POLITICAL
INVOLVEMENT IN
EDUCATION
Presented By: SONIA METAI &
NADRA AHMED
B.Ed 5
What is politics?
■ Politics is the process by which, groups
of people make collective decisions
■ Social relation involvi...
Constitution of the Islamic
Republic of Pakistan, 1973 –
Article 37-b
“The State shall remove illiteracy and provide
free ...
An Introduction to Education
■ The first word of the Holy Quran was IQRA
(READ) and Holy prophet (S AW) said
“Education is...
Education system of Pakistan
■ Overseen by Ministry of Education
■ The academic institutions are the responsibility of the...
National policy on education
■ Universal and Free Primary and Secondary Education
■ Promotion of Equity
■ Financial alloca...
■ Bridging the Public Private Divide
■ Improved Examination System
■ Introduction of Early Childhood Education (3-5 years)...
■ Pre-service & in-service teacher training
■ Accreditation and certification of teachers
■ Merit based teacher recruitmen...
Political influence on
education
■ Imaginary vision
■ Dual degree course, job oriented courses,
vocational courses, short ...
Continue…
■ Frequent change of government
■ Future insecurity
■ Limited business growth, hence people
preferring abroad st...
■ Cost of education
■ War on terror hinder in literacy compaign
■ Funds for Education (2.4% GDP)
■ 89% education expenditu...
Suggestions
■ Proper planning
■ No uniform education, but uniform curriculum
■ Balanced approach for formal and informal
e...
■ Provide special grants in low literacy areas
■ Provide economic encouragement to the students
(Career orientation progra...
Political invovment in education
Political invovment in education
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Political invovment in education

Political Involvement in Education
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Political invovment in education

  • 1. POLITICAL INVOLVEMENT IN EDUCATION Presented By: SONIA METAI & NADRA AHMED B.Ed 5
  • 2. What is politics? ■ Politics is the process by which, groups of people make collective decisions ■ Social relation involving power and authority
  • 3. Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973 – Article 37-b “The State shall remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within minimum possible period”
  • 4. An Introduction to Education ■ The first word of the Holy Quran was IQRA (READ) and Holy prophet (S AW) said “Education is mandatory for men and women.” ■ “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world” (Nelson Mandela) ■ EDUCATION is not only a basic human right it is also critical for socio-economic development. ■ It enhances human status and leads everyone to respectability. ■ Education system is the head of all the systems in Pakistan
  • 5. Education system of Pakistan ■ Overseen by Ministry of Education ■ The academic institutions are the responsibility of the provincial governments ■ Thee federal government mostly assists in curriculum development, accreditation and some financing of research. ■ comprised of 260,903 institutions ■ facilitating 41,018,384 students ■ 1,535,461 teachers. ■ 180,846 public institutions (69%) ■ 80,057 private institutions (31%)
  • 6. National policy on education ■ Universal and Free Primary and Secondary Education ■ Promotion of Equity ■ Financial allocation of 7% of GDP by 2018 ■ Encourage Private sector ■ Link Allocations to Definition of Free Education ■ Improve Planning, Management and Implementation Capacity ■ Donor Harmonization ■ Overcoming Fragmented Governance (no centralized government.)
  • 7. ■ Bridging the Public Private Divide ■ Improved Examination System ■ Introduction of Early Childhood Education (3-5 years) & inclusive education. ■ All Primary schools shall be upgraded to Middle level ■ Well developed plan for expanding school facilities. ■ High priority to reducing drop out rates ■ Improved school environment ■ Career Counselling at higher secondary level ■ Develop national literacy curriculum ■ Enhance qualifications for employment as teachers
  • 8. ■ Pre-service & in-service teacher training ■ Accreditation and certification of teachers ■ Merit based teacher recruitment, professional development, promotions & postings ■ Curriculum development ■ Competitive publishing of textbooks and learning materials ■ District Education Boards to be established for managing schools
  • 9. Political influence on education ■ Imaginary vision ■ Dual degree course, job oriented courses, vocational courses, short term courses, ■ Uniform curriculum ■ Uniformity of conducting exams ■ Financial support ■ issues of management by government
  • 10. Continue… ■ Frequent change of government ■ Future insecurity ■ Limited business growth, hence people preferring abroad studies ■ Social and cultural oriented people, cultural norms ( Socio-cultural constraint)
  • 11. ■ Cost of education ■ War on terror hinder in literacy compaign ■ Funds for Education (2.4% GDP) ■ 89% education expenditure on teachers’ salaries, while only 11% comprises of development expenditure which is not sufficient to raise quality of education. ■ Population can become asset if it is skilled and employed ■ lack of access ■ Gender gap
  • 12. Suggestions ■ Proper planning ■ No uniform education, but uniform curriculum ■ Balanced approach for formal and informal education in rural areas ■ Taking help from NGOs and International organizations ■ Vacate places from feudal lords and build schools ■ Promote vocational and technical education ■ Education is a provincial subject, the provincial education secretariats need to be strengthened
  • 13. ■ Provide special grants in low literacy areas ■ Provide economic encouragement to the students (Career orientation programs) ■ Take help from local Government ■ An effective monitoring system is needed in education departments ■ Counselling of parents is required ■ Two approaches to acquire education (1)To get bread and butter (2) For personal grooming ■ Honesty, Accountability, leadership and future vision