K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum
Technology and Livelihood Education
Learning Module
BEAUTY CARE
(NAIL CARE) SERVICES
EX...
BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES
K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
What is this Modul...
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Welcome to the world of Beauty Care (Nail...
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This Module has 4 Lessons. Each Lesson ha...
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LO 1. Prepare the necessary tools and equ...
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Bevel - a term in manicuring and pedicuri...
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 Hand tools, equipment and specification...
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3. The equipment which is used to sanitiz...
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NAIL CARE TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
TOOLS are t...
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Finger or Manicure Bowl is a small bowl
u...
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Nail Buffer is an implement used for
smo...
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Pumice Stone is a type of volcanic rock,...
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Antiseptic Solution is an agent that red...
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Cling Wrap is a thin plastic film used f...
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First Aid Kit is a collection of supplie...
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Lotion is any of various cosmetic prepar...
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Solvent is a substance used to thin out ...
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EQUIPMENT are the items which are more o...
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Sterilizer is an equipment in a salon us...
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____________________ 8. What do we call ...
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Trolleys Emery board
Lotion
Manicure Pil...
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to their standards of used
Total
Rating ...
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Instructions:
Given the materials, tools...
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II. PEDICURE
III. HAND SPA
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IV. FOOT SPA
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Rubric for Performance
Dimension
Highly
...
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Score Percentage
= 4.5 x 30 + 70
5
Grade...
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 Hand tools, equipment and specificatio...
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9. Acetone
10. Toe nail separator
used t...
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Orangewood Stick
It is held in the same ...
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and the middle fingers are on its top an...
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Hand and Foot Spa Machine
Make sure that...
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Headband is a band of absorbent material...
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I. Demonstration on the proper use of na...
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III-B. Materials and Tools:
Materials
An...
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After learning how to use the different ...
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Maintain tools and equipment
LESSON 2
LO...
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Antiseptic - a substance, milder than a ...
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 Tools, equipment and specification
 P...
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2. It is the process of destroying some,...
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What is meant by Sterilization? What is ...
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those which are not; Functional tools an...
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Directions: Write brief answers to the f...
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e. Group 5 – Dispose waste materials and...
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4. Label the tools and equipment that ar...
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5 x 40% = 2
4 x 30% = 1.2
3 x 10% =0.3
_...
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 Tools, equipment and specification
 P...
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Directions: Supply an appropriate word t...
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How can tools and equipment be kept safe...
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2. The salon premises must be free from ...
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1. See to it that the premises are free ...
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3. Steps in Sanitizing Wooden Implements...
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Directions:
After learning the proper cl...
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 Hand tools, equipment and specificatio...
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Directions: Write T if the statement is ...
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At the end of every working session, mak...
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A manicurist must ensure that storage of...
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In not less than 5 sentences, describe h...
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I-A. Materials, Tools and Equipment
Tool...
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Procedure:
1. Given the list of material...
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Directions: After learning the correct w...
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Congratulations! You did a great job! Re...
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Practice Occupational Health and Safety
...
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Chemical Hazards are substances used and...
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 Lcd projector, Video clips, Laptop
 W...
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Multiple choice: Directions: Read the fo...
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Occupational health and safety (OHS) is ...
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The following are the steps of risk asse...
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information on what to do if you are exp...
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5. In any occupation where there is expo...
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School
Mall Market
Scoring Rubrics
Fair
...
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Rating Scale
15 - The students consisten...
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 Lcd projector, Video clips, Laptop
 W...
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Directions: Answer the following questio...
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Evaluating hazards and risks is the proc...
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PPE is compose of the following:
Imperme...
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Common workplace hazards and their contr...
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CHEMICAL HAZARD
Chemical Hazards are sub...
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Slips, Trips, Falls
Slips-loss of balanc...
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FIRE SAFETY
As a beauty salon staff, you...
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Manual handling involves any activity th...
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2. Disinfection is the removal of micro-...
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tunnel syndrome. It is a type of compres...
Nail Care Learning Module K-12
Nail Care Learning Module K-12
Nail Care Learning Module K-12
Nail Care Learning Module K-12
Nail Care Learning Module K-12
Nail Care Learning Module K-12
Nail Care Learning Module K-12
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Nail Care Learning Module K-12

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Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      
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Transcripts - Nail Care Learning Module K-12

  • 1. K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum Technology and Livelihood Education Learning Module BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES EXPLORATORY COURSE Grades 7 and Grade 8 Republic of the Philippines DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
  • 2. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page What is this Module About? ……………………………………….........................2 How do you Use this Module? ………………………………………………… 3 LESSON 1 – Use of Nail Care Tools and Equipment ……………….…4 - 35 LESSON 2 – Maintain Tools and Equipment …………………………36 - 61 LESSON 3 – Practice Occupational Health and Safety Procedure …..62 - 89 LESSON 4 – Practice Basic Nail Designs ……………………………90 - 113 Answer Keys ………………………………………………………….. 114 - 120 Acknowledgment …………………………………………………………….121
  • 3. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 2 Welcome to the world of Beauty Care (Nail Care) Services! This Module is an exploratory course which leads you to Beauty Care (Nail Care) Services National Certificate Level II ( NC II) 1 . It covers 4 common competencies that a Grade 7 / Grade 8 Technology and Livelihood Education (TLE) student like you ought to possess, namely: 1) Use of Nail Care Tools and Equipment; 2) Maintain Tools and Equipment; 3) Practice Occupational Health and Safety Procedure; and 4) Practice basic nail designs These 4 common competencies are covered separately in 4 Lessons. As shown below, each Lesson is directed to the attainment of one or two learning outcomes: Lesson 1 – Use of Nail Care Tools and Equipment LO1. Prepare the necessary tools and equipment for the specific nail care activity. LO2. Use nail care tools and equipment. Lesson 2 – Maintain Tools and Equipment LO1. Check condition of nail care tools and equipment LO2. Perform basic preventive and corrective maintenance LO3. Store nail care tools and equipment Lesson 3 – Practice Occupational Health and Safety Procedure LO1. Identify hazards and risks LO2. Evaluate and control hazards and risks Lesson 4 – Practice basic nail designs LO1. Identify nail structure, shapes and nail diseases/disorders LO2. Create basic nail designs 1NATIONAL CERTIFICATE (NC) is a certification issued to individuals who achieved all the required units of competency for a national qualification as defined under the Training Regulations. NCs are aligned to specific levels within the PTQF. (TESDA Board Resolution No. 2004-13, Training Regulations Framework) NATIONAL CERTIFICATE LEVEL refers to the four (4) qualification levels defined in the Philippine TVET Qualifications Framework (PTQF) where the worker with: a. NC I performs a routine and predictable tasks; has little judgment; and, works under supervision; b. NC II performs prescribe range of functions involving known routines and procedures; has limited choice and complexity of functions, and has little accountability; What Is This Module About?
  • 4. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 3 This Module has 4 Lessons. Each Lesson has the following:  Learning Outcome/s  Performance Standard  Materials /Resources  Definition of Terms  What Do You Already Know?  What Do You Need to Know?  How Much Have You Learned?  How Do You Apply What You Have Learned?  How Well Did You Perform?  What is your Score?  References To get the most from this Module, you’ve got to do the following:  Begin by reading and understanding the Learning Outcome/s and Performance Standard/s. These tell you what you should know and be able to do at the end of this Module.  Find out what you already know by taking the Pretest then check your answer based on the Answer Key. If you get 99 to 100% of the items correctly, you may proceed to the next Lesson. This means that you have no need to go through the Lesson because you already know what it is supposed to teach you. If you failed to get 99 to 100% of the items correctly, repeat the Lesson and review especially those items which you failed to get.  Do the required Learning Activities. It begins with one or more Information Sheets. An Information Sheet contains important notes or basic information that you need to know. After reading the Information Sheet , test yourself on how much you learned way of the Self-check. Refer to the Answer Key for correction. Do not hesitate to go back to the Information Sheet when you do not get all test items correctly. This will ensure your mastery of basic information.  It is not enough that you acquire content or information. You must be able to demonstrate what you learned by doing what the Activity / Operation /Job Sheet directs you to do. In other words, you must be able to apply what you learned in real life.  How well did you perform? Accomplish the Scoring Rubrics. Each Lesson also provides you with references and definition of key terms for your guide. They can be of great help . Use them fully. If you have questions, don’t hesitate to ask your teacher for assistance How Do You Use This Module?
