NAGK-dynein-Golgi interaction at Golgi outpost
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - NAGK-dynein-Golgi interaction at Golgi outpost
Our findings shed light on the interactions of NAGK with dynein and Golgi outposts in dendritic branch points and their roles in dendritic growth. Further investigation is needed into the
molecular mechanisms underlying these interactions.
Cultured rat hippocampal neurons were treated with dithiobis (succinimidyl) propionate
(DSP+), fixed at DIV10 (stage IV) and double-stained with primary antibodies against N-
acetylglucosamine kinase and dynein light-chain roadblock
type 1 (a) or dynein heavy chain (b) or kinesin 5B
(c). The boxed areas of the merged images are enlarged at
the bottom. Colocalized immunopuncta are
indicated by arrowheads. Scale bar: 10 μm. Statistics (d). The numbers
of puncta per dendritic segment (20 μm, n = 20) were counted and
expressed as a percentage of the total (mean±s.d.).**p<0.01.
(a) N-acetylglucosamine kinase-
interacting proteins identified by using the small domain as bait in
yeast two-hybrid screening.
(b) The interacting domains of dynein
light-chain roadblock type 1. The coding region (amino acids
1–96) of dynein light-chain roadblock
type 1 is shown as a bar diagram with the conserved roadblock/LC7
domain. The two positive clones in the yeast two-hybrid selection having a coding region
from 3 or 59 to the C-terminal end are also shown. Full length dynein light-chain roadblock
type 1 (1-end) and kinesin light chain 1 were used as a positive and a negative control,
The small domain of NAGK interacts with DYNLRB1 in yeast two-hybrid screen
NAGK-dynein interactions occur at dendritic branch points
NAGK interacts with DYNLRB1 in primary hippocampal neurons
Verification of NAGK-dynein complex interaction by proximity ligation assay
NAGK-dynein complexes colocalize with Golgi ‘outposts’ at dendritic branch
N-acetyl-D-glucosamine kinase interacts with
dynein light-chain roadblock type 1 at Golgi
outposts in neuronal dendritic branch points
Md Ariful Islam1
, Syeda Ridita Sharif1
, HyunSook Lee2
, Dae-Hyun Seog3
and Il Soo Moon1,2
Department of Anatomy, Dongguk Medical Institute, College of Medicine Dongguk University, Gyeongju, Republic of Korea; 2
Dongguk Medical Institute, College of Medicine
Dongguk University, Gyeongju, Republic of Korea and 3
Departments of Biochemistry, College of Medicine Inje University, Busan, Republic of Korea
N-acetylglucosamine kinase (GlcNAc kinase or NAGK) is a ubiquitously expressed
enzyme in mammalian cells. Recent studies have shown that NAGK has an essential
structural, non-enzymatic role in the upregulation of dendritogenesis. In this study, we
conducted yeast two-hybrid screening to search for NAGK-binding proteins and found a
specific interaction between NAGK and dynein light-chain roadblock type 1 (DYNLRB1).
Immunocytochemistry (ICC) on hippocampal neurons using antibodies against NAGK and
DYNLRB1 or dynein heavy chain showed some colocalization, which was increased by
treating the live cells with a crosslinker. A proximity ligation assay (PLA) of NAGK-dynein
followed by tubulin ICC showed the localization of PLA signals on microtubule fibers at
dendritic branch points. NAGK-dynein PLA combined with ICC for Golgi showed the
colocalization of PLA signals with somal Golgi facing the apical dendrite and with Golgi
outposts in dendritic branch points and distensions. NAGK-Golgi PLA followed by tubulin
or DYNLRB1 ICC showed that PLA signals colocalize with DYNLRB1 at dendritic branch
points and at somal Golgi, indicating a tripartite interaction between NAGK, dynein and
Golgi. Finally, the ectopic introduction of a small peptide derived from the C-terminal amino
acids 74–96 of DYNLRB1 resulted in the stunting of hippocampal neuron dendrites in
culture. Our data indicate that the NAGK-dynein-Golgi tripartite interaction at dendritic
branch points functions to regulate dendritic growth and/or branching.
Co-localization of NAGK-Golgi complexes with DYNLRB1 on MT at dendritic
Ectopic inclusion of small peptides from DYNLRB1 resulted stunted dendrites
(b) HEK293T cells were fixed, and PLA was performed
using anti-NAGK and anti-dynein light-chain 1 antibodies
(NAGK+DYNLL1, upper panel). Alternatively, the cells
were transfected with Myc-DDK-tagged NAGK plasmids,
and PLA was conducted by using anti-DDK and anti-
DYNLL1 antibodies to show the interaction between
exogenous NAGK and dynein (DDK+DYNLL1, lower
panel). To better depict proximity ligation assay puncta,
phase-contrast images were inverted using Photoshop
software. Scale bar: 10 μm.
