Preventive Health(Immunization, Vaccination, Prevention of disease
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Preventive Health(Immunization, Vaccination, Prevention of disease
Muavia Sarwar (12)
Awais Asghar (74)
Imran Ali (60)
Shoaib Nawaz (91)
Israr Ul Haq (46)
Mehtab Saeed (102-09)
Waqas Haider (63)
Atta ur Razzaq(50)
Centre For Disease
• National Health Policy
Preventive health care involves:
Measures taken to identify and minimize risk
factors for disease,
Improve the course of an existing disease
screening for early detection of disease.
There are three levels of prevention
Primary level of Preventive Health Care
It is early recognition and prevention of
disease and important part of health care
because it detects disease at the initial and
curable stage thereby preventing
complications and co-morbidities.
It focuses to prevent disease among healthy
Secondary Level of Preventive Health Care
It is directed towards those in whom disease
has already developed.
It also aims on health promotion
,modification of the individual’s social
circumstances and lifestyles so that their
health is improved and secondary disease is
Tertiary Level Of Preventive Health Care
It is the early identification of high risk
individuals prone to major life threatening
illness like heart diseases and cancer.
It helps in taking timely , precautionary
lifestyle modifications measures or treatment
which reduces the disability associated with
Following are some important preventive
health measures one must adopt in personal
Immunization of Children
Eat a proper ,balanced diet.
Avoid excess consumption of meat products.
Routine checkup of hypertension or blood
• Daily consumption of aspirin to prevent
heart attack and stroke above age of 40.
• Routine breast cancer screening in women
above age 50.
There are 4 things you can do immediately
without any medical knowledge:
1. Don’t smoke or use other tobacco
2. Eat a proper , balanced diet
3. Exercise at least three days per week
4. See your doctor(also pharmacists)
regularly for check ups and guidance.
The Expanded Program on Immunization is
aWorld Health Organization program with
the goal to make vaccines available to all
children throughout the world.
It is a disease prevention activity aiming at
reducing the illness, disability or mortality
from childhood disease preventable by
The overall objective of the EPI is reduction of mortality
and morbidity from the following nine EPI diseases by
offering immunization services:
5. Whooping cough
7. Hib Pneumonia
CDC is the national public health
institute of United States.
It is a federal agency under the
Department of health and human
To promote public health and safety through the
control & prevention of disease, injury and disability.
It especially focuses on
Food borne pathogens
Occupational safety and health
Injury prevention and
Educational activities designed to improve the
health of citizens.
The CDC has launched campaigns targeting
the transmission of influenza , including the
H1N1 swine flu.
CDC has launched websites including flu.gov
to educate people.
Other Infectious Diseases:
The CDC provides information on other
infectious diseases like small pox,measles,
The CDC also combats non-infectious
diseases including obesity etc.
Taking the health pulse of our nation
Detecting and responding to new and
emerging health threats.
Putting science and advanced technology
into action to prevent disease.
Promoting healthy and safe behaviors,
communities and environments.
Training the public health workforce including
National Health Policy:
Health policy is defined as those actions of
the government and other actors in society
that are aimed at improving the health of
Ideally there is a cycle of policy formulation ,
its implementation and assessment.
Vision of NHP is :
1. To provide efficient , equitable and effective
services that is acceptable ,accessible and
2. To support people and communities to
improve their health status.
3. To focus on addressing social and health
Goal of National Health Policy is to improve
the health status of the people of Pakistan.
1. To enhance coverage and access of essential
health services especially for the poor.
Primary and secondary health care facilities.
Availability of staff especially female staff.
Out reach workers e.g.Vaccinators , Sanitary
workers and malaria inspectors etc.
Measureable reduction in the burden of
disease especially among vulnerable
segments of population e.g.
National HIV and AIDS control programs
To provide free of cost treatment to the poor
and under privileged population.
Strengthening of health system with focus
on available resources including
maintenance of database and training
To ensure implementation and monitoring of
Publication of reports of public health
Annual progress report via media
To improve evidence based policy making
and strategic planning in the health sector.