  • 5. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 4 LO 1. Prepare the necessary tools and equipment for the specific nail care activity; and LO 2. Use nail care tools and equipment. LEARNING OUTCOMES: At the end of this Lesson, you are expected to do the following: Use of Nail Care Tools and Equipment LESSON 1
  • 6. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 5 Bevel - a term in manicuring and pedicuring that means to shape the edge of something Dispose of - to throw away Hygiene - the science concerned with maintaining good health and cleanliness Implements - articles or tools used in manicuring that are durable Infection - a condition caused by a germ or a pathogen Pathogen - a microbe or microorganism such as a virus, bacterium, prion, or fungus that causes disease Sterilization - a term referring to any process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of microbial life Radiation - a process in which energy is transmitted in the form of waves or particles that can be used to destroy micro-organisms Disinfectant - an agent, such as heat, radiation, or a chemical, that destroys, neutralizes, or prevents the growth of disease-carrying microorganisms Antiseptic - a substance, milder than a disinfectant, that prevents the growth and development of micro-organisms Cuticle - the nonliving epidermis that surrounds the edges of the fingernail or toenail Moisten - make wet or damp Nail bed - the portion of the skin upon which the nail plate rests Effleurage - a French word meaning "to skim" or "to touch lightly on", is a series of massage strokes used in Swedish massage to warm up the muscle Spa - a beauty care service where curative minerals are present for beautification Hand Spa - a beauty care service using natural oils, vitamins and minerals, having curative effect to the body Paraffin - a waxy white or colorless solid hydrocarbon mixture used to make candles, wax paper, lubricants, and sealing materials Foot Spa - a beauty care service offered by salons to relax and moisturize the feet Definition of Terms
  • 7. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 6  Hand tools, equipment and specifications  Tools condition report forms  Workplace/simulated environment Directions: Choose the letter of the correct answer. Write your answer on a separate sheet. 1. A tool that is used to push back or loosen the cuticles. a. Cuticle remover c. Cuticle nail pusher b. Nail File d. Emery board 2. An implement that is used to shape the free edges of the nail with the coarse side and bevel the nail with the finer side. a. Nail Cutter c. Nail Trimmer b. Nail File d. Nail Buffer What Do You Already Know? Materials Prepare the necessary nail care tools and equipment for the specific nail care activity. LEARNING OUTCOME 1 Let us determine how much you already know about the use of nail care tools and equipment. Take this test. Pretest LO 1  Tools and equipment are prepared based on salon procedure and policies.  Tools and equipment are identified and checked according to task requirements. PERFORMANCE STANDARDS
  • 8. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 7 3. The equipment which is used to sanitize or kill bacteria or micro-organisms in metal implements. a. Hand Spa Machine c. Solvent b. Buffer d. Sterilizer 4. The implement with pointed and rounded ends to remove excess polish. a. Orangewood Stick c. Nail Buffer b. Nail File d. Emery board 5. The electronic gadget which is used to soothe pain of arthritis, muscle spasms and dry skin of the hands. a. Sterilizer c. Hand Spa Machine b. Foot Spa Machine d. Manicure Table 6. It is used to: smooth out ridges on the nails ,give nails a healthy shine and remove any surface stain. a. Sterilizer c. Nail file b. Buffer d. Orangewood stick 7. A type of volcanic rock used to remove callouses. a. Foot spa basin c. Pumice stone b. Foot spa tray d. Cotton 8. It is a wheeled cart that is pushed by hand and used for transporting manicuring and pedicuring tools and materials. a. Trolley c. Manicure tray b. Supply tray d. Foot file 9. It is an organic compound used as sanitizer in nail salons. a. Base coat c. Alcohol b. Top coat d. Cuticle solvent 10. It is a clear polish applied to the nail plate before the application of colored polish. a. Base coat c. Alcohol b. Top coat d. Cuticle solvent
  • 9. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 8 NAIL CARE TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT TOOLS are the articles used in any nail care service which are durable or permanent and are hand-held. Tools are also referred to as implements. The tools commonly used in giving manicure and pedicure are the following: Callous Remover is a tool designed to strip off calluses and corns. Cuticle Nail Pusher is a tool used to push back and loosen the cuticles. Cuticle Nipper is an implement used to cut the cuticles. Cuticle Scissor is an implement to cut stubborn cuticles. What Do You Need To Know? Read the Information Sheet 1.1 very well then find out how much you can remember and how much you learned by doing Self-check 1.1. Information Sheet 1.1
  • 10. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 9 Finger or Manicure Bowl is a small bowl used for soaking the fingers to soften the cuticles. Foot file is made of metal or sandpaper, with a rough file on one side to remove calluses and a fine file on the other to smoothen the feet. Foot Spa Basin is a large rectangular container used for bathing and soaking the feet when giving a pedicure. Manicure Tray is a flat container where all the necessary tools and implements are placed for use by the manicurist. Manicure Nail Brush is a plastic handled brush with nylon bristles used to clean dirt and cosmetic residue from the nail surface and skin. Mixing bowl is a small open-top, rounded cup-like container used for mixing the aromatic oils and other fluids for the hand or foot spa.
  • 11. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 10 Nail Buffer is an implement used for smoothening and polishing the nails. Nail Cutter / Nail Clipper / Nail Trimmer is a hand tool made of metal used to trim fingernails and toenails. Nail File is an implement used to shape the free edges of the nail with the coarse side and bevel the nail with the finer side. Orangewood Stick is an implement with pointed and rounded ends to remove excess polish. Pedicure Nail Brush is a tool used to remove cosmetics and cleanse nails. Plastic Container for Cotton is a small receptacle where cotton balls are put.
  • 12. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 11 Pumice Stone is a type of volcanic rock, which is actually frothy lava solidified to form a porous rock to remove dry and annoying skin of the feet as well as calluses. Supply Tray is a flat container that holds the necessary cosmetics and implements. Trolley is a wheeled cart that is pushed by hand and used for transporting manicuring and pedicuring tools and materials. MATERIALS are the cosmetics and supplies that are consumed and should be replaced from time to time. They are also called consumables. The following are the materials used in giving manicure, pedicure, hand and foot spa: Alcohol is an organic compound used as sanitizer.
  • 13. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 12 Antiseptic Solution is an agent that reduces or prevents the multiplication of micro- organisms. Apron is an outer protective garment that covers primarily the front of the body to protect clothes from dirt or stains. Assorted Colored Nail Polish is a lacquer applied on fingernails and toenails to decorate and/or protect the nail plate. Base Coat is a clear layer of polish applied to the nail plate before the application of colored polish to smoothen surface for color and promote healthier nails. Benzalconium Chloride is a yellow-white powder prepared in an aqueous solution used as surface disinfectant and topical antiseptic. Bleaching Soap is a soap formulated to whiten the skin.
  • 14. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 13 Cling Wrap is a thin plastic film used for sealing the paraffin during a hand spa. Cotton is a soft white downy fiber for dubbing or cleaning the nails and removing nail polish. Cuticle Oil is a mixture of fats and waxes containing lanolin and petroleum base to soften and lubricate the skin around the nails. Cuticle Remover is a liquid used to soften nail cuticles and prepare them to be cut. Disinfectant is an agent, such as heat, radiation, or a chemical, that destroys, neutralizes, or prevents the growth of disease-carrying microorganisms. Emery board is a wooden, sand paper-like stick with a fine texture on one side and a coarse texture on the other side used to gently grind down the edges of the nails.
  • 15. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 14 First Aid Kit is a collection of supplies for use in giving first aid. Foot Blush is a liquid spray that contains peppermint and alpha hydroxyl acids derived from fruits that whisks away dead skin cells, deodorizes and soften the feet, giving it a pinkish glow after use. Foot Soak is an herbal blend to relax, energize, soothe and deodorize the feet. Foot Scrub is a mixture of natural ingredients to keep feet soft, smooth and moisturized. Garbage bins/bags are plastic disposable bags or trash receptacles used to contain rubbish to keep the place clean. Hand Towel is an absorbent cloth for drying the hands.
  • 16. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 15 Lotion is any of various cosmetic preparations that are applied to soften the skin. Manicure pillow is a hand cushion that helps a client to keep her hands steady and relaxed. Nail Hardener is a liquid applied to the nails to form a protective barrier to prevent chipping, peeling and splitting of nails. Nail Polish Remover (Acetone) is an organic solvent used to dissolve old polish on nails. Quick Dry is a liquid applied to colored nail polish to dry faster.
  • 17. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 16 Solvent is a substance used to thin out the nail polish when it has thickened. Toe Nail Separator is a soft material where toes are inserted to keep them apart to prevent a freshly painted toenail from staining another toe. Top Coat is a clear nail polish applied to the nails after the colored polish to protect it from scratches and chips, it makes nails harder and keep them looking shiny. Towel is an absorbent cloth for drying the hands and feet. Wet Sanitizer is a substance or preparation for killing germs.
  • 18. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 17 EQUIPMENT are the items which are more or less durable and permanent needed for a particular activity or purpose. These are the equipment and furniture or fixtures that are used in a salon: Chairs are seats with back support which have four legs and some have rests for the arms. Foot Spa Machine is an electronic gadget used for soaking, bathing and massaging the feet during a foot spa. Foot Spa Stool is a simple seat with three or four legs designed to provide comfort and elevation during a foot spa. Hand Spa Machine is an electronic gadget used to soothe pain of arthritis, muscle spasms and dry cracked skin of the hands. Manicurist’s Chair or Stool is the adjustable upholstered seat fitted over a metal or chrome. Manicure Table is a furniture especially designed for giving manicure. Usually it has a laminated plastic surface and a drawer for storing materials. It is often fitted with ball casters for easy mobility.
  • 19. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 18 Sterilizer is an equipment in a salon used for sterilizing metal implements to kill micro-organisms. Timer is a device that can be preset to start or stop something at a given time. Read the questions carefully. Write the answer on a separate sheet of paper. ____________________ 1. What do we call the tool that is used to push back or loosen the cuticles? ____________________ 2. What implement is used to shape the free edges of the nail with the coarse side and bevel the nail with the finer side? ____________________ 3. What hand tool is made of metal and is used to trim fingernails and toenails? ____________________ 4. How do we call the implement used for smoothening and . polishing the nails? ____________________ 5. How is a wooden, sand paper-like stick with a fine texture on one side and a coarse texture on the other side used to gently grind down the edges of the nails called? ____________________ 6. How do we call the implement with pointed and rounded ends to remove excess polish? ____________________ 7. What electronic gadget is used for soaking, bathing and massaging the feet during a foot spa? How Much Have You Learned? Self-Check 1.1
  • 20. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 19 ____________________ 8. What do we call the equipment in a salon that is used for sterilizing metal implements to kill micro-organisms? ____________________ 9. How do we call the simple seat with three or four legs designed to provide comfort and elevation during a foot spa? ____________________10. What electronic gadget is used to soothe pain of arthritis, muscle spasms and dry cracked skin of the hands? I. Identification of Tools and Equipment According to Task Requirement Materials, Tools and Equipment Tools Callous Remover Cuticle Nail Pusher Cuticle Nipper Cuticle Scissor Finger or Manicure Bowl Foot File Foot Spa Basin Foot Spa Tray with Handle Manicure Tray Manicure Nail Brush Mixing Bowl Nail Buffer Nail Cutter/Clipper/Trimmer Nail File Orange Wood Stick Pedicure Nail Brush Plastic Container for Cotton Pumice Stone Materials Alcohol Antiseptic Solution Apron Assorted Nail Polish Base Coat Benzalconium Chloride Bleaching Soap Cling Wrap Cotton Cuticle Oil Cuticle Remover Disinfectant First Aid Kit Foot Blush Foot Soak Foot Scrub Garbage Bags/Bins Hand Towel Equipment Chairs Foot Spa Machine Hand Spa Machine Foot Spa Stool Manicurist’s Stool Manicure Table Sterilizer Timer Refer to the Answer Key. What is your score? Show that you learned something by doing this activity HowDo YouApplyWhatYou HaveLearned? Activity Sheet 1.1
  • 21. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 20 Trolleys Emery board Lotion Manicure Pillow Nail Hardener Nail Polish Remover Quick Dry Solvent Toe Nail Separator Top Coat Wet Sanitizer Instructions: You are given different materials, tools and equipment. Group all the materials, then all the tools and the third group, equipment. II. Procedure: 1. Identify the tools, materials and equipment which are used in giving: A. Manicure and Pedicure B. Hand Spa C. Foot Spa 2. Check the tools, materials and equipment for proper operation as per safety practices. 3. Gather all the materials in the shop or laboratory. Classify all those unsafe for use and mark “S”; those unsafe for use, mark “U” and those for repair, “R”. DIRECTIONS: Evaluate yourself by checking the appropriate boxes to indicate the degree of competency in nail care tools and equipment. Criteria 15 10 5 Score Identify nail care tools, materials and equipment . Demonstrate knowledge on the safety practices of nail care tools, materials and equipment. Classify nail care tools and equipment according Find out by accomplishing the Scoring Card honestly and sincerely. Remember it is your learning at stake! How Well Did You Perform?
