National Consensus Project Clinical Practice Guidelines Dissemination
The presentation for the 2014 William T. Cashdollar Distinguished Visiting Professorship
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National Consensus Project Clinical Practice Guidelines Dissemination
The National Consensus Project for Quality
Promoting Quality and Excellence: The 3rd edition
of Clinical Practice Guidelines for Quality
Betty Ferrell, PhD, RN, MA, FAAN, FPCN, CHPN
Professor and Director
Department of Nursing Research and Education
City of Hope, CA
1. Create clinical guidelines that improve quality of
palliative care in the United States.
2. Promote quality palliative care.
3. Foster consistent and high standards in palliative
4. Encourage continuity of care across settings.
The Clinical Practice Guidelines serve as manual or
blueprint to create new programs, guide
developing programs, and set high expectations
for excellence for existing programs.
Consortium of six key national palliative care
American Academy of Hospice and Palliative
Center to Advance Palliative Care
Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association
National Association of Social Workers
National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization
National Palliative Care Research Center
Amy Abernethy, MD, FAAHPM
C. Porter Storey, Jr. MD, FACP, FAAHPM
Diane E. Meier, MD, FACP
David E. Weissman, MD, FAAHPM
Betty Ferrell, PhD, RN, FAAN, FPCN
Constance Dahlin, ANP, ACHPN, FPCN,
Sally Welsh, MSN, RN, NEA-BC
Chris Herman, MSW, LICSW
Stacy F. Orloff, EdD, LCSW, ACHP, SW
Judi Lund Person, MPH
Edward W. Martin, MD, MPH
Sean Morrison, MD, FAAHPM
Joanne Wolfe, MD, MPH, FAAP, FAAHPM
2004 – Release of the first edition
◦ Endorsed by 40 organizations and associations in 2004
2005 – Disseminated to 90 other organizations and associations
2006 - Used as guiding document for NQF’s A National Framework
and Preferred Practices for Palliative and Hospice Care Quality: A
2009 – Second edition
◦ Used for review of health care reform under the Obama Administration
2011- Used as underlying principles in The Joint Commission for
Palliative Care Advanced Certification
2013 – Third edition
◦ Endorsed by 53 organizations and associations
Palliative care is patient and family centered care.
There is comprehensive palliative care with continuity across
Early introduction of palliative care should begin at diagnosis of a
serious or life threatening illness.
Palliative care is interdisciplinary and collaborative.
Palliative care team members have clinical and communication
The goal of palliative care is the relief of physical, psychological,
emotional, and spiritual suffering of patients and families.
Palliative care should focus on quality care.
There should be equitable access to palliative care services.
Palliative Care means patient and family-centered
care that optimizes quality of life by anticipating,
preventing, and treating suffering. Palliative care
throughout the continuum of illness involves
addressing physical, intellectual, emotional, social
and spiritual needs and to facilitate patient
autonomy, access to information and choice.
National Quality Forum 2006
Federal Register 2008
Care is provided and services are coordinated by an
Patients, families, palliative and non-palliative health
care providers collaborate and communicate about
Services are available concurrently with or
independent of curative or life-prolonging care.
Patient and family hopes for peace and dignity are
supported throughout the course of illness, during
the dying process, and after death.
Palliative care is operationalized through effective
management of pain and other distressing symptoms,
while incorporating psychosocial and spiritual care with
consideration of patient/family needs, preferences, values,
beliefs, and culture. Evaluation and treatment should be
comprehensive and patient-centered with a focus on the
central role of the family unit in decision making.
Palliative care affirms life by supporting the patient and
family’s goals for the future, including their hopes for
cure or life-prolongation, as well as their hopes for
peace and dignity throughout the course of illness, the
dying process, and death.
Necessitated by maturation of the field:
◦ Increased numbers of hospice and palliative care
programs since 2009
◦ Increased palliative care representation across the health
◦ Developments in the palliative care evidence base over
the last five years
Morrison RS, Dietrich J, Ladwig S, et al. Palliative care consultation teams
cut hospital costs for Medicaid beneficiaries. Health Affairs. 2011;30(3):454-
Taylor D. Effect of hospice on Medicare and informal care costs: The United
States experience. Journal of Pain & Symptom Management. 2009;38:110-114.
