POLICY SUPPORT
TO SMALL SCALE
INDUSTRIES
RITU
MCOM(E-COM)
ROLL NO 15
INTRODUCTION
After attaining independence in 1947 India
adopted mixed economic planning as a method
to achieve economic de...
 The various provisions under Industrial
Policy Resolutions formulated by the
government in assisting the small scale
ind...
INDUSTRIAL POLICY
RESOLUTION AND SSIs
1. INDUSTRIAL POLICY RESOLUTION 1948
1.1 SSIs are particularly suited for the utiliz...
2. INDUSTRIAL POLICY
RESOLUTION 1956
2.1 It stated that besides continuing the policy support to
cottage, village and smal...
5.INDUSTRIAL POLICY RESOLUTION
1991
The basic thrust of this resolution was to simplify regulations and
procedures by deli...
INDUSTRIAL POLICY ON SSIS 2004-
05
Policy initiatives for this year are as follows:
• The national commission on Enterpris...
POLICY PACKAGE FOR SME
2005-06
THIS POLICY PACKAGE CONTAINS THE FOLLOWING POINTS
1. 180 items were dereservation.
2. Small...
FISCAL INCENTIVES TO SSIs
Fiscal incentives are provided through tax
concessions granted in the form of
exempted of direct...
TAX HOLIDAY
With effect from financial year 2005-06, deduction in
respect of profit and gains for small scale industrial
u...
TAX EXEMPTION CONDITIONS:
1. No small scale or ancillary undertaking shall be subsidiary of, or
owned or controlled by oth...
EXCISE CONCESSIONS
Government of India has provided a major
relief by grating full exemption from the
payment of central e...
1, SS units producing goods up to Rs.100 lakhs are exempted from payment of
excise duties.
2. SSI units having turnover le...
TWO STREMS OF CONCESSIONS TO
SSIs.
 SSI Scheme (without CENVAT): With effect from 1st
April
2000.
The rate of duty applic...
 SSI Scheme (with CENVAT): with effect 1st
April 2003.
It provides the concessional rate of duty in respect of clearance ...
MEASURES FOR PROMOTION
AND DEVELOPMENT OF SSIs
Central and state Government have formulated several schemes to make
the SS...
RESERVATION POLICY
Out of 836 items reserved in 1989,39 items were dereserved in four
phases viz.,
 15 items in 1997’
 9...
GOVERNMENT’S PURCHASE
PREFERENCE POLICY FOR SSI
PRODUCTS
 Under the Store Purchase Policy of the Government 409
items of ...
GOVERNMENT PRICE PREFERENCE
POLICY FOR MARKETING SSI PRODUTS
These facilities includes the following :
1. Price preference...
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
 Technology audits and benchmarking
 Technology needs assessment
 Technology sourcing
 Applicatio...
NEW INITIATIVES
 Advisory and Mentoring services
 Technology Business Incubators
> Information technology.
> Production ...
of 21

Policysupporttosmallscaleindustries 090622104828-phpapp01

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
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Transcripts - Policysupporttosmallscaleindustries 090622104828-phpapp01

  • 1. POLICY SUPPORT TO SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES RITU MCOM(E-COM) ROLL NO 15
  • 2. INTRODUCTION After attaining independence in 1947 India adopted mixed economic planning as a method to achieve economic development. Along with the Large Scale sector the thrust was on Small Scale sector because of it decentralized, its small size, use mainly indigenous technology, employment intensity and its suitability for rural area with limited techno-economic structure. Industrial policies over the year have focused to promote SSIs through various incentives related to financial, fiscal and infrastructure measure; along with a heavy industrial base.
  • 3.  The various provisions under Industrial Policy Resolutions formulated by the government in assisting the small scale industries (SSI)  The various fiscal incentives for SSIs
  • 4. INDUSTRIAL POLICY RESOLUTION AND SSIs 1. INDUSTRIAL POLICY RESOLUTION 1948 1.1 SSIs are particularly suited for the utilization of local resources and creation of employment opportunities . 1.2 The primary responsibility for developing small industries by creating infrastructure has been provided to state government . 1.3 Central government frame the broad policies and coordinates the efforts of State Government for development of SSIs.