  • 22. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 21 to their standards of used Total Rating Scale: 15 - The student consistently perform tasks to standards with no supervision 10 - The student can perform the tasks with limited supervision and/or does not perform the task to standard . 5 - The student can perform the tasks with direct supervision. I. Prepare the necessary tools, materials and equipment for the specific nail care services. Materials, Tools and Equipment Tools Callous Remover Cuticle Nail Pusher Cuticle Nipper Cuticle Scissor Finger or Manicure Bowl Foot File Foot Spa Basin Foot Spa Tray with Handle Manicure Tray Manicure Nail Brush Mixing Bowl Nail Buffer Nail Cutter/Clipper/Trimmer Nail File Orange Wood Stick Pedicure Nail Brush Plastic Container for Cotton Pumice Stone Trolleys Materials Alcohol Antiseptic Solution Apron Assorted Nail Polish Base Coat Benzalconium Chloride Bleaching Soap Cling Wrap Cotton Cuticle Oil Cuticle Remover Disinfectant First Aid Kit Foot Blush Foot Soak Foot Scrub Garbage Bags/Bins Hand Towel Emery board Lotion Manicure Pillow Nail Hardener Nail Polish Remover Quick Dry Solvent Toe Nail Separator Top Coat Wet Sanitizer EQUIPMENT Chairs Foot Spa Machine Hand Spa Machine Foot Spa Stool Manicurist’s Stool Manicure Table Sterilizer Timer Activity Sheet 1.2
  • 23. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 22 Instructions: Given the materials, tools and equipment, demonstrate how to prepare them. I. MANICURE Activity Sheet 1.2
  • 24. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 23 II. PEDICURE III. HAND SPA
  • 25. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 24 IV. FOOT SPA
  • 26. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 25 Rubric for Performance Dimension Highly Skilled 5 Skilled 4 Moderately Skilled 3 Unskilled 2 No Attempt 1 Use of tools, equipment and materials (20%) Appropriate selection, preparation and use of materials and tools/ equipment all the time Appropriate selection, preparation and use of materials and tools/ equipment most of the time Appropriate selection, preparation and use of materials and tools/ equipment some of the time Never selects, prepares and use appropriate materials and tools/equipment No attempt to use tools/ equipment Application of Procedure (40%) Systematic application of procedures all the time without supervision Systematic application of procedures most of the time with minimum supervision Systematic application of procedures some of the time with constant supervision Never follows systematic application of procedures and highly development on supervision No attempt to apply procedures to project/activity Safety / Work Habits (30%) Highly self- motivated and observes all safety precautions at all times Self- motivated and observes most safety precautions most of the time Self-motivated and observes sometimes some safety precautions Needs to be motivated and does not observe safety precaution No motivation and totally disregards precaution Speed / Time (10%) Work finished ahead of time Work finished meets deadline Work finished close to deadline Work finished way beyond deadline No concept of time Rating Scale Weighted Score: = Score x Item (weight) Score Percentage = Total weighted score x 30 + 70 Perfect score (5) Example: 5 x 20% = 1 5 x 40% = 2 4 x 30% = 1.2 3 x 10% =0.3 ______ Total weighted score =4.5 Find out by accomplishing the Scoring Rubric honestly and sincerely. Remember it is your learning at stake! How Well Did You Perform?
  • 27. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 26 Score Percentage = 4.5 x 30 + 70 5 Grade = 97 Note: If you want to consider a higher grade of your students adjust score percentage, you can change it to 40 + 60. I. Directions: After learning about the different tools, materials and equipment, with your own sets of nail care tools, materials and equipment, classify them using the grid below. Do this on a separate sheet of paper. TOOLS MATERIALS EQUIPMENT 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23 How Do You Extend Your Learning?
  • 28. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 27  Hand tools, equipment and specification  Personal protective equipment (PPE)  Workplace/simulated environment Directions: Match the word in column A with its description in column B. Write the letter of the correct answer on a separate sheet. Column A Column B 1. Emery board 2. Nail buffer 3. Callous remover 4. Foot spa machine 5. Cuticle nipper 6. Cuticle pusher 7. Foot scrub 8. Orangewood stick a. an electronic gadget that is used in giving foot spa. b. a tool that is used to give the nail a natural glow c. an implement that is used to bevel and smoothen the nail. d. a tool that is used to remove callouses e. it is used to remove nail polish f. it is a soft material inserted to toes g. It is an implement with pointed and rounded ends Materials What Do You Already Know? Use nail care tools and equipment LEARNING OUTCOME 2 Let us determine how much you already know about the use nail care tools and equipment. Take this test. Pretest LO 2  Tools and equipment are used according to task requirements.  Safety procedure of using tools and equipment are observed. PERFORMANCE STANDARDS
  • 29. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 28 9. Acetone 10. Toe nail separator used to remove excess polish h. an implement used to push dead cuticle i. it is a mixture of natural ingredients to keep feet soft ,smooth and moisturized Nail Care, once considered as a luxury for the few or as a mark of distinction between the rich and the poor, is now within the reach of the general public. In fact, part of a person’s grooming and a form of inexpensive relaxation is a regular nail care activity – be it manicure, pedicure, hand spa or foot spa. The following shows the proper way of holding and handling some nail care tools or implements and equipment. MANICURE AND PEDICURE Nail File Hold the file firmly in the right or left hand (as the case may be), with the thumb underneath it for support and the other four fingers on its upper surface. Place the file slightly under the free edge and file the nail from corner to center, shaping the nail. Never file back and forth; this would cause the nails to crack and split. Do not file deep into the corners; this weakens the nails, hurt the skin and cause ingrown nails. Emery Board It is held in the same manner as the nail file. Bevel the rough surface of the nail using the fine side to smoothen it. Emery boards are discarded after use on one person. What Do You Need To Know? Read the Information Sheet 2.1 very well then find out how much you can remember and how much you learned by doing Self-check 2.1. Information Sheet 2.1
  • 30. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 29 Orangewood Stick It is held in the same manner as in writing with a pencil. To loosen cuticle, work around nail; for applying oil or solvent, slightly dip the cotton-tipped orangewood stick and work around the base of the nail; to clean under the free edge of the nail, from the center toward each side, with gentle pressure so that live tissue at the root of the nail will not be injured. Cuticle Nail Pusher It is held in the same manner as in writing with a pencil. The dull spade side is used to push back and loosen the cuticles. Keep cuticle moist using cuticle remover while working. Use the cuticle pusher in a flat position to remove dead cuticle adhering to the nail without scratching the nail plate. In using the pusher, avoid too much pressure to prevent injury on tissues. Cuticle Nipper Pick up the cuticle nipper by the handles and turn the cutting edges towards you; place the bent tip of the index finger over the top of the shank. Place the thumb on the side of the handle and the remaining fingers over the opposite handle. Use it with utmost care to remove dead cuticle and hangnails so as not to injure live tissue Nail Cutter Hold clippers with cutting edges downward between thumb, index and middle finger. Press clipper handles by squeezing them together and remove excess nail length. Nail Brush Insert the ring finger and pinky in the nail brush handle and brush the nails with a downward motion from the base to the fingertips to clean the nails and fingers. Nail Buffer Place the thumb and the ring finger under the handle of the buffer while the index
  • 31. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 30 and the middle fingers are on its top and the pinky is on its side. Apply a small amount of powder over the buffer then buff the nails with downward strokes from the base to the free edge of each nail until a smooth clear gloss has been obtained. Buffing helps in giving the nail natural gloss and increases blood circulation to the finger tips. To prevent heating and burning sensation, lift the buffer from the nail after each stroke. HAND AND FOOT SPA Foot File Start with the course side of the foot file. Gently slide it back and forth across the ball of your foot and the bottom the toes. Still with the rough side of the file work mostly on the outside rim of the heel. Flip the file over and repeat the process with each foot. The fine side will smoothen the skin and leave it feeling polished. Callous Remover Insert the blade into the callous remover with care. Lay the callous remover on the top thick part of the callous. Do not lay the blade above the area that is going to be cut, as this may result in cutting the soft part of the foot, resulting to open wound. Applying light pressure with a steady hand on the callous remover, gently glide it over the callous. Repeat the process if necessary until the callous is thinner. Smoothen the callous with a foot file. Pumice Stone After soaking the feet in warm soapy water, use the pumice stone to gently buff away cracked or dry skin of the feet with a soft, circular motion. Never apply heavy pressure to the pumice for this can cause sores, open wounds and possible infection.
  • 32. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 31 Hand and Foot Spa Machine Make sure that electrical wirings are dry and protected from accidental water spillage. Set the machine to the temperature that the client can withstand. Learning to use tools and equipment properly assures you that you will give your client a nail care service safely. You should carefully follow these tips if you want to achieve quality service all the time. PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) Personal Protective Equipment are the garments designed to protect the wearer’s body from injury or chemicals or for job-related occupational safety and health purposes. Glove is a garment covering for the whole hand. Smock gown is a loose cloak or robe worn to protect the clothes. Mask is a protective face covering for hygienic purposes and to prevent the face from chemical exposure.
