“When the righteous are in authority, the people
rejoice; but when the wicked rule, the people groan.” -
(Proverbs 29:2)...
What Makes a Pork, Pork
“The use of government funds for
projects designed to please voters or
legislators and win vote...
In a simple understanding. . .
Pork Barrel funds :
1) lump sum amounts
o “tinibook”
2) personal discretion
3) patrona...
5 kinds of pork barrel in the Phils.
1) PDAF
P 70 M/year – per Congress
Representative
P 200M/year – per Senator
- de...
2) DAP (Disbursement Acceleration Program) - Disbursement
Acceleration Fund - P 142.3 B (2012)
Supreme court rules 3 act...
The Aquino Administration introduced the Disbursement Acceleration Program (DAP) as a
reform intervention to speed-up pub...
3. Off Budget Funds – funds derived from other sources not
specified in the National Budget. Use of these funds are under...
4. Special Purpose Funds - P 449 B (2014)
Funds appropriated to augment the regular
budget of selected agency or departm...
5. Savings: remaining funds at the end of the year,
with the discretion for use and
disbursement of the President
Philippine Pork Barrel System
The pork barrel system is not
limited to the legislators. It
includes the pork barrel of ...
Allocation per House Member
AGENCY ALLOCATION
DOH 10.5 M
CHED 14.0 M
TESDA 3.5 M
DSWD 14.0 M
DOLE 3.5 M
DPWH 24.5 M...
House Pork
Department Program Amount
DOH Assistance to Indigent Patients 3,193,950,000
DOLE Government Internship Progr...
WHERE’S THE NEW
HOUSE PORK?
DOLE = P1.022 billion
DOH = P3.194 billion
DSWD = P4.090 billion
CHED = P4.124 billion
T...
Increasing poverty
The role of the pork barrel system in Philippine politics
Fuel for patronage politics - Projects and programs
funded by ...
Political Dynasty/millionaires club
(2011- 2014)
75% of Senators & Congressmen
belong to Political Dynasties;
80%of Go...
Wellspring of corruption - The discretionary and amorphous
nature of the pork barrel makes it especially vulnerable to
c...
In a nutshell, the pork barrel system plays a key role in
maintaining the bureaucrat capitalist mode of
government, usin...
Government has no money for:
1. Genuine Agrarian
Reform/Agricultural support/subsidy
2. Industrialization
3. Health ca...
P E O P L E S I N I T I A T I V E
to
Abolish the Pork Barrel
Peoples Initiative
A constitutional mandate that
empowers the people to propose
amendments to the Constitution or
prop...
The People’s Initiative
AN ACT
ABOLISHING THE PRESIDENTIAL AND
CONGRESSIONAL PORK BARREL SYSTEM,
STRENGTHENING THE SYS...
Proposed Bill
“AN ACT ABOLISHING THE PORK
BARREL SYSTEM”
1 Abolishes presidential and congressional PORK
2 Line item b...
R E Q U I R E M E N T S
1) Signatures Required
- At least 10% of total registered voters
based on the last national elections
- But at least 3%...
Procedure of PI
1) Launching of PI Petition / Start of Signature Gathering
2) Every end of the month, submit to Town/Cit...
3. If signatures will be sufficient, COMELEC
will have to call for a Referendum on a date
set by the Commission, to be c...
Total Bohol registered voters 775,785.
Top 10 towns/city
Tagbilaran City - 51,462 voters
Ubay - 40,211
Talibon - 31,92...
1st district = 254, 246
Albur - 6,574
Antequera - 8,774
Baclayon - 11,728
Balilihan - 10,995
Catigbian - 13,907
Cort...
Timetable
August 23, 2014 - National Launching of the Signature
Campaign for the Peoples’ Initiative
November 30, 2014 ...
Challenges
1. To educate the Filipino people on the Peoples’ Initiative,
eg. homilies, fora
2. To conduct the signature...
Daghang Salamat ! ! !
Pork barrel system and the peoples initiative
Pork barrel system and the peoples initiative
Pork barrel system and the peoples initiative
Pork barrel system and the peoples initiative
Pork barrel system and the peoples initiative
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Pork barrel system and the peoples initiative

Pork Barrel
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Government & Nonprofit      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Pork barrel system and the peoples initiative

  • 1. “When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice; but when the wicked rule, the people groan.” - (Proverbs 29:2) Public office is a public trust. Public officers and employees must, at all times, be accountable to the people, serve them with utmost responsibility, integrity, loyalty, and efficiency; act with patriotism and justice, and lead modest lives. – Sec. 1, Art. XI, ACCOUNTABILITY OF PUBLIC OFFICERS, 1987 Constitution.
