By
Allah Dad Khan
Dated 24th April 2014
Natural Farming
We can grow healthful food without depending too much on toxic
chemicals and chemical fertilizers with NAT...
Top 10 Reasons to Support Organic Farming in the 21st Century
1. Reduce The Toxic Load: Keep Chemicals Out of the Air, Wat...
Natural Farming Respect for Life
Natural Farming respects life. It opposes human
exploitation on life. Ironical it may sou...
High Quality
Natural Farming products have high quality, good taste and
better yield. People commonly think that by conver...
Natural Farming Methods
No Pesticide
Natural Farming does not use pesticide. Pesticides do not
only kill insects; they res...
No Herbicide
Natural Farming does not use herbicide. Killing the weeds
with chemical is not the only solution nor is it wi...
No Tillage
Natural Farming does not till the land. Instead of using
machines, we use earthworms, microorganisms and small
...
No Chemical Fertilizer
Natural Farming does not use chemical fertilizer. Nor does
it follow the common practice of applyin...
No Pollution
Natural Farming animal houses do not emit any wastewater.
There is no need to install an expensive treatment
...
No Artificial Heating
Natural Farming animal houses do not provide any
artificial heating. Rather than consuming fossil fu...
Farming inputs are made by farmers
One of the most important aspects of Natural Farming is that
the farmers make what they...
Natural Feed made by Farmers
Natural Farming animals do not only eat commercial feed
from the market. They eat natural foo...
Nutritive Cycle Theory
Natural Farming cares for the crops and livestock according to
the “Nutritive Cycle Theory.” It is ...
Natural Inputs
Indigenous Microorganism (IMO)
Indigenous microorganism is a powerful input that improves soil condition an...
Some practices now being done and promoted as natural farming practices:
1. Zero cultivation and following, allowing the s...
1. Zero cultivation, following and allowing the soil to rest and
rejuvenate
Zero cultivation has been a long and original
...
2.Practice clean culture.
Cultivation and weed control will also help not only in
soil aeration and softening of soil mass...
3.Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a pest control
program using combination of all pra...
4.Insect traps, lure and attractants.
1.Light Traps
2.Lure with attractants
3 Chemical sex attractant
4. Blue electric lam...
5.Use of Biological Pest and Disease Control
The use of living plant and animals or living organisms to control pest and d...
6. Use of Organic Fertilizer
Fertilizers coming from fermented and decomposed organic
materials are very nutritious safe f...
7.Used of Organic Pest and Disease Control
Herbal preparations to control pest and diseases can
easily be made by farmers ...
8.Practice crop rotation and following (resting the
soil for some time).
Crop rotation or changing crops grown in certain ...
9. Growing and inter-cropping of pest repellant and
herbal plants

There are crops that repel certain insect pests.
Inter...
10. Integrated cropping pattern to prevent growth of toxic
weeds.
Certain weeds are difficult to remove or control, like
g...
11.Growing the right crop on the right soil, climate
and at the right time.
There are suitable crops that are ideal for ce...
COMMON INSECT PESTS AND THEIR CONTROL
White Flies
Control measures:
1. Spray with soap and nicotine solution.
2. Use tobac...
Borers Control by 1.cutting off the infested stem and burn killing the pest.
1. Periodic spraying plants with organic inse...
Mealy bugs Control measures:
1. Spray alcohol on the mealy bugs. It penetrates the waxy shell like protective cover, killi...
PREPARING YOUR OWN PESTICIDE
1. Lime sulfur powder as natural fungicide
a. Secure 1-kilo very fine lime and 1-kilo sulfur ...
5.Soap and Aromatic Herbs
Collect / gather / wash and clean 1 Onion, 1 Garlic, 1 tbs. Hot Pepper.
a) Chop / cut materials ...
8.Vegetable oil Buy vegetable oil from your local dealer. This serves as stock solution.Add
water and soap (1 part oil + 5...
Plants
 Hot
Here is a short list of plants that can be effective against a wide
range of insect pest.