  • 33. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 32 Headband is a band of absorbent material worn on or around the head across the forehead to keep the sweat and the hair off the face. I. Answer each question briefly. 1. Why should filing be done from the corners to the center of the nails? 2. Why is gentle pressure applied in using orangewood stick? 3. What effect does buffing have on the nails? 4. Why should a cuticle nipper be used with utmost care? 5. What would likely to happen if heavy pressure is applied when using a pumice stone? Refer to the Answer Key. What is your score? How Much Have You Learned? Self-Check 2.1
  • 34. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 33 I. Demonstration on the proper use of nail care tools and equipment Materials, Tools and Equipment Materials Cuticle Remover Hand Towel First Aid Kit Antiseptic Solutions Tools Nail File Orangewood Stick Cuticle Nail Pusher Nail Cutter Equipment Foot Spa Machine Procedure: 1. Demonstrate the proper use of the following tools: a. Cuticle Nail Pusher b. Nail File c. Orangewood Stick d. Nail Cutter 2. Show how to set the hand spa machine for use. 3. Act out how to set a foot spa machine for use. II-A. Materials and Tools: Materials Cuticle Remover Cotton Hand Towel Tools Orangewood Stick Cuticle Nail Pusher Instructions: 1. Apply cuticle remover to cuticle in one stroke. Spread it with a brush. 2. Allow to stand for 1 minute. 3. Hold orangewood stick tipped with cotton or cuticle nail pusher 2.5 cm from tip. 4. Starting at one side of the nail, gently begin to loosen the cuticle with a rotating action. Work from one side of the nail to the other. 5. Using tip of the implement, remove matter from under the free-edge. 6. Using a cotton, carefully mold back skin, wiping off remaining cuticle remover. Show that you learned something by doing this activity HowDo YouApplyWhatYou HaveLearned? Operation Sheet 2.1
  • 35. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 34 III-B. Materials and Tools: Materials Antiseptic Solution Cotton First Aid Kit Tools Nail Cutter/Clipper Instructions: 1. Adjust clipper in working position. 2. Turn client’s palm up. 3. Hold client’s finger upright between your thumb and fingers. 4. Hold clippers with cutting edges downward between thumb and index and middle fingers. 5. Place nail plate between cutting edges, holding clipper to cut straight across nail plate. 6. Gauge the desired length of nail (not shorter than 3mm). 7. Press clipper handles by squeezing handles together, and remove excess length. Rating Scale: 15 - Very Good 10 -Good 5 - Fair 1 –Needs Improvement Criteria Weight Demonstrated the proper way of using all nail care tools and equipment 15 pts. Demonstrated the proper way of using most of the nail care tools and equipment 10 pts. Demonstrated the proper way of using some of the nail care tools and equipment. 5 pts. Failed to demonstrate the proper way of using nail care tools and equipment 1 pt. Find out by accomplishing the Scoring Rubric honestly and sincerely. Remember it is your learning at stake! How Well Did You Perform?
  • 36. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 35 After learning how to use the different nail care tools and equipment properly, you will be shaping the nail using the emery board on your own. 1. Hold emery board between thumb and index finger of the dominant hand. 2. Hold the client’s fingertip between thumb and index finger of auxiliary hand. 3. Position the emery board under the free edge of the nail. 4. Slide emery board across free edge to center of nail edge in one stroke. Work from the corner to the center of the nail. 5. Place the emery board on the opposite side of the nail and repeat procedure. 6. Repeat until desired shape is achieved. 7. Check nail edge for rough spots. Bevel nail by lightly filing edge downward with the fine side of the emery board. When you are finished, check your work and then show it to your teacher for critiquing Congratulations! You did a great job! Rest and relax a while then move on to the next lesson. Good luck! How Do You Extend Your Learning? LO1  Kibbe, Constance V. Standard Textbook of Cosmetology. Milady Publishing Corp: 1984  Moore, Oakley and Franco. The World of Cosmetology. McGraw-Hill Book Company: 1980 LO 2  Nordmann, Lorraine, et. al. Beauty Therapy – The Foundation. Thomson Learning: 2001  Kibbe, Constance V. Standard Textbook of Cosmetology. Milady Publishing Corp: 1984  Moore, Oakley and Franco. The World of Cosmetology. McGraw-Hill Book Company: 1980 REFERENCES
  • 37. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 36 Maintain tools and equipment LESSON 2 LO 1. Check condition of nail care tools and equipment; LO 2. Perform basic preventive and corrective maintenance; and LO 3. Store nail care tools and equipment. LEARNING OUTCOMES: At the end of this Lesson you are expected to do the following:
  • 38. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 37 Antiseptic - a substance, milder than a disinfectant, that prevents the growth and development of micro-organisms Contaminated wastes - materials which are infected or with some measure of decay Disinfectant - an agent, such as heat, radiation, or a chemical, that destroys, neutralizes, or prevents the growth of disease-carrying microorganisms Dispose of - to throw away Foot Spa - a beauty care service offered by salons to relax and moisturize the feet Hand Spa - a beauty care service using natural oils, vitamins and minerals, having curative effect to the body Hygiene - the science concerned with maintaining good health and cleanliness Implements - articles or tools used in manicuring that are durable Infection - a condition caused by a germ or a pathogen Pathogen - a microbe or microorganism such as a virus, bacterium, prion, or fungus that causes disease Polythene - a kind of plastic commonly used as grocery bags, shampoo bottles, children’s toys among others PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) - protective clothing designed to protect the wearer’s body from injury or chemicals or for job-related occupational safety and health purposes Radiation - a process in which energy in transmitted in the form of waves or particles that can be used to destroy micro-organisms Spa - a beauty care service where curative minerals are present for beautification Sterilization - a term referring to any process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of microbial life Definition of Terms
  • 39. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 38  Tools, equipment and specification  Personal protective equipment (PPE)  Workplace/simulated environment A. Multiple Choice Directions: Choose the letter of the correct answer. Write your answer on a separate sheet. 1. It is the process of destroying all living micro-organisms. a. Sanitation c. Sterilization b. Disinfecting d. Sanitization What Do You Already Know? Materials Check condition of nail care tools and equipment LEARNING OUTCOME 1  Procedures for sterilization and sanitation of nail care tools and equipment are followed  Non-functional tools and equipment are segregated and labeled according to classification.  Tools and equipment are safely stored in accordance with salon requirements and local health regulations.  Conditions of PPE are checked in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions PERFORMANCE STANDARDS Let us determine how much you already know about the use of nail care tools and equipment. Take this test. Pretest LO 1
  • 40. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 39 2. It is the process of destroying some, but not all micro-organisms using heat or antiseptics. a. Sanitation c. Sterilization b. Disinfecting d. Sanitization 3. It is a substance used to control micro-organisms on non-living surfaces. a. Antiseptic c. Disinfectant b. Solvent d. Nail Hardener 4. It is an agent that prevents the multiplication of micro-organisms. a. Antiseptic c. Disinfectant b. Solvent d. Nail Hardener 5. It is the application of measures to promote public health and prevent the spread of infectious diseases. a. Sanitation c. Sterilization b. Disinfecting d. Sanitization B. Essay Directions: Briefly discuss the following questions 1. A strong emphasis is placed on sanitizing all implements and equipment. Why is sanitizing so important in nail care? 2. Differentiate sanitation from sterilization. Check condition of tools and equipment It is important to assemble, sanitize and sterilize all the necessary items before starting any nail care activity. Sanitation is the application of measures to promote public health and prevent the spread of infectious diseases. The observance of safety rules in the salon industry can be of great help in preventing accidents and injury to anyone in the salon. What Do You Need To Know? Read the Information Sheet 1.1 very well then find out how much you can remember and how much you learned by doing Self-check 1.1. Information Sheet 1.1
  • 41. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 40 What is meant by Sterilization? What is Sanitization? Sterilization is the process of destroying all living micro-organisms. Sanitization is the process of destroying some, but not all micro-organisms. Sterilization and sanitization techniques which are being practiced in the beauty salon involve the use of physical agents like heat and radiation; and chemical agents like antiseptics and vapor fumigants. What is the difference between disinfectant and antiseptic? A disinfectant is a substance used to control micro-organisms on non-living surfaces such as tools, equipment, and furniture/ fixtures. An antiseptic is an agent that prevents the multiplication of micro-organisms. Since it is milder than a disinfectant, it can be used directly on the skin. Preparation of Equipment to be Sanitized a. Read directions on disinfectant. b. Measure and mix disinfectant as directed. c. Saturate a cleaning cloth with disinfectant solution and wipe entire surface area of equipment. d. Wipe the surface with paper towel to dry it. e. Dispose of sanitizing solution and used towels. Preparation of Metals Implements for Sterilization a. Soak the tools/ implements in hot, soapy water solution to remove any debris and oil residue. Rinse them thoroughly. b. Place the tools/implements in a 70% to 90% alcohol solution for 20 minutes. c. Remove the tools/implements from solution, wipe them dry, and place them into a dry sterilizer. Preparation of the Sanitizing Jar a. Cleanse sanitizing jar with disinfectant and wipe it dry. b. Place thin layer of sterile cotton at the bottom of jar. c. Remove implements from wet or dry sanitizer and place them into the jar, handles up, except for metal nail files. d. Fill jar with 70% to 90% alcohol solution to cover cutting edges and tips of orangewood sticks. Keep in mind that all tools/implements and equipment should not be used unless effectively sanitized or sterilized so as to prevent possible diseases and that all materials are neatly organized on the trolley. All beauticians should maintain a high standard of personal hygiene. Wherever possible, use disposable products. Make sure that the client’s safety and comfort is ensured by using tools and equipment which are in good condition and that he/she is provided with the appropriate personal protective clothing. Your goal is to give the highest professional nail care service to each client thus, tools and equipment are checked thoroughly to identify those which function efficiently and
  • 42. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 41 those which are not; Functional tools and equipment are stored safely in accordance with salon requirements and local health regulations. Non-functional or faulty tools and equipment are segregated and labeled properly either for repair or for discarding. After every working session, the following should be done: a. Tools which are made of plastic should be kept clean and sanitized properly in preparation for the next patron. b. Empty bottles and containers are discarded in a covered trash bin. c. Used treatment products and other chemicals are stored, arranged and properly labeled in the cabinet. d. Finger bowls must be sanitized before use of every client. e. The hand and foot spa machines must be flushed with a solution of about 5% bleach and circulate the liquid through the system for at least 10 minutes. f. Leave the solution in the hand and foot spa machines overnight or at least 5-10 hours before draining the machines so that they are thoroughly sanitized. g. Table tops and door handles are wiped with disinfectant and the floor should be mopped with disinfectant as well. h. Metal tools and instruments must be sterilized following proper sterilization techniques. After the process, store in a dry cabinet until needed. i. Tools/Implements which are made of porous materials such as nail files, buffers, nail brushes and orangewood sticks can harbor bacteria easily. Since they are wood products which cannot be sterilized, these tools should not be reused. j. Waste materials should be disposed properly in an enclosed waste bin fitted with polythene bag. The bin should be sanitized with disinfectant regularly in a well- ventilated area. Remember to wear protective gloves while doing this. k. Contaminated wastes should be disposed off as recommended by local authority. l. Any tool or equipment in poor condition must be repaired immediately or disposed properly so as not to pose danger to the clients as well as the beauticians
  • 43. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 42 Directions: Write brief answers to the following questions: 1. How often does a beautician sanitize her hands? 2. How can you keep metal tools/implements clean after being sterilized? 3. How should waste materials be disposed? How about contaminated wastes? 4. Why is it important to observe safety rules in the salon? 5. When do we say that tools and equipment are in good condition? When do we say that they are not? I-A. Materials, Tools, Equipment and PPE Materials Alcohol Bleach Disinfectant Cleaning cloths Tools Cuticle Nail Pusher Nail Cutter Cuticle Nippers Cuticle Scissors Metal File Orangewood Stick Equipment Foot Spa Machine Hand Spa Machine Sterilizer Foot Spa Stool Manicure Table Manicurist’s Stool PPE Gloves Mask Procedure: The students are grouped with 5 members each. 1. Simulate/Perform a. Group 1 – Sanitize hand and foot spa machines b. Group 2 – Sterilize metal tools/implements c. Group 3 – Sanitize non-metal tools/implements d. Group 4 – Sanitize environmental surfaces Show that you learned something by doing this activity Refer to the Answer Key. What is your score? How Much Have You Learned? HowDo YouApplyWhatYou HaveLearned? Self-Check 1.1 Activity Sheet 1.1
  • 44. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 43 e. Group 5 – Dispose waste materials and contaminated wastes B. Tools and Equipment: TOOLS Callous Remover Cuticle Nail Pusher Cuticle Nipper Cuticle Scissor Finger or Manicure Bowl Foot File Foot Spa Basin Foot Spa Tray with Handle Manicure Tray Manicure Nail Brush Mixing Bowl Nail Buffer Nail Cutter/Clipper/Trimmer Nail File Orange Wood Stick Pedicure Nail Brush Plastic Container for Cotton Pumice Stone Trolleys EQUIPMENT Chairs Foot Spa Machine Hand Spa Machine Foot Spa Stool Manicurist’s Stool Manicure Table Sterilizer Timer C. Instructions: Your group is given sets of tools and equipment: 1. Make a checklist of these tools and equipment following the format below. TOOL GOOD CONDITION DEFECTIVE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. EQUIPMENT GOOD CONDITION DEFECTIVE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 2. Check each tool and equipment. 3. Identify which tool/s and equipment are functional and tick ( ∕ ) the GOOD CONDITION column. Tool/s and equipment that are faulty, tick the DEFECTIVE column.
