NATIONAL AND GLOBAL
NEWS AGENCIES
Presented to: Mr Ramzan Azhar
By :Muhammad Zamir Assadi
MS 1 IIUI Fall Semester 2014
News Agency
 A news agency is an organization of
journalists established to supply News
reports to news organizations:...
Prominent News wires
 Agency France Press
 Associated Press
 Reuters
 United Press International
 Associated Pre...
History
 The oldest news agency is
AFP. It was founded in
1835 by Charles-Louis
Havas as Agence Havas.
 Two of his ...
Cont…
 The establishment of the
news agencies was the
most important
development in the
newspaper industry
altering...
AFP www.afp.com
 Headquarter in Paris
 President and CEO Emmanuel Hoog
 Employees 3,760
 In1852 signed agreements ...
 In 1940, when German forces occupied
France during the 2nd World War, the news
agency was taken over by the authoritie...
Telegraph first used 1845
 The Agency starts to use electrical telegraphs, an
invention which enables it to expand
 S...
AFP in numbers
 News teams
 1,500 journalists relaying news 24 hours per
day
 200 bureaus throughout the world, cov...
A day in the life of the AFP
 5.000 stories, 1.250 as illustrated articles
 3.000 photos
 200 videos
 100 graphics...
Prize & awards
 Philippine journalist receives AFP Kate
Webb Prize 17 Oct 2014
 Reporter from Philippines wins AFP's ...
Statutes
 AFP is administered by a CEO and a board
comprising 15 members:
 Eight representatives of the French press ...
AP www.ap.org
 Created in 1846
 President & CEO Gary B. Pruitt
 Five New York City newspapers got together to
fund ...
 1935, AP began sending photographs by wire
 A radio network was formed in 1973
 International video division was add...
AP Products
Major News stories
 Bombing of Pearl Harbor
 Fall of the shah of Iran
 Death of Pope John Paul
 Ajmal Kasaab is Pa...
AP Awards
 From the year 1922 huge number of journalists
have won prestigious media awards including
Pulitzers award
AP on map
 News floated by AP published by
 More than 1,700 newspapers
 More than 5,001 television and radio
broadc...
Reuters www.reuters.com
 1851 by Paul Julius Reuter in Britain at the
London Royal Exchange
 The company initially co...
Fatalities
Policy of objective language
 Reuters has a strict policy towards upholding
journalistic objectivity
 This policy has...
Services
Professional News Products Professional News Solutions
 International News
Services
 Business and
Financia...
Awards & Recognition
 World's Most Admired Companies 2009-2014
 Human Rights Campaign 2013-2014
 World’s Most Ethica...
Reuters On Map
 America
 Europe
 Middle East & Africa
 Asia Pacific
 South Asia
UPI www.upi.com
 Formally named "United Press
Associations" for incorporation and legal
purposes, but publicly known a...
UPI Work force
 At its peak, UPI had more than 2,000 full-time
employees
 200 news bureaus in 92 countries
 It had ...
Chain of command
 UPI has changed ownership several times
 With each change in ownership came deeper
service and staf...
Services
 News For Print and Electronic Media
 Videos
 Audio
 Documentaries
 Web Contents
 Special Reports
 ...
Associated Press Of Pakistan
 APP was founded in started its life in 1947
 Initially it was running through a Trust bu...
Key Highlights
 Urdu, Pashtoo, Sindhi, Balochi/Brahavi,
Saraiki,Arabic
 District based network
 Textual news feed, ...
Other Prominent national and
international news wires
 Press Trust of India
 Xinhua
 Kyodo News
 Online News Agen...
Constructing and dismantling the global
news agencies
 Development of News agencies Era
 The hegemony of European New...
The hegemony of European News cartel 1870-
1917
 French Havas, German Wolf and British Reuters
 Signed cartel agreeme...
The dissolution of European news cartel 1918-
1934
 AP & UPI expanded in South America
 German Wolf lost position due...
The hegemony of Big five 1940-1980
 US agencies captured European news market
which were devastated by WWs
 AFP again...
The dissolution of Big five 1980
 Post-NWICO era
 Processes of conglomeration was the reason
of diminution of UPI
 ...
The Big Three
 Only AP, AFP and Reuters survived from many
decades
 Reuters served mostly for providing financial
ne...
Conclusion
 News agencies are the oldest media since
1835 existing in the modern world . Sources of
funding have been ...
References
 http://www.afp.com/
 http://news.yahoo.com/us-bombs-al-qaeda-offshoot-khorasan-third-time-
233406321.html...
National and global news agencies
of 40

National and global news agencies

courtesy to all references
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: News & Politics      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - National and global news agencies

  • 1. NATIONAL AND GLOBAL NEWS AGENCIES Presented to: Mr Ramzan Azhar By :Muhammad Zamir Assadi MS 1 IIUI Fall Semester 2014
  • 2. News Agency  A news agency is an organization of journalists established to supply News reports to news organizations: News papers, magazines and radio and television. Such an agency may also be referred to as a wire service, newswire, or news service.