1. GOAT WEED (Aegaratum conisoid...
6.MARIGOLD (Targetes erecta) Roots – A mixture from the pounded leaves, flowers
and roots soaked in water at a proportion ...
8.HOT PEPPER (Capscium frutesens) Fruit – This can be effective for the controlling of
lepidopterous persts, other chewing...
12.GARLIC (Allium sativum) Cloves – Chop finely, soak in two teaspoon of oil for one day. Mix with half litter of
soapy wa...
CONCLUSION
We can now grow our crops, following the natural law and
adopt Natural Organic and Biological Farming Systems
t...
Presentation
Prepared By:
Allah Dad Khan
Agriculture Expert
Khyber PakhtunKhwa Province
Email: allahdad52@gmail.com
Mobile...
Natural farming shows us how to conserve Natural Resources by Allah Dad Khan
Natural farming shows us how to conserve Natural Resources by Allah Dad Khan
Natural farming shows us how to conserve Natural Resources by Allah Dad Khan
Natural farming shows us how to conserve Natural Resources by Allah Dad Khan
Natural farming shows us how to conserve Natural Resources by Allah Dad Khan
Natural farming shows us how to conserve Natural Resources by Allah Dad Khan
Natural farming shows us how to conserve Natural Resources by Allah Dad Khan
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Natural farming shows us how to conserve Natural Resources by Allah Dad Khan

Natural farming shows us how to conserve Natural Resources by Allah Dad Khan
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Environment      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Natural farming shows us how to conserve Natural Resources by Allah Dad Khan

  • 1. By Allah Dad Khan Dated 24th April 2014
  • 2. Natural Farming We can grow healthful food without depending too much on toxic chemicals and chemical fertilizers with NATURAL ORGANIC AND BIOLOGICAL FARMING systems. The knowledge and simple but practical technology in this manuscript can save your crops and help you earn more from your garden and farm. Let’s return to the “Natural” ways. The growing market demand is for safe organically grown fruits and vegetables To understand natural farming we need to know the cycle of life and matter. Natural farming as we envision is learning nature’s laws, and using them with care. Take note:Natural Laws are the laws of God who created Nature. Natural farming is a culture where plants are grown in 100% natural environment with the least human interference and no harmful chemicals or synthetic products used. It is practically leaving the crops grow and produce in their natural environment, and man comes enhances the natural conditions to improve productivity. Then, harvest or gather its products for man’s use.
  • 3. Top 10 Reasons to Support Organic Farming in the 21st Century 1. Reduce The Toxic Load: Keep Chemicals Out of the Air, Water, Soil and our Bodies. 2. Reduce if Not Eliminate Off Farm Pollution. 3. Protect Future Generations 4. Build Healthy Soil 5. Taste Better and Truer Flavor 6. Assist Family Farmers of all Sizes 7. Avoid Hasty and Poor Science in Your Food 8. Eating with a Sense of Place 9. Promote Biodiversity 10. Celebrate the Culture of Agriculture
  • 4. Natural Farming Respect for Life Natural Farming respects life. It opposes human exploitation on life. Ironical it may sound; respecting the nature of the life is the best way to achieve top quality and yield. We prevent disease rather than curing with medicines.
  • 5. High Quality Natural Farming products have high quality, good taste and better yield. People commonly think that by converting to organic farming you will have smaller yields, lower quality and smaller-sized fruits. In Natural Farming it is the opposite. We do not go back to the past; we take a leap into the future. Natural Farming products have much higher nutritional contents. Protein, amino acid, crude fat and other essential nutrient were identified to be as much as 300 percent higher than ordinary products. Chemical residue such as nitrate is almost undetectable
  • 6. Natural Farming Methods No Pesticide Natural Farming does not use pesticide. Pesticides do not only kill insects; they reside in the soil and fruit. When absorbed, it can do serious harm to our bodies and even our next generations. Instead of using toxic chemicals, we use light, alcohol, aroma, poisonous plant and so forth to control pests. More surprisingly, an ecology that recovered the natural balance will drop in the pests and disease occurrence. Natural Farming does precisely that.