(a) Rat hippocampal neurons (DIV2) were fixed, and
proximity ligation assay was performed using mouse anti-
N-acetylglucosamine kinase and rabbit anti-dynein light-
chain roadblock type 1 or anti-dynein heavy chain
antibodies. The PLA was followed by
immunocytochemistry using a mouse anti-tubulin antibody
(green). Boxed areas are enlarged (insets) to show the
colocalization of the NAGK-dynein complex with thinner
microtubule fibers (arrowheads). Scale bar: 10 μm.
(a) N-acetylglucosamine kinase-dynein heavy chain
proximity ligation assay was performed in hippocampal
neurons (stage IV, DIV 2) and followed by tubulin
immunocytochemistry. Proximity ligation assay/phase-
contrast (phase) and proximity ligation assay/
immunocytochemistry merged images are shown. The
PLA puncta (red) are indicated by arrowheads and
with numbers. Scale bar: 10 μm.
(b) PLA puncta were sorted into two categories: one
with ‘established’ branch joints where the microtubule
fiber is already developed (upper panel) and the other
at branch initiation sites where the microtubule is yet to
develop (lower panel). Positions of branches are
indicated with arrowheads.
(c) Statistics. Percentages of NAGK-DHC proximity
ligation assay puncta at branch joints with or without
microtubule in the neonate protrusions are shown by a
pie chart. n = 30, 30 neurons.
N-acetylglucosamine kinase-dynein heavy chain
proximity ligation assay was performed in hippocampal
neurons (developmental stage IV) and was followed by
immunocytochemistry with an anti-TGN38 antibody to
mark Golgi particles. Merged images of proximity
ligation assay/ phase-contrast and proximity ligation
assay/ immunocytochemistry are shown.
(a) PLA signals at soma (1, arrows) and distal branch
points (2, 3, arrowheads) are enlarged to show the
colocalization of NAGK-dynein complex (red) with
Golgi particles (green) oriented to the soma-dendrite
joint (inset 1, arrows) or with the Golgi outpost (green)
at distal branching sites (inset 2, 3, arrowheads).
(b) A high frequency of PLA puncta (red) and Golgi outposts (green) was found at dendritic
distensions. Small branches protruding out of the distensions are marked with arrows.
Dendritic distensions (boxed areas 1, 2) are enlarged (insets) to show the colocalization of
NAGK-dynein complex (red) with Golgi particles (green) marked by arrowheads. Scale bar:
(a) NAGK-TGN38 proximity ligation assay (red dots)
was followed by ICC with an anti-tubulin antibody
(green). The positions of proximity ligation assay
signals at branch points are marked with numbers and
enlarged in insets. Scale bar: 10 μm.
(b) NAGK-GM130 PLA was followed by ICC with an
anti-DYNLRB1 antibody. PLA puncta in the soma (box
i) were enlarged to show the PLA signals facing the
apical dendrite at the somal Golgi apparatus merged
with DYNLRB1 signals. PLA dot positions (red) in
dendrites are enlarged (box ii, 1–3). Scale bar: 10 μm.
(c) Statistics. Pie charts show that ~99% (n = 30 neurons) of NAGK-TGN38 PLA dots were
localized to microtubules and ~ 96% (n = 30 neurons) of NAGK-GM130 PLA signals were
colocalized with DYNLRB1.
Two small peptides are made from DYNLRB1 and named
as ‘DYNLRB1 (59-76)’ and ‘DYNLRB1 (74-96)’ .
(a) Co-transfection of either ‘DYNLRB1 (59-76)’ or
‘DYNLRB1 (74-96)’ peptide with β-galactosidase was
performed and was stained with β-gal staining kit. Neurons
transfected with ‘DYNLRB1 (59-76)’ peptide showed
healthy dendrites. In contrast, neurons transfected with
‘DYNLRB1 (74-96)’ peptide showed short, stunted
dendrites (arrows), while the axon (arrowhead) was
apparently unaffected. Scale bar: 10 μm.
(b) Sholl analysis. The numbers of dendritic intersections were counted at incremental
distances from soma centroids of neurons (n = 30 neurons) transfected with β-gal only
(control), with ‘DYNLRB1 (59-76)’ or with ‘DYNLRB1 (74-96)’ . **p<0.01.