  • 3. Prominent News wires  Agency France Press  Associated Press  Reuters  United Press International  Associated Press of Pakistan
  • 4. History  The oldest news agency is AFP. It was founded in 1835 by Charles-Louis Havas as Agence Havas.  Two of his employees, Paul Julius Reuter and Bernhard Wolff, later set up rival news agencies in London and Berlin respectively in 1848.
  • 5. Cont…  The establishment of the news agencies was the most important development in the newspaper industry altering the process of news dissemination, nationally and internationally in the 1st half of 19th century  Growth of the newspapers was on rise as rapid flow of information became possible with the help of news agencies
  • 6. AFP www.afp.com  Headquarter in Paris  President and CEO Emmanuel Hoog  Employees 3,760  In1852 signed agreements with Reuter and Wolff  Exclusive reporting zone in different parts of Europe for coverage and business interests
  • 7.  In 1940, when German forces occupied France during the 2nd World War, the news agency was taken over by the authorities and renamed "Office Français d'Information“  On August 20, 1944, as Allied forces moved on Paris the resistant French journalists again captured agency  Major News floated was the death of the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin on March 6, 1953
  • 8. Telegraph first used 1845  The Agency starts to use electrical telegraphs, an invention which enables it to expand  Soon it is better and faster informed of what is going on in the world  In response to the Crimean war (1854-1856) it extends its European network all the way to Saint Petersburg and the Bosphorus
  • 9. AFP in numbers  News teams  1,500 journalists relaying news 24 hours per day  200 bureaus throughout the world, covering 150 countries  2,260 members of staff covering the whole world  80 different nationalities
  • 10. A day in the life of the AFP  5.000 stories, 1.250 as illustrated articles  3.000 photos  200 videos  100 graphics and video graphics  In 6 languages: French, English, German, Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese.  En 6 langues : français, anglais, allemand, arabe, espagnol, portugais.
  • 11. Prize & awards  Philippine journalist receives AFP Kate Webb Prize 17 Oct 2014  Reporter from Philippines wins AFP's Kate Webb Prize 7 Jul 2014  AFP photographer Pedro Armestre picks up eight prizes in 2014 25 Apr 2014
  • 12. Statutes  AFP is administered by a CEO and a board comprising 15 members:  Eight representatives of the French press  Two representatives of the AFP personnel  Two representatives of the government-owned radio and television  Three representatives of the government  One is named by the prime minister, another by the minister of finance, and a third by the minister of foreign affairs
  • 13. AP www.ap.org  Created in 1846  President & CEO Gary B. Pruitt  Five New York City newspapers got together to fund a pony express route through Alabama in order to bring news of the Mexican War north more quickly than the U.S. Post Office could deliver it  30 AP journalists have given their lives in this pursuit of the news  Delivered news by pigeon, pony express, railroad, steamship, telegraph and teletype in the early years
  • 14.  1935, AP began sending photographs by wire  A radio network was formed in 1973  International video division was added in 1994,the biggest in the world now
  • 15. AP Products
  • 16. Major News stories  Bombing of Pearl Harbor  Fall of the shah of Iran  Death of Pope John Paul  Ajmal Kasaab is Pakistani citizen  Drone strikes in Pakistan
  • 17. AP Awards  From the year 1922 huge number of journalists have won prestigious media awards including Pulitzers award
  • 18. AP on map  News floated by AP published by  More than 1,700 newspapers  More than 5,001 television and radio broadcasters.  The photograph library of the AP consists of over 10 million images.  The Associated Press operates 243 news bureaus, and it serves at least 120 countries, with an international staff located all over the world.
  • 19. Reuters www.reuters.com  1851 by Paul Julius Reuter in Britain at the London Royal Exchange  The company initially covered commercial news, serving banks, brokerage houses and business firms  The first newspaper client to subscribe was the London Morning Advertiser in 1858  First to report Assassination of Abraham Lincoln  Reuters operates in more than 200 cities in 94 countries in about 20 languages
  • 20. Fatalities
  • 21. Policy of objective language  Reuters has a strict policy towards upholding journalistic objectivity  This policy has caused comment on the possible insensitivity of its non-use of the word terrorist in reports, including the 11 September attacks  Reuters has been careful to only use the word terrorist in quotes, whether quotations or scare quotes  Reuters global news editor Stephen Jukes wrote, "We all know that one man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter, and that Reuters upholds the principle that we do not use the word terrorist."