  • 45. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 44 4. Label the tools and equipment that are defective. Let your teacher evaluate your work. Rubric for Performance Dimension Highly Skilled 5 Skilled 4 Moderately Skilled 3 Unskilled 2 No Attempt 1 Use of tools, equipment and materials (20%) Appropriate selection, preparation and use of materials and tools/ equipment all the time Appropriate selection, preparation and use of materials and tools/ equipment most of the time Appropriate selection, preparation and use of materials and tools/ equipment some of the time Never selects, prepares and use appropriate materials and tools/equipment No attempt to use tools/ equipment Application of Procedure (40%) Systematic application of procedures all the time without supervision Systematic application of procedures most of the time with minimum supervision Systematic application of procedures some of the time with constant supervision Never follows systematic application of procedures and highly development on supervision No attempt to apply procedures to project/activity Safety / Work Habits (30%) Highly self- motivated and observes all safety precautions at all times Self- motivated and observes most safety precautions most of the time Self-motivated and observes sometimes some safety precautions Needs to be motivated and does not observe safety precaution No motivation and totally disregards precaution Speed / Time (10%) Work finished ahead of time Work finished meets deadline Work finished close to deadline Work finished way beyond deadline No concept of time Rating Scale Weighted Score: = Score x Item (weight) Score Percentage = Total weighted score x 30 + 70 Perfect score (5) Example: 5 x 20% = 1 Find out by accomplishing the Scoring Rubric honestly and sincerely. Remember it is your learning at stake! How Well Did You Perform?
  • 46. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 45 5 x 40% = 2 4 x 30% = 1.2 3 x 10% =0.3 ______ Total weighted score =4.5 Score Percentage = 4.5 x 30 + 70 5 Grade = 97 Directions: After identifying functional and non-functional tools and equipment, your group will make a log report. a. With an index card (5x8), construct a grid and list all identified and labeled defective tools in alphabetical order. TOOL RECOMMENDATION For Repair For Disposal 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. b. Using another index card (5x8), do the same with defective equipment. c. Submit your log reports to your teacher. EQUIPMENT RECOMMENDATION For Repair For Disposal 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. How Do You Extend Your Learning?
  • 47. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 46  Tools, equipment and specification  Personal protective equipment (PPE)  Workplace/simulated environment Materials Perform basic preventive and corrective maintenance LEARNING OUTCOME 2  Nail care tools and equipment are identified.  Appropriate cleaning procedure of nail care tools and equipment are applied.  Tools are cleaned according to standard procedures.  Defective equipment and tools are inspected and replaced according to manufacturer’s specifications.  Workplace is cleaned and kept in safe state in line with OHS regulations PERFORMANCE STANDARDS
  • 48. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 47 Directions: Supply an appropriate word to make each statement complete. Choose the answer from the pool below and write it on a separate sheet of paper. 1. _________ metal implements after every use to avoid infection or possible diseases. 2. _________ foot basins after each use with a bleach solution. 3. _________ metal implements once a month in a pot for 10 minutes. 4. _________ sterilized metal instruments in an airtight, zipper-sealed bag to keep them from being exposed to dirt and bacteria. 5. _________ tools and equipment regularly to identify defective ones. 6. All beauty salons must be well-lighted and ventilated and must be in good_______ condition. 7. Salon establishments must be provided with continuous running hot and cold___________. 8. All waste materials should be disposed of in an __________waste bin fitted with polythene bin liner. 9. Each client must be provided with a freshly _______towel. 10. Measure and mix disinfectant as _________. Water Store Inspect Boil Enclosed Sterilize Disinfect Sanitary Laundered Directed What Do You Already Know? Let us determine how much you already know about the basic preventive and corrective maintenance of nail care tools and equipment. Take this test. Pretest LO 2
  • 49. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 48 How can tools and equipment be kept safe, clean and functional? It is vital to sterilize metal implements, sanitize wooden tools, disinfect hand and foot spa machines as well as environmental surfaces before and after each use. Contaminated tools can cause bacterial and fungal infections that are unsightly, painful and sometimes, fatal. There are several methods of cleaning and sterilization. Do a cursory cleaning after each nail care service and deep-clean monthly to keep tools safe and useful all the time. 1. Sterilize metal implements after each use in a hospital-grade disinfectant that is bactericidal, virucidal, and fungicidal. This disinfectant can be found in beauty supply stores. Immerse the tools in the disinfectant for 10 minutes. 2. Disinfect foot basins after each use with a bleach solution. Make a 1-to-10 solution by mixing one part bleach with 10 parts water. Using gloves, rinse the basin with the solution to disinfect. If necessary, scrub with a detergent to remove any dirt or debris. 3. Use a boiling method of sterilization once a month to disinfect all metal implements. Designate one pot for sterilization to prevent cross-contamination with food. Submerge the tools in boiling water for 10 minutes. Drain the tools and allow them to dry. 4. Store sterilized metal implements in an airtight, zipper-sealed bag to keep them from being exposed to dirt and bacteria. Be sure tools are completely dry before storing them. If waiting more than a couple of weeks before the next nail care service, sterilize the tools again before use. 5. Inspect tools and equipment regularly to identify defective ones for repair, replacement or condemnation. Keeping the Workplace Clean and Safe 1. All beauty salons must be well-lighted and well-ventilated and must be in good sanitary condition. What Do You Need To Know? Read the Information Sheet 1.1 very well then find out how much you can remember and how much you learned by doing Self-check 1.1. Information Sheet 2.1
  • 50. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 49 2. The salon premises must be free from rodents, vermin, flies or other similar insects. 3. All salon establishments must be provided with continuous running hot and cold water. 4. The curtains and floor coverings in the salon must be washable and kept clean. 5. All hair, used cotton or other waste materials must be removed from the floor immediately, and deposited in a closed container. Get rid of them from the salon premises at frequent intervals. 6. The rest rooms must be well-sanitized and be provided with individual towels. 7. Each beautician must wear a washable uniform while working on clients. 8. Each client must be provided with a freshly laundered towel. 9. All waste materials should be disposed of in an enclosed waste bin fitted with polythene bin liner, durable enough to resist tearing. Directions: Enumerate the following: 1. 5 Ways/Means to Keep Tools and Equipment Safe and Functional. 2. 7 Measures in Keeping the Salon Clean and in a Safe State. A. Group Activity Directions: In your school’s beauty salon, conduct a visit and follow the proper way of keeping the workplace clean and safe to individual clients. Make necessary recommendations if it is beyond your limitations. Show that you learned something by doing this activity Refer to the Answer Key. What is your score? How Much Have You Learned? Self-Check 2.1 HowDo YouApplyWhatYou HaveLearned? Operation Sheet 2.1
  • 51. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 50 1. See to it that the premises are free from rodents, vermin, flies or other similar insects. 2. Make sure that the place is provided with continuous running hot and cold water. 3. Inspect the curtains and floor coverings if they are washed and ironed. 4. Ensure that all used cotton or other waste materials are removed from the floor immediately, and deposited in a closed container. Get rid of them from the salon premises at frequent intervals. 5. Sanitize the rest room, its door knob and provide it with individual towels. 6. Check if waste materials are disposed of in an enclosed waste bin fitted with polythene bin liner, durable enough to resist tearing. B. Materials, Tools, Equipment and PPE Materials Alcohol Bleach Disinfectant Cleaning cloths Tools Cuticle Nail Pusher Nail Cutter Cuticle Nippers Cuticle Scissors Metal File Orangewood Stick Equipment Foot Spa Machine Hand Spa Machine Sterilizer Foot Spa Stool Manicure Table Manicurist’s Stool PPE Gloves Mask Procedure: 1. Steps in Sanitizing an Equipment a. Read directions on disinfectant. b. Measure and mix disinfectant as directed. c. Saturate a cleaning cloth with disinfectant solution and wipe entire surface area of equipment. d. Wipe the surface with paper towel to dry it. e. Dispose of sanitizing solution and used towels. 2. Steps in Sterilizing Metal Implements a. Soak the tools/ implements in hot, soapy water solution to remove any debris and oil residue. Rinse them thoroughly. b. Place the tools/implements in a 70% to 90% alcohol solution for 20 minutes. c. Remove the tools/implements from solution, wipe them dry, and place them into a dry sterilizer.
