KINGDOM ANIMALIA Member of: 1. Fillia Eva (15) 2.Habibul Munna (16) 3.Marshelina NID (20) 4.Nadia Ayu (23) 5.Nurul Millati...
<ul><li>One of organism that occupies the earth is animal. An organism is called animal if it fulfills some of the followi...
The review of animal phylogeny
Principles of Animal Classification <ul><li>Animal can be grouped based on </li></ul><ul><li>The presence or absence of ...
<ul><li>Based on the presence or Absence of Verbal Column </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invertebrates is the group of animal with...
<ul><li>Based on the Type of Budy Symmetry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Asymmetrical (such as sponges) have no general body plan...
<ul><li>3. based on the Number of Germ Layer </li></ul><ul><li>a. diploblastic is animal that during embryological devel...
<ul><li>4. Based on the Type of Body Cavities ( Coelom ) </li></ul><ul><li>a.Acoelomata is animal, which has no true b...
<ul><li>5.Based on Temperature Regulation </li></ul><ul><li>a. Poikilotherms animal ( heterotherm or ectotherm) is anima...
Phylum Porifera <ul><li>Characteristic of Porifera </li></ul><ul><li>Classification of Porifera </li></ul><ul><li>The Rol...
<ul><li>Some characteristis of the phylum porifera are as follows: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The body does not act...
<ul><li>Sexual reproduction by internal fertilization. Asexual reproduction through the formation of gemmule (bud) </li></ul>
Porifera structure
<ul><li>The body of porifera is supported by skeletal elements as follows : </li></ul><ul><li>Oscullum is water flow canal...
<ul><li>2. Classification of Porifera </li></ul><ul><li>Porifera can be grouped based on the type of water canal or compo...
 
<ul><li>b. Component of a sponge skeleton </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on the component of a sponge skeleton , porifera can...
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<ul><li>3. The Role of Porifera </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The skeleton of porifera has economic value because it can be used a...
 