  • 2. What Makes a Pork, Pork “The use of government funds for projects designed to please voters or legislators and win votes” (Oxford Dictionary) • “Lump sum amounts, the disposition of which, including the selection of the project, its amount, and the beneficiaries, is left solely at the discretion of the pork holder.” (Bayan Muna)
  • 3. In a simple understanding. . . Pork Barrel funds : 1) lump sum amounts o “tinibook” 2) personal discretion 3) patronage politics
  • 4. 5 kinds of pork barrel in the Phils. 1) PDAF P 70 M/year – per Congress Representative P 200M/year – per Senator - declared as unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in Nov 2013
  • 5. 2) DAP (Disbursement Acceleration Program) - Disbursement Acceleration Fund - P 142.3 B (2012) Supreme court rules 3 acts and practices under DAP as unconstitutional: a. doctrine of separation of powers of the executive and legislative branches. b. the transfer of savings outside the executive branch, the funding of government projects not covered by the General Appropriations Act and the renaming of unreleased allotments and appropriations supposedly for agencies to "savings.“ c. use of "unprogrammed funds despite the absence of a certification by the National Treasurer that the revenue collections exceeded the revenue targets
  • 6. The Aquino Administration introduced the Disbursement Acceleration Program (DAP) as a reform intervention to speed-up public spending and to boost economic growth. The scheme was exposed by Sen. Estrada (DAP used to reward pro-Corona impeachment) “damay-damay na tayo dito” P352.7 billion was made available at the disposal of the executive for DAP projects. DBM further notes that the total amount actually used from the fund was P114.58 billion.
  • 7. 3. Off Budget Funds – funds derived from other sources not specified in the National Budget. Use of these funds are under the sole discretion of the President without need of congressional approval. Malampaya (132 B) Motor Vehicles Users Fund (12 B) Presidential Social Fund (2.4 B) Pagcor Funds
  • 8. 4. Special Purpose Funds - P 449 B (2014) Funds appropriated to augment the regular budget of selected agency or department ● Programmed - P 310 B ● Unprogrammed - P 139 B
  • 9. 5. Savings: remaining funds at the end of the year, with the discretion for use and disbursement of the President
  • 10. Philippine Pork Barrel System The pork barrel system is not limited to the legislators. It includes the pork barrel of the President. Nature: (1) it is a source of graft and corruption; (2) public funds are disbursed to favor political allies and withheld from the opposition in a form of political patronage and “legalized” vote buying; and (3) its release (or non-release) is used by the executive to control both Houses of Congress violating the constitutional principles of effective checks and balance. THE PORK BARREL SYSTEM IS INHERENTLY ANOMALOUS BECAUSE it is used for patronage politics; mere restrictions will not clean it.
  • 11. Allocation per House Member AGENCY ALLOCATION DOH 10.5 M CHED 14.0 M TESDA 3.5 M DSWD 14.0 M DOLE 3.5 M DPWH 24.5 M TOTAL 70.0 M
  • 12. House Pork Department Program Amount DOH Assistance to Indigent Patients 3,193,950,000 DOLE Government Internship Program (GIP) and Tulong Panghanapbuhay sa Ating Disadvantaged Workers “TUPAD” Project 1,022,000,000 TESDA Special Training for Employment Program 1,022,000,000 DSWD Crisis Intervention Program 4,090,000,000 DPWH Regional and Local Infrastructure Program 7,309,494,000 CHED Scholarship Program 4,124,200,000 20,761,644,000
  • 13. WHERE’S THE NEW HOUSE PORK? DOLE = P1.022 billion DOH = P3.194 billion DSWD = P4.090 billion CHED = P4.124 billion TESDA = P1.022 billion DPWH = P7.309 billion ** (**Under the new “Menu”, each legislator can “propose” up to five infrastructure projects; the budget ceiling for each legislator is P24.5 million. Each project should amount to no less than P2 million. Such projects to local roads and bridges, classrooms or academic buildings, multipurpose buildings and water supply systems. All but party-list representatives can propose infrastructure projects only within their respective districts)
  • 14. Increasing poverty
  • 15. The role of the pork barrel system in Philippine politics Fuel for patronage politics - Projects and programs funded by the pork barrel are designed to get the loyalty and support of a politician's constituents and to bolster his/her political stock. Discretion over these funds is left solely to the politician so that he can use it for his self-serving political agenda. Thus the common practice of placing politicians’ pictures and names on oversized billboards proclaiming certain infrastructure projects and the denial of projects to bailiwicks of political rivals. The tendency is for the politician to act as if the pork barrel were his personal funds so that its beneficiaries become indebted solely to him.
