Chapter 11
 On April 30, 1789
George Washington
took the oath of office
as the first president of
the United States.
 However, the ...
 Congress decided to
tax whiskey and many
settlers protested
 This was seen as a
threat to the national
government
 The...
 Many Americans saw
the French Revolution
as a crusade for
democracy
 The French
government began
cutting off the heads ...
 Washington served two terms and at the end
he gave a message to the Americans that
they must bind together as a people
...
 Was born in the west Indies and
raised on the Caribbean Island of
St. Croix.
 Was poor and made his way on
ability, amb...
 Federalists believed that
the country should be ruled
by the “best people”
educated, wealthy men like
themselves.
 Favo...
 Hamilton’s dream of
national greatness
depended upon
developing a strong
economy.
 Promote business,
manufacturing, and...
 Hamilton’s view was shaped by wartime
experiences
 Hamilton believed that people were selfish
and greedy and out for th...
 Federalists sided with Britain
 Hamilton hoped that the U.S. would be like
Britain: a powerful, respected nation
 Was born inVirginia on
a farm
 He was an accomplished
writer, Declaration of
Independence
 3rd president of the
United...
 Republicans favored a small
government with limited powers
 Favored democracy-where the
“people” vote
 Favored an economy based on
agriculture and farming
 They felt that Federalists were very
“anti-farmer”
 Jefferson had great faith and was
more hopeful in the goodness
and wisdom of people
 Most Americans favored the
Revolution until it got violent, but
despite the violence, Republicans
continued to support F...
 Sedition is encouraging rebellion against the
government, it was considered a crime
 Included speaking, writing, or pri...
 Federalists passed the acts to
protect the country from
“troublemakers” and make life
difficult for the Republicans
 it would punish
only those who
published lies
intended to
destroy the
government
 Since most immigrants voted
Republican, this act was seen as an
attack on Republicans
 Felt it was an attack of the 1st amendment
right, freedom of speech and press
 Creates a foreign
policy
 The new nation was
surrounded by
unfriendly powers
 Washington knew
that the U.S. was not
pr...
 Washington served two terms and at the end
he gave a message to the Americans that
they must bind together as a people
...
 The new nation faced
serious financial
problems, the national
debt was growing
 Alexander Hamilton,
secretary of treasu...
 Hamilton’s proposal
was to build a strong
economy and asked
Congress to create a
national bank, the
Bank of the United
S...
 Most Americans made
their living by farming.
 Hamilton felt that
manufacturing would
make the economy
stronger
 He pro...
 The protective tariff
would protect the
American industry
from foreign
competition
 Federalists supported
protective ta...
 The South, having
little industry to
protect, were against
protective tariffs.
 The first political
parties developed a...
 The French navy
began attacking
American ships bound
for Britain
 Adams followed
Washington’s advice
to avoid alliances...
 The Louisiana
Purchase was bought
for $15 million from
the French 1803
 Doubled the size of the
United States
 Those w...
 Established the principal of judicial review
and that the courts have the power to
interpret the law
 Showed support for
the power of the
federal government
 Gibbons vs Ogden-
the court held that the
federal law takes
pre...
 War of 1812- war against Britain caused by
the following:
 American merchants resent British barriers to
trade with Fra...
 Heroism of Andrew Jackson increases
American patriotism
 Loss of trade during the war encourages
growth of American man...
 Hands off theAmericas after theWar of 1812
The National Bank is
established
The Louisiana Purchase 1803
War of 1812
Era of Good Feelings
Political developments in the early republic
Political developments in the early republic
Political developments in the early republic
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Political developments in the early republic

Social Studies
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Political developments in the early republic

  • 1. Chapter 11
  • 2.  On April 30, 1789 George Washington took the oath of office as the first president of the United States.  However, the new government was already facing money problems and the national treasury was empty.