  • 22. Services Professional News Products Professional News Solutions  International News Services  Business and Financial News Services  Political News Services  Regional News Services  Health News Services  Sports News Services  Entertainment News  Broadcast Video  Newswires  Online News Services  Pictures Services  News Graphics
  • 23. Awards & Recognition  World's Most Admired Companies 2009-2014  Human Rights Campaign 2013-2014  World’s Most Ethical Companies 2009-2014  Top 100 Employers in Canada 2008-2015  Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting 2014  Overseas Press Club Awards 2014  American Business Awards 2014  Society of Publishers in Asia Awards 2014
  • 24. Reuters On Map  America  Europe  Middle East & Africa  Asia Pacific  South Asia
  • 25. UPI www.upi.com  Formally named "United Press Associations" for incorporation and legal purposes, but publicly known and identified as United Press or UP, it was created in 1907 uniting of three smaller news syndicates by the Midwest newspaper publisher E. W. Scripps  In 1958 it became United Press International after absorbing the International News Service (INS).  As either UP or UPI, the agency was among the largest newswire services in the world, competing domestically for about 90 years
  • 26. UPI Work force  At its peak, UPI had more than 2,000 full-time employees  200 news bureaus in 92 countries  It had more than 6,000 media subscribers  With the rising popularity of television news, the business of UPI began to decline as the circulation of afternoon newspapers, its chief client category, began to fall.  Its decline accelerated after the 1982 sale of UPI by the Scripps company
  • 27. Chain of command  UPI has changed ownership several times  With each change in ownership came deeper service and staff cutbacks and changes of focus and a corresponding shrinkage of its traditional media customer base  In 2000, UPI was purchased by News World Communications, an international news media company which was founded in 1976 by Unification Church leader Sun Myung Moon
  • 28. Services  News For Print and Electronic Media  Videos  Audio  Documentaries  Web Contents  Special Reports  Photographs  Web Contents
  • 29. Associated Press Of Pakistan  APP was founded in started its life in 1947  Initially it was running through a Trust but owing to financial crunch, it was taken over by the Government through an Ordinance called; "Associated Press of Pakistan (taking over) Ordinance 1961", on 15th June 1961, to put it on a sound financial footing  APP was later converted into Corporation on October 19, 2002 through an Ordinance renaming it as Associated Press of Pakistan Corporation (APPC) and lending a status of semi government media government
  • 30. Key Highlights  Urdu, Pashtoo, Sindhi, Balochi/Brahavi, Saraiki,Arabic  District based network  Textual news feed, Videos, Audio, Documentaries, Web Contents, Special Reports  International correspondents are based in Washington, New York, London, Beijing and New Delhi  National, world, sports, Business, Forex , weather
  • 31. Other Prominent national and international news wires  Press Trust of India  Xinhua  Kyodo News  Online News Agency  Independent News Pakistan  Pakistan Press International  News Network International
  • 32. Constructing and dismantling the global news agencies  Development of News agencies Era  The hegemony of European News cartel 1870- 1917  The dissolution of European news cartel 1918- 1934  The hegemony of Big five 1940-1980  The dissolution of Big five 1980…..
  • 33. The hegemony of European News cartel 1870- 1917  French Havas, German Wolf and British Reuters  Signed cartel agreement for dividing world’s news market  Reuters had a vast market following British imperialism  Japan, Argentine and Canadian agencies also stepped in but faced tough time from cartel  AP joined cartel in 1927  UPI tried and achieved early success by signing agreements with small scale agencies in different parts
  • 34. The dissolution of European news cartel 1918- 1934  AP & UPI expanded in South America  German Wolf lost position due to WW1 from news cartel in 1934  Reuters faced financial issues  Japanese and Soviet agency also played the role in dissolution  National agencies were free to make agreements with any global which they liked
  • 35. The hegemony of Big five 1940-1980  US agencies captured European news market which were devastated by WWs  AFP again stabilized itself by commitment in the world of news  Soviet TAAS enhanced operations in eastern Europe including Middle east, Africa and Asia  Reuters pioneered the digitization of economic and financial news services
  • 36. The dissolution of Big five 1980  Post-NWICO era  Processes of conglomeration was the reason of diminution of UPI  Collapse of Communism brought relative demise of Tass  Some major agencies survived following vast coverage area and efficient work
  • 37. The Big Three  Only AP, AFP and Reuters survived from many decades  Reuters served mostly for providing financial news  AP served domestic and international markets equally with the challenge of UPI  AFP survived following government’s support
  • 38. Conclusion  News agencies are the oldest media since 1835 existing in the modern world . Sources of funding have been undermined reductions in state subsidy, reduction in aid from NGOs, the cooling of loyalty of media groups that have set up independent news gathering networks where these now have sufficient local resource to meet their own requirements. Governments and other NGOs should support agencies for keeping them on track
  • 39. References  http://www.afp.com/  http://news.yahoo.com/us-bombs-al-qaeda-offshoot-khorasan-third-time- 233406321.html  http://www.dawn.com/news/856680/ajmal-s-nationality-confirmed  http://www.apstudios.net/videos/  http://video.ap.org/  http://www.ap.org/products-services/radio  http://newint.org/features/1981/06/01/four/  http://www.communicationencyclopedia.com/public/tocnode?id=g978 1405131995_chunk_g978140513199519_ss16-1#  http://www.onlinenews.com.pk/  www.upi.com  www.reuters.com  http://www.directessays.com/viewpaper-student/84264.html

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