RELIGION
*LEIG
“TO BIND”
LATIN: RELIGIO
“CAREFUL PERFORMANCE
OF RITUAL OBLIGATION”
GREEK: EUSEBIA
LATIN: PIETAS
“FULFILLING SOCIAL OBLIGATIONS,
EXPECTATIONS, AND RITUAL PROCEDURES”
SANSKRIT: DHARMA
“THE COSMIC SYSTEM OF DUTIES AND
OBLIGATIONS THAT AFFECTS ALL ASPECTS
OF SAMSARA (THE CYCE OF REBIRTHS)”
ARABIC: DIN
“AN ACTUAL DEBT THAT MUST BE
SETTLED ON A SPECIFIC DATE”
WHAT DO WE DO WITH “RELIGION?”
HOW DO WE STUDY
CULTURES/SOCIETIES WITHOUT
“RELIGION?”
THE HISTORY OF “RELIGION” IN EUROPE
The Reformation and Wars of Religion
Le massacre de la Saint-Barthélemy by François Dubois, (1572-84).
The New World
NATURAL RELIGION
• IS RELIGION INNATE OR UNIVERSAL?
• HOW DOES NATURAL RELIGION
RELATE TO REVELATION?
• IS NATURAL RELIGIO...
Jean Bodin (1530-1596)
THE NATURAL
RELIGION IS THE
OLDEST RELIGION
Edward, Lord Herbert of Cherbury
(1583-1648)
UNIVERSAL ESSENTIALS OF
RELIGION:
1. BELIEF IN GOD
2. WORHISP OF GOD
3. VITUR...
The Deists
St. Lawrence Jewry, Guildhall Yard in Central London. Christopher Wren, architect.
THE DEISTS
USE YOUR REASON TO
DISCOVER NATURAL RELIGION
David Hume (1711-1776)
THERE IS NO NATURAL
RELIGION.
RELIGION IS A HUMAN
FACT.
RELIGION ARISES FROM
SENSE EXPERIENCES.
POL...
SO WHAT DOES THIS MEAN FOR
“RELIGION” IN THE UNITED STATES?
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The Enlightenment Problem of Religion

Lecture slides from "Introduction to Religious Studies" at the University of Alabama. Written by Prof. Michael J. Altman Where did "religion" come from? That is, what made European thinkers begin to ask questions about religion? It happened because religion became a problem in Europe.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - The Enlightenment Problem of Religion

  • 1. RELIGION
  • 2. *LEIG “TO BIND”
  • 3. LATIN: RELIGIO “CAREFUL PERFORMANCE OF RITUAL OBLIGATION”
  • 4. GREEK: EUSEBIA LATIN: PIETAS “FULFILLING SOCIAL OBLIGATIONS, EXPECTATIONS, AND RITUAL PROCEDURES”
  • 5. SANSKRIT: DHARMA “THE COSMIC SYSTEM OF DUTIES AND OBLIGATIONS THAT AFFECTS ALL ASPECTS OF SAMSARA (THE CYCE OF REBIRTHS)”
  • 6. ARABIC: DIN “AN ACTUAL DEBT THAT MUST BE SETTLED ON A SPECIFIC DATE”
  • 7. WHAT DO WE DO WITH “RELIGION?” HOW DO WE STUDY CULTURES/SOCIETIES WITHOUT “RELIGION?”
  • 8. THE HISTORY OF “RELIGION” IN EUROPE
  • 9. The Reformation and Wars of Religion Le massacre de la Saint-Barthélemy by François Dubois, (1572-84).
  • 10. The New World
  • 11. NATURAL RELIGION • IS RELIGION INNATE OR UNIVERSAL? • HOW DOES NATURAL RELIGION RELATE TO REVELATION? • IS NATURAL RELIGION TRUE RELIGION?
  • 12. Jean Bodin (1530-1596) THE NATURAL RELIGION IS THE OLDEST RELIGION
  • 13. Edward, Lord Herbert of Cherbury (1583-1648) UNIVERSAL ESSENTIALS OF RELIGION: 1. BELIEF IN GOD 2. WORHISP OF GOD 3. VITURE & PIETY 4. CRIMES MUST BE REPENTED 5. JUDGEMENT IN THE AFTERLIFE
  • 14. The Deists St. Lawrence Jewry, Guildhall Yard in Central London. Christopher Wren, architect.
  • 15. THE DEISTS USE YOUR REASON TO DISCOVER NATURAL RELIGION
  • 16. David Hume (1711-1776) THERE IS NO NATURAL RELIGION. RELIGION IS A HUMAN FACT. RELIGION ARISES FROM SENSE EXPERIENCES. POLYTHEISM COMES FIRST.
  • 17. SO WHAT DOES THIS MEAN FOR “RELIGION” IN THE UNITED STATES?