THE REGEAN DOCTRINE 1
Marquez T. Nance
Strayer University
POL 300
Miriam Altman
May 11, 2015
THE REGEAN DOCTRINE 2
Abstract
In the next year, Americans will elect a new person to lead the country for the next four o...
THE REGEAN DOCTRINE 3
In the after effect of WWII became yet another war. The war is that of the Cold War. The
Cold War la...
THE REGEAN DOCTRINE 4
The policy became to support those that would help in the defeat of the USSR. The support came
in th...
THE REGEAN DOCTRINE 5
one potential prize in each. In both Iran and Nicaragua, the prize was the potential ability to
cont...
THE REGEAN DOCTRINE 6
help this part of the world through the use of supplying the hub of the region with military
support...
THE REGEAN DOCTRINE 7
Conclusion
A doctrine of any leadership is a set guidelines that helps in the format of being able t...
THE REGEAN DOCTRINE 8
References
American Experience The Iran-Contra Affair
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/fea...
of 8

Presidental Doctrines

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Presidental Doctrines

  • 1. THE REGEAN DOCTRINE 1 Marquez T. Nance Strayer University POL 300 Miriam Altman May 11, 2015
  • 2. THE REGEAN DOCTRINE 2 Abstract In the next year, Americans will elect a new person to lead the country for the next four or eight years. The individual that will be elected has many important tasks to accomplish while in this prestigious office. In performing these tasks, this person will be judged based more on how the tasks are being performed versus the fact that the issues are present. The reason in which the person is judged based on performance is that this shapes the nature in which all tasks are measured. To be more specific, the set of principals that the individual chooses to apply becomes known as their presidential doctrine. Each president in the history of the United States has had such set of goals. In the following the examination of such ideas, one will examine those of Ronald Reagan. The doctrine in which he used was that of supporting anticommunist guerrillas who were attempting to overthrow pro-Soviet regimes.
  • 3. THE REGEAN DOCTRINE 3 In the after effect of WWII became yet another war. The war is that of the Cold War. The Cold War lasted for the majority of the twentieth century. During the decade of the 1980s, the war took a drastic turn in which government secrets became uncovered. The secrets that were revealed were that of Iran-Contra and the determinate effects that trickled down to those that were indirectly affected. Objectives of A Presidential Doctrine The goals in which to complete the mission of Communism defeat was murky to say the least. The reason being that most cases the enemy is visual as opposed to the fight being one of defending against an idea. The fight was on two fronts the first being that of Iran and the second being that of Nicaragua. The fight being on two continents, would shape foreign policy during the 80s as well as now. The reason being the role in which America participates in international issues. The issue at hand would tested during the presidential administration of Ronald Reagan. During the 80s, The USSR was on the verge of collapse. As with most empires in this decline, there was a last attempt at gaining some potential traction. The focus centered on two potential areas as a show of dominance. Underlying for the USSR in Nicaragua was to show a presence in the northern hemisphere while the Iraqi-Iranian war was that of a divide- and conqueror environment. This unilateral decision by the USSR caused fear among the Reagan administration in two critical areas. The first being the potential move of the USSR to the American shorelines and the second critical area potential of the USSR destroying America's interests due to fundamentalism. Solution to the Problem With the potential threat eminent, thus created the policy of the Reagan administration.
  • 4. THE REGEAN DOCTRINE 4 The policy became to support those that would help in the defeat of the USSR. The support came in the form of weapons and financial support. A particular situation would be the Iran-Contra Affair. In all foreign engagements the issue becomes, at what level does the American Government participates. The issue is present with the revolution in the middle east.(NPR Timeline 2011) The policy of the Reagan administration was formed to in core essence to help support the overthrow of the Nicaraguan government that was in place. ( American Experience The Iran-Contra Affair) The policy allowed the administration to provide support without the American people knowing. The reason for what is considered as deception comes from the Vietnam War. In this particular the issue communism was also present; however the American people felt deceived when the war became a long and ongoing process due to a civil war. Having these issues as a backdrop, produce this policy decision. The issues that are addressed in this doctrine is the defeat of communism, global leadership, and discontinue disturbances in the regions in question. The Defeat of Communism Fundamentalism is known as term, that in recent years taken a new meaning. An example that best illustrates this is that of ISIS. The reason being that in relation to communism, both have a core element in religion with the regards of being ultimate ruler in the world. The ultimate goal of the policy was to use the individuals that disagreed with the majority rule. Using the minority population in the country under this doctrine, was to create regime change under the support from a larger country. The policy allowed for the United States to have a military presence in the battle without the use of its citizens. Global leadership in an examination of all regions in which communism existed, there was a
