6-2.6: Compare the polytheistic
belief systems of the Greeks and
the Romans with the origins,
foundational beliefs, and...
 Like most cultures throughout the ancient world,
the Greeks and Romans were polytheistic:
 They believed the gods & g...
 Although they were very powerful, they looked & acted
just like humans
 They had human emotions (like love, hate, jea...
 The Romans adopted the Greek belief in deities,
but gave them Roman names
 Both cultures sought to appease the gods, ...
 Both believed in the Afterlife, but more attention
was given to living in this world than preparing for
the next, like...
• As the Roman Empire
grew, the people they
conquered were
allowed to keep their
own religious beliefs,
as long as th...
 Christianity is an extension of Judaism
 Unlike other religions of the ancient Mediterranean &
eastern worlds, Judais...
 During the time of the Roman Empire, followers of
Judaism believed that God would send a Messiah or
Savior to restore ...
 A carpenter by trade, he left
his home in Nazareth to
become an itinerant
minister
 Twelve disciples come with
him...
 His message of love & devotion to God & all
mankind is central to all of his teachings, which
formed the foundation of...
 Jesus Christ is the incarnation of God (God in the
bodily form)
 Jesus died on the cross
 He was resurrected from t...
 God loves man & wants a relationship with him, so
Jesus died on the cross as a sacrifice to provide a
way of forgivene...
 A life of good works (good actions like with karma
in Hinduism) is a reflection of a relationship with
God, not a way ...
 Christianity was first spread beyond Jerusalem and
Judea as Christians moved to other areas due to
persecution for the...
1 Peter 3:18
For Christ also suffered
once for sins, the righteous
for the unrighteous, to
bring you to God. He was
p...
John 3:16
For God so loved the world
that he gave his one and
only Son that whoever
believes in him shall not
perish ...
 Not one of the original 12 disciples
of Jesus
 Paul was also known as Saul before
he converted to Christianity
 He...
 Despite early persecution by Roman authorities,
Christianity was eventually adopted as the official
religion of the ro...
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Polytheism vs Christianity

Greek and Roman polytheism compared to the foundational beliefs and spread of Christianity in the ancient world.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Polytheism vs Christianity

  • 1. 6-2.6: Compare the polytheistic belief systems of the Greeks and the Romans with the origins, foundational beliefs, and spread of Christianity
  • 2.  Like most cultures throughout the ancient world, the Greeks and Romans were polytheistic:  They believed the gods & goddess ruled and lived in the heavens, the earth, and the underworld.
  • 3.  Although they were very powerful, they looked & acted just like humans  They had human emotions (like love, hate, jealousy, compassion, and vengeance), played games, had families, and fought wars
  • 4.  The Romans adopted the Greek belief in deities, but gave them Roman names  Both cultures sought to appease the gods, built temples, offered sacrifices, and prayed for assistance in their lives
  • 5.  Both believed in the Afterlife, but more attention was given to living in this world than preparing for the next, like the Egyptians did. 10:05- Rome: Worship in Rome (HBO)
  • 6. • As the Roman Empire grew, the people they conquered were allowed to keep their own religious beliefs, as long as those beliefs did not threaten Roman rule. • One religion seen as a threat was Christianity.
  • 7.  Christianity is an extension of Judaism  Unlike other religions of the ancient Mediterranean & eastern worlds, Judaism and Christianity were monotheistic: believing in a single divine being that both both religions referred to as Yahweh (God)
  • 8.  During the time of the Roman Empire, followers of Judaism believed that God would send a Messiah or Savior to restore the nation of Israel  The Romans had conquered this area during their expansion  Christianity grew from this belief that Jesus Christ was this Messiah Video Question: What are the three man similarities and three main differences in Judaism and Christianity? 3 Differences, Judaism & Christianity 5:58
  • 9.  A carpenter by trade, he left his home in Nazareth to become an itinerant minister  Twelve disciples come with him on his journeys  He was recognized as a healer & a prophet by some and hailed the Son of God, the Messiah, by others
  • 10.  His message of love & devotion to God & all mankind is central to all of his teachings, which formed the foundation of Christianity
  • 11.  Jesus Christ is the incarnation of God (God in the bodily form)  Jesus died on the cross  He was resurrected from the dead in order that mankind could be forgiven of their sins  He remains among mankind as the Holy Spirit
  • 12.  God loves man & wants a relationship with him, so Jesus died on the cross as a sacrifice to provide a way of forgiveness  Jesus was resurrected to provide a way for mankind to enter a relationship with God  Salvation is a gift through grace & mankind can do nothing to earn it Jesus Resurrection Appearances 14:14
  • 13.  A life of good works (good actions like with karma in Hinduism) is a reflection of a relationship with God, not a way of earning merit  The Bible contains the sacred writings of Christianity  The Bible is considered the word of God and a guide to how Christians should live The Bible in 5 minutes video
  • 14.  Christianity was first spread beyond Jerusalem and Judea as Christians moved to other areas due to persecution for their beliefs  The religion flourished throughout the Middle East and Mediterranean world due to the preaching/ teaching of followers of Jesus:  Peter, John the Apostle, and Paul
  • 15. 1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. He was put to death in the body but made alive in the Spirit
  • 16. John 3:16 For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.
  • 17.  Not one of the original 12 disciples of Jesus  Paul was also known as Saul before he converted to Christianity  He founded many churches in Asia Minor & Europe during the first century  He used his status as a Jew and Roman citizen to spread the message of Christianity to both groups
  • 18.  Despite early persecution by Roman authorities, Christianity was eventually adopted as the official religion of the roman Empire & became entrenched in western civilization.

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