  • 7. No Herbicide Natural Farming does not use herbicide. Killing the weeds with chemical is not the only solution nor is it wise. Herbicide is lethal to human. How can it only kill the weeds? Natural Farming uses the weeds rather than killing them. We actually grow the wild grass such as rye and clover for mulching. Natural Farming orchards are green with grass growing between the fruit trees. The grass prevents soil erosion, holds moisture, propagates microorganism, produces organic fertilizer, improves soil ventilation and suppresses the pests. How can it only be a thief of nutrients?
  • 8. No Tillage Natural Farming does not till the land. Instead of using machines, we use earthworms, microorganisms and small animals. Machine can plow 20 centimeters at best, whereas earthworms will dig 7 meters. The excretions of the earthworms turn into the best soil. After practicing Natural Farming, the soil inflates like a balloon. Our little workers tilled so well that your hand will slide in as if into a soft cake. Because you don’t till the land, the grass seeds in the soil do not come up to the surface. In other words, after the grass on the surface have germinated and died, you will have no more weed problems. No tillage and no herbicide are linked
  • 9. No Chemical Fertilizer Natural Farming does not use chemical fertilizer. Nor does it follow the common practice of applying over half of the fertilizer as base manure. Crops will become weak if given too much food at early stage. Nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, calcium and all other elements that would be commonly given in the form of chemical fertilizer are substituted with Natural Farming inputs. Fish amino acid provides nitrogen, eggshells give calcium, animal bones are source of phosphoric acid. Our Natural Farming inputs are not only cheap but highly effective.
  • 10. No Pollution Natural Farming animal houses do not emit any wastewater. There is no need to install an expensive treatment machine. All the treatment is done right on the floor itself. As soon as feces fall on the floor, it is quickly decomposed by the powerful microorganisms. Floor is not made from concrete, it is touching the soil; it is alive. Rice straw, sawdust, fresh soil are used for flooring Even if you use a Natural Farming animal house for many years, you do not need to clean the feces once. They do not pile up and they do not smell. Utilizing the natural powers like the sun, wind and microorganism, the floor is always dry and fluffy. It is a common sight to see a Natural Farming animal houses right beside a human house.
  • 11. No Artificial Heating Natural Farming animal houses do not provide any artificial heating. Rather than consuming fossil fuel or electricity we think it is wiser to develop the animal’s natural resistance against cold. A healthy animal does not need such human-improvised help. Natural Farming chicks grow short, tough and dense hair whereas ordinary chicks have long, soft and sparse hair. In extremely cold areas or weather, we use heat from fermentation of compost.
  • 12. Farming inputs are made by farmers One of the most important aspects of Natural Farming is that the farmers make what they need. Fertilizers, soil improvers, pest controllers, disease cure are all made by the farmers themselves using only natural materials based on the Nutritive Cycle theory. By doing so, we save money and perform better. Our field, hills, forest, rivers, ocean and all surroundings are full of useful materials that are tools of our farming; only if we open our eyes. Our important inputs include Indigenous Microorganism (IMO), Fermented Plant Juice (FPJ), Oriental Herbal Nutrient (OHN), Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB), Fish Amino Acid (LAB), Water-soluble Calcium (WCA), Water-soluble Calcium Phosphate (WCP), and Insect Attractant (IA). All produced at home easily and cheaply. Most importantly, they work!
  • 13. Natural Feed made by Farmers Natural Farming animals do not only eat commercial feed from the market. They eat natural food prepared by farmers with love and affection. Chicks are given with whole brown rice grains and bamboo leaves immediately after hatching. Tough food develops their intestines. Animals reared with Natural Farming are healthy, strong and have no disease. We do not give antibiotics, hormones, colorants or other chemicals to our animals. We give them what nature has given them to eat. We use grass, rice husk, rice bran, left- over food, sawdust and even soil for feed. They go through our special treatment and assorting.
