Quiz
• What is capitalism?
• What is a “free market”
• Why is the “free market” a myth in the United
States?
• What is lim...
Native Americans and the West
White Justifications for U. S. Expansion
• Manifest Destiny
• Civilization vs. Savagery
• Rugged Individualism
Manifest Destiny
• The belief that it was
the nation’s God-given
right to expand
according to its needs
Two Interrelated Themes of U.S.
Expansion:
1. Government facilitated westward expansion
2. The History of the West = a his...
• “Colonization”:
– The process through which one group takes
charge of land originally occupied by another
group and uses...
How the Government Made the West:
• Homestead Act, 1862:
• Subsidizing RR construction
• Through policies toward non-white...
Problem: Native Americans did not
want to live on Indian Reservations
• Contained formerly nomadic peoples to one
area
• T...
Indian Resistance: Indian Wars,
1860s-1880s
• The U.S. Army tried to protect the migration
of whites to the West & Indians...
Lakota Sioux
Lakota Sioux
• Nomadic peoples
• Lived on High Plains
• Herded and followed
Bison for food and trade
items
• Livelihoods u...
Red Cloud
• B. 1822
• 1866 led successful
assaults against US
Military
• Negotiated Treaty of
Fort Laramie, 1868
• Treaty of Fort Laramie, 1868
– Gave Sioux the western half of North Dakota and
the Black Hills
– Government agreed to pr...
Sitting Bull
• B. 1839
• Refused to negotiate
treaties with the
government
• Battle of Killdeer
Mountain, 1864
– Army atta...
• 1870s: a small amount of gold found in the
Black Hills
– President Grant made an offer, but the Sioux
(influenced by Sit...
Battle of Little Big Horn, 1876
• A resounding defeat of U.S. troops led by 7th
Calvary led by General Custer
– Lost 263 m...
The Reservation System
• Created to teach Indians Capitalism and Land
Ownership
• Dawes Severalty Act, 1887
– Each family ...
Resistance to Reservation System
• Ghost Dance, 1890s
– Attempt to revive traditional beliefs and practices
after a long c...
Battle of Wounded Knee
• Late 1890s: 7th
US Calvary sent after the Sioux as
they peacefully migrated to Pine Ridge
– The a...
Native americans and the west (1)
of 20

Native americans and the west (1)

history
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Native americans and the west (1)

  • 1. Quiz • What is capitalism? • What is a “free market” • Why is the “free market” a myth in the United States? • What is limited liabilty?
  • 2. Native Americans and the West
  • 3. White Justifications for U. S. Expansion • Manifest Destiny • Civilization vs. Savagery • Rugged Individualism
  • 4. Manifest Destiny • The belief that it was the nation’s God-given right to expand according to its needs
  • 5. Two Interrelated Themes of U.S. Expansion: 1. Government facilitated westward expansion 2. The History of the West = a history of colonization
  • 6. • “Colonization”: – The process through which one group takes charge of land originally occupied by another group and uses force or threat of force to exert power and control over the inhabitants
  • 7. How the Government Made the West: • Homestead Act, 1862: • Subsidizing RR construction • Through policies toward non-whites: – U.S. government viewed Indians as a threat to white settlement of the West – Their solution was the creation of Indian Reservations
  • 8. Problem: Native Americans did not want to live on Indian Reservations • Contained formerly nomadic peoples to one area • Took away their land • land on Indian Reservations was often terrible and difficult to cultivate
  • 9. Indian Resistance: Indian Wars, 1860s-1880s • The U.S. Army tried to protect the migration of whites to the West & Indians resisted • Examples: There was a diversity of resistant responses by Native Americans – U.S. Army vs. the Lakota Sioux
  • 10. Lakota Sioux
  • 11. Lakota Sioux • Nomadic peoples • Lived on High Plains • Herded and followed Bison for food and trade items • Livelihoods undermined by white migrants who over-killed the Bison (Buffalo) to make room for commercial livestock
  • 12. Red Cloud • B. 1822 • 1866 led successful assaults against US Military • Negotiated Treaty of Fort Laramie, 1868
  • 13. • Treaty of Fort Laramie, 1868 – Gave Sioux the western half of North Dakota and the Black Hills – Government agreed to provide clothes and supplies for 30 years – U.S. retained right to construct roads and RR’s through the reservation
  • 14. Sitting Bull • B. 1839 • Refused to negotiate treaties with the government • Battle of Killdeer Mountain, 1864 – Army attacked his camp with cannons – 200+ Sioux killed – 2 U.S. Soldiers killed – Army confiscated all supplies
  • 15. • 1870s: a small amount of gold found in the Black Hills – President Grant made an offer, but the Sioux (influenced by Sitting Bull) refused – Army attacked in effort to get rid of Sitting Bull • Battle of Little Big Horn, 1876
  • 16. Battle of Little Big Horn, 1876 • A resounding defeat of U.S. troops led by 7th Calvary led by General Custer – Lost 263 men – The loss shocked most Americans • Defeat created a backlash against the Sioux and Sitting Bull in 1877 – Sioux forced from their homes – U. S. took the Black Hills, breaking Treaty of Ft. Laramie – Sitting Bull fled to Canada
  • 17. The Reservation System • Created to teach Indians Capitalism and Land Ownership • Dawes Severalty Act, 1887 – Each family had to own its own plot of land on the reservation – Boarding schools created to assimilate Native American children and to exterminate their traditional culture
  • 18. Resistance to Reservation System • Ghost Dance, 1890s – Attempt to revive traditional beliefs and practices after a long cultural depression – 400-1000 participants – Appeared aggressive to U.S. authorities – Sitting Bull murdered by police
  • 19. Battle of Wounded Knee • Late 1890s: 7th US Calvary sent after the Sioux as they peacefully migrated to Pine Ridge – The army knew that the Sioux were unarmed and migrating across the Reservation – Army opened fire and the majority of the Sioux were killed within 10 minutes • 270-300 out of 400 killed—while trying to flee • Battle is very significant to Native American memory, marked the end of the Indian Wars • The West was finally open for white migration and settlement