miHkksDrkds lkE;ds ifjorZu& vk; ]çfrLFkkiUu] ewY;
çHkkoA
ek’kZy dsmi;ksfxrk fo’ys"k.k ds miHkksDrkdh vk; rFkkoLrqvksdh
dhe...
rVLFkrkoØ fdlhmiHkksDrkds fy,nks oLrqvks ds
fofHkUula;ksxksdks crkrkgS ftllsmiHkksDrkdks leku
larqf"V dk Hkkugksrk gSA
50...
vk; çHkko ]çfrLFkkiUu çHkko] ewY; çHkkotks miHkk
lkE; dks ifjorZudks çdV djrk gSA
miHkksDrk dh ek¡x ij iMusokys çHkkoks dk...
vk; çHkko &
fdlh miHkksDrk dhvk; esifjorZu ls mldh oLrqvksdhek¡x dh ek=k
esgksus okys ifjorZuks dks vk; çHkko dgrs gSA
...
• _.kkRedvk;çHkko &
vk;eso`f/ndslkFkmiHkksDrk?kfV;koLrqvksdsmiHkksxdksdedjcf<+;k
oLrqvksdsç;ksxks dksc<+krkgSbLklsvk;çHkko...
bls fuEu js[kkfp= ls le> ldrs gSA
P4
P3
P2
P1
E4
E3
E2
E1
O
L1 L2 L3 L4
IC1 IC2 IC3
IC4
oLrq X
oLrq Y
bldkrkRi;Z ;ggS fd vk;eso`f/ndsckotqnHkh]miHkksDrk?kfV;k
oLrqvksdsmiHkksxdhek=kes o`f/nughdjrk gSAbl_.kkRed
çHkkodksfxfQuf...
miHkksDrk}kjk miHkksxdhtkus okyh nksuksoLrqvks esa ls
fdlh ,d oLrqdh dher es ifjorZugks tkus ds QyLo:i mloLrq dh
ek¡x es t...
bls js[kkfp= }kjk le>k tk ldrk gSA
IC1
IC2
PCC
P
E1
E2
E3
IC3
Q1 Q2 Q3
L1
L2
L
T T2
oLrq X
oLrq Y
dher ifjorZu ds ifj.kkeL...
•lekukUrjdher miHkksxoØ &
PCC
E E1 E2
IC
IC1 IC2
P
L1 L2 L3
oLrq Y
oLrq X
O
bl js[kkfp= es X oLrq es dher ifjorZu ds ifj.k...
• _.kkReddherçHkko&
L1
PCC
E
E1
E2
IC1 IC2 IC3
L2 L3
P
O
oLrq x
oLrq y
fdlh ,d oLrqdh dheresdehgksus ij tc miHkksDrk fdlh ...
tc nks oLrqvks es ls ,d oLrq dk ewY; de gks tkrk gS rc nwljh oLrq dk
lkisf{kd ewY; vf/kd gks tkrk gSA tc ,d oLrq ds lLrs g...
oLrq X
oLrq Y
P
C
P1
O
IC1
F
E
A LB L1
D
çfrLFkkiUu çHkko dk çn’kZu lnSo ,d gh mnklhurk oØij ,d fcUnq ls
nljs fcUnq ij çfr...