Essential to reflect seminal events since 2009
◦ Health Care Reform (Patient Protection and Affordable
Care Act of 2010) which has critical elements of palliative
◦ Advanced Palliative Care Certification by The Joint
Commission initiated in 2011
◦ New Quality Measures designed in 2010, 2011, and 2012
Indicate the significant research in the field
◦ Early intervention palliative care in the Bakitas Study of
2009 and the Temel Study of 2010
◦ Work with special populations and non-cancer diagnoses
A broader and more inclusive document,
applicable to all health settings.
1. Structure and Processes of Care
2. Physical Aspects of Care
3. Psychological and Psychiatric Aspects of Care
3. Social Aspects of Care
5. Spiritual, Religious, and Existential Aspects of Care
6. Cultural Aspects of Care
7. Care of the Patient at End of Life – New Domain Title
8. Ethical and Legal Aspects of Care
Accentuates the current state of the field with emphasis
on interdisciplinary team (IDT) engagement and
collaboration with patients and families.
Emphasizes coordinated assessment and continuity of
care across healthcare settings.
Describes specificity of interdisciplinary team
composition, team member qualifications, necessary
education, training, and support.
Incorporates the new mandates for quality under the
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
Emphasizes the assessment and treatment of physical
symptoms with appropriate, validated tools.
Acknowledges that management of symptoms is
multidimensional with pharmacological, interventional,
behavioral, and complementary interventions.
Recommends the utilization of explicit policies for the
treatment of pain and symptom management, as well as
safe prescribing of controlled medications.
Significant revisions on the collaborative assessment
process of psychological concerns and psychiatric
Defines essential elements include patient-family
communication on assessment, diagnosis, and
treatment options for common conditions in context of
respect for goals of care of the patient and family.
Describes required elements of a bereavement program.
Emphasizes interdisciplinary engagement and
collaboration with patients and families to identify,
support, and capitalize on patient and family strengths.
Defines essential elements of a palliative care social
Describes the role of the professional social worker with
a bachelor’s or master’s degree in social work.
Includes a definition of spirituality, stressing assessment,
access, and staff collaboration in attending to spiritual
concerns throughout the illness trajectory.
Offers requirements for staff training and education in
provision of spiritual care.
Emphasizes the responsibility of the interdisciplinary team,
inclusive of an appropriately trained chaplain, to explore,
assess, and attend to spiritual issues of the patient and
Promotes spiritual and religious rituals and practices for
comfort and relief.
Defines culture and cultural competence for the
interdisciplinary team, underscoring culture as a source
of resilience and strength for the patient and family.
Accentuates cultural and linguistic competence including
plain language, literacy, and linguistically appropriate
Highlights communication and documentation of signs and
symptoms of the dying process in the circle of care: the
patient, the family, and all other involved health providers.
Underscores the importance of meticulous assessment and
management of pain and other symptoms.
Emphasizes the essential attention to family guidance as to
what to expect in the dying process and the post death
Stresses bereavement support.
Underscores social, spiritual, and cultural aspects of care
throughout the process.
Separates into three sections: advance care planning,
ethics, and the legal aspects of care.
Emphasizes the responsibility of the palliative care
team to promote ongoing discussion about goals of care
along with completion and documentation of advance
care planning documents.
Affirms and acknowledges the frequency and
complexity of ethical issues in palliative care. Offers
team competencies in ethics and counsel from ethics
Under legal issues, acknowledgement of the complex
legal and regulatory issues that arise in palliative care
that require team members to understand their
respective scope of practice within the provision of
Emphasizes access to expert legal counsel, essential for
navigating the intricate and sensitive legal and
regulatory issues in palliative care.