  • 3.  Congress decided to tax whiskey and many settlers protested  This was seen as a threat to the national government  The protesters tarred and feathered tax collectors who tried to enforce the law
  • 4.  Many Americans saw the French Revolution as a crusade for democracy  The French government began cutting off the heads of wealthy people  Americans then withdrew their support
  • 5.  Washington served two terms and at the end he gave a message to the Americans that they must bind together as a people  He gave 2 warnings:  Avoid problems with other countries  And beware of loyalty to political parties
  • 6.  Was born in the west Indies and raised on the Caribbean Island of St. Croix.  Was poor and made his way on ability, ambition, and charm  Hamilton represented NewYork in Congress
  • 7.  Federalists believed that the country should be ruled by the “best people” educated, wealthy men like themselves.  Favored a strong national government
  • 8.  Hamilton’s dream of national greatness depended upon developing a strong economy.  Promote business, manufacturing, and trade
  • 9.  Hamilton’s view was shaped by wartime experiences  Hamilton believed that people were selfish and greedy and out for themselves  He distrusted any system that gave too much power to the common people
  • 10.  Federalists sided with Britain  Hamilton hoped that the U.S. would be like Britain: a powerful, respected nation
  • 11.  Was born inVirginia on a farm  He was an accomplished writer, Declaration of Independence  3rd president of the United States
  • 12.  Republicans favored a small government with limited powers  Favored democracy-where the “people” vote
  • 13.  Favored an economy based on agriculture and farming  They felt that Federalists were very “anti-farmer”
  • 14.  Jefferson had great faith and was more hopeful in the goodness and wisdom of people
  • 15.  Most Americans favored the Revolution until it got violent, but despite the violence, Republicans continued to support France
  • 16.  Sedition is encouraging rebellion against the government, it was considered a crime  Included speaking, writing, or printing anything hateful about the government
  • 17.  Federalists passed the acts to protect the country from “troublemakers” and make life difficult for the Republicans
  • 18.  it would punish only those who published lies intended to destroy the government
  • 19.  Since most immigrants voted Republican, this act was seen as an attack on Republicans
  • 20.  Felt it was an attack of the 1st amendment right, freedom of speech and press
  • 21.  Creates a foreign policy  The new nation was surrounded by unfriendly powers  Washington knew that the U.S. was not prepared for war, declared neutrality
  • 22.  Washington served two terms and at the end he gave a message to the Americans that they must bind together as a people  He gave 2 warnings:  Avoid problems with other countries  And beware of loyalty to political parties
  • 23.  The new nation faced serious financial problems, the national debt was growing  Alexander Hamilton, secretary of treasury toWashington proposed a plan to help save the nation
  • 24.  Hamilton’s proposal was to build a strong economy and asked Congress to create a national bank, the Bank of the United States  This bank would make loans available to owners of small businesses
  • 25.  Most Americans made their living by farming.  Hamilton felt that manufacturing would make the economy stronger  He proposed a tariff, or tax on imports, to encourage people to buy American products
  • 26.  The protective tariff would protect the American industry from foreign competition  Federalists supported protective tariffs
  • 27.  The South, having little industry to protect, were against protective tariffs.  The first political parties developed as a result of Hamilton’s financial plan
  • 28.  The French navy began attacking American ships bound for Britain  Adams followed Washington’s advice to avoid alliances with other countries and managed to avoid war with France
  • 29.  The Louisiana Purchase was bought for $15 million from the French 1803  Doubled the size of the United States  Those who were against the purchase felt that more land would be hard to govern
  • 30.  Established the principal of judicial review and that the courts have the power to interpret the law
  • 31.  Showed support for the power of the federal government  Gibbons vs Ogden- the court held that the federal law takes precedence over state law in interstate transportation
  • 32.  War of 1812- war against Britain caused by the following:  American merchants resent British barriers to trade with France  Americans believe British push Native Americans to fight settlers  War Hawks want to expand into Canada
  • 33.  Heroism of Andrew Jackson increases American patriotism  Loss of trade during the war encourages growth of American manufacturing  United States proves it could defend itself against the world’s strongest military power
  • 34.  Hands off theAmericas after theWar of 1812
  • 35. The National Bank is established The Louisiana Purchase 1803 War of 1812 Era of Good Feelings