Thank You
Submitted by –
Lalitkumar Purohit
of 14

Price effect ,income effect and substitute effect (1)

Dears viewers convert this into hindi language...while reading.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Price effect ,income effect and substitute effect (1)

  • 1. miHkksDrkds lkE;ds ifjorZu& vk; ]çfrLFkkiUu] ewY; çHkkoA ek’kZy dsmi;ksfxrk fo’ys"k.k ds miHkksDrkdh vk; rFkkoLrqvksdh dherksesa gksus okys ifjorZuks ds QyLo:i miHkksDrk dhek¡x ij iM+us okysçHkko dk Li"V fo’ys"k.k ugh fd;k x;k] ij  rVLFkrkoØ fo’ys"k.k esmiHkksDrk dh vk;esifjorZu rFkk oLrqvksdsewY;ks esgksus okysifjorZuks ls miHkksDrk dhek¡x ij iMus okys çHkkoks dk iw.kZr% Li"Vhdj.k fd;k tkrk gSA bl fo’ys"k.k dsvuqlkj miHkksDrk larqyu dhfLFkfr rcvkrkgS tc mldh dher&vk;js[kk rVLFkrkoØ js[kk dks Li’kZ djrk gSA
  • 2. rVLFkrkoØ fdlhmiHkksDrkds fy,nks oLrqvks ds fofHkUula;ksxksdks crkrkgS ftllsmiHkksDrkdks leku larqf"V dk Hkkugksrk gSA 50 40 30 20 10 1 2 3 4 oLrq x oLrq y IC1 IC2 IC3 IC4
  • 3. vk; çHkko ]çfrLFkkiUu çHkko] ewY; çHkkotks miHkk lkE; dks ifjorZudks çdV djrk gSA miHkksDrk dh ek¡x ij iMusokys çHkkoks dk fo’ys"k.k 'kh"kZdks ds varxZr fd;ktkrk gSA vk;ifjorZuds QyLo:iifjorZuA oLrqvks ds ewY;esa o`f/n vFkokdehgksus ds dkj.kifjorZuA ,d oLrq dhtxg nwljhoLrq ds çfrLFkkiUudjus ds ifj.kkeLo:iifjorZuA
  • 4. vk; çHkko & fdlh miHkksDrk dhvk; esifjorZu ls mldh oLrqvksdhek¡x dh ek=k esgksus okys ifjorZuks dks vk; çHkko dgrs gSA miHkksDrk dhvk; eso`f/n gksus ij miHkksDrk mPp larqf"V fcUnq ij igq¡p tkrk gS rFkk vk; esadehgksus ij og fuEu larqyu fcUnq ij jgsxkA ICC E3 E2 E1 E L1 L2 L3 L4 N N1 M M1 P4 P3 P2 P1 oLrq x oLrq Y
  • 5. • _.kkRedvk;çHkko & vk;eso`f/ndslkFkmiHkksDrk?kfV;koLrqvksdsmiHkksxdksdedjcf<+;k oLrqvksdsç;ksxks dksc<+krkgSbLklsvk;çHkko_.kkRedgkstkrkgSA o dksbZoLrqvkjaHklsghJs"B;kfud`"BughgksrhcYdhmiHkksDrk dkvk;LrjHkhoLrqdksJs"B]e/;erFkk fud`"Bcukuseslg;ksxhgSA,dgh oLrqtksfuEuvk;LrjijJs"BgS]e/;evk;Lrjije/;erFkkm¡psvk;Lrjij?kfV;k;k fud`"BgkstkrhgSA omnk%&xqM+]MkyMk] ?kfV;kdiMkfuEuvk;LrjijJs"BoLrq,¡ekuhtkrh gSAtcmiHkksDrkvk;c<+usijoLrqvksdkmiHkksxdedjnsrkgSrksvk; miHkksxoØ ,dfo’ks"kfcUnqijigq¡pusdsi'pkr_.kkRedgkstkrkgSA
  • 6. bls fuEu js[kkfp= ls le> ldrs gSA P4 P3 P2 P1 E4 E3 E2 E1 O L1 L2 L3 L4 IC1 IC2 IC3 IC4 oLrq X oLrq Y
