Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - NAAMES_Factsheet-v3
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
A Campaign for Each Season:
NAAMES campaigns target the minimum of the plankton cycle (November, 2015), the climax of the
plankton bloom (May, 2016), and the interleaving phases of decreasing and increasing biomass
(Autumn 2017 and Spring 2018, respectively). Thus, each campaign is aligned to a specific annual
event in the plankton cycle, allowing us to resolve scientific controversies on when the actual bloom
begins, how it is recreated each year, and how it impacts aerosols and clouds in the atmosphere.
‘how will future
Combined Ship and Airborne Measurements:
Ship-based measurements provide detailed characterization of plankton stocks, rate processes and
community composition. Ship measurements also characterize sea water volatile organic
compounds, their processing by ocean ecosystems, and the concentrations and properties of gases
and particles in the overlying atmosphere.
Aircraft-based measurements characterize the properties of atmospheric particles, gases, and
clouds. Aircraft remote sensing instruments also capture broad-scale ocean properties around the
ship. These airborne data provide the crucial link between the processes and properties measured at
the local-scale of the ship to related properties measured at much larger scales by satellites.
What is NAAMES?
The North Atlantic Aerosols and Marine Ecosystems Study (NAAMES) is a five-year investigation to
resolve key processes controlling ocean ecosystem function, their influences on atmospheric aerosols
and clouds and their implications for climate.
Observations obtained during four, targeted ship and aircraft measurement campaigns, combined
with the continuous satellite and in situ ocean sensor records, will enable improved predictive
capabilities of Earth system processes and will inform ocean management and assessment of
Satellite, Float, and Drifter Observations Span the Entire 5-Year Study:
Measurements sustained over multiple years by satellites and NAAMES-deployed ocean floats and
drifters provide important context for the comprehensive measurements aboard the NAAMES ship
and aircraft during each campaign. These autonomous assets tie together data from the four
campaigns conducted months apart from each other to ultimately tell a comprehensive and
compelling narrative on the fascinating North Atlantic phytoplankton bloom cycle and its important
implications on aerosols, clouds, and climate.
NAAMES measurements span
the range of North Atlantic
ocean biological activity.
NAAMES combines ship, aircraft, satellite, autonomous sensor, and modeling
data to address knowledge gaps on ocean plankton and their biogenic aerosol