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. Accountable Care
Organizations. 2012; http://www.cms.gov/aco/01/
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), Public Law
111-148, §2702, 124 Stat. 119, 318-319,Title III (B)(III) Section 3140,
Consolidating amendments made by Title X of the Act and the
Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 Washington,
The Joint Commission. Palliative Care Certification Manual.
Oakbrook Terrace, IL: The Joint Commission; 2012.
National Institutes of Health. Research Portfolio Online Reporting
Tools (RePORT). 2012; http://projectreporter.nih.gov/reporter.cfm
National Quality Forum. Palliative Care and End-of-Life Care-A
Consensus Report. Washington, DC: NQF 2012.
National Quality Forum. Measure Applications Partnership - Performance
Measurement Coordination Strategies for Hospice and Palliative Care Final
Report. Washington, DC: National Quality Forum; 2012.
HHooww ccaann tthhee NNaattiioonnaall
CCoonnsseennssuuss PPrroojjeecctt CClliinniiccaall
PPrraaccttiiccee GGuuiiddeelliinneess bbee
National Consensus Project for Quality Palliative
Care Clinical Practice Guidelines are part of the
Programs must discuss how they meet the Clinical
Practice Guidelines, and in particular the domain
which is the most challenging.
This is reviewed in the application.
National Consensus Project for Quality
Palliative Care Clinical Practice Guidelines are
part of the framework, education, and
benchmarking when the PCLCs train
palliative programs seeking guidance.
Distributes the Clinical Practice Guidelines to
participants and uses them to reference the
WWhhyy AAddoopptt tthhee
NNaattiioonnaall CCoonnsseennssuuss PPrroojjeecctt
CClliinniiccaall PPrraaccttiiccee GGuuiiddeelliinneess??
Palliative care plays a crucial role in healthcare
value. It reduces the need for high intensity, high
cost services, such as hospital and home care stays.
Palliative care has repeatedly been demonstrated to
improve quality of care. Specifically, it improves
quality of life for the person and their family in terms
of symptom burden, family well being and practical
supports, communication about what to expect in the
future and treatment options concordant with
person and family-determined goals for care.
The Clinical Practice Guidelines serve as a manual or
blueprint to create new and guide developing
programs that can achieve important health
Endorsed by 53 professional associations and
Supported by 4 professional associations and
Endorsements represent the diverse health
Represents varied disciplines
◦ Social Work
Reflects varied constituents
◦ Cancer community
◦ Education community
◦ Ethics community
WWhhoo SShhoouulldd AAddoopptt tthhee
NNaattiioonnaall CCoonnsseennssuuss PPrroojjeecctt
CClliinniiccaall PPrraaccttiiccee GGuuiiddeelliinneess??
Acute Care Programs
Ambulatory Care Programs
Rehabilitation Facility Programs
Long Term Care Facility Programs
Home Care Programs
Health Care Systems planning Accountable Care
Organizations and Patient Medical Homes
Guides program development in all the domains.
Validates necessary program elements to administration.
Ensures quality clinical outcomes in terms management
of physical, psychological and psychiatric pain and
Facilitates achievement of The Joint Commission (JCO)
quality and pain management standards and ANCC
(American Nurses Credentialing Center) Magnet status.
Ensures highest standards of care as they reflect the
maturation of the field, changes in practice, and
developments in the palliative care evidence base.
Reflects new perspectives on the role of palliative
care in quality as mandated by health care reform.
Promotes newest evidence base in outcomes
Fosters improved patient outcomes in compliance with
state and federal regulations.
Facilitates partnerships for caring for patients with
debilitating and life limiting illnesses.
Promotes improved patient and family satisfaction in
pain and symptom control.
Cultivates staff support in delivering care for long term
Encourages improved staff education.
Promotes quality metrics to the hospice program which
are now an essential aspect of reporting as mandated
by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
Adds additional aspects of care beyond hospice
standards of participation.
Promotes the field to move upstream.
Facilitates quality care for patients with serious and life
Promotes patient and family satisfaction in pain and
For more information and
Free download of the Clinical Practice Guidelines