  • 16. Political Dynasty/millionaires club (2011- 2014) 75% of Senators & Congressmen belong to Political Dynasties; 80%of Governors & Mayors belong to Political Dynasties and senate, congress, cabinet threshold of millionaires
  • 17. Wellspring of corruption - The discretionary and amorphous nature of the pork barrel makes it especially vulnerable to corruption. The legislator or executive official who decides on his own how the fund is spent gets to dictate who the beneficiaries are and which contractor or supplier will bag the project. He also gets to decide how kickbacks are to be distributed. Tool for Executive control over Congress - Because the release of the PDAF requires the approval of the Executive through the Department of Budget and Management (DBM), the President is able to use it as a carrot and stick over senators and congressmen. With DAP, he can control LGUs and even co-equal branch and other constitutional commissions. For measures important to Malacanang, the threat of a delay or disapproval of one's pork barrel allocation, or prospect of an early and smooth release, is enough to convince legislators to vote a certain way. Thus, the pork barrel system distorts, undermines and contravenes the entire system of checks and balances between the Executive and the Legislative branches, leading to even greater connivance among the ruling elites.
  • 18. In a nutshell, the pork barrel system plays a key role in maintaining the bureaucrat capitalist mode of government, using government mechanisms and resources to enrich and entrench themselves in power at the expense of the ordinary citizen. people’s taxes went to personal pockets and/or wasted
  • 19. Government has no money for: 1. Genuine Agrarian Reform/Agricultural support/subsidy 2. Industrialization 3. Health care and other public service thereby the need for privatization, PPP and loans 4. Other government functions
  • 20. P E O P L E S I N I T I A T I V E to Abolish the Pork Barrel
  • 21. Peoples Initiative A constitutional mandate that empowers the people to propose amendments to the Constitution or propose, enact, approve or reject a law passed by the legislature. - Article VI, Section 32 of the Philippine Constitution and the Republic Act No. 6735, otherwise known as the “Initiative and Referendum Act”.
  • 22. The People’s Initiative AN ACT ABOLISHING THE PRESIDENTIAL AND CONGRESSIONAL PORK BARREL SYSTEM, STRENGTHENING THE SYSTEM OF CHECKS AND BALANCES OVER PUBLIC FUNDS, PROHIBITING CERTAIN ACTS, AND PROVIDING PENALTIES THEREFOR
  • 23. Proposed Bill “AN ACT ABOLISHING THE PORK BARREL SYSTEM” 1 Abolishes presidential and congressional PORK 2 Line item budgeting 3 Prohibit and criminalizes allocation and use of lump sum discretionary funds 4 Violators penalty: 6 years and 1 day to 10 years 5 Disqualification from holding public office
  • 24. R E Q U I R E M E N T S
  • 25. 1) Signatures Required - At least 10% of total registered voters based on the last national elections - But at least 3% of total registered voters in every Legislative District
  • 26. Procedure of PI 1) Launching of PI Petition / Start of Signature Gathering 2) Every end of the month, submit to Town/City Comelec all signatures gathered 3) Completion of Signature Gathering 4) Secure Certifications from Local Comelec (Town/City) . . . how many signatures gathered 5) File in Comelec of PI Petition . . . supported by all Local Comelec Certifications 6) Comelec to issue Resolution . . . that PI Petition is sufficient in form & substance 7) Referendum
  • 27. 3. If signatures will be sufficient, COMELEC will have to call for a Referendum on a date set by the Commission, to be conducted under its control and supervision, not earlier than forty-five (45) days but not later than ninety (90) days after its Certification on the sufficiency of the Petition, to allow the Filipino people to express their sovereign will on the proposition
  • 28. Total Bohol registered voters 775,785. Top 10 towns/city Tagbilaran City - 51,462 voters Ubay - 40,211 Talibon - 31,928 Carmen - 29,228 Loon - 26,596 Tubigon -26,591 Inabanga - 26,345 Dauis - 24,797 Jagna - 20,643. Panglao - 20,536
  • 29. 1st district = 254, 246 Albur - 6,574 Antequera - 8,774 Baclayon - 11,728 Balilihan - 10,995 Catigbian - 13,907 Cortes - 10,580 Calape - 19,854 Corella - 4,898 Dauis - 24,797 Loon - 26,596 Maribojoc - 12,194 Panglao - 20,536 Sikatuna - 4,760 Tubigon - 26,591 Tagbilaran City - 51,462
  • 30. Timetable August 23, 2014 - National Launching of the Signature Campaign for the Peoples’ Initiative November 30, 2014 - Completion of the Signature Gathering December 31, 2014 - Complete collections of COMELEC Certifications from local COMELEC January 15, 2015 - Filing to COMELEC of PI Petition, supported by all COMELEC Certifications February 15, 2015 - COMELEC Resolution that PI Petition is sufficient in form and substance April to June 2015 - Referendum
  • 31. Challenges 1. To educate the Filipino people on the Peoples’ Initiative, eg. homilies, fora 2. To conduct the signature campaign among the registered voters 3. To initiate the signature campaigns in your areas of responsibilities 4. To coordinate with other groups for the signature campaign. 5. To support the organizations/groups in many ways; like donations and volunteers
  • 32. Daghang Salamat ! ! !

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