  It can be long up to 2 cm.  Cell Wall in spirogyra is made up of two layers:- 1)Outer layer is made up of pectin. 2)Inner layer is made up of cellulose.
  • 12. Spirogyra
  • 13. Ulva has marine habitat  The leaves of ulva is like algae.  It is a sea lettuce.  Ulva has no. Of leaves on one branch.
  • 14.  Asexual reproduction: Bi-flagellate zoospores  Sexual reproduction:  Gametophytes (1n) form biflagellate isogametes; fuse in pairs -> germinate -> form sporophyte (2n).  Sporophyte cells undergo meiosis -> form quadriflagellate zoospores (1n) -> release -> form the gametophytes (1n).  Sporophyte isomorphic to gametophyte except that it is diploid.
  • 15. Life cycle of Ulva
  • 16.  In bryophytes body differentiation starts to exhibits.  It is also called as plant amphibian.  Steam and leaf like structures are present on Bryophytes.  Water is crucial for their existent.  Bryophytes are mostly found in hilly areas.  Specialize vascular tissues are absent.  They also have cryptogam like thallophyta.
  • 17. STRUCTURE:-  They have erect portion.  The rhizoid may be unicellular or multicellular.  Rhizoid are hair like structure present on lower epidermal cell. REPRODUCTION:-  In Asexual, reproduction takes place by fragmentation or spore formation.  In Sexual, reproduction takes place by gametes.  Male plant is known Antredium & female plant is k/as Archegonia.
  • 18. Bryophyta mosses
  • 19. Bryophytes Mosses
  • 20. Bryophytes
  • 21. Bryophytes
  • 22. Moss and Liverworts
  • 23. Funaria
  • 24. Funaria
  • 25. Funaria
  • 26. Life cycle of Funaria
  • 27.  Mosses possess radial symmetry, through it may be erect, hanging or creeping.  The plants are usually foliose.  Branching is lateral.  Rhizoids are multicellular and branched.  The sporophyte is always differentiated into foot, seta and capsule and is more elaborate.  Seta develops fully before the maturity of cells.  Vascular tissues are absent.
  • 28.  Liverworts has leafy thallus.  A filamentous stage is absent. Plant is directly formed from the spores.  Rhizoids are unicellular.  Sporophyte may or may not be differentiated into foot, seta and capsule.  Seta develops rapidly towards the maturity of spores.
  • 29. Pteridophyta Fern
  • 30. Pteridophyta Fern
  • 31. Fern
  • 32. Fern
  • 33. Life Cycle of Fern
  • 34.  Phanerogame have distinct organs like root, steam, leaves.  Roots are present due to presences of special vascular tissue.  Reproductive part is visible in Phanerogame.  Phanerogame are classified on the basis of their type of reproduction. Phanerogame Angiosperm Gymnosperm
  • 35. Gymnosperm CHARETERSTIC  Gymnosperms are soft wood plant.  Their plants are perennial, evergreen and woody.  The leaves of gymnosperms are needled shaped. STRUCTURE  They are branched or sometime unbranched.  Leaves are simple or compound.  They are well adopted in extreme
  • 36.  Roots are of two types in gymnosperm- (a)Tap root (b)Coralloid REPRODUCTION  Reproduction is by Hetrospores.  Sporangia produces two types of spores. 1)Microspore- It is small in size and germinates to give rise to male gametophyte which produce male gametes. 2)Megaspores-It is the large in size and germinates to give rise to gametophyte which produces female egg.  Spores spiral are arranged in compact structure called strobili or combes.  Their are 2 types of cone- Male cone, Female
  • 37. Male cone- Microsporangia Strobili (with microspores) microspore Male gamete Female cone- Megasporophyll Megaspore Female gametophyte Female gametes
  • 38. i. All these megaspores does not produce female gametophyte only one of them produce female gametophyte. ii. Male & female gametophyte do not have an independent free living existence. iii. They are not independent in their existence. iv. Male or female cone can be present on same or different plant.
  • 39. Cycus is called living fossil as it posses many character of extinct Pteriodophyte.  It is an evergreen small palm-like or tree-fern like sporophyte.  They have symbiotic association with blue-green algae like Nostoc, Anabaena etc.
  • 40. CHARETERSTICS  Angiosperm are hard wood plants  The seeds of angiosperms are covered by fruits.  All the flowering plants are angiosperm.  They have broad leaves.  Angiosperm form the largest group from plants.
  • 41. HABITAT  Angiosperm are found anywhere in extreme condition also. SINGIFICANES & ECONOMICAL USE  These are the primary food for all animals.  Provides o2 for breathing.  It also provides Lumbar & fibres for clothing.  It is used for drugs production.
  • 42. Based on number of cotyledon present on it. COTYLEDON:- 1)It is a structure or predesigned plant inside the enclosed seed. 2)It is termed as seed leaves. 3)Their are variety which contain one or two seed leaves. A. Monocot B. Dicot
  • 43. Monocots are the plants which bear one cotyledon.  There are one leaves at the nodes.  The vascular bundle in scattered.  In monocot floral parts is always multiple of 3.  Eg- Maize, Onion, Sugarcane etc.
  • 44.  Dicot plant bears two cotyledon in the seed.  There is two leaves at the node. Vascular bundle in Dicot is ring like structure.  Floral parts in Dicot is multiple of 4 & 5.  Eg- Rose, Lotus , Mango.
  • 45. Pollination and Fertilization
  • 46. Angiosperms:-
  • 47. Lifecycle of Moss
  • 48. Plasmogamy

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