  • 52. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 51 3. Steps in Sanitizing Wooden Implements a. Cleanse sanitizing jar with disinfectant and wipe it dry. b. Place thin layer of sterile cotton at the bottom of jar. c. Remove implements from wet or dry sanitizer and place them into the jar, handles up, except for metal nail files. d. Fill jar with 70% to 90% alcohol solution to cover cutting edges and tips of orangewood sticks DIRECTIONS: Evaluate your group by checking the appropriate boxes to indicate the degree of competency In the given activities. Criteria 15 10 5 Score Follows proper way of keeping the workplace clean and safe. Demonstrate knowledge on sanitizing nail care: a. equipment. b. metal implements c. wooden implements Observes safety precautions at all times Work finished on time Total Rating Scale: 15 - The students consistently perform tasks to standards with no supervision. 10 - The student s can perform the tasks with limited supervision and/or does not perform the task to standard . 5 - The student can perform the tasks with direct supervision. Find out by accomplishing the Scoring Card honestly and sincerely. Remember it is your learning at stake! How Well Did You Perform?
  • 53. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 52 Directions: After learning the proper cleaning procedure of nail care tools and equipment, you are now ready to clean your own sets of tools and equipment. 1. Clean your metal instruments according to standard procedure. 2. Disinfect your foot basin, finger bowl, foot spa stool, manicurist’s stool, and manicure table. 3. Sanitize your orangewood stick, buffer, foot brush, nail brush. Present your finished work to your teacher for inspection. How Do You Extend Your Learning?
  • 54. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 53  Hand tools, equipment and specifications  Tools condition report forms  Workplace/simulated environment Materials Store nail care tools and equipment LEARNING OUTCOME 3  Inventory of tools, instruments and equipment are conducted and recorded per salon practices.  Tools and equipment are stored safely in accordance with manufacturer’s specifications or salon procedure. PERFORMANCE STANDARDS
  • 55. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 54 Directions: Write T if the statement is correct; if not, change the underlined word/s to make it correct. 1. Tools which are made of metal should be kept clean and sanitized properly in preparation for the next client. 2. The hand and foot spa machines must be kept dry after disinfecting them. 3. Metal tools and instruments must be sterilized following proper sterilization techniques. 4. Tools/ Implements which are made of porous materials such as nail files, buffers, nail brushes and orangewood sticks cannot be sterilized. These tools should not be reused. 5. Tools or equipment in poor condition can still be used in any nail care service. What Do You Already Know? Let us determine how much you already know about the proper storage of nail care tools and equipment. Take this test. Pretest LO 3
  • 56. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 55 At the end of every working session, make an inventory of the things that should be done: a. Tools which are made of plastic should be kept clean and sanitized properly in preparation for the next client. b. Empty bottles and containers are discarded in a covered trash bin. c. Used treatment products and other chemicals are stored, arranged and properly labeled in the cabinet. d. Finger bowls must be sanitized before another client use them. e. The hand and foot spa machines must be kept dry after disinfecting them. f. Table tops and door handles are wiped with disinfectant and the floor should be mopped with disinfectant as well. g. Metal tools and instruments must be sterilized following proper sterilization techniques. After the process, store in a dry cabinet until needed. h. Tools/Implements which are made of porous materials such as nail files, buffers, nail brushes and orangewood sticks can harbor bacteria easily. Since they are wood products which cannot be sterilized, these tools should not be reused. i. Waste materials should be disposed of properly in an enclosed waste bin fitted with polythene bag. The bin should be sanitized with disinfectant regularly in a well- ventilated are. Remember to wear protective gloves while doing this. j. Any tool or equipment in poor condition must be repaired immediately, replaced or disposed of properly so as not to pose danger not only to the clients but also to the beauticians. Storage: What Do You Need To Know? Read the Information Sheet 1.1 very well then find out how much you can remember and how much you learned by doing Self-check 1.1. Information Sheet 3.1
  • 57. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 56 A manicurist must ensure that storage of nail care tools, materials and equipment within the establishment meets the following requirements. 1. Flammable and combustible chemicals are stored away from potential sources of ignition such as an open flame or an electrical device; 2. All nail care chemicals are stored in closed bottles or containers 3. Storage units: a. Cabinets, drawers, containers used for storage of implements and towels are clean; b. Clean linen is stored in an enclosed, dust-proof cabinet or container; c. Implements which have been used on a client are not placed in a container with clean implements; 4. Supplies: a. Unused supplies, except product application brushes, are stored in a clean, closed container or drawer; b. Used/soiled disposable supplies are discarded immediately in a clean, closed waste receptacle; 6. Implement Storage: a. Implements that have been used on a client or soiled in any manner are placed in a properly labeled covered receptacle until disinfected; b. Sanitized implements are stored in a clean closed container or drawer until used; 7 . Towels a. Cloth towels are deposited in a closed receptacle after use; b. Used/soiled cloth towels are not used again until properly laundered and sanitized; d. Disposable towels are discarded in a covered waste receptacle immediately following each nail technology service;
  • 58. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 57 In not less than 5 sentences, describe how tools and equipment are stored. Scoring rubric Fair 5pts Good 10 pts Very Good 15 pts Knowledge and understanding Student was able to convey limited ideas on the topic with little knowledge Student was able to convey a few ideas on the topic with some degree of knowledge Student was able to convey several ideas on the topic with a good degree of knowledge Accuracy Work was organized and planned with little effectiveness Work was organized and planned with some effectiveness Work was organized and planned with considerable effectiveness Effort Student put little or no effort into this activity. Student put some effort into this activity. Student put full effort into this activity. Rating Scale: 15 pts.=Very Good 10 pts.=Good 5 pts.= Fair How Much Have You Learned? Self-Check 3.1
  • 59. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 58 I-A. Materials, Tools and Equipment Tools Callous Remover Cuticle Nail Pusher Cuticle Nipper Cuticle Scissor Finger or Manicure Bowl Foot File Foot Spa Basin Foot Spa Tray with Handle Manicure Tray Manicure Nail Brush Mixing Bowl Nail Buffer Nail Cutter/Clipper/Trimmer Nail File Orange Wood Stick Pedicure Nail Brush Plastic Container for Cotton Pumice Stone Trolleys Materials Alcohol Antiseptic Solution Apron Assorted Nail Polish Base Coat Benzalconium Chloride Bleaching Soap Cling Wrap Cotton Cuticle Oil Cuticle Remover Disinfectant First Aid Kit Foot Blush Foot Soak Foot Scrub Garbage Bags/Bins Hand Towel Emery board Lotion Manicure Pillow Nail Hardener Nail Polish Remover Quick Dry Solvent Toe Nail Separator Top Coat Wet Sanitizer EQUIPMENT Chairs Foot Spa Machine Hand Spa Machine Foot Spa Stool Manicurist’s Stool Manicure Table Sterilizer Timer Show that you learned something by doing this activity HowDo YouApplyWhatYou HaveLearned? Operation Sheet 3.1
  • 60. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 59 Procedure: 1. Given the list of materials, tools and equipment in nail care, show how to properly store them. B. Materials, Tools and Equipment All the materials, tools and equipment provided in the workplace Instructions: Simulate the proper safekeeping and storage of tools and equipment. Score Card DIRECTIONS: Evaluate yourself by checking the appropriate boxes to indicate the degree of competency In the given activities. Criteria 15 10 5 Score Follows proper way of storing nail care tools and equipment Steps were completed in the correct sequence. Observes safety precautions at all times Work finished on time Total Rating Scale: 15 - The student consistently perform tasks to standards with no supervision. 10 - The student can perform the tasks with limited supervision and/or does not perform the task to standard . 5 - The student can perform the tasks with direct supervision
  • 61. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 60 Directions: After learning the correct way of safekeeping/storage of nail care tools and equipment, you are now assigned to do the same in your shop work. 1. Make an inventory of all the tools and equipment in your shop work using index cards as your checklist. Tick ( ∕ ) the tool, material or equipment which are missing. Tools Materials Equipment Callous Remover Alcohol Chairs Cuticle Nail Pusher Antiseptic Solution Foot Spa Machine Cuticle Nipper Apron Hand Spa Machine Cuticle Scissor Assorted Nail Polish Foot Spa Stool Finger or Manicure Bowl Base Coat Manicurist’s Stool Foot File Benzalconium Manicure Table Foot Spa Basin Chloride Sterilizer Foot Spa Tray with Handle Bleaching Soap Timer Manicure Tray Cling Wrap Manicure Nail Brush Cotton Mixing Bowl Cuticle Oil Nail Buffer Cuticle Remover Nail Disinfectant Cutter/Clipper/Trimmer First Aid Kit Nail File Foot Blush Orange Wood Stick Foot Soak Pedicure Nail Brush Foot Scrub Plastic Container for Garbage Bags/Bins Cotton Hand Towel Pumice Stone Emery board Trolleys Lotion Manicure Pillow Nail Hardener Nail Polish Remover Quick Dry Solvent Toe Nail Separator Top Coat Wet Sanitizer How Do You Extend Your Learning?