  • 14. Nutritive Cycle Theory Natural Farming cares for the crops and livestock according to the “Nutritive Cycle Theory.” It is a theory that enables us to read the changing growth stages of a plant or animal. We apply fertilizer, feed, or prescription precisely according to this cycle. Natural Farming is a very elaborate, complicated and precise method that denies “spray-and-forget” kind of approach. Just like humans, crops and livestock also need nitrogen when young, phosphoric acid during adolescence and calcium after maturity. Also the amount of food they need to take in will constantly change, just as a baby cannot eat a grown-up’s dish. Natural Farming emphasizes the right use of the right material, at the right stage, in the right quantity.
  • 15. Natural Inputs Indigenous Microorganism (IMO) Indigenous microorganism is a powerful input that improves soil condition and crop health. It is collected from nearby forest or fields using a simple wooden lunch box with steamed rice. By utilizing microorganisms that survived and adapted to that local place for numerous generations, we can have safe, cheap yet powerful microorganism input. Fermented Plant Juice (FPJ) Fermented plant juice is made by fermenting plant parts in brown sugar. Sprouts and baby fruits with high hormone concentration, full grown fruits, flower abundant in honey, and any plant with strong vigor are good ingredients. Oriental Herbal Nutrient (OHN) Oriental herbal nutrient is made from herbs valued in oriental medicine. Lactic acid bacteria is exactly same as yoghurt. Other inputs include fish amino acid, water-soluble calcium from eggshells, water-soluble phosphoric calcium from animal bones and seawater. 
  • 16. Some practices now being done and promoted as natural farming practices: 1. Zero cultivation and following, allowing the soil to rest and rejuvenate. 2. Integrated Pest Management (IPM). 3. Insect traps, lure and attractants. 4. Use of Biological pest control (natural enemies of pest) 5. Use of Organic Compost fertilizer and bio micro inoculant. 6. Use of Organic Pest and Disease control materials. 7. Use of indigenous resistant plant varieties and strain. 8. Practice crop rotation and following (resting the soil for some time). 9. Growing and inter-cropping of pest repellant and herbal plants. 10. Integrated cropping pattern to prevent growth of toxic weeds. 11. Growing the right crop on the right soil, climate and at the right time.
  • 17. 1. Zero cultivation, following and allowing the soil to rest and rejuvenate Zero cultivation has been a long and original practice of man in its first attempt to grow crops.
  • 18. 2.Practice clean culture. Cultivation and weed control will also help not only in soil aeration and softening of soil mass but will also reduce or disturb the breeding place of insect pests and fungal diseases.
  • 19. 3.Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a pest control program using combination of all practices to reduce or eliminate pest damage. This includes natural, biological and mechanical practices as well as bio and chemical pesticide application.
  • 20. 4.Insect traps, lure and attractants. 1.Light Traps 2.Lure with attractants 3 Chemical sex attractant 4. Blue electric lamp 5.Yellow pads
  • 21. 5.Use of Biological Pest and Disease Control The use of living plant and animals or living organisms to control pest and diseases are called Biological Control. They may be microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, virus or bigger life forms like insects, worms, reptiles, mammal and birds. You can learn to increase the beneficial insects, microorganisms and other animal and plant life in your farms to counter pests and diseases harming your crops. Let us protect and increase these beneficial enemies of pests.
  • 22. 6. Use of Organic Fertilizer Fertilizers coming from fermented and decomposed organic materials are very nutritious safe fertilizer materials. They both enrich the soil plant food nutrients, improves the texture for easier root growth and preserve the soil life such as beneficial bacteria and fungi.
  • 23. 7.Used of Organic Pest and Disease Control Herbal preparations to control pest and diseases can easily be made by farmers themselves since we have abundant plants in the country that are suitable ingredient.
  • 24. 8.Practice crop rotation and following (resting the soil for some time). Crop rotation or changing crops grown in certain areas to avoid the buildup of certain pest or disease affecting certain crops. Example, rotating onions with pepper . Resting the soil for one to two years to allow natural vegetation and the growth of natural enemies to introduce balance of nature, while enriching your soil environment for future crop production.
  • 25. 9. Growing and inter-cropping of pest repellant and herbal plants  There are crops that repel certain insect pests. Intercropping tomato with cabbages and cauliflower will help reduce the diamondback moth attacking cabbages. Learn what these crop combinations. You will not only reduce your cost of pest and disease control but may even increase your income per unit area with the crop combination.
