Pre-Writing Strategies
Pre-Writing
• First stage of the writing process
• Helps us discover our initial ideas about a
subject and put them on ...
Common Pre-Writing Strategies
1. Freewriting
2. Brainstorming/Listing
3. Clustering/Mapping
4. Journalistic Questions
1. Freewriting
• Jotting down all ideas on a particular topic on
paper even before researching about it
• Does not requ...
Freewriting
Example (Freewriting of a student who needs to write a
paper about the environment):
I have to write a pape...
2. Brainstorming/Listing
• Capturing all thoughts, ideas, and fragments
in one’s head and writing them down on
paper
•...
Brainstorming/Listing
Example (Brainstorming of a student who needs to
write a paper about the environment):
Environmen...
3. Clustering/Mapping
a. Placing the general subject in a circle in the
middle of a blank sheet of paper
b. Draw other ...
Clustering/Mapping
Example (Clustering of a student who needs to write a
paper on the value of a college education)
4. Journalistic Questions
• Asking and answering who, what, when,
where, why, and how questions about the
subject
• Es...
Journalistic Questions
Example (Questions of a student who needs to write a report
on the political conflict in the Midd...
REMEMBER!
• Save all of your prewriting work.
• Your prewriting will look very different from
your final work.
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Pre-Writing Strategies

Pre-Writing Strategies 1. Free writing 2. Brainstorming/ Listing 3. Clustering/ Mapping 4. Journalistic questions
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Pre-Writing Strategies

  • 1. Pre-Writing Strategies
  • 2. Pre-Writing • First stage of the writing process • Helps us discover our initial ideas about a subject and put them on paper, though not usually in organized form
  • 3. Common Pre-Writing Strategies 1. Freewriting 2. Brainstorming/Listing 3. Clustering/Mapping 4. Journalistic Questions
  • 4. 1. Freewriting • Jotting down all ideas on a particular topic on paper even before researching about it • Does not require complete sentences, proper spelling, or correct punctuation and grammar • About 10 to 15 minutes to write everything that comes to mind even if it doesn’t necessarily make sense yet.
  • 5. Freewriting Example (Freewriting of a student who needs to write a paper about the environment): I have to write a paper about the environment. I have no idea where to start! I know there are many problems with the environment, but I don’t know much about this topic. Maybe I could take a look at my biology book to come up with some ideas. I know my biology professor is also really into the environment, so maybe I could ask for his help. I remember he was talking about hybrid cars in class the other day and how much better those are for the environment. What is a hybrid car? I know it uses some sort of alternative fuel and they are becoming very popular. Maybe that is something I could write about…
  • 6. 2. Brainstorming/Listing • Capturing all thoughts, ideas, and fragments in one’s head and writing them down on paper • Similar to freewriting, but:  Freewriting = paragraph  Brainstorming = list
  • 7. Brainstorming/Listing Example (Brainstorming of a student who needs to write a paper about the environment): Environment Problems Future Cars Alternative fuels Hybrid cars Costs Benefits?
  • 8. 3. Clustering/Mapping a. Placing the general subject in a circle in the middle of a blank sheet of paper b. Draw other lines or circles that shoot out from the original topic. c. Grouping the ideas that seem to go together
  • 9. Clustering/Mapping Example (Clustering of a student who needs to write a paper on the value of a college education)
  • 10. 4. Journalistic Questions • Asking and answering who, what, when, where, why, and how questions about the subject • Especially useful when describing a event or writing an information report/essay
  • 11. Journalistic Questions Example (Questions of a student who needs to write a report on the political conflict in the Middle East): • Who is involved in the conflict? • What issues most clearly divide those engaged in this dispute? • When did the troubles in the Middle East begin, and how have they developed over time? • Where does the conflict seem most heated or violent? • Why have those living in this area found it so difficult to resolve the situation? • How might this conflict be resolved?
  • 12. REMEMBER! • Save all of your prewriting work. • Your prewriting will look very different from your final work.