  • 7. bldkrkRi;Z ;ggS fd vk;eso`f/ndsckotqnHkh]miHkksDrk?kfV;k oLrqvksdsmiHkksxdhek=kes o`f/nughdjrk gSAbl_.kkRed çHkkodksfxfQufojks/kkHkkldsukels iqdkjktkrkgSA
  • 8. miHkksDrk}kjk miHkksxdhtkus okyh nksuksoLrqvks esa ls fdlh ,d oLrqdh dher es ifjorZugks tkus ds QyLo:i mloLrq dh ek¡x es tksdqy ifjorZugksrk gS mls dher çHkkodgrs gSA dher çHkkodh 'krsZ& miHkksDrkdhekSfnzdvk;fLFkjjgrh gSA  miHkksxdhtkus okyh nksuksoLrqvks esa ls dsoy ,d oLrq dh dher es ifjorZugksrk gS rFkk nwljhoLrq dhdher vifjofRZkr jgrh gSA  fdlhoLrq dh dher es ifjorZuds dkj.k miHkksDrkdhokLrfod vk;es ifjorZugks tkrkgSA dherçHkko &
  • 9. bls js[kkfp= }kjk le>k tk ldrk gSA IC1 IC2 PCC P E1 E2 E3 IC3 Q1 Q2 Q3 L1 L2 L T T2 oLrq X oLrq Y dher ifjorZu ds ifj.kkeLo:i miHkksDrk lkE; ds fofHkUu fcUnqvks dks feyusls çkIr gksrh gS og dhermiHkksx oØ ¼PCC½ dgykrh gSA
  • 10. •lekukUrjdher miHkksxoØ & PCC E E1 E2 IC IC1 IC2 P L1 L2 L3 oLrq Y oLrq X O bl js[kkfp= es X oLrq es dher ifjorZu ds ifj.kkeLo:Ik miHkksDrkdsoy X oLrq dh deh vFkok o`f/n djrh gS A,slk miHkksDrk blfy, djrk gS D;ksafd dqN oLrq,¡ ,lh gksrh gS ftudh ,d fuf’pr ek=k gh miHkksxdks miHkksxds fy, pkfg, tSls ued ] fn;klykbZ bR;kfnA
  • 11. • _.kkReddherçHkko& L1 PCC E E1 E2 IC1 IC2 IC3 L2 L3 P O oLrq x oLrq y fdlh ,d oLrqdh dheresdehgksus ij tc miHkksDrk fdlh Hkh ,d oLrqdh [kjhnh tkus okyhek=k dks c<+kus dh vis{kk de djrk gS rc;g _.kkReddher çHkko gksxkA
  • 12. tc nks oLrqvks es ls ,d oLrq dk ewY; de gks tkrk gS rc nwljh oLrq dk lkisf{kd ewY; vf/kd gks tkrk gSA tc ,d oLrq ds lLrs gksus dk çHkko bldh oLrq ds lkis{k n`f"V ls egaxh gksus ds çHkko ls iw.kZr;k u"V gks tkrh gS] rc miHkksDrk dks oLrq ds lLrs gksus ls igys vkSj ckn dh fLFkfr es ,d lh larqf"V feyrh gSAvr% ewY; ifjorZu gksus ij tc miHkksDrk viuh ekSfnzd vk; es bl çdkj ifjorZu dj nsrk gS ] ftlls mldh okLrfod vk; ;FkkfLFkj jgs ] bls ge çfrLFkkiUu çHkkodgsaxsA çfrLFkkiUuçHkkonksekU;rkvksijvk/kkfjrgS&  oLrqvks ds lkis{k dherks es ifjorZu gksus ds QyLo:i ,d oLrq vU; nwljh oLrq dhrqyukeslLrhgkstkrhgSA miHkksDrkdhekSfnzdvk;esblmfprifjorZufd;ktkrkgSfdmldhokLrfod vk;esdksbZifjorZuugksA  çfrLFkkiUuçHkko &
  • 13. oLrq X oLrq Y P C P1 O IC1 F E A LB L1 D çfrLFkkiUu çHkko dk çn’kZu lnSo ,d gh mnklhurk oØij ,d fcUnq ls nljs fcUnq ij çfrLFkkfir gksdj fd;k tk ldrk gSA
  • 14. Thank You Submitted by – Lalitkumar Purohit