Narrative
and the construction of meaning
AS Media Studies
Every medias text has a
NARRATIVE STRUCTURE
Narrative
This is how the
STORY IS TOLD
Narrative
NARRATIVE
is creating
MEANING
Narrative
As consumers (audience)
we have come to expect
certain rules (conventions)
in our stories.
Narrative
As consumers (audience)
we have come to expect
certain rules (conventions)
in our stories.
Narrative
We are socialised
in our media culture to
expect a certain relationship
between a media text and
the way it is “packaged”....
We are socialised
in our media culture to
expect a certain relationship
between a media text and
the way it is “packaged”....
This means we have
certain expectations…
Narrative
This means we have
certain expectations…
which have developed
through our exposure to
media texts.
Narrative
A coherent, expected,
and therefore acceptable
narrative is necessary for
a text to be successful.
Narrative
A coherent, expected,
and therefore acceptable
narrative is necessary for
a text to be successful.
Narrative
NARRATIVE
is creating
MEANING
Narrative
This is often done through
ANCHORAGE
Narrative
In a moving image text,
film or TV, the narrative
Is shaped by many
elements but especially…
Narrative
• mise en scene
Narrative
• mise en scene
• editing
Narrative
• mise en scene
• editing
• music and sounds
Narrative
This is the way that the
story is told or how we
describe what is happening
Narrative
Just as a writer uses paper
and words, an artist uses
canvas and ink, a sculptor
uses clay….
Narrative
So we use, mise en
scene, sound, music,
and editing to shape our
narrative.
Narrative
You need to be ready to write in detail
about…
Narrative
How you have used these
elements to confirm the
genre of your text?
You also need to understand…
Narrative
Generic conventions are
the shorthand of narrative.
Narrative
Generic conventions are
the shorthand of narrative.
They simplify the storytelling
process
Narrative
Stereotypes are another
very useful narrative tool.
Narrative
Stereotypes are another
very useful narrative tool.
Are you using any in your
film?
Narrative
As human beings we
are preconditioned
to make a narrative out
of what we see.
(see John Berger’s book “Ways of Seeing”)
Na...
We always want to find out
why, what, when, where?
Narrative
We always want to find out
why, what, when, where?
We need to make sense of
the world.
Narrative
We always want to find out
why, what, when, where?
We need to make sense of
the world.
We don't like chaos.
Narrative
Some things that give
meaning…
Narrative
Some things that give
meaning… close ups,
Narrative
Some things that give
meaning… close ups,
establishing shots,
Narrative
Some things that give
meaning… close ups,
establishing shots,
juxtaposition of shots,
Narrative
Some things that give
meaning… close ups,
establishing shots,
juxtaposition of shots, music,
Narrative
Some things that give
meaning… close ups,
establishing shots,
juxtaposition of shots,
Narrative
Some things that give
meaning… close ups,
establishing shots,
juxtaposition of shots, music,
sound effects,
Narrative
Some things that give
meaning… close ups,
establishing shots,
juxtaposition of shots, music,
sound effects, colours,
Narra...
Some things that give
meaning… close ups,
establishing shots,
juxtaposition of shots, music,
sound effects, colours,
costu...
Some things that give
meaning… close ups,
establishing shots,
juxtaposition of shots, music,
sound effects, colours,
costu...
Some things that give
meaning… close ups,
establishing shots,
juxtaposition of shots, music,
sound effects, colours,
costu...
THE END
of 43

Narrative & the Construction of Meaning

Introduction to AS media or film students to the construction of meaning in a moving image text.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Narrative & the Construction of Meaning

  • 1. Narrative and the construction of meaning AS Media Studies
  • 2. Every medias text has a NARRATIVE STRUCTURE Narrative
  • 3. This is how the STORY IS TOLD Narrative
  • 4. NARRATIVE is creating MEANING Narrative
  • 5. As consumers (audience) we have come to expect certain rules (conventions) in our stories. Narrative
  • 6. As consumers (audience) we have come to expect certain rules (conventions) in our stories. Narrative
  • 7. We are socialised in our media culture to expect a certain relationship between a media text and the way it is “packaged”. Narrative
  • 8. We are socialised in our media culture to expect a certain relationship between a media text and the way it is “packaged”. Narrative
  • 9. This means we have certain expectations… Narrative
  • 10. This means we have certain expectations… which have developed through our exposure to media texts. Narrative
  • 11. A coherent, expected, and therefore acceptable narrative is necessary for a text to be successful. Narrative
  • 12. A coherent, expected, and therefore acceptable narrative is necessary for a text to be successful. Narrative
  • 13. NARRATIVE is creating MEANING Narrative
  • 14. This is often done through ANCHORAGE Narrative
  • 15. In a moving image text, film or TV, the narrative Is shaped by many elements but especially… Narrative
  • 16. • mise en scene Narrative
  • 17. • mise en scene • editing Narrative
  • 18. • mise en scene • editing • music and sounds Narrative
  • 19. This is the way that the story is told or how we describe what is happening Narrative
  • 20. Just as a writer uses paper and words, an artist uses canvas and ink, a sculptor uses clay…. Narrative
  • 21. So we use, mise en scene, sound, music, and editing to shape our narrative. Narrative
  • 22. You need to be ready to write in detail about… Narrative
  • 23. How you have used these elements to confirm the genre of your text? You also need to understand… Narrative
  • 24. Generic conventions are the shorthand of narrative. Narrative
  • 25. Generic conventions are the shorthand of narrative. They simplify the storytelling process Narrative
  • 26. Stereotypes are another very useful narrative tool. Narrative
  • 27. Stereotypes are another very useful narrative tool. Are you using any in your film? Narrative
  • 28. As human beings we are preconditioned to make a narrative out of what we see. (see John Berger’s book “Ways of Seeing”) Narrative
  • 29. We always want to find out why, what, when, where? Narrative
  • 30. We always want to find out why, what, when, where? We need to make sense of the world. Narrative
  • 31. We always want to find out why, what, when, where? We need to make sense of the world. We don't like chaos. Narrative
  • 32. Some things that give meaning… Narrative
  • 33. Some things that give meaning… close ups, Narrative
  • 34. Some things that give meaning… close ups, establishing shots, Narrative
  • 35. Some things that give meaning… close ups, establishing shots, juxtaposition of shots, Narrative
  • 36. Some things that give meaning… close ups, establishing shots, juxtaposition of shots, music, Narrative
  • 37. Some things that give meaning… close ups, establishing shots, juxtaposition of shots, Narrative
  • 38. Some things that give meaning… close ups, establishing shots, juxtaposition of shots, music, sound effects, Narrative
  • 39. Some things that give meaning… close ups, establishing shots, juxtaposition of shots, music, sound effects, colours, Narrative
  • 40. Some things that give meaning… close ups, establishing shots, juxtaposition of shots, music, sound effects, colours, costumes, Narrative
  • 41. Some things that give meaning… close ups, establishing shots, juxtaposition of shots, music, sound effects, colours, costumes, dialogue, Narrative
  • 42. Some things that give meaning… close ups, establishing shots, juxtaposition of shots, music, sound effects, colours, costumes, dialogue, etc. Narrative
  • 43. THE END