  • 5. 2. INDUSTRIAL POLICY RESOLUTION 1956 2.1 It stated that besides continuing the policy support to cottage, village and small industries by differential taxation or direct-subsidies, the aim of state policy would be that the development of this sector is integrated with that of large scale industry. 2.2 The focus was to improve the competitive strength of SSIs. 2.2.1 to achieve this 128 items were exclusively reserved for production in SSIs, and 166 items were reserved for exclusive purchase by government from this sector.
  • 6. 5.INDUSTRIAL POLICY RESOLUTION 1991 The basic thrust of this resolution was to simplify regulations and procedures by delicensing, deregulation . Its salient feature are: 1. SSIs were exempted from licensing for all articles of manufacture. 2. The investment limit for tiny enterprises was raised to Rs.5 lacs irrespective of location. 3. Equity participation by other industrial undertaking was permitted up to a limit of 24% of shareholding in SSIs. 4. Factoring services were to launch to solve the problem of delayed payment to SSIs. 5. Priority was accorded to small and tiny units in allocation of indigenous and raw materials. 6. Market promotion of products was emphasized through co-operatives, public institutions and other marketing agencies and corporations.
  • 7. INDUSTRIAL POLICY ON SSIS 2004- 05 Policy initiatives for this year are as follows: • The national commission on Enterprises in the Un-organized/Informal Sector was set up in September 2004.It suggested measures considered necessary for improvement in the productivity of these enterprises, generation of large scale employment opportunities, linkage of the sector to institutional framework in area like credit ,raw material supply, infrastructure, technology up gradation ,marketing facilities and skill development by training . • 85 items were de-reserved in October 2004. • The investment limit in plant and machinery was raised from Rs One crore to Rs 5 crore in October 2004,in respect of seven item of sports goods to help to upgrade the technology and enhance competitiveness. • The Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) fund of Rs 10000 crores was stared by SIDBI since April 2004,with 80% of the lending for SSI units. The interest rate was 2%below the prevailing Prime Lending Rate (PLR) of the SIDBI. • The reserve Bank of India raised the composite loan limit from Rs 50 lakhs to Rs One crore. • Promotional Package for small enterprises was initiated.
  • 8. POLICY PACKAGE FOR SME 2005-06 THIS POLICY PACKAGE CONTAINS THE FOLLOWING POINTS 1. 180 items were dereservation. 2. Small and Medium Enterprises were recognized in the services sector , and were treated on par with SSIs in the manufacturing sector. 3. The corpus of the Credit Guarantee Fund was raised from Rs 1132 crore in March 2006 to Rs 2500 crore in five years. 4. Credit Guarantee Trust for Small Industries (CGTSI) was advised to reduce the one time guarantee fee from 2.5% to 1.5% for all loans. 5. Insurance cover was extended to proximately 30,000 borrowers, identified as chief promoters, under the CGTSI. The sum assured would be Rs 200000 per beneficiary and the premium will be paid by CGTSI. 6. The emphasis was laid on Cluster Development model not only to promote manufacturing but also to renew industrial towns build new industrial township . The model is now being implemented, in nine sector including khadi and village industries, handlooms, textiles, agricultural products and medicinal plants.
  • 9. FISCAL INCENTIVES TO SSIs Fiscal incentives are provided through tax concessions granted in the form of exempted of direct or indirect taxes leviable on production or profits, besides special tax concessions. These incentives have been provided to promote the SSIs and discussed in following:
  • 10. TAX HOLIDAY With effect from financial year 2005-06, deduction in respect of profit and gains for small scale industrial undertaking is available under Section 80IB. Small scale industrial undertaking can claim deduction at the following rates: 1. If SSI unit is owned by a company , the deduction available is 30% for first 10 year, 2. If SSI unit is owned by a co-cooperative society, the deduction to be availed is 25% for first 10 years, and 3. If any other person owns SSI units ,the deduction to be claimed is 25% for first 10 years.
  • 11. TAX EXEMPTION CONDITIONS: 1. No small scale or ancillary undertaking shall be subsidiary of, or owned or controlled by other industries undertaking . 2. The SSI unit should commence business between 1st April1991 and 31st March 2002. 3. SSI unit can manufacture any nature/type of goods /article to avail deduction. 4. They should employ at least 10 workers in manufacturing process carried out with aid of power or at least 20 worker in manufacturing process carried out without the aid of power. 5. This tax exemption from total income is allowed from the assessment year in which the unit being to manufacture or produce goods or articles.