  • 62. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 61 Congratulations! You did a great job! Rest and relax a while then move on to the next lesson. Good luck! LO1  Nordmann, Lorraine, et. al. Beauty Therapy – The Foundation. Thomson Learning: 2001  Kibbe, Constance V. Standard Textbook of Cosmetology. Milady Publishing Corp: 1984  Moore, Oakley and Franco. The World of Cosmetology. McGraw-Hill Book Company: 1980 LO 2  Nordmann, Lorraine, et. al. Beauty Therapy – The Foundation. Thomson Learning: 2001  Kibbe, Constance V. Standard Textbook of Cosmetology. Milady Publishing Corp: 1984  Moore, Oakley and Franco. The World of Cosmetology. McGraw-Hill Book Company: 198 LO 3  Nordmann, Lorraine, et. al. Beauty Therapy – The Foundation. Thomson Learning: 2001  Kibbe, Constance V. Standard Textbook of Cosmetology. Milady Publishing Corp: 1984  Moore, Oakley and Franco. The World of Cosmetology. McGraw-Hill Book Company: 198 REFERENCES
  • 63. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 62 Practice Occupational Health and Safety Procedures LESSON 3 LO 1.Identify hazards and risks; and LO 2. Evaluate and control hazards and risks; LEARNING OUTCOMES: At the end of this Lesson you are expected to do the following:
  • 64. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 63 Chemical Hazards are substances used and/or produced at work that have the potential to harm the health and safety of people at work Infection is a condition when micro-organisms invade the body and multiply causing illness Infection control is a process that minimizes the risk of spreading infection while performing procedures on client Harm are adverse health effects on something or someone under certain conditions at work. Maximal Allowable Concentration ( MCL) is a peak or maximum concentration of an airborne, to which most workers could be safely exposed Occupational Hazards - are various environmental factors or stresses that can cause sickness, impaired health, or significant discomfort in workers and can be classified as chemical, physical, biological or ergonomic Occupational health and safety (OHS) is a planned system of working to prevent illness and injury, where you work by recognizing and identifying hazards and risks. OSH Trainings - are interventions conducted to facilitate learning on occupational safety and health, the results of which can contribute to the attainment of better and improved OSH conditions. Skin penetration means any process, whether intentionally or otherwise, that involves the shaving, piercing, cutting, puncturing, tearing of the skin or mucous membrane. Threshold Limit Value (TLV) is a measure of concentration of toxic substances that client can withstand. Workplace - refers to the office, premises or worksite where a worker is temporary or habitually assigned. Where there is no fixed or definite workplace, the term shall include the place where the worker actually performs regular work, or where he regularly reports to render service or to take an assignment. Definition of Terms
  • 65. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 64  Lcd projector, Video clips, Laptop  Workplace/simulated environment Materials Identify hazards and risks LEARNING OUTCOME 1  Workplace hazards and risks are identified  Hazards and risks and their corresponding indicators are identified in the workplace  Effects of hazards are determined. PERFORMANCE STANDARDS
  • 66. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 65 Multiple choice: Directions: Read the following statements and select the best answer. 1.It is the chance or probability that a person will be harmed or will experience an adverse health effect if exposed to a hazard a. harm b. risk c. ergonomics 2. It is an adverse health effect on something or someone under certain conditions at work. a. harm b. risk c .ergonomics 3. It involves identifying the hazards present and then evaluating the risk, taking into account the existing precautions. a, risk assessment b. training c. experience 4.It is important to give the health and safety experience to new or inexperienced workers, including those that have been away from the workforce for some time a. training b. exposure c .hygiene 5. It is a practice in some beauty salons that may affect the health of customers and workers that may lead to exposure to biological hazards that cause infectious diseases. a. unsafe practices b. fungi c. activities What Do You Already Know? Let us determine how much you already know about the hazards and risks in the workplace. Take this test. Pretest LO 1
  • 67. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 66 Occupational health and safety (OHS) is a planned system of working to prevent illness and injury where you work by recognizing and identifying hazards and risks. Health and safety procedure is the responsibility of all persons in the beauty service industries. You must identify the hazards where you are working and evaluate and control how dangerous they are. Eliminate the hazard or modify the risk that it presents. An occupational health and safety management system should follow the following elements: 1. Management Commitment-management can show their commitment to OHS by  establishing an OHS policy  identifying its objectives 2. Planning- planning includes setting standards for management and employees by establishing:  How the business ensures sound OHS practices are implemented?  Who is assigned and responsible for the implementation? This person will coordinate the assessment, delegate tasks and be responsible for taking notes and writing up information for the register  What resources are required for the implementation?  When will the OHS practices be implemented?  How will workers identify and report hazards to employer? 3. Consultation- consult and work with your employees, It is important that employees have a basic understanding of what could be considered high –risk activities in the salon. There should be a two way communication where employers listen to and cooperate with employees then management can ensure OHS decisions are based on the best and most up-to –date information. 4. Training- it is important to give the health and safety training to new or inexperienced workers, including those that have been away from the workforce for some time. 5. Risk management- involves identifying the hazards present and then evaluating the risk, taking into account the existing precautions. What Do You Need To Know? Read the Information Sheet 1.1 very well then find out how much you can remember and how much you learned by doing Self-check 1.1. Information Sheet 1.1
  • 68. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 67 The following are the steps of risk assessment: 1. Identifying hazards and risks 2. Evaluate and control hazards and risks 3. Control hazards and risks - harm or adverse health effects on something or someone under certain conditions at work. - the chance or probability that a person will be harmed or experience an adverse health effect if exposed to a hazard. IDENTIFY HAZARDS AND RISKS- Identifying workplace hazards means looking for those things at your workplace that have the potential to cause harm. Step1.Identifying hazards and risks There are many hazards present at a beauty salon that deserve your attention. Use this guide as a starting point for conducting a risk assessment at your facility to correct potential hazards and keep your client safe. Identifying hazards and risks should include the following:  consulting with salon employees  conducting a worker survey  inspecting the workplace  ensuring that the information supplied by manufacturers and suppliers is regularly updated and made available to all in the workplace. Common hazards in a beauty salon include: 1. Electricity -common accidents in the workplace can result from contact with faulty electrical equipment that may have become “live” or from contact with worn or damaged power cords and switches, the presence of water in the salon increases the risk of electrocution or injury. 2. Chemical hazard -chemicals used in the beauty salon like nail polish, nail polish removers, callus removers, and acrylic powders for artificial nails are common products found in many nail salons. It causes skin irritations and respiratory problems. Information on chemical hazards can be obtained from the following:  the product label  material safety data sheet (MSDS) -This sheet will provide information on how to properly handle, store, discard and care for potentially hazardous chemicals. It will also provide
  • 69. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 68 information on what to do if you are exposed to the chemical and has bad reaction  the manufacturer 3. Slips, Trips, Falls -Slips, trips and falls are common occurrences in workplaces. People slip and trip on slippery, rough or uneven surfaces and may fall down from stairs or off ladders. 4. Fire The range, number and 'portability' of electrical equipment used in salons, together with their proximity to water, make for potentially hazardous situations 5. Manual handling of material and tools -Lifting and moving heavy stock materials and working at poorly designed workstations can cause injuries and muscle strains. Injury due to cutting with cuticle nippers, cuticle scissors and cuticle pusher. 6. Infection hazards Unsafe or unhygienic practices in the beauty salon may affect the health of customers and workers that may lead to exposure to biological hazards that cause infectious diseases such as blood borne pathogens (Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and HIV), fungal infections (Ringworm), 7. Ergonomic Hazards Ergonomics is the scientific study of people at work. The goal of ergonomics is to reduce stress and eliminate injuries and disorders associated with the overuse of muscles, bad posture and repeated tasks.. Directions: Write the word True if the statement is correct and False if the statement is incorrect. 1. MSDS provides information on how to handle, store, discard and care for potentially hazardous chemicals 2. OHS is a planned system of working to prevent illness and injury where you work by recognizing and identifying hazards and risks in the nail salon. 3. Identifying workplace hazards means looking for those things at your workplace that have the potential to cause harm. 4. Damaged equipment may cause an accident or injury if it is not working correctly Refer to the Answer Key. What is your score? How Much Have You Learned? Self-Check 1.1
  • 70. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 69 5. In any occupation where there is exposure to blood and other bodily fluids, there is always the potential for the transmission of blood borne allergy 6. To avoid injury and harm to health of salon's client, it is important that new or inexperienced workers be adequately trained in OHS. 7. Ergonomic is to reduce stress and eliminate injuries and disorders associated with the overuse of muscles, bad posture and repeated tasks 8. PPE is used to protect workers from chemical hazards. 9. Back injuries are most commonly caused by wrong posture or position and can be prevented. 10. Nail workers have an obligation to their client's health and safety. I. Venn Diagram Learning Activity Procedure 1. Group yourselves into 5 members 2. Choose your reporter and complete the Venn Diagram. 3. List down common hazards that might be encountered in the following areas:  Malls  School  Market 4. Report the common hazards in class 5. Keep the summarized common hazards notes ,it will be used in the next lesson on how to prevent hazards and risks in malls, school and market. Show that you learned something by doing this activity HowDo YouApplyWhatYou HaveLearned? Activity Sheet 1.1
  • 71. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 70 School Mall Market Scoring Rubrics Fair 5pts Good 10 pts Very Good 15 pts Knowledge and understanding Students were able to convey limited ideas on the topic with little knowledge Student were able to convey a few ideas on the topic with some degree of knowledge Students were able to convey several ideas on the topic with a good degree of knowledge Accuracy Work was organized and planned with little effectiveness Work was organized and planned with some effectiveness Work was organized and planned with considerable effectiveness Effort Students put little or no effort into this activity. Students put some effort into this activity. Students put full effort into this activity. Find out by accomplishing the Scoring Rubric honestly and sincerely. Remember it is your learning at stake! How Well Did You Perform? HAZARD RECOGNITION ACTIVITY
  • 72. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 71 Rating Scale 15 - The students consistently perform tasks to standards with no supervision. 10 - The student s can perform the tasks with limited supervision and/or does not perform the task to standard . 5 - The students can perform the tasks with direct supervision Directions: Look for hazards and risks that might be present in your house. Place a sticker whenever you find possible hazards inside your house . Identify and give the possible risks that might happen in your house. PARTS OF THE HOUSE HAZARDS RISKS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. How Do You Extend Your Learning?