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Kingdom animalia

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Kingdom animalia

  • 1. KINGDOM ANIMALIA Member of: 1. Fillia Eva (15) 2.Habibul Munna (16) 3.Marshelina NID (20) 4.Nadia Ayu (23) 5.Nurul Millati (26) 6.Roikhatul M (30)
  • 2. <ul><li>One of organism that occupies the earth is animal. An organism is called animal if it fulfills some of the following characteristic: </li></ul><ul><li>It has no chlorophyll and heterotrophic because animal cannot synthesize its own foods. </li></ul><ul><li>During their life, animal can move from one place to another, or move some parts of their body. </li></ul><ul><li>Animal is multicellular </li></ul><ul><li>4.It has nucleated cells, but lack of cell wall </li></ul>
  • 3. The review of animal phylogeny
  • 4. Principles of Animal Classification <ul><li>Animal can be grouped based on </li></ul><ul><li>The presence or absence of vertebral column </li></ul><ul><li>The type of body symmetry </li></ul><ul><li>The number of germ layers </li></ul><ul><li>The type of body cavities </li></ul><ul><li>The temperature regulation. </li></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>Based on the presence or Absence of Verbal Column </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invertebrates is the group of animal without verbal column. Invertebrates consist of Porifera, Coelenterata, Platyhelminthes, Nemathelminthes, Annelida, Mollusca, Arthropoda, Echinodermata and part member of Chordata (Chephalochordata and Tunicata). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vertebrates is the group of animal, which has vertebral column. All vertebrates is included in the phylum Chordata. </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>Based on the Type of Budy Symmetry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Asymmetrical (such as sponges) have no general body plan or axis of symmetry that divides the body into miror-image halves. Within the animal kingdom this appears to be a primitive condition. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bilateraly symmetrical (such as vertebrates), if the animal body can be divides into two approximately equal halves by cut that is made parallel to the animal’s long (anterior-posterior) axis in which the cut passing down the midline. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radially symmetical (such as starfish), if the animal body can be divided into two approximately equal halves by any cut that passed through the center of organism. </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>3. based on the Number of Germ Layer </li></ul><ul><li>a. diploblastic is animal that during embryological development having two primary tissue layers; that is an ectoderm and an endoderm. The example are Porifera an Coelenterata. </li></ul><ul><li>b. Triploblastic is animal that during embryological development having two three layers; that are ectoderm,mesoderm and endoderm. All animals (except Porifera and Coelelterata )are triploblastic. </li></ul>
  • 8. <ul><li>4. Based on the Type of Body Cavities ( Coelom ) </li></ul><ul><li>a.Acoelomata is animal, which has no true body cavity (coelom ), for example Platyhelminthes (flatworms) </li></ul><ul><li>b. Pseudocoelomata is animal which has a pseudocoelom. They have body cavity but it is not lined with mesodermal cells, for example Nemathelminthes (roundworms) </li></ul><ul><li>c.Coelomata is animal,which has atrue coelom. All spaces between ectoderm an endoderm are lined by mesoderm layer, for example vertebrates and invertebrates </li></ul><ul><li>( except flatworms and roundworms ) </li></ul>
  • 9. <ul><li>5.Based on Temperature Regulation </li></ul><ul><li>a. Poikilotherms animal ( heterotherm or ectotherm) is animal that regulates its body temperature as the environment temperature. It is also called as cold-bloodedness animal, for examples worms, reptiles and insect. </li></ul><ul><li>b. Homeotherms animal ( homotherm or endotherm ), is a warmloodedness animal that can maintain a relatively constant body temperature, althought the environmental temperature varies. The examples are mammals and bird. </li></ul>
  • 10. Phylum Porifera <ul><li>Characteristic of Porifera </li></ul><ul><li>Classification of Porifera </li></ul><ul><li>The Role of Porifera </li></ul>
  • 11. <ul><li>Some characteristis of the phylum porifera are as follows: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The body does not actively move and is attached to some objects or another in a relatively shallow water. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b. Skeleton is composed of calcium carbonate,silicates, or spongin. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>c. Has high regeneration ability </li></ul><ul><li>d. Has no organ, nervous system or mouth </li></ul><ul><li>e. Food is obtained from water through ostium into spongocoel digestion waste is excreted through ostium. </li></ul>
  • 12. <ul><li>Sexual reproduction by internal fertilization. Asexual reproduction through the formation of gemmule (bud) </li></ul>
  • 13. Porifera structure
  • 14. <ul><li>The body of porifera is supported by skeletal elements as follows : </li></ul><ul><li>Oscullum is water flow canal </li></ul><ul><li>Ostium or aperture is smaal pore for water entering </li></ul><ul><li>Paragaster or apongocoel is water canal which is found in the middle part of porifera’s bodies </li></ul><ul><li>The body wall, which is composed of: </li></ul><ul><li>Pinacocytes, the outer layer of a sponge </li></ul><ul><li>Porocytes, tubular cells which make up the pores of ostia </li></ul><ul><li>Myocytes, a cell that plays a role in regulating the opening and closing of the porocytes and osculum </li></ul><ul><li>Choanoicytes ( collar cells), the cella that responsible for intracellular food digesting </li></ul><ul><li>Amoebocytes, a cell which has a function in delivering food and can change the function into ovum and spermatozoid </li></ul><ul><li>Scleroblast, the cells screted spicules which has a role as skeleton </li></ul>
  • 15. <ul><li>2. Classification of Porifera </li></ul><ul><li>Porifera can be grouped based on the type of water canal or compomentof a sponge skeleton: </li></ul><ul><li>a. The Type of water Canal: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Ason type, is the simpelest system. The canals run straight throught the sponge body </li></ul><ul><li>2. Sycon type, the canals are branched and prevent the water to flowstraight throught into the spongocoel </li></ul><ul><li>3. Leucon or ragon type, the canal system is more complicated with tha canals being longer and more branched </li></ul>
  • 17. <ul><li>b. Component of a sponge skeleton </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on the component of a sponge skeleton , porifera can be can divided into calcarea, hexactinelida and desmospongiae </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calcarea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skeleton of calcarea is composed oof calcium carbonate. Calcarea has a small body size and live in shallow saltwater , for example are clathrina blanca and sycon gelatinosum. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hexactinelida </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hexactinelida has skeleton, which is formed by silicates, for example pheroonema sp, and Euplectella. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desmospongiae </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The supporting spicules and fibers of the Desmospongiae may be composed of spongin and/or cilica, for example Euspongia Sp. And Haliclona </li></ul></ul>
  • 18. comeback
  • 19. <ul><li>3. The Role of Porifera </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The skeleton of porifera has economic value because it can be used as cleaner tools(polisher) or seat-filled of vehicle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Euspongia oficinalis is sponge, which usually used to wash. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Euspongia mollisima is usually used for clener tools of toilet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sponges produces bioctive compounds that is potential as material, for examples anticancer and antiasthma compound. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sponges Luffariella Variabilis produces bastadin, ocadaic acid and monoalid, which have high economic value. </li></ul></ul>