  • 26. 10. Integrated cropping pattern to prevent growth of toxic weeds. Certain weeds are difficult to remove or control, like grasses. Planting vines and crawling crops like sweet potato and cover crops will help suppress weeds.
  • 27. 11.Growing the right crop on the right soil, climate and at the right time. There are suitable crops that are ideal for certain season of the year and suitable soils for their healthy and productive growth. Learn the nature of the plants and their preferences before deciding what to grow in your farm.
  • 28. COMMON INSECT PESTS AND THEIR CONTROL White Flies Control measures: 1. Spray with soap and nicotine solution. 2. Use tobacco dust. 3. In every serious case, use kerosene emulsion with soap and water. Aphids / Green / Black fly Control measures:  Makabuhay (Tinospora rumphi) – Roots, stem and leaves liquid extract mix with water and soap is a good spray against flies, aphids, moth, worm and other insects.  Atis (Anona squamos) seeds are grind into powder and mixed with water and soap. Use as spray on aphids.
  • 29. Borers Control by 1.cutting off the infested stem and burn killing the pest. 1. Periodic spraying plants with organic insecticide will help repel pests. 2. Introduction ofTRICHOGRAMMA & BRACONIDS are very effective and self sustaining borer control. When established in the community, borers no longer can multiply and increase into pest population Caterpillars Control measures: 1. Spray kerosene emulsion and wet the egg clusters to destroy them. 2. Handpick the caterpillar and destroy them. 3. Pick leaves with cluster of eggs and burn them. 4. Introduce natural enemies in the environment like Braconids and other beneficial insects and predators. Cutworms Control measures: 1. Check at night with flashlight and gather pest and mechanically destroy them. 2. Cultivate and expose the soil of seedlings attacked by cutworm, locate them and destroy. 3. Placing a stick or toothpick/matchstick at the side of the seedling stem buried will prevent cutworms from encircling cutting the stem. Leaf miner Control measures:  Herbs with strong smell repel adult’s flies and other insect pest. Intercropping or planting strong smelling herbs in your garden will lessen infestation.  Chickens and birds feed on pupa in the ground. Making your garden and farm a haven for birds will help reduce insect infestation.  If possible, plant trees bearing fruits and berries edible to birds in your farm. Maintain a watershed or mini forest for haven of wild life
  • 30. Mealy bugs Control measures: 1. Spray alcohol on the mealy bugs. It penetrates the waxy shell like protective cover, killing the insect. 2. Spraying kerosene with tobacco and soap plus Malathion is effective for field control of orchard fruit trees like mango. 3. Repeat spraying every week until the pest is totally under control. Fruit Flies Control measures: 1. Gather all infested fruits and bury or burn them to destroy the pest. 2. Use bait like methyl eugenol or hydrolicate with insecticide. 3. Dip ripe fruits like aromatic guava, jack fruit in Malathion of other insecticides, and place them on branches of trees every 20 meters apart. 4. Mix two teaspoon of household ammonia and ¼ teaspoon soap powder in a quart of water. Fill a jar with mixture and put the jar right nest to the sunny side of the plant. Change the bait once a week or if it is diluted by rainwater. 5. Plant strong smelling herbal plants within your garden and farm. Squash bugs Control measures: 1. Sprinkle the plant with hydrated lime or wood ash. 2. Find the eggs and crush them. 3. Trap them with a thin flat board place slightly tilted in the garden. The bugs assemble beneath the board where they can be gathered and destroyed. 4. Spraying kerosene with tobacco and soap plus Malathion is effective for field control of orchard fruit trees like mango. 5. Repeat spraying every week until the pest is totally under control.
