Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction
in integration to Climate Change Adaptation
National Seminar Workshop
Scien...
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Nat semmadridcsic 27may rev1

“Scien+fic Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legisla+ons”
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Environment      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Nat semmadridcsic 27may rev1

  • 1. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014 KNOW-­‐4-­‐DRR  Na+onal  Seminar  Workshop   17-­‐18  November  2014.  Residencia  de  Estudiantes,  Madrid,  Spain     “Scien+fic  Knowledge  and  the  Risks  implied  by   DRR  and  CCA  Legisla+ons” CSIC   (María  José  Jiménez,  Mariano  García-­‐Fernández)
  • 2. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014 Workshop  Day  1:  Monday,  17th  November  2014 13:30-­‐14:30 Welcome  and  Coffee/Tea/light  Lunch A@ernoon  Session  1  (Chair:    Mariano  García-­‐Fernández) 14:30  –  14:45 Brief  presenta+on/update    of  KNOW4DRR Scira  Menoni KNOW-­‐4-­‐DRR  Coord. Politecnico  Milano 14:45  –  15:00 Introduc+on  of  Par+cipants All 15:00  –  15:15 Introduc+on  to  the  Workshop María  José  Jiménez  &   Mariano  García IGEO  –  CSIC,  Madrid 15:15  –  15:45 “Disaster  mi+ga+on  and  climate  change  adapta+on  in  +mes  of  economic  crisis:   Summary  of  results  of  KNOW4DRR  Workshop    in  Athens,  Greece  on  April  7,  2014” Miranda  Dandoulaki   Harokopio  University Athens 15:45  –  16:15 “Scien+fic  knowledge,  disaster  risk  reduc+on  and  adapta+on  to  climate  change:   problems  and  opportuni+es  in  Spain.  Summary  of  results  of  KNOW4DRR  preparatory   workshop  in  Madrid,  Spain  on  April  29,  2014” María  José  Jiménez IGEO  –CSIC,  Madrid 16:15  –  16:30 Coffee  break
  • 3. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014 Workshop  Day  1:  Monday,  17th  November  2014 A@ernoon  Session  2  (Chair:    Mariano  García-­‐Fernández) 16:30  –  17:00 “Natural  Hazards  and  Climate  Change  in  the  Na+onal  Security  Strategy  (Spain)” José  Luis  González Depart.  of  Homeland   Security,  Spain 17:00  –  17:30 “CCS  and  Risk  Management:  Legisla+on  and  Regula+ons” Alfonso  Nájera Consorcio  Compensación   Seguros,  MEC,  Spain 17:30  – Guided    visit  to  “Residencia  de  Estudiantes” 20:00  – Workshop    Dinner    (“La  Tierruca”  Avda.  Nazaret,  8,  28009  Madrid)
  • 4. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014 Workshop  Day  1   Monday,  17th  November  2014
  • 5. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014   Economic  crisis:  No  relevant  trend  on  increasing  losses  in   Spain.   Actually,   CCS   lowered   the   fees   because   excess   on   accumula+on  of  resources.  Sta+s+cs  show  no  effect  in  last   35  years  (A.  Nájera,  CCS)     Economic  crisis:  Slowing  down  trend  of  increased  flood  risk   associated   to   increased   building   construc+on   in   exposed   areas  in  Spain  (J.  Marquínez,  INDUROT)     Economic  crisis:  Increased  risk  in  the  case  of  forest  fires  in   Greece  (M.  Dandoulaki,  Harokopio  Univ.)     Corrup+on  diminishes  with  crisis:  “Cake”  smaller  size  (B.  de   Marchi,  POLIMI)
  • 6. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014   Economic  crisis:  Relevant  effect  in  competencies  in  Italy  (F.   Puma,  Po  River  Basin  Auth.,  cited  by  S.  Menoni,  POLIMI)   Before  crisis,  high  budgets  →  subcontrac+ng   At   present,   work   carried   out   internally   →   Fostering   collabora+on  among  ins+tu+ons     Spanish   Na+onal   Security   Strategy   2013.   CC   major   environmental  &  socioeconomic  challenge  of  the  21st  c.  CC   key   element,   can   become   a   threat   mul+plier.   CC   provides   opportunity  for  a  more  sustainable  model  of  development   (J.L.  González,  NSD)     Losses   put   pressure   on   legal   rules:   Governments,   Policyholders,  Insurers  (A.  Nájera,  CCS)