  • 73. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 72  Lcd projector, Video clips, Laptop  Workplace/simulated environment Materials Evaluate and control hazards and risks LEARNING OUTCOME 2  Terms of maximum tolerable limits are identified based on threshold limit values (TLV)  Evaluate and control hazards and risks  OHS issues and concerns are identified in accordance with workplace requirements PERFORMANCE STANDARDS
  • 74. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 73 Directions: Answer the following questions to demonstrate your prior knowledge on health and safety issues in the workplace. 1. If spillage occurs a. walk over it b. shout for help c. throw towel over it d. identify the spillage to everyone and clean up appropriately 2. To avoid product contamination always: a. dispose of used or remaining product between clients b. use an applicator bottle or dropper to apply the product. c. Use single-use disposable implements to remove products from containers for application or remove product with a clean and disinfected spatula and put product to be used into a disposable or disinfectable service cup. d. all of the above 3. If you are carrying out a nail service and the alarm sounds , you should a. leave the workplace and run b. leave the client to relax while you go out to safe area c. ignore it-it might be false alarm d. assist your client to the nearest exit and safe place 4. Occupational health and safety risk assessment is carried out to a. make the nail salon look professional b. assess the risk of using chemical substances c. assess the risk of using equipment d. preventing injury, infection or accidents 5. An overloaded socket requires you to a. repair and obtain an extension wire until new sockets can be fitted. b. keep on using it c. ensure candles are not near to it d. inform people of wet floor What Do You Already Know? Let us determine how much you already know about the evaluation and control of hazards and risks. Take this test. Pretest LO 2
  • 75. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 74 Evaluating hazards and risks is the process of determining the level of risk created by the hazard and the likelihood of injury or illness occurring. The priority of control increases as the established level of risk increases. Person identifying the risk of harm or injury from a hazard in a salon should consider these questions:  how likely that it is a hazard will cause harm;  how serious that harm is likely to be;  how often (and how many) workers are exposed. You must have a record of every risk assessment. If this injury or harm happen again, it is possible that you will go back to the original records to see if the original assessment overlook a possible hazard. The assessment stage is essential because it will determine the type(s) of control methods required. Reminder: a risk is the chance,( high or low) that somebody may be harmed by a hazard Control Hazards and Risks Where the assessment reveals a problem, preventive measures must be designed and implemented. Control measures should now be selected according to the list of control priorities. First, try to eliminate the hazard. If this is not possible, prevent or minimize exposure to the risk by one or a combination of: a) substituting a less hazardous material, process or equipment b) redesigning equipment or work processes c) isolating the hazard When exposure to the risk is not (or cannot be) minimized by other means: a) Introduce administrative controls like safe work methods and operating procedures . Written work procedures control the way the work is done. b) Use appropriate personal protective equipment Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) at Work ``Personal protective equipment is clothing equipment designed to be worn by a nail technician or salon workers to protect them from risks of injury or illness. It should only be considered as a control measure when exposure to a risk cannot be minimized in another way, or when used in conjunction with other control measures as a final barrier between the nail salon worker from the chemical hazard and other cause of hazards..These clothing equipment does not control hazard at the source equipment which will protect you from risks to health and safety. What Do You Need To Know? Read the Information Sheet 2.1 very well then find out how much you can remember and how much you learned by doing Self-check 2.1. Information Sheet 2.1
  • 76. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 75 PPE is compose of the following: Impermeable gloves Eyewear Splash proof apron Protective mask Advantages of wearing PPE at work:  To prevent damage to workers’ nails and skin.  To prevent skin from absorbing potentially harmful ingredients which may cause skin allergies, irritation, or other related problems.  So as not to generate a lot of dust, it may be necessary to wear a dust mask to minimize breathing in particles while filing or buffing nails.  To protect the wearer's face and prevent the breathing of air contaminated with chemical and/or biological agents
  • 77. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 76 Common workplace hazards and their control measures The following are workplace hazards and their control measures: ELECTRICAL HAZARD Many of the electrical appliances used in the beauty salons can create serious health and safety risks in the nail and beauty industry, particularly in wet conditions. Damage to equipment increases this risk. Electrical shock can result in electrocution, burns and injuries from falls. Control Measures:  You should always check any equipment before use.  Ask qualified electrician to check all pieces of electrical equipment in the workplace annually or as often as possible.  Broken or damaged electrical equipment should not be used, the tag must warn people not to use the equipment.  When adjusting or cleaning equipment, SWITCH OFF the power and pull out the plug and NOT by the cord.  Do not touch equipment with wet hands or don't use a wet cloth to clean sockets.  Make sure flexible cords are fully unwound and kept clear of work traffic.  Do not run too many pieces of equipment from one socket
  • 78. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 77 CHEMICAL HAZARD Chemical Hazards are substances used and/or produced at work that have the potential to harm the health and safety of people at work. Beauty industry is exposed to repeated exposure to numerous hazardous substances including nail and skin care products, hair dyes, bleaches, perming solutions, hair styling agents, straighteners, rebonding solutions, peroxides, disinfectants and cleaning products. . They can harm people’s health if they get into the body, for example, if they are breathed in, absorbed through the skin or eyes or ingested accidentally. The effects of hazardous substances may show immediately, or it may take years for illness or disease to develop. Health effects of some hazardous substances include skin irritation, coughs, asthma, sensitization, poisoning and cancer. Measures of Concentration of Toxic Substances (Chemical Substances) Threshold Limit Value (TLV) TLV is a measures of concentration of toxic substances .It is the average concentration of an airborne substance to which most workers could be safely exposed over an eight-hour working day or forty-hour working week throughout a working lifetime. Maximal Allowable Concentration ( MCL) MCL is a peak or maximum concentration of an airborne to which most worker could be safely exposed Control Measures:  using alternative substances or processes which are less hazardous  Good ventilation can get rid of the fumes and chemical smell that builds up in a salon  providing separate eating and drinking amenities for employees  ensuring appropriate safety signs, training, instruction and provision of Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) and labels  using appropriate PPE.
  • 79. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 78 Slips, Trips, Falls Slips-loss of balance caused by too little friction between a person’s foot and a walking surface. Trips- - hit an object, lose your balance and fall Falls-- when you lose your balance & drop to the floor SLIP, TRIPS AND FALLS The results of slips, trips and falls include broken bones, abrasions, contusions, strains, sprains, back or spinal injuries and other serious injuries. During a slip, trip or fall accident, injury may be caused by over stretching joints, bones and ligaments. Control Measures  clean up spills straight away.  use mats on slippery floors.  wear appropriate work shoes.  improve cleaning methods to prevent build-up of grease/detergent  provide ample storage space, to avoid materials being placed in aisles/walkways  set absorbent flooring materials into entrance areas
  • 80. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 79 FIRE SAFETY As a beauty salon staff, you must be aware of and trained in fire and emergency evacuation procedures in the workplace. Emergency exit route will be the easiest route by which all of the clients and staff can leave the building or salon safely. Control Measures:  . Keep all escape routes and fire exits clear, and make regular checks to ensure this case.  Firefighting equipment must be available, located in specified area. you can include fire extinguishers, blankets, sand buckets and water hoses.  Store products, particularly aerosols, away from naked flames or sources of heat, at or below room temperature and in a dry atmosphere.  Switch off and unplug all electrical appliances before leaving the workplace .  Make sure that all workers in the salon are aware of the action that must takes in the event of a fire. MANUAL HANDLING
  • 81. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 80 Manual handling involves any activity that requires the use of force exerted by a person to lift, lower, push, pull, carry or otherwise move any load. These can result in injuries to any part of the body. Nail salon workers use forceful repetitive movements such as filing and buffing nails and holding uncomfortable positions for long periods of time, thereby increasing risk for joint and musculoskeletal injuries Control measures:  plan the lift before you begin  position your feet shoulder width apart  bend your knees without moving your upper body, squat down to the floor. Keep the shoulders level and facing in the same directions as the hips.  get a firm grip and keep the arms within a boundary formed by the legs  keep the load as close to the body as possible  lift the load smoothly, do not jerk  if an item is too high, use a stepladder or stool to help you BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS Biological hazards, also known as biohazards, refer to biological substances that pose a threat to the health of living organisms, primarily that of humans. Micro-organisms are everywhere and are continually introduced into the environment. They live on skin, in food and dirt. Micro-organisms are easily spread between clients and operators and are easily transferred by contact with unwashed hands, soiled equipment or contact with blood and body substances. Nail technicians must assume that all blood and other body substances are potential sources of infection. To minimize transfer of micro-organisms, you must perform all procedures in a safe and hygienic manner, following all infection control techniques and procedures. Skin that is intact, without cuts or abrasions, is a natural protective barrier against infection Control Measures: The following are the methods on how to control infectious diseases: 1. Cleaning is the removal of soil and a reduction in the number of micro-organisms from equipment surfaces by washing in detergent and warm water. Methods of Cleaning: 1. Rinse the equipment in warm water (15-30°C) to remove any blood or body fluids. Hot water used at this stage will cause coagulation and the substances will stick to the instrument. Cold water will harden fats making cleaning more difficult. 2. Wash the equipment in a sink filled with warm water and a mild alkaline detergent to remove all visible soiling (strong alkaline detergents may damage some instruments). Hold the items low in the sink to limit the generation of aerosols during scrubbing. Use of a scouring pad can assist in removing stains. 3. Rinse the equipment thoroughly in running water. 4. Dry with a cotton cloth. Drying prevents residues from damaging equipment during sterilization. 5.Store under cover in a clean, dry and dust free environment.
  • 82. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 81 2. Disinfection is the removal of micro-organisms by chemical or physical means. The level of decontamination depends on duration of exposure to lethal levels of disinfectants. Unlike sterilization, disinfection does not remove all microorganisms but reduces the population to safe levels. Proper use of disinfectants:  All implements must be thoroughly cleaned of all visible matter or residue before soaking in disinfectant and prevent them from being effective.  Implements and tools must be completely immersed in disinfectant solution for the time specified on the product label. Complete immersion of tools and implements means enough liquid to cover all surfaces of the item including the handles. 3. Sterilization is the total destruction of all living micro-organisms and their spores. Method of sterilization: 1. Physical agents such as radiation and heat 2. Chemical agents, such as antiseptics, disinfectants and vapor fumigants ERGONOMICS Ergonomics is the study of how equipment and furniture can be arranged in order that people can do work or other activities more efficiently and comfortably . It is important in the adaptation of work conditions to the physical and psychological nature of people. Below are pictures showing how ergonomics can help reduce strain to your bodies on the proper posture during manicure and pedicure services . A nail technician should consider the three main factors in nail servicing: 1. Supporting the weight of the client's arm or leg 2. Working while looking down at the hand or foot of the model 3. Looking forward at the hand or foot of the model The following pictures show how you are going to position the hand and foot of your client when giving a manicure and pedicure services to avoid pain in your hands, shoulders and back A. Correct position of hand while giving a manicure Correct position of client's hand Incorrect position of client's hand Use rolled towel or hand cushion in giving a manicure,client's arm weight will rest on the cushioin instead of holding it.Repetitive motion ,takes a toll on your muscles and joints and can cause long-term problems,such as arthritis and carpal tunnel syndrome.( Carpal
  • 83. BEAUTY CARE (NAIL CARE) SERVICES K to 12 – Technology and Livelihood Education 82 tunnel syndrome. It is a type of compression neuropathy , a nerve damage caused by compression and irritation of the median nerve in the wrist. The nerve is compressed within the carpal tunnel, a bony canal in the palm side of the wrist that provides passage for the median nerve to the hand and can be due to trauma from repetitive works.) B. Correct position of foot while a giving a pedicure Correct position of client's leg Incorrect position of client's leg Correct position of client's leg Elevate client's feet and place their feet or legs on a footrest that bears their weight. During the massage portion of a service, the footrests can bear the majority of the weight so nail technician can limit pressure on their back, shoulders, and neck Incorrect position of client's foot : Don’t bear the weight of a client’s leg by resting the foot in your lap or by using your own strength to lift and lower the leg. This position will cause strains in the muscles in your shoulders and back, and, because you are connected to the client, it also reduces your mobility to be agile as you work through the different steps of the service C. Correct position of a pedicurist in giving a pedicure service Correct position of pedicurist Incorrect position of pedicurist Correct position of pedicurist You should keep your back straight and supported while giving a pedicure service, and use both the height adjustment of your chair and of the footrest to keep the foot at a workable level instead of straining the body. Suggest your client to bend their knees and move their feet to appropriate positions.