  • 31. PREPARING YOUR OWN PESTICIDE 1. Lime sulfur powder as natural fungicide a. Secure 1-kilo very fine lime and 1-kilo sulfur powder. b. Mix at 1:1 ratio. c. Add 1-gallon water. d. Bottle and seal tightly. e. Spray to plants for the control of fungal diseases of both garden and farm crops. 2. Water is a universal solvent and cleaning agent. Home gardens with good water supply, while watering their plants can wash them with pressure hose to remove insect pests, fungus and bacterial infections. 3.Soap or Detergent and water a) Dissolve two (2) ounces soap flake to thee (3) gallons of water. b) Bottle the stock solution, ready for spraying. Soap washings may be used. c) Dissolve three- (3) tbs. of soap flake/powder in one (1) gallon of water. Soap washing may also be used. d) Spray the plants with the stock solution against insect pest attacking your garden plants. The soap solution is effective control against mites, aphids, ants and other garden insect pest. It can also control fungal infection. 4.Soap and Kerosene a) Buy soap and kerosene from your local store. b) Mix ¼ cup soap water + ¼ tbs. of kerosene + one liter water. Stir the mixture to form stock solution. c) Place stock solution in bottle ready for use. Use this solution when infestation is serious. d) Spray plants for the control of garden pests such as aphids, ants, mealy bugs, mites and spider mites, etc.
  • 32. 5.Soap and Aromatic Herbs Collect / gather / wash and clean 1 Onion, 1 Garlic, 1 tbs. Hot Pepper. a) Chop / cut materials into small pieces. Use grinder. b) Pound / grind the different materials to extract juice. c) Filter the different materials separately. d) To the filtered juice of different materials, add 1-quart water. Let it stand for one hour and add 1-tbs. liquid soap detergent. Place the mixture in tightly covered jars and store in a cool dark place for a week as stock solution. e) Bottles stock solution ready for botanical pesticide. Spraying garden plants with botanical pesticide. This spray makes use of the repellant quality of onion, garlic and pepper. The soap serves as sticker and spreader. 6.Vinegar Buy vinegar from your local dealer. Bottle the vinegar as stock solution.Spray plants with vinegar (stock solution) for the control of powdery mildew and other fungal diseases. Vinegar and other acids is good material for fungus eradication. 7.Vinegar + Fermented Sugar Buy vinegar and sugar (brown or moscovado) from your local dealer a) Mix the fermented sugar and vinegar at 1:1 ratio and place in bottle as tock solution. b) Spray to plants stock solution for control of pest and fungal diseases. c) Adding water and soap can help spread the stock solution but could dilute the material to be less effective.
  • 33. 8.Vegetable oil Buy vegetable oil from your local dealer. This serves as stock solution.Add water and soap (1 part oil + 5 parts water + ½ part soap) and spray to plant to control spider mites and scale insects 9. Wood Ash a) We can control root maggots in radish, cabbage, onion and other brassicas by spreading fresh wood ash around the plant roots. Ashes are then covered lightly with soil. b) Wood ash can also control snails, slugs and cutworms by encircling plants with 3-4 inches wide trench, 1-2 inches deep and fill the trench with ash. c) Spraying cucumber beetle with a mixture of equal parts of wood ash, powdered line and soap is an effective control. d) Spray wood ash with water and soap can control flea beetle of tomatoes
  • 34. Plants  Hot
  • 35. Here is a short list of plants that can be effective against a wide range of insect pest. 1. GOAT WEED (Aegaratum conisoides) Leaves- Extract juice and spray against diamond black moth . 2. DAMONG MARIA (Artemesia vulgaris) Leaves – Pound, extract juice and spray at the rate of 2 to 4 tbs. per 16 litters of water wit detergent or AZ41 and spray against cotton borer and mango tip borer. 3. LANTANA (Lantana camara) Flowers – Pound and store around the grains to serve as repellant against weevils. 4. DITA (Derris philippinensis) Roots – Pound and extract juice. Spray at the rate of 1 cup per gallon of water or powder, mix with detergent or AZ41 and spray at the rate of 120 grams powder + 250 to 300 grams detergent per 4 gallons of water against diamond black moth and other insect pests. 5. WILD SUNFLOWER (Tethornia diversifolia) Leaves – Pound and extract juice and use as spray at the rate of 1 to 2 kg. Fruit per litter of water against