  • 12. EXCISE CONCESSIONS Government of India has provided a major relief by grating full exemption from the payment of central excise duty on a specified output and thereafter slab-wise concessions. The following concessions are available to them in this regard:
  • 13. 1, SS units producing goods up to Rs.100 lakhs are exempted from payment of excise duties. 2. SSI units having turnover less than Rs.60 lakhs per annum need not have a separate storeroom for storing the finished products. 3.SSIs are also not required to maintain any statutory records such as daily stock account of production and clearance , raw material account ,personal ledger account etc. their own record are adequate for excise purpose. 4. There is no distinction between registered and unregistered units for SSI concessions for SSIs has been based on annual turnover rather than SSI registration . Duty liability is to be discharged by 15th of following month. 5. The SSI exemption is available for home consumption ,as well as in respect of goods exported to Nepal & Bhutan. 6. Normally ,excise officers are not expected to visit SSI units paying less than Rs.11lakhs duty annually . 7.With effect from 1-4-1994, Gate –Pass System was replaced by manufacturer invoice to cover clearance of goods as the duty-paying document.
  • 14. TWO STREMS OF CONCESSIONS TO SSIs.  SSI Scheme (without CENVAT): With effect from 1st April 2000. The rate of duty applicable to such manufactures whose turnover does not exceed Rs.3 crores in the pervious financial year in respect of excisable goods for home consumption from one or more factories of the same manufacturer or from factory by one or more manufacturer: RATE OF DUTY IN RESPECT OF CLEARNCE OF EXCISABLE GOODS VALUE OF CLEARENCE(RS) RATE OF DUTY UP TO RS.100 Lakhs NIL 100-300 Lakhs normal rate of duty
  • 15.  SSI Scheme (with CENVAT): with effect 1st April 2003. It provides the concessional rate of duty in respect of clearance of specified goods for home consumption and also states that all clearance of the specified goods which are used for captive consumption in production of the specified goods shall be subjected to be ‘nil’ rate of duty. Rate of duty in respect of clearance of Specified goods. Value of clearance (Rs) Rate of duty up to 100 lakhs 60%of normal rate 100-300 lakhs normal rate of duty
  • 16. MEASURES FOR PROMOTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF SSIs Central and state Government have formulated several schemes to make the SSIs vital and competitive. • Reservation policy • Government’s purchased preference policy for SSI products. • Government’s price preference policy for marketing SSI products. • Technical assistance • Raw material assistance • Financial assistance • New initiatives
  • 17. RESERVATION POLICY Out of 836 items reserved in 1989,39 items were dereserved in four phases viz.,  15 items in 1997’  9 items on 1999  1 item on 2001 and,  14 item on 2001.subsequently,  51 item were dereserved in 2002,  75 item in 2003 and  85 items in 2004,  108 in March 2005 and  180 in May 2006.  Now 298 items stand reserved for this sector.
  • 18. GOVERNMENT’S PURCHASE PREFERENCE POLICY FOR SSI PRODUCTS  Under the Store Purchase Policy of the Government 409 items of store were reserved for exclusive purchase from KVIC/Women’s Development Corporation/Small Scale units in 1989.  This list reviewed . In February2004, the Committee (set up to consider the question of inclusion of additional items) revised list and 358 items were approved, after deleting items having common nomenclature and addition of some new ones. This list also includes 8 handicraft items reserved for purchase from the Handicraft Sector.
  • 19. GOVERNMENT PRICE PREFERENCE POLICY FOR MARKETING SSI PRODUTS These facilities includes the following : 1. Price preference up to 15%in case of selected items. 2. No registration fee. 3. A consortium to channelize and identify for the production of SSIs both in India and abroad.
  • 20. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE  Technology audits and benchmarking  Technology needs assessment  Technology sourcing  Application of new acquisition.  Technology acquisition .  Material testing facilities through accredited laboratories.  Product design including Computer Aided Designs.  Common facility support in machining  Energy and environment services at selected centers.  Classroom and practical training for skill upgradation
  • 21. NEW INITIATIVES  Advisory and Mentoring services  Technology Business Incubators > Information technology. > Production design. > Energy and Environment > Bio-Technology . > Electronics and Communications  Suppliers Rating Accreditation Services.

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