POLITICS OF NATIONALISM
7. RACE, GENDER AND
NATIONALISM
POLITICS OF NATIONALISM
7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
RACE
Three broad issues:
• Nature of race
• Racism and racist mobilisation
• Race, racism and nationalism
POLITICS OF NAT...
RACE
Difficulty of definition:
“Short story of the Irish race”,
Irish Race Convention
References to “British race”
Termino...
RACE
Research into race, 19th century:
Exploration of variations in skin colour,
colour and shape of eye, hair type, shape...
RACE
Skull types
(Ripley, 1899)
POLITICS OF NATIONALISM
7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
Skin colour
(Ripley, 1899)
POLITICS OF NATIONALISM
7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
RACE
Conclusions of physical
anthropologists, biologists:
•Big variation in distribution of physical
characteristics, geog...
RACE
Racist approaches:
Based on notion that races are not just
different, but unequal, and may be ranked
Rests on work of...
RACE
Paolo Mantegazza,
“Morphological tree of
the human race”
(1883)
POLITICS OF NATIONALISM
7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONAL...
RACE
Function of racist approaches:
• Legitimate imperial intervention in Africa,
Asia
• Justify position of dominant grou...
RACE
Kipling, “White man’s burden” (1899):
Take up the White Man’s burden—
Send forth the best ye breed—
Go bind your sons...
RACE
Domestic uses of racism:
• Anti-Irish stereotypes in USA, UK
• Anti-Jewish stereotypes and policies in Nazi
Germany
•...
RACE
POLITICS OF NATIONALISM
7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
RACE
POLITICS OF NATIONALISM
7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
RACE
Less visible racial-type thinking:
• Group names (Lapp, Negro, Tinker v.
Saami, Black/African American, Traveller)
• ...
RACE
Race and nationalism:
three patterns of relationship?
• Racism and nationalism as different forces?
• Racism as a dev...
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Polnat07(3)

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: News & Politics      Technology      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Polnat07(3)

  • 1. POLITICS OF NATIONALISM 7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM POLITICS OF NATIONALISM 7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
  • 2. RACE Three broad issues: • Nature of race • Racism and racist mobilisation • Race, racism and nationalism POLITICS OF NATIONALISM 7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
  • 3. RACE Difficulty of definition: “Short story of the Irish race”, Irish Race Convention References to “British race” Terminology in certain languages (Chinese, Malay): race = nation POLITICS OF NATIONALISM 7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
  • 4. RACE Research into race, 19th century: Exploration of variations in skin colour, colour and shape of eye, hair type, shape of nose, height, “cephalic index” (ratio of breadth of skull to height of skull) Pursued in two directions: •Biology, physical anthropology •“Race science” POLITICS OF NATIONALISM 7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
  • 5. RACE Skull types (Ripley, 1899) POLITICS OF NATIONALISM 7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
  • 6. Skin colour (Ripley, 1899) POLITICS OF NATIONALISM 7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
  • 7. RACE Conclusions of physical anthropologists, biologists: •Big variation in distribution of physical characteristics, geographical clustering; but populations everywhere are mixed •Classification does not imply ranking •Phenomenon of clustering and mixing confirmed by analysis of blood types (A, B, AB, O) •Phenomenon of clustering and mixing also confirmed by research in genetics POLITICS OF NATIONALISM 7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
  • 8. RACE Racist approaches: Based on notion that races are not just different, but unequal, and may be ranked Rests on work of Compte de Gobineau (18535), Houston Chamberlain (1899) and others Hierarchy places whites (Aryans) at top of ranking Later, Teutons placed at top of Aryan ranking Particular contempt for Jewish people POLITICS OF NATIONALISM 7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
  • 9. RACE Paolo Mantegazza, “Morphological tree of the human race” (1883) POLITICS OF NATIONALISM 7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
  • 10. RACE Function of racist approaches: • Legitimate imperial intervention in Africa, Asia • Justify position of dominant group within a particular society (Whites in southern USA, English in UK) • Provide cover for attacks on specific groups, e.g. Jews POLITICS OF NATIONALISM 7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
  • 11. RACE Kipling, “White man’s burden” (1899): Take up the White Man’s burden— Send forth the best ye breed— Go bind your sons to exile To serve your captives’ need; To wait in heavy harness On fluttered folk and wild— Your new-caught, sullen peoples, Half-devil and half-child POLITICS OF NATIONALISM 7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
  • 12. RACE Domestic uses of racism: • Anti-Irish stereotypes in USA, UK • Anti-Jewish stereotypes and policies in Nazi Germany • Post-war racism in other contexts (e.g. South Africa) POLITICS OF NATIONALISM 7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
  • 13. RACE POLITICS OF NATIONALISM 7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
  • 14. RACE POLITICS OF NATIONALISM 7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
  • 15. RACE Less visible racial-type thinking: • Group names (Lapp, Negro, Tinker v. Saami, Black/African American, Traveller) • Specific forms of terminology (mulatto, quadroon, octoroon) implying racial measurement • Ethnic jokes (Irish, Polish, Belgians, Norwegians) POLITICS OF NATIONALISM 7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM
  • 16. RACE Race and nationalism: three patterns of relationship? • Racism and nationalism as different forces? • Racism as a development of nationalism? • Race as an ingredient in nationalism? (plausible case for any of three; clearly has potential to be ingredient in nationalism in certain cases, reinforcing cultural distinctiveness) POLITICS OF NATIONALISM 7. RACE, GENDER AND NATIONALISM

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