  • 7. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014 Workshop  Day  2:  Tuesday,  18th  November  2014 Morning  Session  1  (Chair:  Bruna  de  Marchi) 09:00-­‐09:30 "Legisla+on  to  hydrological  extremes:  Effec+ve  risk  reduc+on  measure?" Jorge  Olcina University  of  Alicante 09:30-­‐10:00 Flood  risk  management  in  Spain  and  European  Flood  Direc+ve Jorge  Marquinez INDUROT,  Spain 10:00  –  10:30 “Seismic  Risk  Protec+on  Regula+ons:  from  Na+onal  to  local  scales” Mercedes  Feriche Inst.  Univ.  Andaluz  de  Geoesica  y   Prevención  de  Desastres  Sísmicos 10:30  –  11:00 "Insurance  and  regula+ons  in  DRR  &  CCA:  cri+cal  issues" Roland  Nussbaum Mission  Risques  Naturels,  Paris 11:00  –  11:30 “Accountability  issues  in  emergency  management  and  opera+ons” Rosa  Mata Civil  Protecfon  Catalonia 11:30  –  12:00 Coffee  break
  • 8. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014 Workshop  Day  2:  Tuesday,  18th  November  2014 Morning  Session  2  (Chair:  Scira  Menoni) 12:00  –  12:30 “Natural  hazards  in  legal  prac+ce” Eduard  De  Ribot DA  Advocats,  Barcelona 12:30  –  13:00 “Scien+sts  facing  courts.  Today’s  challenges  of  providing  scien+fic   exper+se  on  risk  issues  in  uncertain  environments” Davide  Amato Cima  Foundafon,  Italy 12:30  –  13:00 "Problems  of  scien+fic  advice  in  emergency  communica+on  and   management" Bruna  de  Marchi Politecnico  Milano 13:30  –  14:00 “Challenges  for  governance  in  the  risk  society” Urbano  Fra  Paleo Univ.  Extremadura 14:00  –  15:00 Lunch  break
  • 9. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014 Workshop  Day  2   Tuesday,  18th  November  2014
  • 10. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014   Last  30  years  increased  popula+on,  housing  &  economy  in   coastal   areas   of   Spain.   New   factor:   Foreign   residents   &   labour  immigrants  (J.  Olcina,  Univ.  Alicante)   +  popula+on  →  +  vulnerability     Foreign  popula+on  →  more  vulnerable     “Risk   landscapes”:   hazardous   areas   with   high   vulnerability.   Risk   depending   on   type   of   land   occupa+on   and   social   acceptance  of  risk  (J.  Olcina,  Univ.  Alicante)     “Decoupling”   between   land   use   planning   and   risk   management     Regional  spa+al  planning  failed.  Land  use  by  municipali+es   without   formal   spa+al   planning   (using   60’s   70’s   plans)   (J.   Olcina,  Univ.  Alicante)
  • 11. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014     Cost/Benefit   analysis:   Challenge   for   new   plans   on   flood   management  (J.  Marquínez,  INDUROT)     Local   Emergency   Plans   for   municipali+es   in   Andalucía   compulsory   above   a   threshold.   No   budget   allocated   (M.   Feriche,  IAG)     Core  risk    financing  op+ons:    Risk    Reten+on,  Risk  Transfer,   Risk  Sharing  (R.  Nussbaum,  ONRN)     Cost   for   insurance   companies:   70-­‐80%   Risk,   20-­‐30%   Management  (R.  Nussbaum,  ONRN)
  • 12. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014  Household   &   Business   Insurance   main   tool   for   increasing   resilience  against  disasters  (R.  Nussbaum,  ONRN)    Map   of   Civil   Protec+on   of   Catalunya:   Public   Web   app   hnp://taure.icc.cat/pcivil/map.jsp  (R.  Mata,  CPC)    Precau+onary   Principle   (scien+fic   data   insufficient,   inconclusive  or  uncertain  /  preliminary  scien+fic  evalua+on   shows  poten+ally  dangerous  effects  reasonably  be  feared)   to  be  included  in  land  use  and  urban  planning    (E.  De  Ribot,   DAA)    Many   laws   and   regula+ons   for   natural   hazards.   There   should  be  a  Comprehensive  Law  (E.  De  Ribot,  DAA)
  • 13. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014   Sufficient  laws  exists,  but  reality  is  s+ll  in  progress.  What  Is   and  What  Ought  to  Be  (E.  De  Ribot,  DAA)     The   “Performance   Paradox”   in   forecast/predic+on   (D.   Amato,  CIMA)     Dis+nc+on   between   voluntary   choices   vs   contractual   obliga+ons  (D.  Amato,  CIMA)     Community   par+cipa+on   to   emergency   planning   (D.   Amato,  CIMA)     Contamina+on   of   knowledge   –   Common   Glossary   (D.   Amato,  CIMA)
