Economic Systems in past
Primitive Society
Pastoral Age
Agriculture
Feudalism
Capitalism
Communism / Socialism
Capitalism
Modernization
Trickle down
Structural
Adjustment
Communism
Marxist
New Marxist
Dependency
Revolution
vs
Reformation
Socialist Block
 Leftist political party all over
the world
 Inefficient & unstable govt.
 Corruption in public sec...
Pre Independent Period
o Volunteer based org.
o Religious motive
o Not similar to present known NGOs
First Govt.
NGOs emerged at a critical moment in
Bangladesh
Cyclone in 1970
War ravaged economy
Famine in newly bo...
Zia Regime
Increasing Number of NGOs
Donor’s intention to provide fund for NGOs
Formulation of ‘The Foreign Donation...
Ershad Regime
Golden age for NGOs
NGOs all over the country
Massive Foreign Donation
“Foreign Contribution (Regula...
SERVICES OF NGOs
Social Welfare
Women development
Development of children
Health & Nutrition
Family Planning
Urban & Rural Develo...
Economic
Credit
Enterprise Development
Employment
Productive Assets
Modern Agriculture & Irrigation
Education
Pre-Primary Education
Formal Education
Adult Education
Political
Political Participation
Consciousness Raising
Legal aid
Access to Govt. Services
Local Govt. Activatio...
Skill & Expertise
Capacity in Planning & Management
Occupational Skill Training
Mobilization of Target Group
Group For...
Number vs. Development
2161 NGOs are registered under NGOAB
Cancellation of 513 NGOs in last 10 years
Thousands of U...
Administrative Expenditure
• According to rules, NGOs can’t expend more
than 20% of total allocation for administrative ...
low
salary
for field
level
workers
High
Administrative
cost
Luxurious life
style of
Higher class
official
Labo...
NGOs fund / Personal Property
Use of NGOs fund for personal interest
Embezzlement of employees fund, scholarship
fund e...
Anti-leftist VS Pro-leftist
Motive was to Prevent Communism
Proshika, Nijera kori, Gonosastha Kendra etc
directly adver...
Micro-credit : Endless Debate
Pro micro-credit
view
Poor’s
Banking
Poverty
reduction
Anti micro-credit
view
High ...
Involvement in Politics
According to FOREIGN DONATION ACT 1978
involvement of NGOs in politics is illegal
So-called Con...
Consequences
Not successful as expected
Political Harassment
Grameen Bank, Proshika
Politics-NGO nexus like Politics-B...
Accountability
Not accountable to people & govt.
Anti-state forces utilize this opportunity
Cancelation of registration...
Political aspects of NGOs evolution : a critical analysis of NGOs activities in bangladesh
Political aspects of NGOs evolution : a critical analysis of NGOs activities in bangladesh
Political aspects of NGOs evolution : a critical analysis of NGOs activities in bangladesh
Political aspects of NGOs evolution : a critical analysis of NGOs activities in bangladesh
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Political aspects of NGOs evolution : a critical analysis of NGOs activities in bangladesh

This Paper is produced at the aim of fulfillment of my academic requirement. it deals with evolution of NGOs in Bangladesh perspective as well as international perspective. Hence criticisms of leftist scholars have been reflected. It also covers NGOs activities in third world country like Bangladesh
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Presentations & Public Speaking      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Political aspects of NGOs evolution : a critical analysis of NGOs activities in bangladesh

  • 1. Economic Systems in past Primitive Society Pastoral Age Agriculture Feudalism Capitalism Communism / Socialism
  • 2. Capitalism Modernization Trickle down Structural Adjustment Communism Marxist New Marxist Dependency
  • 3. Revolution vs Reformation
  • 4. Socialist Block  Leftist political party all over the world  Inefficient & unstable govt.  Corruption in public sector Leads to peoples uprising Revolution Capitalist Block NGOs ? Leads to peoples satisfaction with existing economic system Reformation
  • 5. Pre Independent Period o Volunteer based org. o Religious motive o Not similar to present known NGOs
  • 6. First Govt. NGOs emerged at a critical moment in Bangladesh Cyclone in 1970 War ravaged economy Famine in newly born country (1974) Features Limited NGOs Relief & Rehabilitation activities BRAC, ASA etc prominent NGOs came into picture.
  • 7. Zia Regime Increasing Number of NGOs Donor’s intention to provide fund for NGOs Formulation of ‘The Foreign Donation (Voluntary activities) Regulation Rules 1978’.
  • 8. Ershad Regime Golden age for NGOs NGOs all over the country Massive Foreign Donation “Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Ordinance 1982” A notice issued by the then External Resource Division(ERD) that prevails NGOs profit based projects with their regular activities. Flood in 1988 & govt. inefficiency
  • 9. SERVICES OF NGOs
  • 10. Social Welfare Women development Development of children Health & Nutrition Family Planning Urban & Rural Development Relief & Rehabilitation
  • 11. Economic Credit Enterprise Development Employment Productive Assets Modern Agriculture & Irrigation
  • 12. Education Pre-Primary Education Formal Education Adult Education
  • 13. Political Political Participation Consciousness Raising Legal aid Access to Govt. Services Local Govt. Activation
  • 14. Skill & Expertise Capacity in Planning & Management Occupational Skill Training Mobilization of Target Group Group Formation Leadership Development
  • 15. Number vs. Development 2161 NGOs are registered under NGOAB Cancellation of 513 NGOs in last 10 years Thousands of Unregistered NGOs 5 Registered NGOs in each upazila Fund is also huge(Tk-70,447,029,441.58 in 11- 12) Development????????????
  • 16. Administrative Expenditure • According to rules, NGOs can’t expend more than 20% of total allocation for administrative cost. • ‘Nijera kori’ expend 57% for internal cost • ‘Proshika’ & ‘Manobik’ utilize 30% only for salary. • NGOAB found some NGOs having admin expenditure more than 60%
  • 17. low salary for field level workers High Administrative cost Luxurious life style of Higher class official Labor Exploitation
  • 18. NGOs fund / Personal Property Use of NGOs fund for personal interest Embezzlement of employees fund, scholarship fund etc Tax evasion by NGO leaders though they create consciousness about duties & responsibilities of people.
  • 19. Anti-leftist VS Pro-leftist Motive was to Prevent Communism Proshika, Nijera kori, Gonosastha Kendra etc directly advertise leftist tenet Money comes from imperialist capitalist block Historical conflict result to this circumstance
  • 20. Micro-credit : Endless Debate Pro micro-credit view Poor’s Banking Poverty reduction Anti micro-credit view High Interest rate Double Interest
  • 21. Involvement in Politics According to FOREIGN DONATION ACT 1978 involvement of NGOs in politics is illegal So-called Consciousness raising Influence in local & national level election Attempt to create ‘Third Party’ in politics Donors interest
  • 22. Consequences Not successful as expected Political Harassment Grameen Bank, Proshika Politics-NGO nexus like Politics-Business nexus Interference of Donors in internal politics Misuse of money
  • 23. Accountability Not accountable to people & govt. Anti-state forces utilize this opportunity Cancelation of registration due to illegal money transfer.

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