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124/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project
Presenting a Final Year Project
Hussain Mahdi
Student Support Centre
Departm...
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24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 7
Reading V Listening
Enthusiasm must be
conveyed
Neutral voice
May switch of...
3
24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 13
Opening Example – Overview of Talk
“I will explain the role of this small ...
4
1924/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project
PowerPoint Slides and Visuals
Avoiding the Pitfalls of Bad Slides
24/09/201...
5
24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 25
Animation
• Do not use distracting animation
• Do not go overboard with an...
6
Background – Bad
• Avoid distracting backgrounds
24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 32
Visuals
Why use visual ai...
7
24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 37
Graphs
• Use graphs rather than words
– Data in graphs is easier to compre...
8
24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 43
Summary Slide
• Use a summary/conclusion slide to:
– summarize the main po...
9
24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 49
Summary
• Planning/Preparation
– Logical structure
– Introduce, present an...
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Presenting a final year project 2009 10.handout

FYP
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Engineering      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Presenting a final year project 2009 10.handout

  • 1. 1 124/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project Presenting a Final Year Project Hussain Mahdi Student Support Centre Department of Electronic & Computer Engineering 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 2 Overview • Introduction • Preparation and Structure • PowerPoint and Visuals • Delivering a Presentation • Summary 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 3 Introduction • Presentation purpose – Inform – Demonstrate – Persuade • Get a good mark • Presentation practice 424/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project Preparation and Structure Essential for Success 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 5 Preparation Ask yourself: • What is the purpose of the presentation? – Central point? • Who will be attending? – What do they know? – What will interest them? • How much time is available? • What facilities are available? 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 6 Brainstorming • Random ideas on paper • Categorise ideas – Aim for 3 main sections • Sequence / logical flow? • Links between ideas • KISS (keep it simple stupid)
  • 2. 2 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 7 Reading V Listening Enthusiasm must be conveyed Neutral voice May switch offCan skip material No scanningScan headings Overview requiredOverview from abstract No re-runsCan be re-read Dependent on presenterRead at own speed Listening to PresentationReading Paper 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 8 Solution “Tell them what you’re going to tell them Tell them Tell them what you’ve told them” 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 9 Structure • Strong Opening • Middle – 3 headings – 3 subheading • Strong closing • Organised 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 10 Opening • Purpose of the opening – Prompt interest – Overview of the whole talk – Purpose of the talk • A solid opening creates a good impression 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 11 Opening Example (1) – Prompt Interest “If you have ever had an ultrasound, perhaps because you were pregnant or had appendicitis, you will have noticed that reading an ultrasound image is a lot like watching a black and white TV without cable: the image is grey and buried in falling snow. No wonder it requires an expert to read them” 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 12 Opening Example (2) – Explain Purpose “Our design project is to develop a prototype for part of an ultrasound imaging device that plays a significant role in the quality of the image”
  • 3. 3 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 13 Opening Example – Overview of Talk “I will explain the role of this small but important part, and then explain how our project will contribute to improving current ultrasound technology” 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 14 Body of Talk (1) • Follow the order set out by the introduction • Provide clear “road signs” – “My second point …” – “In conclusion, …” • Possible headings – Background – Methods – Results 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 15 Body of Talk (2) • Logical transitions • Bring audience from known to unknown and from simple to complex – Overview – Detail – Summary • Visuals useful for tracking progress 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 16 Conclusion of Talk • Signal that the summary is beginning “In summary, ….” • Summary of main points • How the objectives were achieved • Concise take away message 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 17 Presentation Room and Equipment • Visit presentation room • Practice in room • Check equipment 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 18 Preparation “Good preparation and rehearsal will reduce your nerves by 75% and increase the likelihood of avoiding errors by 95%” Fred Pryor Organisation