  • 14. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014  Science   advice   is   largely   sought   in   dealing   with   sensi+ve   maners   of   high   public   concern   and   inevitably   associated   with   uncertainty   and   considerable   scien+fic   and   poli+cal   complexity  (P.  Gluckman,  cited  by  B.  De  Marchi,  POLIMI)    R.A.   Pielke,1999.   “Nine   fallacies   of   floods”   (U.   Fra   Paleo,   Univ.  Extremadura)    The   unfolding   of   risk   governance:   Disaster   Response   →   Disaster  Management  →  Emergency  Preparedness  →  Risk   Management   →   Risk   Governance   (U.   Fra   Paleo,   Univ.   Extremadura)
  • 15. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014 Workshop  Day  2:  Tuesday,  18th  November  2014 A@ernoon    Session  1  (Chair:  María  José  Jiménez) 15:00  –  16:00 Panel  Discussion  1 “Approaches,  scales  and  methods  in  laws,  regulafons,  codes  and   standards:  are  those  most  adapted  always  implemented  in  legislafons?” Patrick  Pigeon  (Chair) Miranda  Dandoulaki Jorge  Olcina 16:00  –  16:15 15’  Break 16:15  –  17:15 Panel  Discussion  2 “DRR  and  CCA  legislafon:  Roles,  responsibilifes,  and  accountability  among   the  different  actors” Funda  Atun  (Chair) Scira  Menoni Urbano  Fra  Paleo 17:15 Closing  and  Coffee/Tea/Drinks
  • 16. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014 Workshop  Day  2   Tuesday,  18th  November  2014   Panel  Discussion  1  &  2
  • 17. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014   Legisla+on  in  Spain:  Weak  link  between  land  use  planning   and  risk  management.  Failure  of  regional  scale  (J.  Olcina,   Univ.  Alicante)     Not  assumed  local  scale  is  most  important  in  risk  reduc+on   and  management  (J.  Olcina,  Univ.  Alicante)     Legisla+on   in   Greece:   Massive   issue   of   “legal   formalism”   which   stands   in   the   way   of   effec+ve   and   efficient   governance  (M.  Dandoulaki,  Harokopio  Univ.)     WWF   Hellas   2013   Annual   Report:   Severe   drawback   in   environmental  policies,  both  in  terms  of  loss  of  established   environmental   rights   and   deteriora+on   of   environmental   law  (M.  Dandoulaki,  Harokopio  Univ.)
  • 18. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014  France:   Discrepancies   between   DRR   policies   and   building   code  implementa+on  (P.  Pigeon,  Univ.  Savoie)      Challenges:  (a)  Living  with  uncertain+es;  (b)  What  tools  to   create  a  shared  culture  around  the  necessity  of  DRR  policies   and  their  limita+ons  (P.  Pigeon,  Univ.  Savoie)    Available   resources   and   legisla+on   changes   might   exacerbate  hazard  consequences  (F.  Atun,  POLIMI)    Two   fundamental   tools:   (1)   Land   use   (Interacfon   among   elements);   (2)   Communica+on   (Need   for   “brokers”.   Olen   media  is  focusing  on  “sufferers/heroes”).  (F.  Atun,  POLIMI)
  • 19. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014  Need   for   a   shir   to   a   transparency   culture   in   which   all   informa+on   and   knowledge   should   be   shared   within   ins+tu+ons   to   build   a   social   construc+on   of   risk   (U.   Fra   Paleo,  Univ.  Extremadura)    Share   the   building   of   future   scenarios.   Key   to   socially   construct  risk  governance  (U.  Fra  Paleo,  Univ.  Extremadura)    Try   to   avoid   li+ga+on;   e.g.,   by   insurance   (R.   Nussbaum,   ONRN)
  • 20. Enabling Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction in integration to Climate Change Adaptation National Seminar Workshop Scientific Knowledge and the Risks implied by DRR and CCA Legislations Residencia de Estudiantes. Madrid, Spain. 17-18 November 2014

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