  • 5. THE REGEAN DOCTRINE 5 one potential prize in each. In both Iran and Nicaragua, the prize was the potential ability to control American money in respects to that of drugs and use of oil. The goal of the doctrine was to be a part of the unethical and immoral segment of Iran and Nicaragua in an attempt to gain any control that the USSR had. Discontinued Disturbances in the Region The ability to fight the USSR on two fronts is very similar to that of the actions taken after September 11, 2001. The reason being that much like the Reagan Doctrine the same goals applied in a different perspective. The difference in perspective is that Reagan wanted to dispel communism in retrospective to the North America Continent. In understanding this view, the regions in which the fight occurred were unstable throughout the history of each country. In applying the primary goal of communism, USSR could use these states as a state of terror. The Reagan Doctrine wanted eliminate this possibility for very distinctive reasons. The first being the acceptance of frequent terror launching sites and the second being the possibility of funding of terror groups inadvertently from nations such as the United States. The Effect of Reagan's Doctrine As stated at the top of the paper, A presidential administration will always be judged solely on the actions that are taken during a crisis. In the case of Reagan, his policy can be analyzed as a 'mix bag' so to say. The reason being that while communism ended towards the end of his presidency, the environment in which communism still is in existence. State of Dysfunction At present, the middle east is in a state of turmoil. The confusion exists through that of issues of ISIS, and Arab Spring. The vision of the Reagan Policy in this particular region was to
  • 6. THE REGEAN DOCTRINE 6 help this part of the world through the use of supplying the hub of the region with military support. In exchange for the military support, the nation could become a partner in terms of building its government and introducing capitalism as a form of economic distribution among its citizens. The idea was a great vision to incorporate; however the work did not come into full intuition. It would be only two years later that we would be back in the region, this time with military force. In a deeper examination of the policy, the primary goal was to defeat communism at any cost necessary. The infatuation of the communist physiology entering the United States The goal of the USSR was to change the economics of a country, through disruption of a country economic system. During the 1980s, this disturbance can be argued as the a leading achievement for the USSR. The reason is that the epidemic started during the same time as the Reagan administration placed emphasis on the communism fight in regards to Iran and Nicaragua. While this battle was essential in regards to prevention a worldwide disaster, an unstable segment of the American population is being ignored. The portion being ignored is that of the African-American community. To be more detailed, the lack of infrastructure in relation to the prevention of infiltration of harmful ideas. In funding the Nicaraguan uprising, the revenue came from two resources other than the federal government. The two sources is that of the illegal sale of arms to Iran and the drug trade of Nicaragua. In applying this information to the Reagan policy, this was an unintentional cause in an effort to defeat communism. The reason being that the African- American community crack cocaine devastated these communities, which diverted limited funds in these areas.( THE CIA-CONTRA-CRACK COCAINE CONTROVERSY:A REVIEW OF THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT'S INVESTIGATIONS AND PROSECUTIONS)
  • 7. THE REGEAN DOCTRINE 7 Conclusion A doctrine of any leadership is a set guidelines that helps in the format of being able to govern. In most cases, the philosophy becomes a debate based upon factors of if the doctrine is coherent to the situation that's present. In the Reagan administration, such was the case in the defeat of Communism. The most adherent advantage being the ability to justify American interaction in two countries based on a solid mission. The mission being to liberate those that wished to be free. The clear disadvantage is that the means in which the defeat happened were not justifiable in future legal proceedings. (Nicaragua v. United States of America)
  • 8. THE REGEAN DOCTRINE 8 References American Experience The Iran-Contra Affair http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/reagan-iran/ Doctrines -The reagan doctrine http://www.americanforeignrelations.com/A-D/Doctrines-The-reagan-doctrine.html Law of War Nicaragua v. United States of America International Court of Justice June 27, 1986 http://lawofwar.org/nicaraugua_v_us.htm NPR Timeline: The major events of Arab Spring January 2, 2012 http://www.npr.org/2012/01/02/144489844/timeline-the-major-events-of-the-arab-spring Peralta, Eyder October 26, 2014 Nicaragua Follows Its Own Path In Dealing With Drug Traffickers http://www.npr.org/blogs/parallels/2014/10/26/357791551/nicaragua-follows- its-own-path-in-dealing-with-drug-traffickers The San Jose Mercury News Articles THE CIA-CONTRA-CRACK COCAINE CONTROVERSY: A REVIEW OF THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT'S INVESTIGATIONS AND PROSECUTIONS https://oig.justice.gov/special/9712/ch01p1.htm

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