  • 4. 4 1924/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project PowerPoint Slides and Visuals Avoiding the Pitfalls of Bad Slides 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 20 Aspects to be Covered • Outline slide • Organisation of content • Animation • Fonts • Colour • Background • Spelling and grammar • Graphs • Conclusion slide • Question slide 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 21 Outline Slide • Make your 1st or 2nd slide an outline • Follow the order of your outline • Only place main points on the outline – Use the titles of each slide as main points 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 22 Organisation of Content – Good • Use 1-2 slides per minute of your presentation • Use simple language • Write in point form or use short sentences • Include 4-5 points per slide • Use key words and phrases only 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 23 Organisation of Content - Bad This page contains too many words for a presentation slide. It is not written in point form, making it difficult both for your audience to read and for you to present each point. Although there are exactly the same number of points on this slide as the previous slide, it looks much more complicated. In short, your audience will spend too much time trying to read this paragraph instead of listening to you. 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 24 Organisation of Content – Good • Show one point at a time: – Will help audience concentrate – Will prevent audience from reading ahead – Will help you keep your presentation focused
  • 5. 5 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 25 Animation • Do not use distracting animation • Do not go overboard with animation • Be consistent with the animation 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 26 Fonts - Good • Use at least an 18-point font • Use different size fonts for main points and secondary points – this font is 24-point, the main point font is 28-point, and the title font is 36-point • Use a standard san serif font like Arial or Tahoma for the main text • Verdana is a good title font 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 27 Fonts - Bad • If you use a small font, your audience won’t be able to read what you have written • CAPITALIZE ONLY WHEN NECESSARY. IT IS DIFFICULT TO READ • Don’t use a complicated font 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 28 Colour - Good • Use a font colour that contrasts sharply with the background – Ex: blue font on white background • Use colour to reinforce the logic of your structure – Ex: light blue title and dark blue text • Use colour to emphasize a point – but only use this occasionally 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 29 Colour - Bad • Using a font colour that does not contrast with the background colour is hard to read • Using colour for decoration is distracting and annoying. • Using a different colour for each point is unnecessary – Using a different colour for secondary points is also unnecessary • Trying to be creative can also be bad 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 30 Background - Good • Use simple attractive backgrounds • Use backgrounds which are light in colour • Use the same background consistently
  • 6. 6 Background – Bad • Avoid distracting backgrounds 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 32 Visuals Why use visual aids? • 55% of the information we take in is visual • 60% of population are visual • Makes the presentation memorable • Achieves objectives 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 33 Example 1 – Information Absorbed 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 34 Example 2 – Memorable Presentation “A picture is worth a thousand words” 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 35 Example 3 – Achieving Objectives 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 36 Guidelines for Using Visuals • Big • Relevant • Simple – get point within 5 seconds • Clear – not distracting • Keep text to a minimum
  • 7. 7 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 37 Graphs • Use graphs rather than words – Data in graphs is easier to comprehend & retain than is raw data – Trends are easier to visualize in graph form • Always title your graphs 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 38 Graphs - Bad January February March April Blue Balls 20.4 27.4 90 20.4 Red Balls 30.6 38.6 34.6 31.6 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 39 Graphs - Good Items Sold in First Quarter of 2002 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 January February March April Blue Balls Red Balls 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 40 Graphs - Bad 20.4 27.4 90 20.4 30.6 38.6 34.6 31.6 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 January February March April Blue Balls Red Balls 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 41 Graphs - Bad • Minor gridlines are unnecessary • Font is too small • Colours are illogical • Title is missing • Shading is distracting Back 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 42 Spelling and Grammar • Proof your slides for: – spelling mistakes – repeated or redundant words – grammatical errors
  • 8. 8 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 43 Summary Slide • Use a summary/conclusion slide to: – summarize the main points – suggest future avenues of research 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 44 Question Slide • End with a simple question slide to: – invite your audience to ask questions – provide a visual aid during question period – avoid ending a presentation abruptly 4524/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project Delivering a Presentation How to Overcome Nerves 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 46 Vocal presence • Speak clearly without shouting or whispering • Be natural but not overly casual • Pause at key points and emphasis them • Unless you’re naturally funny, avoid telling jokes • Use anecdotes and personal experience where possible 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 47 Physical Presence • Stand facing audience • Deep breath before you start • Do not talk to the screen • Make eye contact • Pay attention to how audience respond • Don’t fidget • Don’t read your talk • Avoid monotone 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 48 Nerves • It’s ok to be nervous • Practice, practice, practice – out loud – in front of mirror – in front of audience • Memorize a solid opening • Don’t be afraid of silence • Have a backup
  • 9. 9 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 49 Summary • Planning/Preparation – Logical structure – Introduce, present and close – Rehearse • Slides – Use simple language & short sentences – Use images and graphs where possible – Clear, easy to read • Delivery – Speak clearly – Use positive non-verbal communication 24/09/2010 Presenting a Final Year Project 50 Questions

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