  • 36. 6.MARIGOLD (Targetes erecta) Roots – A mixture from the pounded leaves, flowers and roots soaked in water at a proportion of 500 grams/liter of water has been found to be effective against lipidopterous pests, leafhoppers, beetles and house flies. The remaining cake can be used as a mulch or mixed with the soil to control nematodes and other soil pests. Marigold inter-cropped with vegetables like eggplants are said to repel insects from the plantation. Extract juice and spray at the rate of 2 to 4 teaspoon juice per litter of water mix detergent or FAA (Fish Amino Acid) against green leafhopper, brown plant hopper, diamond black moth and aphids. 7.BLACK PEPPER (Piper nigrum) Fruits – Pulverize seeds and mix with water and spray. Spread powder around stored grains against
  • 37. 8.HOT PEPPER (Capscium frutesens) Fruit – This can be effective for the controlling of lepidopterous persts, other chewing insects and pest for stored products. Mash mature fruits, add water, strain and use the mixture as spray. For stored product pests, pulverize the fruits and spread in storage area. 9.CUSTARD (Annona aquamosa) Seeds – Powder and disperse in water, then strain and use as spray against rice pest. 10.NEEM (Azadiracta indica) Seeds – Remove husk of two to three handful of mature seeds, winnow or put in water to float away the husk, Grind seeds into fine particles. Soak ground seeds in 3 to 5 litters of water for at least 12 hours. Filter the solution, add detergent , then use the spray against rice pest, diamond black moth and mango leafhoppers. 11.TOBACCO – Chop or grind tobacco leaves, stalk and root. Soak in water for 13 to 36 hours. Strain tea solution; mix detergent, AZ41 or Aloe vera extract and spray against a wide species of insects including hoppers and worms. 
  • 38. 12.GARLIC (Allium sativum) Cloves – Chop finely, soak in two teaspoon of oil for one day. Mix with half litter of soapy water and filter. Mix one part solution with 20 parts water, then spray. Disease organisms controlled: Alternaria, Cercospora, Colletotrichum, Curvularia, Diplodia, Fusarium, Helmitosporium, and Pestalotia (fruit rot, early blight, purple blotch, leaf spot, leaf mold, frog eye, anthracnose, fruit rot, smudge, leaf blight, and fruit and stem rot, damping off, stem and root rot, wilt, and curly top.) 13. AMARANTH (Amaranthus gracilis) Leaves – Extract juice of one-kilogram leaves, them mix in three litters of water and spray against Altenaria, Cercospora, Colletotrichum, Curvularia, Helminthusporium, and Pestalotia PAPAYA (Carica papaya) Leaves – Pound, soak in water and use infusion as spray. This is effective against Cercospora and Diplodia. 14. GINGER (Zingiber officianale) Rhizome – Extract juice and use as spray against Cercospora leaf mold, leaf spot, early blight and frogeye diseas 15. RED ONION (Allium sepa) Bulb – Chop finely and soak in two teaspoon of oil for one day. Mix with half litter of soapy water and filter. Mix one part of the solution to 20 parts of water then spray to control: Cercospora (leaf mold, leaf spot, early blight, frogeye disease); Colletotrichum (leaf spot, anthracnose, fruit rot); Curvularia Fusarium (leaf spot, leaf blight); Helminthusporium (leaf spot, leaf blight); Pestalotia (wilt, curly top, leaf blight and leaf spot). 16. MANA (Jatropha multipida) Leaves – Extract juice of one kilogram leaves and mix in three litters of water and use as spray against Diplodia (fruit and stem rot) and Fusarium (damping off, stem and root rot, early blight, wilt and curly top)
  • 39. CONCLUSION We can now grow our crops, following the natural law and adopt Natural Organic and Biological Farming Systems that are self sustaining, production cost reduction, and healthful organic food crops that are very much in demand in the domestic and export market today. We can grow healthful crops. at lower cost.
  • 40. Presentation Prepared By: Allah Dad Khan Agriculture Expert Khyber PakhtunKhwa Province Email: allahdad52@gmail.com Mobile: 03329221298 Tel. No. 091-9221157

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